Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Mệnh đề quan hệ Tiếng Anh

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Ôn thi vào 10 môn Tiếng Anh: Mệnh đề quan hệ

Tài liệu tiếng Anh chuyên đề Relative Clause - Mệnh đề quan hệ nằm trong bộ đề thi Tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 năm 2020 - 2021 theo từng chuyên đề Ngữ pháp do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Tài liệu Tiếng Anh gồm toàn bộ Lý thuyết về các loại đại từ quan hệ khác nhau và nhiều dạng bài tập Tiếng Anh khác nhau như: viết lại câu, điền đại từ quan hệ thích hợp, ... giúp các em học sinh lớp 9 nắm chắc chuyên đề Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh này.

A. LÝ THUYẾT

* Đại từ quan hệ:

1. WHO: chủ từ, chỉ người

N (người) + WHO + V + O ….

2. WHOM:

- làm túc từ, chỉ người

…..N (người) + WHOM + S + V

3. WHICH:

- làm chủ từ hoặc túc từ, chỉ vật

….N (thing) + WHICH + V + O

….N (thing) + WHICH + S + V

4. THAT:

- có thể thay thế cho vị trí của who, whom, which trong mệnh đề quan hệ quan hệ xác định

* Các trường hợp thường dùng “that”:

- khi đi sau các hình thức so sánh nhất

- khi đi sau các từ: only, the first, the last

- khi đi sau các đại từ bất định, đại từ phủ định, đại từ chỉ số lượng: no one, nobody, nothing, anyone, anything, anybody, someone, something, somebody, all, some, any, little, none.

- khi danh từ đi trước bao gồm cả người và vật

* Các trường hợp không dùng that:

- trong mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định

- sau giới từ

5. WHOSE: dùng để chỉ sở hữu cho danh từ chỉ người hoặc vật, thường thay cho các từ: her, his, their, hoặc hình thức ‘s

…..N (person, thing) + WHOSE + N + V ….

6. WHY: mở đầu cho mệnh đề quan hệ chỉ lý do, thường thay cho cụm for the reason, for that reason.

…..N (reason) + WHY + S + V …

7. WHERE: thay thế từ chỉ nơi chốn, thường thay cho there

….N (place) + WHERE + S + V ….

(WHERE = ON / IN / AT + WHICH)

8. WHEN: thay thế từ chỉ thời gian, thường thay cho từ then

….N (time) + WHEN + S + V …

(WHEN = ON / IN / AT + WHICH)

* Mệnh đề quan hệ

1. Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định: dùng khi danh từ không xác định, không có dấu phẩy ngăn cách với mệnh đề chính.

2. Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định: dùng khi danh từ xác định, có dấu phẩy ngăn cách với mệnh đề chính.

B. BÀI TẬP

1) I couldn't remember the time ______ there was no internet.

A. what

B. who

C. which

D. when

2) The restaurant ______ we had our dinner was the most expensive in this city.

A. where

B. which

C. when

D. that

3) The top model about ______ I was telling you is on TV now.

A. who

B. which

C. that

D. whom

4) Are you the student ______ mother called me yesterday?

A. whose

B. who

C. that

D. when

5) Mary, _____ has only been in Japan for 3 months, speaks Japanese perfectly.

A. that

B. whom

C. which

D. who

6) Who is your daughter? She is the child ______ has long, straight hair.

A. whose

B. who

C. which

D. when

7) I don't think my ex-girl friend will remember the day _____ we saw each other for the first time.

A. which

B. on which

C. at which

D. why

8) August is the month ______ I always give my birthday parties.

A. which

B. in which

C. what

D. why

9) The purse ______ she had lost last week was found yesterday.

A. which

B. what

C. whose

D. whom

10) The old lady ______ we were travelling told us her life story.

A. of whom

B. with whom

C. whose

D. whom

11) She says the exam, _________ she took yesterday, was full of hard questions.

A. which

B. that

C. whom

D. who

12) I called my cousin, ______ is a mechanic, to fix my car, ______ was broken.

A. who/ which

B. that/ all of which

C. who/ all of which

D. who/ what

13) My only blue tie, _______ Richard wants to wear, is really an expensive one.

A. that

B. whose

C. which

D. whom

14) This is the village ______ my family and I lived for six years.

A. in which

B. that

C. on which

D. in where

15) She is a famous actress ______ everybody admires.

