Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Câu bị động trong Tiếng Anh

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ÔN THI VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH
CHUYÊN ĐỀ CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG
I. THUYẾT
1. CÁCH CHUYỂN ĐỔI TỪ CÂU CHỦ ĐỘNG SANG CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG
Active: SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT
Passive: SUBJECT + BE + P.P + BY + OBJECT
2. CÁCH CHUYỂN ĐỔI HÌNH THỨC ĐỘNG TỪ CỦA MỘT SỐ THÌ
THÌ
CHỦ ĐỘNG
BỊ ĐỘNG
HTĐ
V1 / Vs(es)
Am / is / are + V3
HTTD
Am / is / are + V-ing
Am / is / are + being + V3
HTHT
Has / have + V3
Has / have + been + V3
QKĐ
V2 / V-ed
Was / were + V3
QKTD
Was / were + V-ing
Was / were + being + V3
QKHT
Had + V3
Had + been + V3
TLĐ
Will / shall + V1
Will / shall + be + V3
TLHT
Will/ shall + have + V3
Will / shall + have + been + V3
Note:
- Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn đứng trước by + O; trạng từ chỉ thời gian đứng sau by + O
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- Nếu chủ từ trong câu chủ động từ phủ định (noone, nobody) thì đổi sang câu bị động
phủ định.
- Các chủ từ someone, anyone, people, he, she, they trong câu chủ động thì th bỏ
“by + O” trong câu bị động
II. LUYỆN TẬP
1. Change into passive voice.
1. The teacher corrects our exercises at home.
2. Alice gave me a wonderful present.
3. They are building several new schools in our town.
4. We have made great progress in industry, science and medicine.
5. Sam killed a lion last week.
6. You must hand in your report before the end of this month.
7. I had just finished the job when the factory closed.
8. No one has opened that box for the past hundred years.
9. She is going to mail these letters soon
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10. He should finish the report yesterday.
2. Choose the correct answer
1. Many U.S automobiles .................. in Detroit, Michigan.
A. manufacture B. have manufactured
C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing
2. When I came, an experiment .................. in the lab.
A. was being holding B. has been held
C. was being held D. has held
3. Last night a tornado swept through Rockvill. It ............. everything in its path.
A. destroyed B. was destroyed
C. was being destroyed D. had been destroyed
4. This exercise may .................. with a pencil.
A. be written B. be to write C. be writing D. write
5. This picture .................... by Johnny when I came.
A. painted B. was painted
C. was being painted D. had been painted
6. They speak much about this book.
A. This book is much spoken about. B. This book is much spoken.
C. This book is much about spoken. D. This book are much spoken about.
7. My shirt .................. by my sister on my last birthday.

Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10: Câu bị động

Tài liệu ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Câu bị động - The passive Voice trong Tiếng Anh dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề luyện thi vào lớp 10 năm 2019 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Tài liệu Tiếng Anh gồm toàn bộ lý thuyết về cấu trúc, cách chuyển câu chủ động sang câu bị động và 4 bài luyện tập Tiếng Anh khác nhau giúp các em học sinh lớp 9 củng cố kiến thức đã học hiệu quả. 

I. LÝ THUYẾT

1. CÁCH CHUYỂN ĐỔI TỪ CÂU CHỦ ĐỘNG SANG CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG

Active: SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT

Passive: SUBJECT + BE + P.P + BY + OBJECT

2. CÁCH CHUYỂN ĐỔI HÌNH THỨC ĐỘNG TỪ CỦA MỘT SỐ THÌ

THÌ

CHỦ ĐỘNG

BỊ ĐỘNG

HTĐ

V1 / Vs(es)

Am / is / are + V3

HTTD

Am / is / are + V-ing

Am / is / are + being + V3

HTHT

Has / have + V3

Has / have + been + V3

QKĐ

V2 / V-ed

Was / were + V3

QKTD

Was / were + V-ing

Was / were + being + V3

QKHT

Had + V3

Had + been + V3

TLĐ

Will / shall + V1

Will / shall + be + V3

TLHT

Will/ shall + have + V3

Will / shall + have + been + V3

Note:

- Trạng từ chỉ nơi chốn đứng trước by + O; trạng từ chỉ thời gian đứng sau by + O

- Nếu chủ từ trong câu chủ động là từ phủ định (noone, nobody) thì đổi sang câu bị động phủ định.

