Bộ bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án

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Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species

Giải bài tập SGK Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species

Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án - Số 1

Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án - Số 2

Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án - Số 1

Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

1. a. temperature           b. serious          c. awareness         d. chemical

2. a. ability                 b. agriculture      c. development       d. contaminate

3. a. government           b. agency            c. benefit          d. diversity

4. a. disappearance         b. vulnerable         c. conservation      d. generation

5. a. current               b. global             d. crisis            d. mankind

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

6. _______ is a branch of Natural Science, and is the study of living organisms and how they interact with their environment.

a. Biology               b. Biological            c. Biologist        d. Biologically

7. A/ an _______ species is a population of an organism which is at risk of becoming extinct.

a. dangerous              b. endanger           c. endangered        d. endangerment

8. Only a few of the many species at risk of extinction actually make it to the lists and obtain legal _______.

a. protect                  b. protection           c. protective           d. protector

9. Probability of extinction depends _______ both the population size and fine details of the population demography.

a. on                      b. in                  c. from             d. for

10. Many modern medicines are derived _______ plants and animals.

a. on                        b. for                c. from          d. in

11. 15,589 species (7,266 animal species and 8,323 plant species) are now considered _______ risk _______ extinction.

a. at/ of                    b. on/ in                 c. for/ with           d. in/ at

12. Internationally, 189 countries have signed _______ accord agreeing to create Biodiversity Action Plans to protect endangered and other threatened species.

a. a                         b. an                   c. the           d. Ø

13. Known worldwide by its panda logo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is dedicated to protecting _______ world's wildlife and the rich biological diversity that we all need to survive.

a. a                          b. an                     c. the          d. Ø

14. WWF is _______ leading privately supported international conservation organization in the world, and has sponsored more than 2,000 projects in 116 countries.

a. a                         b. an                      c. the            d. Ø

15. Many nations have laws offering protection to these species, such as forbidding hunting, restricting land development or creating _______.

a. agencies                    b. reserves                c. awareness   d. challenges

16. Being listed as an endangered species can have negative effect since it could make a species more desirable for collectors and poachers.

a. awareness                 b. preservation               c. support              d. impact

17. World Wide Fund for Nature was formed to do the mission of the preservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of natural resources, and the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.

a. contamination              b. energy               c. extinction       d. development

18. The Bali Tiger was declared extinct in 1937 due to hunting and habitat loss.

a. reserve                b. generation              c. natural environment                 d. diversity

19. It is found that endangered species are often concentrated in areas that are poor and densely populated, such as much of Asia and Africa.

a. disappeared             b. increased               c. threatened           d. reduced

20. _______ is the existence of a wide variety of plant and animal species living in their natural environment..

a. Biodiversity              b. Conservation           c. Globe         d. Individual

21. She ___ be ill. I have just seen her playing basket ball in the school yard.

a. needn't                  b. shouldn't              c. mustn't          d. can't

22. Hiking the trail to the peak _______ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You _______ research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent.

a. might/ can               b. may/ mustn't            c. can/ should     d. must/ needn't

23. Peter has been working for 10 hours. He _______ be very tired now.

a. needn't                  b. must                 c. has to             d. should

24. He is unreliable. What he says _______ be believed.

a. cannot                    b. must not             c. may not         d. might not

25. I _______ find my own way there. You _______ wait for me.

a. should/ can't                 b. have to/ must        c. can/ needn't        d. might/ mustn't

26. I was reading the book last night before I went to bed. I never took it out of this room. It ____ be lying around here somewhere. Where ___ it be?

a. might/ needn't                 b. can/ should           c. shouldn't/ may        d. must/ can

27. When you have a small child in the house, you _______ leave small objects lying around. Such objects _______ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.

