Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm học 2017-2018 có đáp án chi tiết

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Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh 

Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm học 2017-2018 có đáp án chi tiết do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải dưới đây với cấu trúc đề thi theo tiêu chuẩn hàng năm của Bộ giáo dục, bên cạnh đó là các dạng bài thường gặp sẽ giúp các bạn luyện tập trước khi bước vào kì thi chính thức.  

SỞ GD & ĐT

TRƯỜNG THPT

(Đề có 7 trang)

ĐỀ KHẢO SÁT NĂM HỌC 2017 - 2018

MÔN TIẾNG ANH 12

Thời gian làm bài: 60 Phút; (Đề có 50 câu)

 

Họ tên : ....................................       Số báo danh : ...................

Mã đề 001

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.(From Question 1 to 7)

Southern Thailand was hit Thursday by the most severe haze ever from forest fires in Indonesia, forcing all schools in a province to close and disrupting flights in a popular tourist area, officials said.

The haze that has shrouded parts of Malaysia and Singapore for nearly two months reached hazardous levels in the southern Thai city of Songkhla, with the pollution index hitting a record-high reading of 365. (A reading of 101-200 is unhealthy, 201-300 is very unhealthy and above 300 is hazardous.)

“This is a crisis,” said Halem Jemarican, head of the Southern Environment Office. He said the pollution index in southern Thailand has never exceeded 300 before.

Halem said his office has worked with other authorities to have all schools in Songkhla province send students home and all outdoor sports stadiums to close temporarily. Warnings have been issued to vulnerable people such as children, the elderly and people with illnesses not to go out of their homes.

“The wind speed is very low this year in the south, causing haze to stay in our skies longer,” Halem said by telephone.

An airport official in Hat Yai, a popular tourist area, said three flights bound for Bangkok were delayed Thursday morning because of the haze. A flight from Bangkok to Hat Yai was diverted to Surat Thani on Wednesday evening. The official declined to be identified because of working rules.

Local media reported that cloud seeding has been discussed as a way to dispel the haze in southern Thailand, which is hundreds of kilometers (miles) from the forest fires in Indonesia’s Sumatra island.

Southern Thailand boasts tropical beaches popular among tourists in Surat Thani and Phuket, two of the seven provinces suffering from the haze.

(Source: www.voanews.com)

Question 1: The haze stayed longer in southern Thailand because of ………..

A. The low speed of the wind

B. The tropical weather in the area

C. The fine particles of dust in the air

D. The high pollution index

Question 2: The word “dispel” in the passage is closest in meaning to ……………

A. solve              B. eliminate         C. discourage            D. lessen

Question 3: The following actions are taken by the authorities in response to the haze EXCEPT …………

A. disrupting flights            B. closing sports stadiums

C. issuing warnings           D. sending students home

Question 4: The word “their” in the passage refers to …………..

A. vulnerable people         B. the elderly

C. stadiums                D. students

Question 5: What is the main idea of paragraph 2?

A. The haze reached a dangerous level.

B. People living in Songkhla do a lot of reading.

C. Thailand is the most polluted country in Asia.

D. Thailand’s pollution index reads 201-300.

Question 6: Which statement is NOT true, according to the passage?

A. Seven provinces in Thailand suffered from the haze.

B. The local authorities warned the citizens against going out.

C. The pollution index in southern Thailand used to exceed 300.

D. The haze reached a hazardous level in the city of Songkhla.

Question 7: What is the event reported in the news?

A. The haze from Indonesia was the worst ever last year.

B. Southern Thailand was hit by the haze from Indonesia.

C. People suffered because of the haze from Indonesia.

D. The flights were disrupted by the haze on Thursday.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 8: Many people perished in the Kobe earthquake because they were not prepared for it.

A. declined            B. suffered            C. survived           D. departed

Question 9: A salesman finally managed to persuade her into buying a skirt that she really didn’t like.\

A. turn down her                B. talk her out of

C. convince her of              D. look upon on her

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 10:

A. repentance                B. stimulate          C. implement              D. windowpane

Question 11:

A. worksheet                 B. solemn            C. announce              D. sculpture

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. (From 12 to 19)

There is a strange paradox to the success of the Asian education model. On the one hand, class sizes are huge by Western standards with between 30 and 40 students per class, in countries like Japan and Korea. On the other hand, school children in developed Asian economies rank among the highest in the world for academic achievement in the areas of science and mathematics, especially on standardised tests. Meanwhile, British secondary school students fail to shine in conditions most educational researchers would say are far more likely to help them succeed.

Classroom management seems to be easier in places like Korea, and perhaps lessons are more effective as a direct consequence. After all, we are only too aware of the decline in discipline standards in our own school: belligerent and disrespectful students appear to be the norm these days. Teachers in Britain seem powerless to control what happens anymore. Surely this situation cannot create a very effective learning environment, so perhaps the number of students is far less relevant than is the manner in which they conduct themselves.

