Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án - Số 2
Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án - Số 2
Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 11: Sources of Energy có đáp án - Số 2 giới thiệu đến các em nhiều dạng bài cơ bản và nâng cao để các em làm quen, thử sức. Quý thầy cô có thể sử dụng các bài tập này để hướng dẫn các học sinh của mình luyện tập. Mong rằng, bài tập trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 11 sẽ giúp quý thầy cô giảng dạy tốt, các em học sinh học tập ngày càng tiến bộ.
Choose the word that has the main stress placed differently from the others.
1. a. energy b. exhausted c. natural d. plentiful
2. a. electricity b. geothermal c. alternative d. radiation
3. a. available b. potential c. unlimited d. infinite
4. a. release b. supplies c. nuclear d. convenient
5. a. ecologist b. fertilizer c. dangerous d. scientist
II. LANGUAGE FOCUS
A. Choose the word or phrase -a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.
6. He has ______ extensive research into renewable energy sources.
a. carried out b. turned on c. taken over d. cared for
7. One danger is in ______ radioactive wastes which are produced during nuclear reactions.
a. consisting of b. getting rid of c. making use of d. taking care of
8. We should develop such ______ sources of energy as solar energy and nuclear energy.
a. tradition b. alternative c. revolutionary d. surprising
9. There is now increasing concern about the world's energy ______ particularly about those involving fossil fuels.
a. possessions b. goods c. materials d. resources
10. It's important for the developed countries to reduce energy ______ as much as possible.
a. exhaustion b. destruction c. consumption d. waste
11. The world's coal ______ should last longer but, once used, these cannot be renewed.
a. reserves b. reservations c. stores d. storage
12. ______ energy sources include water and wind power.
a. Friendly environmental b. Environmentally friendly
c. Friendly environment d. Environmental friendly
13. The ______ of these toxic substances into the environment is potentially devastating.
a. delivery b. release c. distribution d. research
14. Increased consumption will lead to faster ______ of our natural resources.
a. exhaust b. exhausting c. exhaustion d. exhaustive
15. ______ is produced from the heat stored in the earth's core.
a. Geothermal energy b. Nuclear energy
c. Solar energy d. Water energy
B. Choose the word or phrase -a, b, c or d that best completes the sentence.
16. Hydroelectric power is produced by the fall of water ______ in a dam.
a. trapping b. trapped c. to be trapped d. that trapped
17. Coal was the first fuel ______ to power machinery.
a. is used b. using c. to use d. to be used
18. A huge amount of solar energy ______ the earth's outer atmosphere.
a. reach b. reaches c. that reaches d. is reached
19. ______ is more interested in rhythm than in melody is apparent from his compositions.
a. That Philip Glass b. Philip Glass, who
c. Philip Glass d. Because Philip Glass
20. There are over 2,000 varieties of snake, ______ are harmless to humans.
a. mostly they b. most of them c. most of which d. which most
21. For many years people have wondered ______ exists elsewhere in the universe.
a. that life b. life which c. whether life d. life as it
22. Computers and new methods of communication ______ the modern office.
a. have revolutionized b. to have revolutionized
c. that have revolutionized d. has revolutionized
23. Seldom ______ each other anymore.
a. we have seen b. do we see c. we do see d. we see
24. Dry cleaning is the process ______ clothes are cleaned in liquids other than water.
a. by b. which through c. by which d. through
25. It's time the government ______ something to encourage people to conserve energy.
a. do b. did c. have done d. will do
A. Read the text below and decide which answer - a, b, c or d - best fits each space.
Although they are safe to use in the short term, coal, gas and oil present a long-term (36) ______ to the environment. All three types of fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide in (37) ______ greater. quantities than plants can use. The carbon dioxide then (38) ______ in the atmosphere and may even increase the earth's 'heat load' and lead to global (39) _____ in temperature. Furthermore, all three fossil 'fuels are (40) ______ forms of energy. Geothermal power is (41) ______ ever to be an energy source of major importance. It is limited and is exploitable in only a few places. Hydro-power offers a much more useful source of energy. It is also renewable but its (42) ______ is limited. Dams cannot be built in certain areas. In addition, large dams are also (43) ______ of causing changes in the world's climate. Wind power is a (44) ______ source of renewable energy but it cannot be used in many parts of the world where there is (45) ______ wind. Wave power is better source of energy in certain ways but it is clearly not practicable to build (46) ______ across every river estuary or to cover seas with expensive equipment. It is also ineffective where the sea is usually calm. Solar power is renewable, it does not cause pollution and it does not add to the earth's heat (47) ______. Unfortunately, solar power is not distributed equally, and in the northern latitudes it is difficult to (48) ______ and store. Solar power' also requires expensive equipment. Finally, nuclear power provides a very (49) ______ and renewable power source. However, not only is there a great danger of leaks or accidents but there is also the problem of the (50) ______ of radioactive waste.
36. a. warning b. fight c. threat d. demand
37. a. more b. far c. very d. every
38. a. accumulates b. disperses c. discharges d. releases
39. a. raise b. change c. drop d. rise
40. a. renewed b. non-renewed c. renewable d. non-renewable
41. a. mostly b. unlikely c. highly d. mainly
42. a. availability b. alternativity c. consumption d. development
43. a. consisting b. composed c. capable d. typical
44. a. power-free b. limit-free c. problem-free d. pollution-free
45. a. inefficient b. insufficient c. unlimited d. nonexistent
46. a. harbors b. banks c. dams d. systems
47. a. loss b. exhaustion c. dispersion d. load
48. a. collect b. save c. gain d. pick
49. a. potential b. efficient c. convenient d. dangerous
50. a. supply b. solution c. disposal d. influence
B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.
