Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia tháng 1 năm 2016 môn Tiếng Anh Sở GD-ĐT Thanh Hóa
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia tháng 1 năm 2016 môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia tháng 1 năm 2016 môn Tiếng Anh Sở GD-ĐT Thanh Hóa là tài liệu ôn thi THPT Quốc gia năm 2016 Khối A1, D1 có kèm đáp án chi tiết, cụ thể dành cho các em học sinh tham khảo. Sau đây mời các em cùng làm bài nhé!
SỞ GD&ĐT THANH HÓA
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi có 06 trang)
MÃ ĐỀ THI 237
KỲ THI KHẢO SÁT CHẤT LƯỢNG LỚP 12 THPT
NĂM HỌC 2015 - 2016
MÔN: TIẾNG ANH - CHƯƠNG TRÌNH CHUẨN
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề)
SECTION A: MUPTIPLE CHOICES (8 points)
Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
Over the past 600 years, English has grown from a language of few speakers to become the dominant language of international communication. English as we know it today emerged around 1350, after having incorporated many elements of French that were introduced following the Norman invasion off 1066. Until the 1600s, English was, for the most part, spoken only in England and had not expanded even as far as Wales, Scotland, or Ireland. However, during the course of the next two century, English began too spread around the globe as a result of exploration, trade (including slave trade), colonization, and missionary work. Thus, small enclaves of English, speakers became established and grew in various parts of the world. As these communities proliferated, English gradually became the primary language of international business, banking, and diplomacy.
Currently, about 80 percent of the information stored on computer systems worldwide is in English. Two thirds of the world's science writing is in English, and English is the main language of technology, advertising, media, international airport, and air traffic controllers. Today there are more than 700 million English users in the world, and over half of these are non-native speakers, constituting the largest number of non-native users than any other language in the world.
Question 1: What is the main topic of the passage?
A. The number of non-native users of English.
B. The French influence on the English language.
C. The expansion of English as an international language.
D. The use of English for science and technology.
Question 2: In the first paragraph, the word"emerged" is closest in meaning to _______
A. appeared B. hailed C. frequented D. engaged
Question 3: According to the passage, nowadays there are over_______ English users throughout the world.
A. 600 billion B. 700 million C. 700 billion D. 600 million
Question 4: Approximately when did English begin to be used beyond England?
A. In 1066 B. around 1350 C. before 1600 D. after 1600
Question 5: According to the passage, all of the following contributed to the spread of English around the world EXCEPT_______
A.the slave trade B. the Norman invasion
C. missionaries D. colonization
Question 6: In the first paragraph, the word"course" could best be replaced by _______
A. subject B. policy C. time D. track
Question 7: According to the passage, English gradually NOT became the primary language of _______
A. politics B. international business
C. banking D. diplomacy
Question 8: In the second paragraph, the word"stored" is closest in meaning to _______
A. bought B. saved C. spent D. valued
Question 9: In the second paragraph, the word"constituting" is closest in meaning to _______
A. looking over B. setting down C. doing in D. making up
Question 10: According to the passage, approximately how many non-native users of English are there in the world today ?
A. a quarter million B. half a million C. 350 million D. 700 million
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Question 11: A. compulsory B. employment C. concentrate D. contractual
Question 12: A. attract B. willing C. reject D. secure
Question 13: A. preparation B. economics C. interviewer D. education
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 14: Some high school students participate in helping the handicapped
A. play a role of B. take part in C. are a part of D. take a place of
Question 15: We are a very close- knit family.
A. need each other
B. are close to each other
C. have very close relationship with each other
D. are polite to each other
Question 16: In England, English, Maths and Science are core subjects, which are compulsory in the national examinations.
A. obligatory B. optional C. difficult D. energetic
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the questions.
Question 17: This speedy and secure service of transfering money can be useful
A. slow B. rapid C. careful D. hurried
Question 18: Our well-trained staff are always courteous to customers.
