Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2020 môn tiếng Anh lần 1 trường THPT Phan Đình Phùng, Hà Tĩnh có đáp án

Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2020 môn tiếng Anh

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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 1. A. women

B. prefer

C. parent

D. single

Question 2. A. economy

B. establish

C. argument

D. surprising

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 3. A. fought

B. bought

C. brought

D. drought

Question 4. A. kites

B. goes

C. moves

D. shines

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 5. The police have begun an ___________ into the accident which happened this afternoon.

A.investigating

B.investigatory

C. investigation

D. investigate

Question 6. He’s been teaching music for years, but he hasn’t got any           .

A.qualifications

B.experience

C. knowledge

D. examinations

Question 7. He forgot             to Paris when he was small.

A.to take

B. to be taken

C. being taken

D. taking

Question 8. No one is a better cook than your mother,           ?

A.is she

B. isn't she

C. are they

D. aren't they

Question 9. By the time I       into town, the shops      .

A. get/was closing

B. got/ had closed

C. had got/closed

D. was getting/closed

Question 10. We bought some         glasses.

A. German lovely old

B. lovely old German

C. old lovely German

D. German old lovely

Question 11. We            more pictures if we had not run out of film.

A. would have taken

B. would take

C. will have taken

D. had taken

Question 12. The old lady’s savings were considerable as she had        a little money every week.

A.put apart

B. put by

C. put down

D. put in

Question 13. Mario has now         to the point where his English is almost fluent.

A.arrived

B.approached

C. reached

D. advanced

Question 14. He           to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead.

A. must have gone

B. needn’t have gone

C. shouldn’t have gone

D. should have gone

Question 15.      about gene-related diseases has increased is welcome news.

A.Scientific knowledge

B. It was scientific knowledge

C. Though scientific knowledge

D. That scientific knowledge

Question 16. It’s essential that every student       all the lectures.

A.attends

B.attend

C. has attended

D. attended

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 17. His new yacht is certainly an ostentatious display of his wealth.

A.ossified

B. expensive

C.large

D. showy

Question 18. “It’s no use talking to me about metaphysics. It’s a closed book to me.”

A. a subject that I don’t understand

B. a theme that I like to discuss

C. a book that is never opened

D. an object that I really love

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 19. The augmentation in the population has created a fuel shortage.

A. increase

B. necessity

C. demand

D. decrease

Question 20. Urbanization is the shift of people moving from rural to urban areas, and the result is the growth of cities.

A. transposition

B. maintenance

C. variation

D. movement

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 21. Jane and Mary are talking about the new resort in the city. Jane: "I think the new resort will ruin the environment." Mary: " "

A. I'm afraid so.

B. Yeah, you will.

C. I agree. That sounds nice.

D. Don't you think so?

Question 22. Mary and John are talking about John's new house.

Mary: "What a lovely house you have!"

John: " "

A.No

B. I think so.

C. Thanks. Hope you will drop

D. Of course, thanks.

Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C,or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 23 to 27.

Why is it that many teenagers have the energy to play computer games until late at night but can’t find the energy to get out of bed (23) ___for school? According to a new report, today’s generation of children are in danger of getting so (24)____sleep that they are putting their mental and physical health at (25) __. Adults can easily survive on seven to eight hours’ sleep a night, (26) _____ teenagers require nine or ten hours. According to medical experts, one in five youngsters gets anything between two and five hours’ sleep a night less than their parents did at their age.

This raises serious questions about whether lack of sleep is affecting children’s ability to concentrate at school. The connection between sleep deprivation and lapses in memory, impaired reaction time and poor concentration is well (27) .

(Source: Solutions Advanced. OUP by Tim Falla and Paul A.Davies)

Question 23. A. behind time

B. about time

C.in time

D. at time

Question 24. A. few

B. less

C. much

D. little

Question 25. A. risk

B. threat

C. jeopardy

D. danger

Question 26. A. or

B. because

C. whereas

D. so

Question 27. A. organized

B. established

C. arranged

D. acquired

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 28 to 34

"The economic history of the United States", one scholar has written, "is the history of the rise and development of the capitalistic system". The colonists of the eighteenth century pushed forward what those of the seventeenth century have begun: the expansion and elaboration of an economy born in the great age of capitalist expansion.

Our excellent natural resources paved the way for the development of abundant capital to increase our growth. Capital includes the tools – such as: machines, vehicles, and buildings – that makes the outputs of labor and resources more valuable. But it also includes the funds necessary to buy those tools. If a society had to consume everything it produced just to stay alive, nothing could be put aside to increase future productions. But if a farmer can grow more corn than his family needs to eat, he can use the surplus as seed to increase the next crop, or to feed workers who build tractors. This process of capital accumulation was aided in the American economy by our cultural heritage. Saving played an important role in the European tradition. It contributed to American’s motivation to put something aside today for the tools to buy tomorrow.

The great bulk of the accumulated wealth of America, as distinguished from what was consumed, was derived either directly or indirectly from trade. Though some manufacturing existed, its role in the accumulation of capital was negligible. A merchant class of opulent proportions was already visible in the seaboard cities, its wealth as the obvious consequence of shrewd and resourceful management of the carrying trade. Even the rich planters of tidewater Virginia and the rice coast of South Carolina finally depended for their genteel way of life upon the ships and merchants who sold their tobacco and rice in the markets of Europe. As colonial production rose and trade expanded, a business community emerged in the colonies, linking the provinces by lines of trade and identity of interest.

(Source: TOEFL Grammar Exercises)

Question 28. With what subject is this passage mainly concerned?

A.Geography

B.Finance

C. Economics

D.History

Question 29. It can be inferred from the passage that the European ancestors of early Americans ________.

