Đề ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh năm học 2019 - 2020 số 14

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NĂM HỌC 2019 - 2020
Choose the word with the underlined part pronounced differently from the others’ in
each line.
1. A. south
B. could
C. plough
D. astound
2. A. calls
B. steps
C. begins
D. leaves
3. A. organise
B. realise
C. advise
D. promise
4. A. rear
B. hear
C. bear
D. fear
5. A. island
B. escalator
C. system
D. distribute
Read the following passages and choose the correct answer to each question.
What is the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome? Past research has suggested a link to the
Epstein-Barr virus, but now many scientists are questioning that connection. New findings
suggest that the Epstein-Barr virus is not a primary cause, but it may still trigger the illness.
The symptoms may be due to a variety of things, rather than just one. Still, some
researchers are sticking with the idea of Epstein-Barr virus causing the illness. They say
that it is premature to make such a judgement.
Chronic fatigue syndrome has been dubbed the “yuppie disease by some since it is often
diagnosed in professional women in their twenties and thirties. It may be the result of
never recovering completely from illnesses such as the flu. Though the cause is not clear,
the symptoms are. To be a fatigue sufferer, one must have the debilitating illness for more
than six months and must exhibit at least eight of the eleven symptoms, including sore
throat, mild fever, and muscular aches.
6.With which of the following is the passage mainly concerned?
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A. A disagreement between scientists.
B. Diseases affecting yuppies.
C. Causes and symptoms of an illness.
D. The relationship between a virus and an illness.
7. Why is this illness often called the “yuppie disease”?
A. It affects so many young professional women.
B. It has so many symptoms.
C. It is difficult to treat.
D. No one knows for sure what causes it.
8. According to the passage, a sufferer of chronic fatigue syndrome________ .
A. will be sick for about six months
B. will have had the flu
C. will have eleven symptoms
D. will have sore throat, aches, and fever
9. According to the passage, which of the following statements about chronic fatigue
syndrome is best supported?
A. A sufferer might never recover from it.
B. Scientists don’t agree on the cause.
C. It is more common among women than men.
D. The Epstein-Barr virus can cause premature effects of the illness.
10. Chronic fatigue syndrome will cause which of the following?
A. Weakness
B. Rash
C. Vomiting
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D. Dizziness
As heart disease continues to be the number-one killer in the United States, researchers
have become increasingly interested in identifying the potential risk factors that trigger
heart attacks. High-fat diets and “life in the fast lane” have long been known to contribute
to the high incidence of heart failure. But according to new studies, the list of risk factors
may be significantly longer and quite surprising.
Heart failure, for example, appears to have seasonal and temporal patterns. A higher
percentage of heart attacks occur in cold weather, and more people experience heart
failure on Monday than on any other day of the week. In addition, people are more
susceptible to heart attacks in the first few hours after waking. Cardiologists first observed
this morning phenomenon in the mid-1980, and have since discovered a number of
possible causes. An early-morning rise in blood pressure, heart rate, and concentration of
heart stimulating hormones, plus a reduction of blood flow to the heart, may all contribute
to the higher incidence of heart attacks between the hours of 8:00 A.M. and 10:00 A.M.
In other studies, both birthdays and bachelorhood have been implicated as risk factors.
Statistics reveal that heart attack rates increase significantly for both females and males in
the few days immediately preceding and following their birthdays. And unmarried men
are more at risk for heart attacks than their married counterparts. Though stress is thought
to be linked in some ways to all of the aforementioned risk factors, intense research
continues in the hope of further comprehending why and how heart failure is triggered.
11. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. risk factors in heart attacks
B. seasonal and temporal patterns of heart attacks
C. cardiology in the 1980s
D. diet and stress as factors in heart attacks
12. The word “potential” as used in the passage is closest in meaning to__________ .
A. harmful
B. primary

Đề luyện vào lớp 10 chuyên Anh văn năm 2019

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