Chuyên đề đọc hiểu cho kì thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh

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JACK LONDON
Jack London (1876 1916) is an American writer whose work combined powerful realism and
humanitarian sentiment. He was (16) ........ in San Francisco. After finishing grammar (17) ..........., Jack
London worked at various jobs and in 1897 and 1898 he participated (18)........... the Alaska Gold Rush.
Upon his return to the San Francisco area, he began to (19) ............ about his experiences. A collection of
his short stories, The Son of the Golf, was (20) ............ in 1900. Jack’s colourful life, during which he
wrote more than 50 books and which included enormous popular successes as an (21) .........., ended in his
suicide at the (22) ........... of 40.
Many of his stories including his masterpiece The Call of the Wild deal with the reversion of a
civilized creature to the primitive state. Jack London’s style brutal, vivid and exciting (23) ........... him
enormously popular outside the United States; His (24) ........ were translated into many languages. Jack’s
important works include People of the Abyss about the poor in London; the Sea Wolf, a novel based on
the author’s experiences on a seal hunting ship; John Barleycorn , an autobiographical novel about Jack’s
struggle (25)............. alcoholism.
1: A. grown B. born C. developed D. lived
2: A. lessons B. course C. notes D. school
3: A. in B. to C. at D. of
4: A. speak B. read C. talk D. write
5: A. printed B. ordered C. sold D. published
6: A. architect B. author C. actor D. orator
7: A. moment B. age C. time D. year
8: A. gave B. let C. made D. did
9: A. speeches B. sayings C. words D. works
10: A. to B. for C. against D. of
WATER
There’s much more water than land on the (31) ___ of the earth. The seas and oceans cover nearly
(32) ___ of the whole world, and only one-fifth of (33) ___ land. If you traveled over the earth in
different directions, you would have to spend (34) ___ more of your time (35) ___ on water that on roads
or railways. We sometimes forget that for every mile of land (36) ___ four miles of water.
There’s so much water in the surface of our earth that we (37) ___ to use two words to describe.
We use the word SEAS (38) ___ those parts of water surface which (39) ___ only few hundreds of mile,
the word OCEANS to describe the huge area of water (40) ___ are thousands of miles wide and very deep.
1. A. cover B. surface C. outer D. outside
2. A. four-fives B. four-fifth C. four fifths D. fourth-fifths
3. A. it is B. it’s C. its D. them are
4. A. many B. much C. few D. too
5. A. to move B. move C. moved D. moving
6. A. there are B. there is C. there has D. have
7. A. must B. should C. have D. would
8. A. describing B. describes C. describe D. to describe
9. A. is B. are C. has D. will be
10. A. that’s B. which C. where D. whose
A VISIT TO LONDON
Jane’s family decided to go to London last week because they want to __(1)__ a tour. The sight in
London was so __(2)__ that she’s been there a few days but it __(3)__ to her only to be yesterday. It
means __(4)__ she enjoyed the trip so much. She and her father stayed __(5)__ a very big hotel __(6)__
two hundred rooms. From there, they can __(7)__ reach Hyde Park, __(8)__ very big park in London. In
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here, people can buy from a needle __(9)__ an elephant in two best__(10)__ streets, Regent Street and
Oxford Street.
1. A. do B. make C. work D. have
2. A. interest B. interesting C. interested D. interestingly
3. A. makes B. thinks C. does D. seems
4. A. that B. is that C. that is D. that was
5. A. for B. on C. in D. to
6. A. have B. has C. with D. to with
7. A. easiness B. easily C. easy D. uneasy
8. A. the B. a which C. is a D. a
9. A. with B. and C. or D. to
10. A. shopping B. selling C. trading D. shop
ISAAC NEWTON
Isaac Newton, one of the __(1)__ scientists, was born __(2)__ December 25
th
, 1642 in a small village
__(3)__ Wool Thorpe in England. His father was a poor __(4)__. When the boy was fourteen, his father
died. Newton __(5)__ school and helped his mother on the farm. __(6)__ he was fun __(7)__ physics and
mathematics, Newton was sent to school. __(8)__ he left high school, Newton studied at Cambridge
University. In 1667 he became __(9)__ professor on mathematics at the university. His greatest discovery
is the __(10)__ of gravitation. He died in 1727.