But there are other factors to consider, too. There is the home environment. The traditional family unit still remains relatively intact in Korea. Few children come from broken homes, so there is a sense of security, safety and trust both at home and at school. In Britain meanwhile, one in every two marriages fails and divorce rates are sky high. Perhaps children struggle to cope with unstable family conditions and their only way to express their frustration is by misbehaving at school.

But while the Japanese, Korean and Asian models generally do seem to produce excellent results, the statistics don’t tell the whole truth. You see, behind those great maths and science scores, there is a quite remarkable work ethic. Asian students tend to put their education before literally everything else. They do very few extracurricular activities and devote far more time to their studies than their British peers.

There has been a lot of attention and praise given to these Asian models and their “impressive” statistics of late. And without question, some of this praise is justified, but it seems to be a case of two extremes in operation here. At one end, there is the discipline and unbelievably hard work ethic of the Asian students – success in education before all else. At the other end, British students at times appear careless and extremely undisciplined by comparison, but at least they do have the free time to enjoy their youth and explore their interests. Is either system better outright? Or is it perhaps about time we stopped comparing and started trying to combine the best bits of both, so that we can finally offer our students a balanced, worthwhile education.

Question 12: The word “They” in paragraph 4 refers to …………………..

A. British students                 B. Asian students

C. Japanese students              D. Korean students

Question 13: British secondary school students …………………...

A. have larger class sizes

B. fail at school more than they succeed

C. enjoy better classroom conditions

D. do better on standardised tests

Question 14: The word “unstable” in paragraph 3 can be best replaced by …………………...

A. unchangeable             B. unpredictable          C. unimportant           D. unsteady

Question 15: What can be implied from the writer’s opinion of the two educational systems discussed?

A. The British system is too strict.

B. The Asian system is clearly better.

C. Both systems are quite satisfactory for different reasons.

D. Neither system is perfect.

Question 16: What does the writer mean when he says there is a “paradox” in the Asian education model?

A. Asian students outperform their peers in other countries.

B. There are too many students in each class.

C. Class sizes are much smaller in other parts of the world.

D. You would expect larger classes to get poorer results but they do not.

Question 17: The traditional family unit …………………...

A. is bad for children that come from broken homes

B. is more common in Korean than in Britain

C. is unstable in Korean due to conditions in the home

D. is disappearing in Korean due to high divorce rates

Question 18: What does the writer suggest might make lessons in Korean schools more successful than in Britain?

A. Better discipline

B. Better teachers

C. More effective lesson planning

D. Better school Boards of Management

Question 19: According to the writer, Asian students …………………...

A. don’t have as good a work ethic as British ones

B. make a big deal of their good results

C. don’t allow themselves much time to relax and have fun

D. focus too much on recreational activities

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 20: He has not been offered the job because he cannot meet the requirements of the company.

A. encounter             B. See           C. satisfy             D. qualify

Question 21: The natives were very angry when the foreigners came to their country and took over their land.

A. members             B. migrants        C. tourists            D. locals

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 22: The poor weather may have …………… the small population.

A. accounted for         B. Backed down       C. brought in         D. let down

Question 23: The girls and flowers …………. he painted were vivid.

A. who               B. whose             C. that               D. which

Question 24: The conflict between the two countries should be settled by ………… means, not fighting.

A. diplomacy          B. diploma          C. diplomatic            D. diplomatically

Question 25: Women's employment rate is getting …………

A. high and higher                B. higher and the highest

C. higher and higher              D. high and high

Question 26: …………., I realize I should have applied to the university.

A. In remembrance           B. By and large         C. With hindsight             D. As I call

Question 27: He was ………… from the competition for using drugs.

A. omitted                 B. sacked              C. disqualified               D. prevented

Question 28: He daren’t …………. his boss for a rise just now.

A. to ask                  B. asking               C. be asking                 D. ask

Question 29: Light ……………. faster than sound.

A. travelled               B. is travelling           C. travels                    D. travel

Question 30: Had you told me that he was going to drop out of college, I …………… it.

A. would have never believed           B. will never believe

C. Hadn’t believed                    D. can’t believe

Question 31: As a student, you envied your friends who were working and earning their own money, ………. ?

A. weren’t they           B. were you           C. were they            D. didn’t you

Question 32: In general, Japanese people believe that shoes must be worn outside, so ………… before coming into their houses.

A. take them off          B. put them off         C. put off them           D. take off them

Question 33: So little………….about mathematics that the lecture was completely beyond me.

A. I knew               B. I have known         C. do I know             D. did I know

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following question.

Question 34: The little boy not only read the book, but also remembered what he had read.