a. should/ must                     b. should not/ might

c. needn't/ may                    d. mustn't/ can't

28. Frank's wallet is lying on the coffee table. He _______ it here last night.

a. must have left                    b. should have left

c. must be leaving                    d. needn't leave

29. Jenny's engagement ring was precious! It _______ have cost a fortune.

a. must                 b. should               c. can               d. needn't

30. You _______ take your umbrella along with you today. It _______ rain later on this afternoon.

a. ought to/ mustn't                    b. needn't/ will

c. will/ must                          d. should/ might

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

Species that belong to an area are said to be native species. Typically, they have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period, and they are well adapted to the local environment and to the presence of other native species in the same general habitat. Exotic species are interlopers, foreign elements introduced intentionally or accidentally into new settings through human activities. In one context an introduced species may cause no obvious problems and may, over time, be regarded as being just as "natural" as any native species in the same habitat. In another context, exotics may seriously disrupt delicate ecological balances and create a cascade of unintended consequences. The worst of these unintended consequences arise when introduced species put native species in destruction by preying on them, altering their habitats, or out-competing them in the struggle for food resources. Although biological introductions have affected environments the world over, the most destructive, effects have occurred on islands, where introduced insects, cats, pigs, rats, mongooses, and other nonnative species have caused the grave endangerment or outright extinction of literally hundreds of species during the past 500 years.

One of other reason to cause species extinction is overexploitation. This word refers to the utilization of a species at a rate that is likely to cause its extreme endangerment or outright extinction. Among many examples of severe overexploitation, the case of the great whales stands out in special relief. By the middle of the 20th century, unrestricted whaling had brought many species of whales to incredibly low population sizes. In response to public pressure, in 1982 a number of nations, including the USA, agreed to an international moratorium on whaling. As a direct result, some whale species which are thought to have been on extinction's doorstep 25 years ago have made amazing comebacks, such as grey whales in the western Pacific. Others remain at great risk. Many other species, however, continue to suffer high rates of exploitation because of the trade in animal parts. Currently, the demand for animal parts is centered in several parts of Asia where there. is a strong market for traditional medicines made from items like tiger bone and rhino horn.

36. Native species _______.

a. are not used to the local environment

b. never get along well with other native species in the same environment

c. tend to do harm to exotic species

d. have been part of a given biological landscape for a long period

37. Exotic species _______.

a. do no harm to native species and the local environment

b. may kill native species for food

c. always share the environment peacefully with native species

d. help to make the local environment more ideal to survive

38. According to the first paragraph, _______.

a. non-native species have caused badly damage to native ones

b. introducing new exotic species to local environments is necessary

c. exotic species have never been introduced on islands

d. very few native species have been damaged by exotic species

39. According to the second paragraph, by the middle of the 20 century ___.

a. whale population was the most crowded in marine life

b. whale hunting was illegal

c. whale population increased dramatically

d. whaling was not restricted

40. Tiger bone and rhino horn _______.

a. are not popular in Asian markets

b. are never in the trade of animal parts

c. are used for making traditional medicines

d. cannot be found in Asian markets

Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international (41) _____- governmental organization for the (42) _____, research, and restoration of the environment. The organization was (43) _____ as a charitable trust on September 11, 1961, in Morges, Switzerland, under the name World Wildlife Fund. It was an initiative of Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson.

It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million (44) _____ worldwide, working in more (45) _____ 90 countries, supporting 100 conservation and environmental projects around the world. It is a charity, with (46) ____ 9% of its funding coming from voluntary. (47) ___ by private individuals and businesses.

The group says its mission is "to halt and reverse the (48) _____ of our environment". Currently, much of its work focuses on the conservation of three biomes that contain most of the world's biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, and oceans and coasts. Among other issues, it is also concerned (49) _____ endangered species, pollution, and climate change. The organization (50) ____ more than 20 field projects worldwide. In the last few years, the organization set up offices and operations around the world.

41. a. non               b. not              c. no            d. nor

42. a. challenge           b. keeping         c. conservation      d. awareness

43. a. produced           b. discovered        c. used           d. formed

44. a. supporters          b. residents         c. inhabitants      d. citizens

45. a. as                 b. than            c. to              d. as to

46. a. generally            b. individually      c. commercially      d. approximately

47. a. deposits              b. donations        c. refunds         d. loans

48. a. destroy              b. destructive        c. destruction            d. destroyed

49. a. on                b. by                c. with         d. upon

50. a. goes                 b. walks         c. reaches          d. runs

Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 10: Endangered Species có đáp án - Số 3

Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.

