Chuyên đề mệnh đề chỉ kết quả trong tiếng Anh

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BÀI 7. CLAUSES OF CAUSES AND EFFECTS - MNH Đ CH KT QU
1. Cause and effect with “too”/ “enough”:
a. too: Thưng với “too” ta có cu trúc câu sau:
S be (look/ seem/ get/ become/…) too adj (for O) to V
S V too adv (for O) to V
e.g. He is too short to play football.
The car was too expensive for him to buy.
He drove too fast to stop immediately.
He ran too slowly to become the winner of the race.
b. enough: ta có cu trúc câu sau:
S be adj enough (for O) to V
hay S V adv enough (for O) to V
e.g. She isn’t old enough to drive a car.
The exercises were not easy enough for us to do them without difficulty.
He spoke English well enough to be an interpreter.
He drove slowly enough to avoid crashing.
Lưu ý: “TOO” mang hàm ý phủ định “quá…không thể’ nhưng “ENOUGH” lại có nghĩa
“đủ…để”
2. Cause and effect with “so adj/ adv that”:
S V so adj/ adv that S V
e.g. The soprano sang so well that she received a standing ovation.
Terry ran so fast that he broke the previous speed record.
Judy worked so diligently that she received an increase in salary.
The soup tastes so good that everyone will ask for more.
The little boy looks so unhappy that we all feel sorry for him.
The students had behaved so badly that he was dismissed from the class.
3. Cause and effect with “so few/ many – Ns that”:
S verb so few/ many Ns that S V
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e.g. The Smiths had so many children that they formed their own baseball team.
I had so few job offers that it wasn’t difficult to select one.
We have so many guests that we have to borrow chairs from our neighbors.
He had received so few agreements that he couldn’t be appointed.
4. Cause and effect with “so much/ little – uncountable N that”:
S verb so much/ little uncountable N that S V
e.g. He has invested so much money in the project that he cannot abandon it now.
The grass received so little water that it turned brown in the heat.
5. Cause and effect with “such a(n) adj N that”:
S verb such a(n) adjective N that S V
e.g. It was such a hot day that we decided to stay indoors.
It was such an interesting book that he couldn’t put it down.
6. Cause and effect with “so – adj a(n) N that”:
e.g. It was so hot a day that we decided to stay indoors.
It was so interesting a book that he couldn’t put it down.
7. Cause and effect with “such adj Ns/ uncountable N that”:
S verb such adjective Ns/ uncountable N that S V
e.g. She has such exceptional abilities that everyone is jealous of her.
They are such beautiful pictures that everybody will want one.
Perry has had such bad luck that he’s decided not to gamble.
This is such difficult homework that I will never finish it.
BÀI TP THC HÀNH
S V so adjective a(n) N that S V
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Exercise 1: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the
sentence printed before it.
1. The furniture was too old to keep.
→ It was ________________________________________.
2. He can't afford to buy the car.
→ The car ______________________________________.
3. The play is so popular that the theatre is likely to be full every night.
→ Such is ________________________________________.
3. Alice lost all her hope; she decided to stop her business.
→ Such was ______________________________________.
4. He is very strong. He can lift the box.
→ He is __________________________________________.
5. He ate a lot of food. He became ill.
→ He ate ________________________________________.
6. He bought lots of books. He didn't know where to put them.
→ He bought ____________________________________.
7. He is a very lazy boy. No one likes him.
→ He is such ____________________________________.
8. The coffee is too hot . I can't drink it.
→ The coffee is too _____________________________.
9. Her voice is very soft. Everyone likes her.
→ Her voice is so _______________________________.
10. He is so weak. He can’t run.
→ He is too _____________________________________.
11. The tea was very hot. He couldn’t drink it.
→ The tea was so ______________________________.
12. The weather is so bad that we can’t go out.
→ The weather is too _________________________.
13. The film was so boring that we couldn’t go on seeing it.
→ It was such _________________________________.
14. He was so old that he couldn’t run fast.
→ He was such ________________________________.
15. He spoke so fast that we couldn’t understand him.
→ So fast ______________________________________.
16. The fair was so noisy that we couldn’t hear each other.
→ The fair was too ____________________________.
17. You speak so fast that I can’t catch up with your words.
→ You are such ________________________________.
18. It is so early that we can’t go out.
It is too ______________________________________.
19. The water is too hot for me to drink.
→ The water is so _____________________________.
20. The restaurant is expensive so we can’t eat in that restaurant.
→ The restaurant is so _______________________.

Mệnh đề chỉ kết quả trong tiếng Anh

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