Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án - Số 1
Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10 có đáp án
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Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. a. temperature b. serious c. awareness d. chemical
2. a. ability b. agriculture c. development d. contaminate
3. a. government b. agency c. benefit d. diversity
4. a. disappearance b. vulnerable c. conservation d. generation
5. a. current b. global d. crisis d. mankind
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
6. _______ is a branch of Natural Science, and is the study of living organisms and how they interact with their environment.
a. Biology b. Biological c. Biologist d. Biologically
7. A/ an _______ species is a population of an organism which is at risk of becoming extinct.
a. dangerous b. endanger c. endangered d. endangerment
8. Only a few of the many species at risk of extinction actually make it to the lists and obtain legal _______.
a. protect b. protection c. protective d. protector
9. Probability of extinction depends _______ both the population size and fine details of the population demography.
a. on b. in c. from d. for
10. Many modern medicines are derived _______ plants and animals.
a. on b. for c. from d. in
11. 15,589 species (7,266 animal species and 8,323 plant species) are now considered _______ risk _______ extinction.
a. at/ of b. on/ in c. for/ with d. in/ at
12. Internationally, 189 countries have signed _______ accord agreeing to create Biodiversity Action Plans to protect endangered and other threatened species.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
13. Known worldwide by its panda logo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is dedicated to protecting _______ world's wildlife and the rich biological diversity that we all need to survive.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
14. WWF is _______ leading privately supported international conservation organization in the world, and has sponsored more than 2,000 projects in 116 countries.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
15. Many nations have laws offering protection to these species, such as forbidding hunting, restricting land development or creating _______.
a. agencies b. reserves c. awareness d. challenges
16. Being listed as an endangered species can have negative effect since it could make a species more desirable for collectors and poachers.
a. awareness b. preservation c. support d. impact
17. World Wide Fund for Nature was formed to do the mission of the preservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, and the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.
a. contamination b. energy c. extinction d. development
18. The Bali Tiger was declared extinct in 1937 due to hunting and habitat loss.
a. reserve b. generation c. natural environment d. diversity
19. It is found that endangered species are often concentrated in areas that are poor and densely populated, such as much of Asia and Africa.
a. disappeared b. increased c. threatened d. reduced
20. _______ is the existence of a wide variety of plant and animal species living in their natural environment..
a. Biodiversity b. Conservation c. Globe d. Individual
21. She ___ be ill. I have just seen her playing basket ball in the school yard.
a. needn't b. shouldn't c. mustn't d. can't
22. Hiking the trail to the peak _______ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You _______ research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent.
a. might/ can b. may/ mustn't c. can/ should d. must/ needn't
23. Peter has been working for 10 hours. He _______ be very tired now.
a. needn't b. must c. has to d. should
24. He is unreliable. What he says _______ be believed.
a. cannot b. must not c. may not d. might not
25. I _______ find my own way there. You _______ wait for me.
a. should/ can't b. have to/ must c. can/ needn't d. might/ mustn't
26. I was reading the book last night before I went to bed. I never took it out of this room. It ____ be lying around here somewhere. Where ___ it be?
a. might/ needn't b. can/ should c. shouldn't/ may d. must/ can
27. When you have a small child in the house, you _______ leave small objects lying around. Such objects _______ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.
a. should/ must b. should not/ might
c. needn't/ may d. mustn't/ can't
28. Frank's wallet is lying on the coffee table. He _______ it here last night.
a. must have left b. should have left
c. must be leaving d. needn't leave
29. Jenny's engagement ring was precious! It _______ have cost a fortune.
a. must b. should c. can d. needn't
30. You _______ take your umbrella along with you today. It _______ rain later on this afternoon.
a. ought to/ mustn't b. needn't/ will
c. will/ must d. should/ might
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Species that belong to an area are said to be native species. Typically, they have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period, and they are well adapted to the local environment and to the presence of other native species in the same general habitat. Exotic species are interlopers, foreign elements introduced intentionally or accidentally into new settings through human activities. In one context an introduced species may cause no obvious problems and may, over time, be regarded as being just as "natural" as any native species in the same habitat. In another context, exotics may seriously disrupt delicate ecological balances and create a cascade of unintended consequences. The worst of these unintended consequences arise when introduced species put native species in destruction by preying on them, altering their habitats, or out-competing them in the struggle for food resources. Although biological introductions have affected environments the world over, the most destructive, effects have occurred on islands, where introduced insects, cats, pigs, rats, mongooses, and other nonnative species have caused the grave endangerment or outright extinction of literally hundreds of species during the past 500 years.
One of other reason to cause species extinction is overexploitation. This word refers to the utilization of a species at a rate that is likely to cause its extreme endangerment or outright extinction. Among many examples of severe overexploitation, the case of the great whales stands out in special relief. By the middle of the 20th century, unrestricted whaling had brought many species of whales to incredibly low population sizes. In response to public pressure, in 1982 a number of nations, including the USA, agreed to an international moratorium on whaling. As a direct result, some whale species which are thought to have been on extinction's doorstep 25 years ago have made amazing comebacks, such as grey whales in the western Pacific. Others remain at great risk. Many other species, however, continue to suffer high rates of exploitation because of the trade in animal parts. Currently, the demand for animal parts is centered in several parts of Asia where there. is a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and rhino horn.
36. Native species _______.
a. are not used to the local environment
b. never get along well with other native species in the same environment
c. tend to do harm to exotic species
d. have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period
37. Exotic species _______.
a. do no harm to native species and the local environment
b. may kill native species for food
c. always share the environment peacefully with native species
d. help to make the local environment more ideal to survive
38. According to the first paragraph, _______.
a. non-native species have caused badly damage to native ones
b. introducing new exotic species to local environments is necessary
c. exotic species have never been introduced on islands
d. very few native species have been damaged by exotic species
39. According to the second paragraph, by the middle of the 20 century ___.
a. whale population was the most crowded in marine life
b. whale hunting was illegal
c. whale population increased dramatically
d. whaling was not restricted
40. Tiger bone and rhino horn _______.
a. are not popular in Asian markets
b. are never in the trade of animal parts
c. are used for making traditional medicines
d. cannot be found in Asian markets
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international (41) _____- governmental organization for the (42) _____, research, and restoration of the environment. The organization was (43) _____ as a charitable trust on September 11, 1961, in Morges, Switzerland, under the name World Wildlife Fund. It was an initiative of Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson.
It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million (44) _____ worldwide, working in more (45) _____ 90 countries, supporting 100 conservation and environmental projects around the world. It is a charity, with (46) ____ 9% of its funding coming from voluntary. (47) ___ by private individuals and businesses.
The group says its mission is "to halt and reverse the (48) _____ of our environment". Currently, much of its work focuses on the conservation of three biomes that contain most of the world's biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, and oceans and coasts. Among other issues, it is also concerned (49) _____ endangered species, pollution, and climate change. The organization (50) ____ more than 20 field projects worldwide. In the last few years, the organization set up offices and operations around the world.
41. a. non b. not c. no d. nor
42. a. challenge b. keeping c. conservation d. awareness
43. a. produced b. discovered c. used d. formed
44. a. supporters b. residents c. inhabitants d. citizens
45. a. as b. than c. to d. as to
46. a. generally b. individually c. commercially d. approximately
47. a. deposits b. donations c. refunds d. loans
48. a. destroy b. destructive c. destruction d. destroyed
49. a. on b. by c. with d. upon
50. a. goes b. walks c. reaches d. runs
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