1. a. extinction         b. animal        c. classify           d. primary

2. a. biologist          b. seriously      c. commercial      d. identify

3. a. habitat           b. different        c. industry         d. introduce

4. a. medicine           b. endanger       c. addition          d. survival

5. a. derive             b. provide        c. modern        d. depend

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

6. They eventually realize that reckless _______ of the earth's resources can lead only to eventual global disaster.

a. exploit             b. exploitable          c. exploitation      d. exploitative

7. Farmers make their soil more productive by distributing _______.

a. fertile               b. fertility            c. fertilizers        d. fertilizable

8. Chemical wastes from factories are _______ that cause serious damage to species habitats.

a. pollutes             b. pollutants            c. pollutions            d. polluters

9. Contamination and global warming have driven many species of animals and plants _______ the threat of extinction.

a. for                  b. to                 c. with         d. on

10. Although we are aware _______ the importance of environment, we still overexploit it.

a. from                  b. on                 c. for         d. of

11. They have built a particular reserve' which is suitable _______ pandas.

a. at                     b. upon               c. in        d. for

12. We should do something immediately to conserve _______ nature

a. a                     b. an                c. the       d. Ø

13. Everyone knows what is happening to _______ earth but we just do not know how to stop it.

a. a                     b. an                 c. the       d. Ø

14. Many species have become extinct each year before biologists can identify them.

a. destroy                 b. drain              c. endanger       d. discover

15. If an area is _______, all the trees there are cut down or destroyed.

a. endangered               b. deforested         c. contaminated            d. polluted

16. Humans depend on species diversity to provide food, clean air and water, and fertile soil for agriculture.

a. raise                    b. produce             c. supply              d. reserve

17. Many schools provide environmental education to increase students' awareness of conservation needs.

a. effort                    b. benefit             c. exploitation            d. knowledge

18. All the countries of the area have _______ to protect their wildlife but they are rarely enforced.

a. efforts                     b. law                 c. results         d. reserves

19. Forest dwellers had always hunted the local _______ but their needs had been small.

a. wildlife                     b. commerce           c. reserve         d. generation

20. Keep quiet. You _______ talk so loudly in here. Everybody is working.

a. may                     b. must                c. might          d. mustn't

21. John is not at home. He _____ go somewhere with Daisy. I am not sure.

a. might                      b. will                c. must         d. should

22. _______ I have a day off tomorrow? - Of course not. We have a lot of things to do.

a. Must                       b. Will                c. May           d. Need

23. The computer _______ reprogramming. There is something wrong with the software.

a. must                       b. need               c. should         d. may

24. _______ I be here by 6 o'clock? - No, you _______.

a. Shall/mightn't              b. Must/ needn't        c. Will/ mayn't       d. Might/ won't

25. If I had gone white water rafting with my friends, I _______ down the Colorado River right now.

a. should have floated          b. must be floating

c. would be floating           d. would have been floating

26. You _______ touch that switch, whatever you do.

a. mustn't                  b. needn't                c. won't         d. wouldn't

27. Susan ___ hear the speaker because the crowd was cheering so loudly.

a. mustn't                  b. couldn't                c. can't          d. needn't

28. You _______ be rich to be a success. Some of the most successful people I know haven't got a penny to their name.

a. needn't                    b. couldn't              c. mayn't        d. mustn't

29. - Oh no! I completely forgot we were supposed to pick Jenny up at the airport this morning.

- She _______ there waiting for us

a. needn't sit                 b. might still sit           c. must still be sitting        d. should have sat

30. Jane often wears beautiful new clothes. She _______ be very rich.

a. must                       b. could               c. might        d. needn't

Choose a, b, c, or d that best fills in the blank.

31. I have done this math problem at least twenty times, but my answer is wrong according to the answer key. _______

a. The answer in the book should be wrong!

b. The book needn't have a wrong answer.

c. There is a wrong answer in the book.

d. The answer in the book must be wrong!

