I. Read the passage and choose the right answer for each following question.
Tropical cyclones are called typhoons in Asia and hurricanes in North and South America. These forms go around like a wheel turning to the left when they hit in the northern part of the world. They have wind speeds of 60 kph or more. In the United States, the Tropical Prediction Center in Miami, Florida keeps an eye out for hurricanes.
When meteorologists detect a hurricane, they give it a name. They can use either a male or female name. Why should tropical cyclones have names? The name makes it easy for people to keep up with information about a hurricane and its possible dangers.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), an international weather group, decides what names will be used. The WMO makes lists of names using the English alphabet. Each name on the list starts with a different letter. The first hurricane of the year gets the first name on that year's list. The second hurricane gets the next name. For examples, if the first hurricane is named Abel, the second might be named Betty. The name lists do include names beginning with the letters Q, U, X. Y and Z. There aren't many names that begin with these letters.
Asian countries use a different list, which is made up by the WMO's Typhoon Committee. This list has a few personal names, but most of the names are of flowers, animals, trees, and other similar things.
(Reading Challenge 1, Compass Publishing)
1. The word "detect" in the second paragraph means __________.
2. What is the main idea of this passage?
3. Why should tropical cyclones have names?
4. Which name would a hurricane NOT have?
5. In which direction do tropical cyclones go around in the northern part of the planet?
II. Choose the word whose the bolded part is pronounced differently.
III. Choose the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
1. My dad is a thoughtful and generous man who is loved not only by his family but also by all his friends.
IV. Read the passage and fill the gaps to complete the passage.
PARENTS AND FRIENDS
We can choose our friends, (1)____ we can't choose our relations. That doesn't mean, though, that members of our family can't also be our friends. Many children have such a good relationship with their parents that they see them (2)__________ friends. Of course, when you're a teenager, you'll have (3)_______ with your parents. There will be times when you don't get on very well with them. That's only natural. There will be times when you want to be (4)______ and solve your problems by yourself. You'll also let your parents down sometimes. After all, nobody's perfect and we all make mistakes. But your parents
1. We can choose our friends, (1)____ we can't choose our relations.
2. Many children have such a good relationship with their parents that they see them (2)__________ friends.
3. Of course, when you're a teenager, you'll have (3)_______ with your parents.
4. There will be times when you want to be (4)______ and solve your problems by yourself.
V. Choose the meaningful sentence that is built from the given words.
1. Mary not stand/ kept/ wait/ such/ long/time//.
VI. Choose the word whose the primary stress differs from the other three one.
VII. Choose the sentence which is the CLOSEST in meaning in each of following sentence.
1. More petrol is consumed nowadays than ten years ago.
2. "I'm sorry I have to leave so early," Ivan said.
3. The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers.
4. I will agree to these conditions provided that they increase my salary.
VIII. Choose the word which is the CLOSEST meaning to the underlined part in the following question.
1. For most North American households, lighting accounts for 10 percent to percent of the electricity bill.
IX. Find out the mistakes.
The singer about who I told you yesterday is coming here tomorrow.
Energy exists in different forms such as light, heat, and chemical, mechanic and electrical energy.
At 7:00 p.m. last night John talked on the phone with his friend when I came in.