Listen to the passage about droughts, one of the natural disasters. Fill in the missing words. (2.5 pts)
Drought is a condition that results (1)________ the average rainfall for a fertile area drops far below the normal amount for a long period of (2)________. In the areas that are not irrigated, the lack of (3)________ causes farm crops to wither and die. Higher than normal temperatures usually accompany periods of (4)________. They add to the (5)________ damage. Forest fires start (6)________ during droughts. The soil of a drought area (7)______ dry. Often the rich topsoil is blown away by the (8)______, dry winds. Streams, ponds and wells often dry up (9)______ a drought; and animals suffer and may even die because of the (10)________ of water.
Notes: - irrigated: được tưới nước
- topsoil: lớp đất mặt (trên cùng)
Read the passage and do the tasks that follow. (2.5 pts)
The spaceship flew around the new planet several times. The planet was blue and green. They couldn't see the surface of the planet because there were too many white clouds. The spaceship descended slowly through the clouds and landed in the middle of a green forest. The two astronauts put on their space suits, opened the door, climbed carefully down the ladder, and stepped onto the planet. The woman looked at a small control unit on her arm and said to the man. "We can breathe the air... it's a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen”. They looked at everything carefully. All the plants and animals looked new and strange. They couldn't find any intelligent life.
After several hours, they returned to their spaceship. Everything looked normal. The man switched on the controls, but nothing happened. The engines were not working. He switched on the computer, but it didn't work, either. "Mary," he said, "we're stuck here... we can't take off!”. She replied "Don’t worry, John. They'll rescue us soon."
a. Decide if the following statements are True (T) or False (F). (1. pt)
1. The spaceship flew around the planet many times before landing.
2. The planet looked blue and green from the spaceship.
3. Finally, the spaceship landed in the middle of a green field.
4. The two astronauts stepped onto the planet safely.
b. Answer the following questions. (1.5 pts)
1. What kind of air can the two astronauts breathe after stepping onto the planet?
2. What could they find on the planet?
3. What happened when they returned to the spaceship?