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BÀI 7. SYNONYMS & ANTONYMS - T ĐỒNG NGHĨA TRÁI NGHĨA
Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is
CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
1. The film is not worth seeing. The plot is too dull.
A. simple B. complicated C. boring D. slow
2. In rural Midwestern towns of the USA, the decisions that affect most residents are made at
general assemblies in schools and churches.
A. concerts B. public libraries C. gatherings D. prayer services
3. I hope to have the privilege of working with them again.
A. honor B. advantage C. favor D. right
4. Everything was in a thorough mess.
A. utter B. full C. complete D. appalling
5. The service station at Shiel Bridge has a good range of groceries.
A. coach station B. railway station C. power station D. petrol station
6. He didn’t bat an eye when he realized he failed the exam again.
A. didn’t want to see B. didn’t show surprise C. wasn’t happy D. didn’t care
7. The notice should be put in the most conspicuous place so that all the students can be well-
informed.
A. easily seen B. beautiful C. popular D. suspicious
8. If the headmaster were here, he would sign your papers immediately.
A. right ahead B. currently C. formerly D. right away
9. Living in the central Australian desert has its problems, of which obtaining water is not the least.
A. controlling B. storing C. purifying D. getting
10. Thirty minutes after the accident, the captain still refused to abandon the burning ship.
A. sail B. get on C. leave D. come to
11. It will be fine tomorrow. But if it should rain tomorrow, the match will be postponed.
A. taken off B. sold off C. put off D. turned off
12. Many scientists agree that global warming poses great threats to all species on Earth.
A. annoyance B. risks C. irritations D. fears
13. The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes helped
pave the way for academic freedom in the modern sense.
A. initiate B. lighten C. terminate D. prevent
14. E-cash cards are the main means of all transactions in a cashless society.
A. cash-free B. cash-starved C. cash-strapped D. cash-in-hand
15. For a long term period, Lizzie Magie has been battling against the vicissitudes of life.
A. mutability B. caprice C. ups and downs D. determination
16. The aim of University education is to inure students to hardship, trials and adverse situations in
life.
A. accustom B. obliterate C. shun D. estrange.
17. Those girls are totally unaware that they are being made use of by this organization.
A. taken for granted B. spoken ill of C. made fun of D. taken advantage of
18. In life, Ray always gives me a hand with repairing the broken things in my house.
A. assists me by B. asks me to help with
C. pleases me by D. serves me with
19. I just want to stay at home and watch TV and take it easy.
A. sleep B. sit down C. eat D. relax
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20. The rains of 1993 causing the Missouri river to overflow resulted in one of the worst floods of
the 20th century.
A. stopped B. lessened C. caused D. overcame
Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is
CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
1. I’m becoming increasingly absent-minded. Last week, I locked myself out of my house twice.
A. being considerate of things B. remembering to do right things
C. forgetful of one’s past D. often forgetting things
2. For calculating a calendar, it is convenient to use the tropical solar year.
A. practical B. critical C. necessary D. appropriate
3. The medical community continues to make progress in the fight against cancer.
A. speed B. expect more C. do better D. treat better
4. As all of us cannot be available today, let's put off the discussion till later.
A. present for the event B. scheduled for the event
C. arranged for the event D. appointed for the event
5. As the enemy forces were so overwhelming, our troops had to retreat to a safer position.
A. powerful B. dreadful C. overflowing D. outgrowing
6. We oppose this war, as we would do any other war which created an environmental catastrophe.
A. pollution B. disaster C. convention D. epidemic
7. Relaxation therapy teaches one not to fret over small problems.
A. get involved in B. worry about C. look for D. get angry about
8. The 1923 earthquake in Japan killed about 200,000 people and left countless wounded and
homeless.
A. poor B. imprisoned C. suffered D. injured
9. The bomb exploded in the garage; fortunately no one hurt.
A. put on B. went off C. got out D. kept up
10. The service station at Shiel Bridge has a good range of groceries.
A. coach station B. railway station C. power station D. petrol station
11. They had to delay their trip because of the bad weather.
A. get through B. put off C. keep up with D. go over
12. The organization was established in 1950 in the USA.
A. come around B. set up C. made out D. put on
13. It took me a very long time to recover from the shock of her death.
A. turn off B. take on C. get over D. keep up with
14. Many young children are spending large amounts of time watching the TV without being aware
of its detriment to their school work.
A. harm B. advantage C. support D. benefit
15. To prepare for your job interview, you should jot down your qualifications and experience as
well as some important information about yourself.
A. draw B. place C. put D. write
16. The girls were deeply affected by that sentimental movie.
A. influenced B. sad C. touched D. annoyed
17. Helen Keller, blind and deaf from an early age, developed her sense of smell so finely that she
could identify friends by their personal odors.
A. classify B. communicate with
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C. describe D. recognize
18. The life boat rescued the crew of the sinking ship.
A. picked up B. provided food for
C. saved the life of D. looked for
19. The most important thing is to keep yourself occupied.
A. busy B. comfortable C. free D. relaxed
20. You can withdraw money from the account at any time without penalty.
A. loss B. charge C. punishment D. offense
Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is
CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
1. Be careful! The tree is going to fall.
A. Look out B. Look up C. Look on D. Look after
2. He did not particularly want to play any competitive sport.
A. use up B. do with C. take up D. go on
3. I just want to stay at home and watch TV and take it easy.
A. sleep B. sit down C. eat D. relax
4. The meteorologist said on TV that it is supposed to rain all day tomorrow.
A. astronomer B. TV anchor
C. TV weatherman D. fortune teller
5. In the end her neighbour decided to speak his mind.
A. say exactly what he thought B. say a few words
C. have a chat D. are given the right to
6. I'm sorry. I didn't mean to interrupt you. Please, go on and finish what you were saying.
A. talk B. quit C. continue D. stop
7. The crew divided the life preservers among the twenty terrified passengers as the ship began to
sink.
A. exhausted B. surprised C. frightened D. excited
8. Most deserts are enormous sandy areas.
A. mysterious B. narrow C. immense D. aerial
9. The repeated commercials on TV distract many viewers from watching their favourite films.
A. advertisements B. contests
C. businesses D. economics
10. As tourism is more developed, people worry about the damage to the flora and fauna of the
island.
A. fruits and vegetables B. flowers and trees
C. plants and animals D. mountains and forests
11. It is such a prestigious university that only excellent students are entitled to a full scholarship
each year.
A. have the obligation to B. have the right to refuse
C. are refused the right to D. are given the right to
12. In the future many large corporations will be wiped out and millions of jobs will be lost.
A. companies B. services C. supermarkets D. farms
13. Few businesses are flourishing in the present economic climate.
A. growing well B. setting up C. closing down D. taking off

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