A. to whom

B. whom

C. to which

D. of whom

16) The food ______ I like best of all is pie alamode.

A. who

B. whose

C. whom

D. that

17) Justine, ______ parents live in Christchurch, has gone to Southampton.

A. whom

B. which

C. to whom

D. whose

18) The old building _____ was behind the local church fell down.

A. of which

B. which

C. whose

D. whom

19. That (A) is the man (B) who he (C) told me the bad news (D).

20. I don’t know (A)the reason on when (B) Jonathan (C) was sacked (D).

21. The (A) man whom (B) helped you yesterday is (C) a television reporter (D).

22. What is (A)the name (B) of the girl whom (C) has just come (D) in?

23. Do you know (A) the reason (B) when (C) Englishmen travel (D) on the left side of the streets?

24. I’ll never forget the day. I met you on that day.

_____________________________________________________________

25. The town was small. I grew up there.

_____________________________________________________________

26. 1960 was the year. The revolution took place in that year.

_____________________________________________________________

27. I apologized to the woman. I spilled her coffee.

_____________________________________________________________

28. They’re the postcards. They arrived yesterday.

_____________________________________________________________

29. The children sang aloud all night. This kept their parents awake.

_____________________________________________________________

30. Maria is studying in New York City. The city is called the “ Big Apple”.

_____________________________________________________________

Fill in the blank with a Relative pronoun or a Relative Adverb.

1. The man, _____________is sitting on the chair, is a teacher.

2. The dog, _____________ is eating, belongs to Mike.

3. This actor, _____________ films are very bad, is really rich.

4. People _____________ the company employs are expected to sign a contract.

5. The house _____________ you saw belongs to my brother.

6. The only thing _____________ matters is to tell the truth.

7. That’s the house _____________ I was born.

8. The girl _____________ phoned to my sister is her best friend.

9. Ann, _____________ children are now grown up, is looking for a job.

10. I told the police _____________ happened.

11. Peter, _____________ I met yesterday, is sick.

12. These pupils, _____________ come into the classroom, are disruptive.

13. My car, _____________ I crashed in a roundabout, is broken.

14. That is the bus _____________ I usually take.

15. Here is a game the rules _____________ I don’t understand.

16. John, _____________ appetite is spectacular, is fat.

17. My book, _____________ I put into the trash bag, has been stained.

18. My father , _____________ is coming back, is in a bad mood.

19. I comfort Maggy _____________ is crying.

20. This child, _____________ school record book is awful, seems to be sad.

21. The woman _____________ is reading a book is a friend of mine.

22. John, _____________ Father is a doctor, wants to be a doctor too.

23. the book _____________ is on the table is not for sale.

24. My sister, _____________ husband is inside the car, can't drive.

25. He’s the boy _____________ delivers the newspaper on Sundays.

26. My friend Paul _____________ lives in London, always takes the bus to go to work.

27. The Indian restaurant _____________ is in Green street is very expensive.

28. Yes, this restaurant is expensive, but the Chef, _____________ is a native Indian, is a

marvelous cook.

29. Who is this man _____________ wife is looking so sad ?

30. Do you see the dog, _____________ is over there?

Use a Relative pronoun or a Relative adverb to combine each pairs of the sentences below

1. A dictionary is a book. It gives you the meaning of words.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

2. The man was very kind. I talk to him yesterday.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Nam is an excellent student. His father’s death made him sad a lot.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

4. The children are playing soccer in the stadium. Do you know them?

………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. The little boy lost his way. He is crying over there.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. Kim Lien is a village. Ho Chi Minh was born and lived there.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. Ha Noi is an ancient city. Many customs are still on this lovely area.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

8. Vu Quoc Viet is a famous artist. I love his works very much.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. Teacher’s Day is a day. All the students show their gratitude to their teacher on that day.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Quynh Dao is a famous writer. Quynh Dao’s works are widely read all over the world.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Reduce relative clause to participial phrase :

1. Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page.

2. Students who arrive late will not be permitted to enter the classroom.

3. John, who was taken by surprise, hardly knew what to say.

4. The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.

5. We drove along the road that was still flooded after the heavy rain.

6. The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress

7. The wild ox which is kept at Nam Cat Tien National Park is of a special kind

8. The helicopter which was flying toward the lake made a low droning sound.

9. The winner of the marathon, who was breathing deeply and smiling at the crowd, raised her right hand and waved.

10. Any student who does not want to go on the trip should inform the office.

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