Bài tập nâng cao Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 9 Preserving The Environment

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English 10 Unit 9: Preserving The Environment

Đề luyện tập Tiếng Anh lớp 10 chương trình mới Unit 9 dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề ôn tập nâng cao môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 theo từng Unit năm học 2018 - 2019 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Bài tập Tiếng Anh nâng cao được biên tập bám sát chương trình học giúp học sinh lớp 10 nắm chắc kiến thức đã học.

A. PHONETICS

1. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others.

1. A. allergy B. announcement C. evidence D. principle

2. A. composer B. invention C. position D. submarine

3. A. employment B. violence C. pesticide D.influence

4. A. property B.solution C.advantage D.pollutant

5. A. chemical B.erosion C.charity D.neighbourhood

6. A. disposal B.depletion C.volunteer D.assignment

B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR

1. Fill in each blank in the passage with the correct word from the box.

Forest    -    loss      -   threats   -   ecosystems    -   clearing

Habitats   -   use     -    farms    -    fauna     -     demand

Agriculture is a major land (1)………………… Around 50% of the world’s habitable land has already been converted into farming land. Agricultural (2)…………………… provide important (3)……………… for many wild plant and animal species. This is especially the case for traditional farming areas that cultivate diverse species.

However, rising (4)…………………… for food and other agricultural products has seen large – scale (5)…………….. of natural habitats to make room for farming.

Recent examples include the conversion of lowland (6)……………….. in Indonesia into oil palm plantations, and of large areas of the Amazon rainforest and Brazilian savanna to soybean and cattle (7)………………

This ongoing habitat (8)………………………… threatens entire ecosystems as well as many species. Expanding oil palm plantations in Indonesia and Malaysia, for example, pose the most significant (9)…………….. to endangered (10)…………… including Asian elephants, Sumatran rhinoceros, and tigers.

2. Use the correct form of the words in brackets to finish the sentences.

1. Air –conditioning systems have chlorofluorocarbon that is one of the well – known environmental……………….( pollute)

2. ……………..of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to increasing sewage pollution ( construct)

3. Waste water has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist…………….damaging the flora and fauna. ( attract).

4. The Earth’s natural resources should be consumed at a………………level. (sustain)

5. Dealing with resource…………….requires a broad range of strategies. (deplete)

6. Experts predict that the world’s rain forests could completely disappear in 100 years at the current rate of ……… (deforest)

7. Mining is an extractive industry, often with huge……………and social impacts. (environment)

8. In the 1990’s, public……………..of preserving the environment began to develop.(aware)

9. A great ………………..would be to start planting small gardens on the roofs of the buildings in the cities. (solve)

10. With approximately 4 billion trees being cut down………..to satisfy the world’s need for paper alone, preserving the…………of forests continues to be animportant ……………… (annual – deplete – prior)

III. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word.

Protecting Biodiversity

Protecting biodiversity is now very essential since biodiversity is crucial for reducing climate pollution. If we don’t protect biodiversity, the effects could be as harmful as the effects of global (1)………… itself. This is especially true with tropical (2)…………….. they are critical to fighting climate change and (3)……………… to more species than any other ecosystem type. In other words, protecting biodiversity is essential for our well – being, and biodiversity helps to (4)……………. the nature. Biodiversity is an important part of sustainable development. As we know, sustainable development is considered as a major target for industry as well as planning system. However, the only (5)……………. to achieve this target is to protect biodiversity. Tiny plants that grow also absorb large (6)…………. of carbon dioxide. That is why protecting biodiversity is essential.

In fact, biodiversity protection is very much important since biodiversity is a fundamental component of (7)………. on Earth. It creates complex (8)…………… that could never be reproduced by humans. The (9)…………………of that biodiversity is immeasurable, and thus must be protected. Finally, we both want and need biodiversity. We continue harming the natural environment without realizing the impact. We should be aware (10)…………. protecting biodiversity.

IV. Change the following sentences in direct speech to reported speech.

1. Nam’s father said to him, “ Think about packing before you buy products”

………………………………………………………………………...

2. Mr Tuan said to his students, “ Turn off lights and other electrical devices when you don’t need them”.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Mai said to Anna, “ Don’t buy any products made from wildlife skins.”

………………………………………………………………………..

4. Mai said to Nick, “ Don’t buy wood products from rainforest countries unless you know they come from eco-friendly suppliers."

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. Mary said to Kevin. “ Join an organization or an Internet group that is working to protect rainforests or wildlife.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. Mai’s mother said to her, “ When you finish unpacking your groceries, save the bags and use them to collect your rubbish.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. Anna said that, “Comics, newspapers and magazines can become wrapping paper.”

………………………………………………………………………..

8. Nam said that, “ Pesticides can cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment because they are designed to skill or affect living organisms.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. The scientist said that, “ Trees and vegetation give us the oxygen that we breathe while they also help to absorb carbon dioxide which is released into the air.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Kevin said that, “ Plastics do not break down very easily which create a landfill problem.”

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

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