At present, people depend on unlimited energy to power their everyday lives. A wide range of energy-run devices and modern conveniences are taken for granted, and although it may seem that we will never be in danger of living without those conveniences, the fact is that many supplies of energy are dwindling rapidly. Scientists are constantly searching for new sources of power to keep modern society running. Whether future populations will continue to enjoy the benefit of abundant energy will depend on the success of this search.
Coal, oil, and natural gas supply modern civilization with most of its power. However, not only are supplies of these fuels limited, but they are a major source of pollution. If the energy demands of the future are to be met without seriously harming the environment, existing alternative energy sources must be improved or further explored and developed. These include nuclear, water, solar, wind, and geothermal power, as well as energy from new, nonpolluting types of fuels. Each of these alternatives, however, has advantages and disadvantages.
Nuclear power plants efficiently produce large amounts of electricity without polluting the atmosphere; however, they are costly to build and maintain, and they pose the daunting problem of what to do with nuclear wastes. Hydroelectric power is inexpensive and environmentally safe, but impractical for communities located far from moving water. Harnessing energy from tides and waves has similar drawbacks. Solar power holds great promise for the future but methods of collecting and –concentrating sunlight are as yet inefficient, as are methods of harnessing wind power.
Every source of energy has its disadvantages. One way to minimize them is to use less energy. Conservation efforts coupled with renewable energy resources, such as a combination of solar, water, wind, and geothermal energy and alternative fuels, such as alcohol and hydrogen, will ensure supplies of clean, affordable energy for humanity's future.
51. The passage suggests that ______.
a. people use energy without giving great thought to 'where it's coming from.
b. the search for energy sources is mainly a problem for the future
c. scientists believe we will never have to go without our modern conveniences
d. modern society requires a minimum amount of energy to keep running
52. It can be implied from the passage that ______.
a. most alternative energy sources have proven to be impractical
b. many alternative energy' sources. are environmentally hazardous
c. nuclear power solves one problem while creating others
d. solar and wind power are not promising for the future
53. From the passage, it can be inferred that to solve our energy problems ______.
a. we will have to stop using many of our modern conveniences
b. scientists will have to find one major source of nonpolluting energy
c. scientists will have to find ways to increase our supplies of coal, oil and gas
d. a combination of conservation and invention will be needed
54. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
a. The search for alternative energy sources is not over.
b. Our present energy sources must be eliminated and replaced with alternatives sources.
c. Alternative sources of energy on this planet are very limited.
d. Demand; for energy in the future are likely to decrease.
55. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
a. The amount of fossil fuels in the world is limited.
b. Most alternative energy sources are environmentally friendly.
c. Hydroelectric power is impractical because of its being money consuming.
d. It is impossible to use wind power efficiently at present.
A. From the four words or phrases - a, b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentences.
56. The doctor insited that his patient ______.
a. that he not work too hard for three months
b. take it easy for three months
c. taking it easy inside of three months
d. to take some vacations for three months
57. He has received several scholarships, v.
a. not only because of his artistic but his academic ability
b. for both his academic ability as well as his artistic
c. because of his academic and artistic ability
d. as resulting of his ability in the art and the academy
58. The manager was angry because somebody ______.
a. had allowed the photographers to enter the building
b. had let the photographers to enter into the building
c. permitting the photographers enter the building
d. the photographer let into the building without the proper documentations
59. ______ he would have signed his name in the corner.
a. If he painted that picture b. If he paints that picture
c. If he had painted that picture d. If he would have painted that picture
60. The higher the content of carbon dioxide in the air, ______.
a. the more heat it retains b. more heat it retains.
c. it retains more heat d. than it retains more heat
B. Choose the sentence - a, b, c or d – which is closest in meaning to the printed one.
61. No sooner had she put the telephone down than her boss rang back.
a. As soon as her boss rang back, she put down the telephone.
b. Scarely had she put the telephone down when her boss / rang back.
c. Hardly she had hung up, she rang her boss immediately.
d. She had hardly put the telephone down without her boss rang back.
62. The Prime Minister is unlikely to call an early general election.
a. It's likely that the Prime Minister will call an early general election.
b. The likelihood is that the Prime Minister will call an early general election.
c. There is little likelihood of the Prime Minister calling an early general election.
d. In all likelihood the Prime Minister will call an early general election.
63. Impressed as we were by the new cinema, we found, it rather expensive.
a. The new cinema was more expensive than we expected.
b. We were not impressed by the new cinema at all because it looked rather expensive.
c. We weren't as much impressed by the new cinema's look as its cost.
d. We were very impressed by the new cinema, but found it rather expensive.
64. The foreman was too powerful to be afraid of the workers.
a. The foreman was powerful enough, but he was afraid of the workers.
b. The foreman wasn't powerful, so the workers didn't fear him.
c. The foreman was very powerful arid the workers feared him.
d. The foreman was strong enough: not to fear the workers.
65. 'Get in my car. I'll take you to the station.'
a. He offered to give me a lift to the station.
b. He suggested taking me to the station.
c. He promised to give me a lift to the station.
d. He agreed to take me to the station.