A. sent many tools to America

B. taught their skills to their offspring

C. were accustomed to saving

D. were good farmers

Question 30. The word "it" in the third sentence of the second paragraph refers to .

A.capital

B.resource

C. labour

D. growth

Question 31. The word "funds" in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to .

A.capital

B.resource

C. labour

D. money

Question 32. According to the passage, capital includes all of the following EXCEPT .

A.workers

B.tractors

C. money

D. factories

Question 33. According to the passage, the emergence of a business community in the colonies was a result of .

A.efficient saving

B. the success of production and trade

C.the immigration

D. the existence of manufacturing

Question 34. The word "negligible" in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to .

A.very important

B. not very important

C. necessary to be neglected

D. able to be neglected

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the questions from 35 to 42.

Cities develop as a result of functions that they can perform. Some functions result directly from the ingenuity of the citizenry, but most functions result from the needs of the local area and of the surrounding hinterland (the region that supplies goods to the city and to which the city furnishes services and other goods). Geographers often make a distinction between the situation and the site of a city. Situation refers to the general position in relation to the surrounding region, whereas site involves in physical characteristics of the specific location. Situation is normally much more important to the continuing prosperity of a city. If a city is well situated in regard to its hinterland, its development is much more likely to continue. Chicago, for example, possesses an almost unparalleled situation. it is located at the southern end of a huge lake that forces East-West transportation lines to be compressed into its vicinity, and at a meeting of significant land and water transport routes. It also overlooks what is one of the world’s finest large farming regions. These factors ensured that Chicago would become a great city regardless of the disadvantageous characteristics of the available site, such as being prone to flooding during thunderstorm activity.

Similarly, it can be argued that much of New York City’s importance stems from its early and continuing advantage of situation. Philadelphia and Boston both originated at about the same time as New York and shared New York’s location at the Western end of one of the world’s most important oceanic trade routes, but only New York possesses an easy-access functional connection (the Hudson-Mohawk lowland) to the vast Midwestern hinterland. This account does not alone explain New York’s primacy, but it does include several important factors. Among the many aspects of situation that help to explain why some cities grow and others do not, original location on a navigable waterway seems particularly applicable. Of course, such characteristic as slope, drainage, power resources, river crossings, coastal shapes, and other physical characteristics help to determine city location, but such factors are normally more significant in early stages of city development than later.

(Source: http://civilserviceguide.com/topics/reading-comprehension/post/development-cities)

Question 35. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The development of trade routes through United States cities

B. The importance of geographical situation in the growth of United States cities

C. Contrasts in settlement patterns in United States

D. Historical differences among three large United States cities

Question 36. The word “ingenuity” is closest in meaning to .

A. wealth

B. traditions

C. resourcefulness

D. Organization

Question 37. The passage suggests that a geographer would consider a city’s soil type part of its_______.

A.hinterland

B. situation

C. site

D. function

Question 38. According to the passage, a city’s situation is more important than its site in regard to the city’s .

A. long-term growth and prosperity

B. ability to protect its citizenry

C. possession of favorable weather conditions

D. need to import food supplies

Question 39. The author mentions each of the following as an advantage of Chicago’s location EXCEPT its _________.

A.hinterland

B. nearness to a large lake

C. position in regard to transport routes

D. flat terrain

Question 40. The primary purpose of paragraph 1 is to .

A. describe a historical period

B. summarize past research and introduce a new study

C. define a term and illustrate it with an example

D. emphasize the advantages of one theory over another

Question 41. The word “functional” is closest in meaning to .

A.usable B. useful C.original D. alternate

Question 42. The word “it” refers to .

A.hinterland B.account C. connection D. primacy

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43. Neither of the men arresting as terrorists would reveal information about his group.

Question 44. The assumption that smoking has bad effects on our health have been proved.

Question 45. Every city in the United States has traffic problems because the amount of cars on American streets and highways is increasing evrey year.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions:

Question 46. “Leave my house now or I’ll call the police!” shouted the lady to the man.

A. The lady threatened to call the police if the man didn’t leave her house.

B. The lady said that she would call the police if the man didn’t leave her house.

C. The lady told the man that she would call the police if he didn’t leave her house.

D. The lady informed the man that she would call the police if he didn’t leave her house.

Question 47. He only feels happy whenever he doesn’t have much work to do.

A. His work makes him feel

B. He feels happier and happier with his job

C. The less he works, the happier he

D. The more he works, the happier he

Question 48. Cultures vary from country to country.

A. Cultures are different indifferent

B. There are different cultures in one

C. Culture differences are based on countries.

D. Cultures move from one country to

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49. He left school. Then he started computer programming.

A. No sooner had he started computer programming than he left school.

B. Hardly had he started computer programming when he left school.

C. No sooner had he left school than he started computer programming.

D. After he left school, he had started computer programming.

Question 50. The flat is very noisy. We still enjoy living here.

A. Whatever noisy the flat is, we enjoy living here.

B. Noisy as the flat is, we enjoy living here.

C. Although the flat is noisy, but we like the life here.

D. We enjoy living here but the flat is too noisy for us to live in.

Đối với kì thi THPT Quốc gia thì luyện đề là một trong những hoạt động cần thiết và không thể bỏ qua để các bạn có thể tập dượt và đánh giá được khả năng của mình. Bên cạnh đó việc ôn luyện lý thuyết và bài tập theo mảng cụ thể, ví dụ như câu điều kiện, word form, trọng âm, trắc nghiệm ngữ pháp tiếng Anh, trắc nghiệm ..cũng rất hữu ích giúp các bạn đạt điểm cao trong kì thi quan trọng này.

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