1. A. great B. greatest C. most great D. greater
2. A. in B. on C. at D. a and b
3. A. in B. at C. on D. of
4. A. farmer B. apprentice C. bookbinder D. blacksmith
5. A. went B. sent C. left D. run
6. A. So B. So that C. Because D. Because of
7. A. in B. of C. at D. about
8. A. For B. While C. Before D. After
9. A. an B. one C. a D. the
10. A. law B. invention C. foundation D. operation
NANCY LEE JOHNSON
Nancy Lee Johnson was a __(1)__ girl. She was smart, pretty and __(2)__ in well with the life of
her school. One Thursday afternoon, Miss O’Shay, the vice-principal, __(3)__ Nancy that the girl’s
pictures had won the Artist Club __(4)__. Nancy was very happy at the news. She __(5)__ have danced al
the way home through the rain.
But the __(6)__ didn’t let Nancy get the scholarship __(7)__ because they found that she was a
__(8)__ student and they said that the __(9)__ of the coloured student in the local art school might
__(10)__ difficulties for all concerned.
1. A. colour B. coloured C. colouful D. colourless
2. A. fit B. fitted C. fix D. interested
3. A. asked B. spoke C. said D. told
4. A. scholar B. committee C. punishment D. scholarship
5. A. can B. may C. must D. might
6. A. jury B. committee C. statesman D. champion
7. A. just B. right C. one D. yet
8. A. black B. Negro C. colour D. white
9. A. attend B. attendance C. present D. presence
10. A. give B. form C. create D. drawl
SEAN O’CASEY
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Sean O’Casey was a famous Irish __(1)__. Born __(2)__ a poor worker’s family, he had known,
__(3)__ his childhood, hunger, poverty and ill-health. He deeply __(4)__ the unjust laws and the police
__(5)__ of the British in his home country. When __(6)__ up, he worked first as a labourer, and __(7)__
joined the Irish Citizen Army, __(8)__ Irish nationalist organization, to fight __(9)__ independence
__(10)__ great Britain.
1. A. writer B. reader C. player D. actor
2. A. on B. at C. in D. from
3. A. from B. to C. since D. for
4. A. recalled B. remembered C. thought D. felt
5. A. defence B. rule C. fight D. struggle
6. A. grown B. grew C. grow D. growing
7. A. but B. later C. an D. one
8. A. against B. an C. for D. to
9. A. from B. to C. of D. for
OSEOLA MCCARTY
As a young girl, Oseola McCarty dreamed of becoming a nurse. However, her family duty stood
as a(n) ________ (41) to educational goals. McCarty left school after completing the sixth. Since her
family was one of washerwomen, McCarty followed ________ (42) their footsteps. She ________ (43)
other people's clothes for over seventy years.
Due to good work and saving habits, McCarty, a washerwoman, ________ (44) a great deal of
money. She made a ________ (45) of $150,000 - a large portion of her life savings - to the University of
Southern Mississippi to help needy students. She was 88 years old and had never married. She did not
have any children. She did not own a car. From this simple and ________ (46) life, she was able to
impress the world with a significant ________ (47) act.
Though she was unable to complete her own education, it was her ________ (48) that her gift
would make ________ (49) possible for many others in ________ (50) need to do so. Now, with
McCarty's support, specifically African American students have an opportunity to fulfill their dreams of a
college education.
1. A. solution B. problem C. obstacle D. difficulty
2 A. with B. in C. on D. along
3. A. cleaned B. made C. cleared D. did
4. A. accomplished B. loaned C. paid D. accumulated
5. A. money B. donation C. profit D. living
6. A. frugal B. mean C. generous D. selfish
7. A. helpful B. charitable C. useful D. remarkable
8. A. generosity B. experience C. responsibility D. intention
9. A. it B. them C. her D. us
10. A. economical B. financial C. healthy D. fashionable
ARE MEN LAZY
Men are lazy in the home, according to an official survey (41)_______ today. They have about
six hours a week more free time than wives, but play very little (42) _______ in cooking, cleaning,
washing, and ironing, according to the Social Trends Survey by the Central (43) _______ Office.
Nearly three quarters of married women (44) _______ to do all or most of the housework, and
among married men the proportion who admitted that their wives did all or most of the housework was
only slightly lower.
The survey (45) _______ that washing and ironing was the least popular task among men, with
only one per cent (46) _______ this duty, compared with 89 per cent of women, and 10 per cent sharing
equally.

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