- Các chủ từ someone, anyone, people, he, she, they … trong câu chủ động thì có thể bỏ “by + O” trong câu bị động

II. LUYỆN TẬP

1. Change into passive voice.

1. The teacher corrects our exercises at home.

2. Alice gave me a wonderful present.

3. They are building several new schools in our town.

4. We have made great progress in industry, science and medicine.

5. Sam killed a lion last week.

6. You must hand in your report before the end of this month.

7. I had just finished the job when the factory closed.

8. No one has opened that box for the past hundred years.

9. She is going to mail these letters soon

10. He should finish the report yesterday.

2. Choose the correct answer

1. Many U.S automobiles .................. in Detroit, Michigan.

A. manufacture B. have manufactured

C. are manufactured D. are manufacturing

2. When I came, an experiment .................. in the lab.

A. was being holding B. has been held

C. was being held D. has held

3. Last night a tornado swept through Rockvill. It ............. everything in its path.

A. destroyed B. was destroyed

C. was being destroyed D. had been destroyed

4. This exercise may .................. with a pencil.

A. be written B. be to write C. be writing D. write

5. This picture .................... by Johnny when I came.

A. painted B. was painted

C. was being painted D. had been painted

6. They speak much about this book.

A. This book is much spoken about. B. This book is much spoken.

C. This book is much about spoken. D. This book are much spoken about.

7. My shirt .................. by my sister on my last birthday.

A. gave B. was given C. had been given D. was being given

8. Hamlet was wrote by William Shakespeare.

          A   B   C          D

9. Daisy's ring is make of gold.

    A        B  C  D

10. This exercise may .................. with a pencil.

A. be written B. be to write C. be writing D. write

11. The university .................. by private funds as well as by tuition income.

A. is supported B. supports C. is supporting D. has supported

12. He broke my watch.

A. My watch were broken. B. My watch be broken.

C. My watch is broken. D. My watch was broken.

13. You have to do your homework every day.

A. Your homework has been done every day.

B. Your homework has to do by you every day.

C. Your homework has to be done every day.

D. Your homework have to be done every day.

14. Lots of houses_____________ by the earthquake.

A. are destroying B. destroyed C. were destroying D. were destroyed

15. The telephone ______________ by Alexander Graham Bell.

A. invented B. is inventing C. be invented D. was invented

3. Use the correct PASSIVE tense of these verbs in brackets :

1. An island ………………………. by water. (cover)

2. I ……………………… to the party last night but I didn’t come. (invite)

3. Many accidents …………………… by reckless driving. (cause)

4. A new dormitory …………………… in the university campus now. (build)

5. Thank goodness ! My jewelry …………………… in the robbery last night. (steal / not)

6. If I didn’t do my job properly, I …………………………. (sack)

7. The electric light bulb ……………………… by Thomas Edison. (invent)

8. Mickey Mouse cartoons …………………………… in sixty languages. (translate)

9. If it is foggy, that sport event …………………………… (cancel)

10. The examinees …………………… the result of the examination next week. (tell)

11. This machine ……………………… for quite a long time. (not use)

12. The clever dog saved Lan and her family from …………………… in the typhoon. (catch)

4. Change these sentences to the passive voice :

1. My students have met their friend at the station.

………………………………………………

2.They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home.

………………………………………………

3. The teacher won’t correct exercises tomorrow.

…………………………………………………

4. How many trees did they cut down ?

……………………………………………………………

5. This well-known library attracts many people.

…………………………………………………

6. All students attended the meeting.

………………………………………………………………

7. People say that he is intelligent.

…………………………………………………………………

8. He can’t repair my bike.

…………………………………………………………………………

9. Mary has operated Tom since 10 o’clock.

………………………………………………………

10. Smith has taught us French for 2 years.

……………………………………………………

11. They didn’t look after the children properly.

……………………………………………………

12. Nobody swept this street last week.

……………………………………………………………

13. People drink a great deal of tea in England.

……………………………………………………

14. People speak English all over the world.

………………………………………………………

15. Tom was writing 2 poems.

………………………………………………………………………

16. She often takes her dog for a walk.

……………………………………………………………….

17. She didn’t introduce me to her mother.

…………………………………………………………

18. Farmers usually milk cows twice a day.

…………………………………………………………

19. He likes people to call him “sir”.

………………………………………………………………

20. Our teacher used to bid us talk in class.

…………………………………………………………

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