32. When I was a child, as we were having dinner, my grandmother always used to say, "_______. "

a. One must not eat with one's mouth open

b. You should have eaten with your mouth open.

c. Open your mouth and eating

d. One needn't open his mouth to eat

33. _______ We have still got plenty of food.

a. You should have bought some more to eat.

b. You needn't have gone to the supermarket.

c. We must have bought some more food.

d. May I go to the supermarket?

34. John passed his exam with a distinction. _______.

a. He was too lazy to succeed                   b. He can't have studied very hard

c. He must have studied very hard                d. He needs studying harder

35. _______. We got there far too early.

a. We needn't have hurried                    b. We should hurry up

c. Hurry up or we will be late                     d. We must have walked hurriedly

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

By the year 2025, the Earth could lose as many as one fifth of all species known to exist today. In recent centuries, hundreds of species have disappeared, almost always as a result of human activities. The passenger pigeon, one familiar example, was a source of food until excessive hunting and habitat loss caused its extinction in 1914. The North American bison, whose populations were decimated by settlers and market hunters in the 1800s, came close to sharing the same fate. Bison survive today only because of the efforts of early conservationists.

Today, species require such efforts more urgently than ever. An essential task that falls to present-day conservationists is to determine which species are most, endangered, so that conservation resources' can be applied where action is needed most. Species are categorized by the degree to which their survival in the wild is threatened. World Wildlife Fund offers a sampling of animals and plants that fall mainly within the two most serious categories of- threat: critically endangered and endangered. What threatens these species' existence? Some of the top threats are habitat destruction by unsustainable logging and ever-encroaching human settlement; pollution of water, soil, and air by toxic chemicals; unnatural climate changes due to fossil fuel use; unmanaged fishing that exhausts fish stocks; and illegal hunting to supply the demand for skins, hides, traditional medicines, food, and tourist souvenirs. The list which conservationists presents only a fraction of the species at risk of extinction today and does not include thousands of species whose status we do not yet know. Hundreds of species without common names have been left out, which means that while many mammals are on this list, only a few insects and mollusks are included.

Species listed here range from the largest animal on Earth, the blue whale, to the majestic tiger, to the humble thick-shell pond snail. Large or small, beautiful or ugly, all species play a role in the complex circle of life. All of us depend on the natural resources of our planet. Each time a species is lost, the complexity, natural balance, and beauty of our world is diminished. And what threatens plants and animals ultimately threatens people as well.

36. According to the first paragraph _______.

a. species extinction is only caused by hunting

b. human beings protect wife life much more than they do harm to them

c. the main cause of species extinction is human activities

d. we can stop radically species extinction by 2025

37. The North American bison _______.

a. was completely extinct in 1800s

b. was not the aim of human hunting

c. was raised by settlers in 1800s

d. has escaped from extinction thanks to conservationists

38. Species are categorized _______.

a. to prevent hunting                b. to provide food

c. to destroy their habitats            d. to give preferential right to conserve

39. Which sentence is true?

a. Medicine is not a factor to cause species extinction.

b. The list which conservationists present does not include all kinds of species.

c. Pollution does nothing to species extinction.

d. Conservationists have good knowledge of all kinds of mollusks.

40. According to the last paragraph, _______.

a. species extinction has no relationship to human beings

b. what threaten plants and animals can do nothing to human beings

c. human beings depend on natural resources to survive

d. not every, species has a role in the circle of life.

Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.

Nearly 200 of the 1500 native plant species in Hawaii are at risk of going extinct in the near future because they have been (41) _____ to such low numbers. Approximately 90 percent of Hawaii's plants are found nowhere else in the world but they are (42) _____ by alien invasive species such as feral goats, pigs, rodents and non- (43) _____ plants.

The Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Group is striving to (44) _____ the extinction of the 182 rare Hawaiian plants with fewer than 50 individuals remaining in the (45) _____. Since 1990, (46) _____ a result of their 'Plant Extinction Prevention Program', sixteen species have been brought into (47) _____ and three species have been reintroduced. Invasive weeds have been removed in key areas and fencing put up in order to (48) _ plants in the wild.

In the future the Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Program aims (49) _____ collecting genetic material from the remaining plants in the wild for storage as a safety net for the future. They also aim to manage wild populations and where possible reintroduce species into (50) _____

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