Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh trường Đại học Ngoại Thương, Hà Nội có đáp án + giải thích chi tiết (Lần 5)
Trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc gia 2017
THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh là kì thi quan trọng đối với mỗi học sinh, nhất là học sinh đam mê môn học này. Dưới đây là Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh trường Đại học Ngoại Thương, Hà Nội - Lần 5 giúp các em kiểm tra lại kiến thức của mình và có thêm tài liệu chuẩn bị ôn tập cho kì thi sắp tới được tốt hơn.
TRƯỜNG ĐH NGOẠI THƯƠNG
VIỆN KINH TẾ & THƯƠNG MẠI QUỐC TẾ
KÌ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2017
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – THI LẦN 5 (07/5/2017)
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề
Họ và tên:...............................................................
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. Christ B. Christen C. Christian D. Christmas
Question 2: A. naked B. sacred C. cowshed D. hatred
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word which differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: A. deficiency B. psychology C. ecological D. competitor
Question 4: A. mature B. nature C. culture D. measure
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 8: Linguists have discovered that Nostratic and proto-Indo-European have many words in_____.
A. relation B. affinity C. common D. conjunction
Question 9: If no one __________ misbehaving, all pupils will be kept in after school.
A. admits off B. admits in C. owns up in D. owns up to
Question 10: Their flat is decorated in a ________ combination of colors.
A. tasteful B. sweet C. delicious D. tasty
Question 11: I seem to be ___________ in energy this morning.
A. low B. short C. lack D. bereft
Question 12: I would like to thank you, _________ my colleagues, for the welcome you have given us.
A. on account of B. on behalf of C. because of D. instead of
Question 13: She wondered ______________ her father looked like then, after so many years away.
A. how B. whose C. what D. that
Question 14: The police car drove into the car park and ___________ sharply.
A. pulled in B. pulled up C. pulled aside D. pulled about
Question 15: We are going to have a meeting ___________ the morning of December 21st.
A. at B. in C. on D. to
Question 16: A native speaker of Spanish, for example, will _________ to learn than a native speaker of Chinese
A. find Portuguese much easier B. find that Portuguese is much easy
C. find Portuguese much easy D. find Portuguese is much easier
Question 17: Your fare, accommodation and meals, are all _________ in the price of this holiday.
A. composed B. collected C. enclosed D. included
Question 18: We will leave for the airport __________ he is ready.
A. while B. during C. until D. as soon as
Question 19: Nothing is destroyed after the serious flood in this area,_________?
A. is it B. isn't it C. aren't they D. are they
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 26: It is not until a Vietnamese girl getting 18 years old that she is allowed to get married legally.
A. A Vietnamese girl is not allowed to get married legally only when she gets 18 years old.
B. They never allow a Vietnamese girl to get married legally when she is 18 years old.
C. The legal allowance for a Vietnamese girl to get married will be issued in 18 years.
D. A Vietnamese girl is allowed to get married legally only when she gets 18 years old.
Question 27: As soon as he approached the house, the policeman stopped him.
A. No sooner had he approached the house that the policeman stopped him.
B. Hardly had he approached the house when the policeman stopped him.
C. No sooner had he approached the house when the policeman stopped him.
D. Hardly he had approached the house that the policeman stopped him.
Question 28: Is anyone checking your essay about the environmental pollution?
A. Are you having your essay about the environmental pollution checked?
B. Are you checking your essay about the environmental pollution?
C. Are you going to check your essay about the environmental pollution?
D. Are you having someone to check your essay about the environmental pollution?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 29: Vietnam exports a lot of rice. It is grown mainly in the south of the country.
A. Vietnam exports a lot of rice which grown mainly in the south of the country.
B. Vietnam exports a lot of rice, that is mainly grown in the south of the country.
C. Vietnam exports a lot of rice grown mainly in the south of the country.
D. Vietnam, which is grown mainly in the south of the country, exports a lot of rice.
Question 30: He behaved in a very strange way. That surprised me a lot.
A. His behaviour was a very strange thing, that surprised me most.
B. He behaved very strangely, which surprised me very much.
C. What almost surprised me was the strange way he behaved.
D. I was almost not surprised by his strange behaviour.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that benefits each of the number blanks from 31 to 35.
Ever since humans have inhabited the Earth, they have made use of various forms of communication. Generally, this expression of thoughts and feelings had been in the form of oral (31)_____. When there is a language (32), communication is accomplished through sign language in which motions stand for letters, words, and ideas. Tourists, the deaf, and the mute have had to (33) to this form of expression. Many of these symbols of whole words are very picturesque and exact and can be used internationally, spelling, however, cannot.
Body language transmits ideas or thoughts (34) certain actions, either intentionally or unintentionally. A wink can be a way of flirting or indicating that the party is only joking. A nod signifies approval, while shaking the head indicates a negative reaction.
Other forms of nonlinguistic language can be found in Braille (a system of raised dots read with the fingertips), signal flags, Morse code, and smoke signals. Road maps and picture signs also guide, warn, and instruct people.
(35) verbalization is most common form of language, other systems and techniques also express human thoughts and feelings.
Question 31: A. address B. speech C. utterances D. claims
Question 32: A. barrier B. obstacle C. division D. separation
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 36 to 42.
Carbon dating can be used to estimate the age of any organic natural material; it has been used successfully in archeology to determine the age of ancient artifacts or fossils as well as in a variety of other fields. The principle underlying the use of carbon dating is that carbon is a part of all living things on Earth. Since a radioactive substance such as carbon-14 has a known half-life, the amount of carbon-14 remaining in an object can be used to date that object.
Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5,570 years, which means that after that number of years, half of the carbon-14 atoms have decayed into nitrogen-14. It is the ratio of carbon-14 in that substance that indicates the age of the substance. If, for example, in a particular sample the amount of carbon-14 is roughly equivalent to the amount of nitrogen-14, this indicates that around half of the carbon-14 has decayed into nitrogen-14, and the sample is approximately 5,570 years old.
Carbon dating cannot be used effectively in dating objects that are older than 80,000 years. When objects are that old, much of the carbon-14 has already decayed into nitrogen-14, and the miniscule amount that is left doesn't provide a reliable measurement of age. In the case of older objects, other age-dating methods are available, methods which use radioactive atoms with longer half-lives than carbon has.
Question 36: This passage is mainly about_____.
A. the differences between carbon-14 and nitrogen-14
B. one method of dating old objects
C. archeology and the study of ancient artifacts
D. various uses for carbon
Question 37: The word "it" refers to_____.
A. carbon dating B. the age
C. any organic natural material D. archeology
Question 38: Which of the following is NOT true about carbon-14?
A. It is radioactive.
B. Its half-life is more than 5,000 years.
C. It can decay into nitrogen-14.
D. It and nitrogen always exist in equal amounts in any substance.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 43 to 50.
Rachel Carson was born in 1907 in Springdale, Pennsylvania. She studied biology in college and zoology at Johns Hopkins University, where she received her master's degree in 1933. In 1936, she was hired by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, where she worked most of her life.
Carson's first book, Under the Sea Wind, was published in 1941. It received excellent reviews, but sales were poor until it was reissued in 1952. In that year she published The Sea around Us, which provided a
fascinating look beneath the ocean's surface, emphasizing human history as well as geology and marine biology. Her imagery and language had a poetic quality. Carson consulted no less than 1,000 printed sources. She had voluminous correspondence and frequent discussions with experts in the field. However, she always realized the limitations of her nontechnical readers.
In 1962, Carson published Silent Spring, a book that sparked considerable controversy. It proved how much harm was done by the uncontrolled, reckless use of insecticides. She detailed how they poison the food supply of animals, kill birds and fish, and contaminate human food. At the time, spokesmen for the chemical industry mounted personal attacks against Carson and issued propaganda to indicate that her findings were flawed. However, her work was proved by a 1963 report of the President's Science Advisory Committee.
Question 43: The passage mainly discusses Rachel Carson's work_____.
A. as a researcher B. at college
C. at the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service D. as a writer
Question 44: It can be inferred from the passage that in 1952, Carson's book Under the Sea Wind _____.
A. was outdated B. became more popular than her other books
C. was praised by critics D. sold many copies
1. A. Christ
*Christ /kraɪst/ (n): chúa Giê-su
*Christen /ˈkrɪs.ən/ (v): rửa tội, làm lễ rửa tội
*Christian /ˈkrɪs.ti.ən/ (adj): thuộc đạo Cơ đốc
*Christmas /ˈkrɪs.məs/ (n): lễ Giáng sinh
2. C. cowshed
*naked /ˈneɪ.kɪd/ (adj) trần trụi
*sacred /ˈseɪ.krɪd/ (adj) thiêng liêng
*cowshed /ˈkaʊ.ʃed/ (n) chuồng bò
*hatred /ˈheɪ.trɪd/ (n) hận thù
3. C. ecological
*deficiency /dɪˈfɪʃ.ən.si/ (n) sự thiếu hụt
*psychology /saɪˈkɑː.lə.dʒi/ (n) tâm lý học
*ecological /ˌiː.kəˈlɑː.dʒɪ.kəl/ (adj) thuộc về sinh thái
*competitor /kəmˈpet.ɪ.tər/ (n) đối thủ cạnh tranh
4. A. mature
*mature /məˈtʃʊər/ (adj) trưởng thành
*nature /ˈneɪ.tʃər/ (n) thiên nhiên
*culture /ˈkʌl.tʃər/ (n) văn hóa
*measure /ˈmeʒ.ər/ (v) đo đạc
5. D → himself
Dịch: Trong các giai đoạn sau của chứng biếng ăn tâm ý, bệnh nhân không thể tự mình ăn uống.
*Ở đây cần sử dụng đại từ phản thân "himself" thay vì tân ngữ "him" để câu hợp lý về nghĩa hơn
6. B → Ø
* Đầu câu đã có "In my opinion", vì vậy phía sau không cần thiết thêm "I think" Dịch: Theo ý kiến của tôi, vấn đề nên được giải quyết càng sớm càng tốt.
7. B → so
* Khi nối hai mệnh đề trong 1 câu bằng một liên từ đẳng lập (conjunctive adverb) như "therefore", ta viết: "; từ nối," giữa hai vế câu
Với trường hợp hai vế câu ngăn cách nhau bởi dấu ","; ta dùng các liên từ kết hợp (coordinating conjunction), vd: "so"
Dịch: Chúng tôi thiếu tiền, vì vậy chúng tôi quyết định không ra ngoài ăn vào cuối tuần đó.
8. C. common
* to have something in common: có điểm gì chung
Dịch: Các nhà ngôn ngữ học đã phát hiện ra hệ ngôn ngữ Nostratic và Ấn-Âu có nhiều từ ngữ giống nhau.
9. D. owns up to
* to own up to N/ V_ing: thừa nhận lỗi lầm
Dịch: Nếu không ai thừa nhận đã vi phạm, tất cả học sinh sẽ bị giữ lại sau giờ học.
10. A. tasteful
*a tasteful combination of colors: sự phối hợp màu sắc có tính thẩm mĩ; các từ còn lại không phù hợp về nghĩa
Dịch: Căn hộ của họ được trang trí với sự phối hợp màu sắc đầy tính thẩm mĩ.