A. helpful B. friendly C. rude D. polite
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 19: A. wanted B. moved C.carried D. rained
Question 20: A. steps B. tourists C. banks D. symbols
Read the following passage and blacken the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Endangered species are plant and animal species which are in danger of extinction. Over 8,300 plant species and 7,200 animal species around the globe are threatened with extinction, and many thousands more extinct each year before biologists can identify them.
The primary causes of species extinction are habitat destruction, commercial exploitation and pollution. The drainage of wetlands, cutting of forests, urbanization and road and dam construction have destroyed or seriously damaged natural habitats. Since the 1600s, worldwide commercial exploitation of animals for food and other products has seriously reduced the number of rare species. Toxic chemicals in the air and land, contaminated water and increased water temperatures have also driven many species to the verge of extinction.
Plant and animal extinction leads to a loss of biodiversity. Maintaining biodiversity is important for us in many ways. For example, humans depend on species diversity to have food, clean air and water, and fertile soil for agriculture. In addition, we benefit greatly from the many medicines and other products that biodiversity provides.
Different conservation efforts have been made in order to save endangered species. The Red List – a global list of endangered and vulnerable animal species – has been introduced to raise people's awareness of conservation needs. Governments have enacted laws to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting. A number of wildlife habitats reserves have been established so that a wide range of endangered species can have a chance to survive and develop.
Question 21: The number of species around the globe threatened with extinction is over ...............
A. 1,600 B. 7,200 C. 15,000 D. 8,300
Question 22 : Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a primary cause of species extinction?
A. pollution B. overexploitation C. habitat destruction D. natural selection
Question 23: The word "identify" is closest in meaning to _______.
A. introduce B. enact C. recognize D. become
Question 24: The Red List is a special book that provides names of _______ animals.
A. hunted. B. vulnerrable and endangered
C. extinct D. endangered
Question 25: The word "contaminated" is closest in meaning to _______.
A. polluted B. exploited C. threaten D. damaged
Question 26: _______leads to the loss of biodiversity.
A. plant extinction and other products
B. conservation efforts have been made
C. plant and animal extinction
D. animal extinction and vulnerable animal species
Question 27: : The word "established" is closest in meaning to _______.
A.set up B. closed down C. destroyed D. maintained
Question 28: The development of wildlife habitat reserves helps _______.
A.Make a list of endangered species
B. enact laws to protect wildlife
C. save a large number of endangered species
D. develop commercial trade and overhunting
Question 29: What have the governments enacted laws for?
A. to raise people's awareness of conservation needs
B. to give food, clean air and water
C. to protect wildlife from commercial trade and overhunting
D. to reduce the number of rare species
Question 30: The best title for the passage is_______.
A. Endangered species and Conservation Measures
B. Endangered species and their Benefits
C. The Global Extiction Cricis
D. Endangered species Extinction: Causes and Measures
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the following blanks.
We are using up the world's petroleum. We use (31) ________ in our car and to heat our building in winter. Farmers use petrochemicals to (32) ________ the soil rich. They use them to kill insects(33) ________ eat plants. These chemicals go(34) ________ rivers and lakes and kill the fish there. Thousands of pollutants also go into the air and pollute it. Winds carry this (35) ________ air to other countries and other continents. Poor farmers use the same land over a rest so it will be better next year. However, the farmers must (36) ________ food this year. Poor people cut down forests (37) ________ firewood. In some areas when the trees are gone, the land becomes desert. Poor people (38) ________ save the environment for the future. This is not a problem for one country or one are of the world. It's a problem for all humans. The people and the nations of(39) ________ world must work together to (40) ________ the world's resources.
Question 31: A. those B. them C. that D. it
Question 32: A. work B. change C. make D. let
Question 33: A. for B. who C. whom D. which
Question 34: A. on B. what C. at D. into
Question 35: A. polluting B. pollute C. polluted D. pollution
Question 36: A.have B. has C. had D. having
Question 37: A. of B. for C. with D. at
Question 38: A. doesn't B. isn't C. didn't D. can't
Question 39: A. the B. a C. an D. no article
Question 40: A. recylce B. preseve C. help D. reuse