A. To remember what he had read from the book, the boy reread it.

B. Instead of reading the book, the little boy remembered the book.

C. The little boy could remember what he had read from the book.

D. The little boy read the book in order that he could remember it.

Question 35: She didn’t eat anything but small pieces of bread and butter.

A. She ate small pieces of bread and butter but didn’t like them.

B. She didn’t touch the bread and butter, but she ate other things.

C. She didn’t eat anything, not even the bread and butter.

D. She only ate some small pieces of bread and butter.

Question 36: The only members of the cat family that can roar are lions, leopards, tigers, and jaguars but lions are by far the loudest.

A. Lions, leopards, tigers, and jaguars are the only four cats that can roar, however, the others can’t roar as loudly as lions do.

B. Lions, leopards, tigers, and jaguars can roar, however the roar of a lion is not as frightening as the roar of the others.

C. Like leopards, tigers, and jaguars, lions are among the members of the cat family that can roar.

D. Since lions come from the same cat family as leopards, tigers, and jaguars do, they can roar as loud as the others.

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

Question 37: - “I’ve got some amazing news.”

- “ ………………”

A. That’ll teach you.                    B. Get a life!

C. No way! You’re pulling my leg!         D. Fire away, I’m all ears.

Question 38: - “By the time I’m 30, I’ll be a millionaire and married to a supermodel.”

- “ ……………”

A. Hands off!                        B. Oh, what a shame!

C. In your dream!                     D. Yes, take care!

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 39:

A. scenic              B. pesticide           C. fertilizer              D. survive

Question 40:

A. respect              B. repent             C. extinct               D. celebrate

Đáp án Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018

 

ĐÁP ÁN

GIẢI THÍCH

GHI CHÚ

1

A

Sương mù đã ở lâu hơn tại miền nam Thái Lan vì tốc độ gió thấp.

“The wind speed is very low this year in the south, causing haze to stay in our skies longer,” Halem said by telephone.

READING COMPREHENSION

2

B

Từ “dispel” trong đoạn văn gần nghĩa nhất với từ “eliminate” (loại bỏ/ xua đi)

“cloud seeding has been discussed as a way to dispel the haze in southern Thailand”

3

A

Những hành động sau đã được thực hiện bởi các nhà chức trách để ứng phó với sương mù, ngoại trừ việc làm gián đoạn các chuyến bay.

“his office has worked with other authorities to have all schools in Songkhla province send students home and all outdoor sports stadiums to close temporarily. Warnings have been issued to vulnerable people such as children, the elderly and people with illnesses not to go out of their homes.”

4

A

Từ “their” trong đoạn văn ám chỉ những người dễ bị tổn thương/ gặp nguy hiểm.

“Warnings have been issued to vulnerable people such as children, the elderly and people with illnesses not to go out of their homes.”

5

A

Ý chính của đoạn 2 là: Sương mù đã đạt đến mức độ nguy hiểm.

“The haze that has shrouded parts of Malaysia and Singapore for nearly two months reached hazardous levels in the southern Thai city of Songkhla”

6

C

Theo đoạn văn, câu phát biểu nào dưới đây là sai? Chỉ số ô nhiễm ở miền Nam Thái Lan đã từng vượt quá 300.

“He said the pollution index in southern Thailand has never exceeded 300 before.”

7

B

Sự kiện được tường thuật trong bản tin là gì? Miền Nam Thái Lan bị tấn công/ bao phủ bởi sương mù từ Indo.

“Southern Thailand was hit Thursday by the most severe haze ever from forest fires in Indonesia, forcing all schools in a province to close and disrupting flights in a popular tourist area, officials said.”

8

C

Perished ≠survived (chết ≠sống sót)

ANTONYMS

9

B

Persuade her into… ≠talk her out of… (thuyết phục cô ấy làm gì đó… ≠nói ra/ bàn ra để cô ấy không làm gì đó…)

10

A

B,C,D nhấn vần 1; A nhấn vần 2.

Stress patterns

11

C

A,B,D nhấn vần 1; C nhấn vần 2.

12

B

Từ “they” ở đoạn 4 ám chỉ “Các HS châu Á”

“Asian students tend to put their education before literally everything else. They do very few extracurricular activities and devote far more time to their studies than their British peers.”

READING COMPREHENSION

13

C

Các HS THCS ở Anh hưởng những điều kiện học tập ở lớp tốt hơn.

“Meanwhile, British secondary school students fail to shine in conditions most educational researchers would say are far more likely to help them succeed.”

14

B

Từ “unstable” ở đoạn 3 có thể được thay thế tốt nhất bởi từ “unpredictable” (không ổn/ không thể đoán trước được)

“Perhaps children struggle to cope with unstable family conditions and their only way to express their frustration is by misbehaving at school.”

15

D

Từ quan điểm của tác giả về 2 hệ thống giáo dục được thảo luận trong đoạn văn, tác giả có ngụ ý gì? Không có hệ thống nào là hoàn hảo cả.

