Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD có đáp án (2)

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Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD có đáp án

Bài tập tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 16 THE WONDERS OF THE WORLD có đáp án (1)

I. PRONUNCIATION

Choose the word that has the main stress is placed differently from that of the others.

1. a. wonder         b. pyramid        c. treasure          d. belongings

2. a. surpass           b. spiral          c. propose        d. mysterious

3. a. theory            b. chamber         c. consist          d. structure

4. a. architect            b. attraction        c. museum            d. construct

5. a. satellite            b. artificial           c. heritage           d. ancient

II. LANGUAGE FOCUS

A. Choose the word or phrase - a, b, c or d - that best completes the sentences or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.

6. In 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a World Heritage _____ UNESCO.

a. with           b. to           c. of         d. by

7. We are all keen ______ taking a trip to the Great Wall of China.

a. to                b. on           c. of          d. in

8. We had to ______ the noise from the building site next door for three months.

a. give up            b. stand up to        c. put up with          d. look up to

9. Remember to take all your personal ______ from the overhead locker when you leave the airplane.

a. belongings             b. treasure          c. wealth           d. profits

10. The structure ______ of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing about 2. 5 tons.

a. included               b. consisted          c. contained         d. combined

III. READING

A. Choose the word or phrase that best fits the blank space.

The building of the pyramid in Ancient Egypt obviously (36) ______ a vast labour force, but the (37) ______ image of gangs of Egyptians being forced to work is probably incorrect. In fact it seems that though prisoners of war did some of the heavy work and the maintenance jobs, most of the (38) ______ labourers were farmers who worked during the flood periods when farming was (39) ______ anyway. The labourers were probably paid (40) _____ food - because money did not yet (41) _____ and organised in groups with (42) _____ names such as 'Hardworking Gang' or 'Strong Gang'. (43) ______ the traditional picture of thousands of slaves being struck with whips is unlikely to be "true, paintings do show supervisors carrying metre-long sticks which were not simply (44) ______ of office. One architect, Nekhebu, (45) ______ that he never hit a workman (46) ______ enough to knock him down. The Greek historian Herodotus gave traditional figures for the work force of one of the pyramids as 100;000 men replaced (47) ______ three months for a period of 20 years. It is impossible to prove or disprove these figures, but they had doubtless been (48) ______ overestimated. Housing that was found in the desert (49) ______ the west of one of the pyramids would have accommodated a (50) ______ work force of no more than 4000.

36. a. consumed          b. required        c. requested         d. demanded

37. a. common            b. normal           c. popular        d. usual

B. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer.

Taj Mahal, a mausoleum in Agra, India, regarded as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had it built in memory of his wife, Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal (Persian for "Elect of the Palace"), who died in 1631.

Building commenced about 1632. The mausoleum was complete by about 1643 and the surrounding complex of buildings and gardens was complete by about 1653. Situated on the southern bank of the Yamuna River, the white marble mausoleum is composed of four identical facades, each containing a large central arch 33 m (108 ft) high. A large bulb-shaped dome, over 73 m (240 ft) tall, rises over the center, with four smaller domes surrounding it. The building is raised on a square podium with a minaret at each corner. It is flanked by two red sandstone buildings-a mosque and its replica, the Jawab (Answer), a building of which the main function is visual balance. Visitors approach the Taj Mahal through an imposing red sandstone gate, decorated with inscriptions from the Muslim holy book, the Qur'an (Koran). The gate and accompanying walls also contain a vast, geometrically laid out garden, 305 m (1,002 ft) on each side. The enclosed garden, itself a Muslim symbol of paradise, is centered on a large, raised pool. Canals divide it into four equal parts, each containing flower beds, fountains, and cypress trees (symbols of death).

Inside theTaj Mahal, the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal stands at the center of an octagonal hall, while the slightly larger tomb of Shah Jahan, who died in 1666, is off to one side. Both are elaborately carved and inlaid with semiprecious stones, illuminated by sunlight filtering through an elaborately carved marble screen that is also studded with jewels.

51. What is the Taj Mahal?

a. A temple            b. A monument        c. A tomb         d. A shrine

52. Which of the following is not true?

a. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughah emperor Shah Jahan.

b. It took approximately 20 years to complete the mausoleum.

c. The front of the building is similar in all sides.

d. The mausoleum has four domes around it.

53. The word 'minaret' in line 11 is closest in meaning to ______.

a. tower            b. mosque         c. altar         d. statue

54. The Jawab ______.

a. is a mosque where people worship

b. has a main function of decorating.

c. was decorated with inscriptions from the Koran

d. was built by red stones

55. According to the passage, which of the following statements is false?

a. The garden of the Taj Mahal is a Muslim symbol of paradise.

b. In beauty of design and rich decorative detail, Taj Mahal is one of the best buildings in the world.

c. The Mughah emperor Shah Jahan died 35 years after his wife.

d. The tombs of Shah Jahan's and his wife are located at the center of the mausoleum.

IV. WRITING

A. From the four word or phrase - a, b, c or d - choose the one that best completes the sentence.

56. Of all the monarchs in French history, the infamous. Louis XIV is the one ______.

a. with whom the public is most familiar

b. whom with the public is most familiar

c. that the public is familiar the most

d. the public is most familiar with

57. ______ perhaps the most awe inspiring among the great structures of the world.

a. The Great Wall of China                 b. The Great Wall of China is

c. That The Great Wall of China is            d. The Great Wall of China which is

58. On an untimed test, to answer accurately is more important than ______.

a. a quick finish b. you finish quickly

c. finishing quickly d. to finish quickly

59. No matter ______, Mozart was an accomplished composer while still a child.

a. how it seems remarkable           b. how remarkable it seems

c. it seems remarkable how           d. how seems it remarkable

60. _____ millions of galaxies exist in the vast space outside the Milky Way.

a. That is estimated.             b. An estimate that

c. It is estimated that            d. That the estimated

B. Choose the sentence - a, b, c or d - which is closest in meaning to the printed one.

61. He liked London very little and Vienna less.

a. He liked Vienna but not London

b. He thought Vienna was worse than London.

c. He liked Vienna more than London

b. He didn't like Vienna as much as London

62. She tends to lose her temper for no reason.

a. She has no reason so she loses her temper

b. She has no reason for tending to lose her temper.

c. She easily gets angry when there is a reason.

d. She often gets angry for no reason.

63. He seemed very reluctant to take my advice.

a. He seemed quite willing to take my advice.

b. It seemed he was not ready to give me advice.

c. It seemed he was not willing to take my advice.

d. He seemed very anxious to take my advice.

64. Scarcely had the man left when the bomb exploded.

a. The bomb had exploded before the man left.

b. No sooner had the man left than the bomb exploded.

c. The man left and had the bomb exploded.

d. The bomb went off because of the man

65. Bob outdoes his brother Paul in math.

a. Bob surpasses Paul in math.

b. Paul surpasses Bob in math

c. Bob always does Paul's math for him.

d. Paul and Mark make the same grade in math.

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