“Is either system better outright? Or is it perhaps about time we stopped comparing and started trying to combine the best bits of both, so that we can finally offer our students a balanced, worthwhile education.”

16

D

Tác giả muốn nói gì khi ông nói rằng có một “nghịch lý” trong mô hình giáo dục ở Châu Á? Bạn sẽ nghĩ rằng các lớp học đông hơn sẽ đạt kết quả kém hơn nhưng thực tế thì không như vậy.

“There is a strange paradox to the success of the Asian education model. On the one hand, class sizes are huge by Western standards with between 30 and 40 students per class, in countries like Japan and Korea. On the other hand, school children in developed Asian economies rank among the highest in the world for academic achievement in the areas of science and mathematics, especially on standardised tests.”

17

B

Kiểu gia đình truyền thống thì phổ biến ở Hàn Quốc hơn ở Anh.

“The traditional family unit still remains relatively intact in Korea.” và “In Britain meanwhile, one in every two marriages fails and divorce rates are sky high.”

18

A

T/giả cho rằng cái gì có thể khiến cho các bài học/ giờ học ở các trường học tại Hàn Quốc thành công hơn (các bài học/ giờ học ở các trường học ) ở Anh? Kỷ luật tốt hơn. (Par.2)

19

C

Theo t/giả, các HS Châu Á không cho phép họ thư giãn và vui chơi nhiều.

“Asian students tend to put their education before literally everything else. They do very few extracurricular activities and devote far more time to their studies than their British peers.”

20

C

Meet = satisfy (đáp ứng/ làm thỏa mãn)

SYNONYMS

21

D

Natives = locals (những gười địa phương/ bản xứ)

22

A

Accounted for: giải thích cho/ là nguyên nhân của…

Idiom

23

C

That: thay thế cho cả người và vật

relative pronoun

24

C

Diplomatic (a) means: phương thức ngoại giao

Word form

25

C

Higher and higher (so sánh kép của tính từ ngắn)

Double comparison

26

C

With hindsight (ngẫm lại)

Idiom

27

C

Disqualified: bị truất quyền dự thi/ loại ra không cho thi, tuyên bố không đủ tư cách.

Vocab.

28

D

Daren’t + bare inf. (không dám…)

Verb form

29

C

Present simple (chỉ sự thật hiển nhiên)

tense

30

A

Câu ĐK loại 3 được đảo ngữ.

Conditionals ( III)

31

D

Câu hỏi đuôi

Tag question

32

A

Take them off: cởi giày ra

Phrasal verb

33

D

Đảo ngữ (Vì So + adj. được đặt đầu câu)

Inversion

34

C

Liên quan đến từ nối “not only….but also”

Câu đồng nghĩa
(Paraphrase)

35

D

Liên quan đến từ nối “but” (ngoại trừ)

36

A

Từ hình thức so sánh nhất với từ “by far” So sánh bằng ở thể phủ định.

37

D

Fire away, I’m all ears: Này nói ngay đi, tôi đang muốn nghe lắm đây.(đang căng tai lên mà nghe này)

Conversational exchanges

38

C

In your dreams! ('In your dreams' là một cách nói khác của câu 'I don't believe you' hoặc 'there's no way that's true.'; 'In your dreams' là một cụm từ được sử dụng trong ngữ cảnh thân mật, gần gũi, nhưng chỉ dùng với bạn bè, người nào đó bạn biết rất rõ, hoặc người thân. Khi bạn nói câu này, điều cực kỳ quan trọng là bạn phải nói với kiểu đùa giỡn, kèm theo một nụ cười, nếu không sẽ bị coi là thô lỗ.)

39

A

A: /I/; B,C,D : /aI/

Pronunciation (vowels)

40

D

A,B,C: / I /; D: /e/

41

D

Length - long (word form)

Error identification

42

C

Are - is ( S-V agreement: Vì S1, along with S2, …à V phải phù hợp với S1)

43

C

Them it (pronoun: “it” ở đây ám chỉ “Chinese food”)

44

B

Complete -completely (word form: adv. bổ nghĩa cho adj.)

45

B

Hadn’t he done - he hadn’t done: vì trong MĐ danh từ thì S đứng trước V)

46

B

Protect against: bảo vệ tránh/ chống lại …. (pre.)

Cloze test

47

D

Have been attributed to…: được gán cho… (Vocab.)

48

C

Four times as much as …(nhiều gấp 4 lần): so sánh có kèm bội số…

49

B

Processed tomato products: những sản phẩm cà chua được chế biến (đóng hộp)

50

A

Greatly increase: làm tăng đáng kể…

Mời các bạn vào tham khảo Đề cương ôn thi THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh để có một kì thi đạt hiệu quả cao. Chúc các bạn thành công!

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