Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Câu ước tiếng Anh

Tài liệu ôn tập Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh chuyên đề Câu Ước - Wish Sentences vào lớp 10 dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề ôn thi vào lớp 10 năm học 2021 - 2022 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Đề luyện tập Tiếng Anh gồm phần lý thuyết, cấu trúc của câu ước và nhiều dạng bài tập Tiếng Anh khác nhau giúp học sinh lớp 9 củng cố kiến thức đã học hiệu quả.

A. Cấu trúc câu ước - Wish sentence

Có 3 dạng câu mong ước:

* Cấu trúc câu ước ở hiện tại

KĐ: S + wish(es) + S + V2/-ed + O (to be: were / weren’t)

PĐ: S + wish(es) + S + didn’t + V1

Ex: Ben isn’t here. I wish Ben were here.

I wish I could swim.

* Cấu trúc câu ước ở quá khứ

KĐ: S + wish(es) + S + had + V3/-ed

PĐ: S + wish(es) + S + hadn’t + V3/-ed

Ex: She failed her exam last year. She wishes she hadn’t failed her exam.

* Cấu trúc câu ước ở tương lai

KĐ: S+ wish(es) + S + would + V1

PĐ: S + wish(es) + S + wouldn’t + V1

Ex: I wish you would stop smoking.

Note: S + wish(es) có thể thay bằng If only

Ex: I wish I weren’t so fat. = If only I weren’t so fat.

B. Bài tập câu ước tiếng Anh ôn thi vào 10 có đáp án

I. Chọn đáp án đúng.

1. I don't understand this point of grammar. I wish I ______ it better.

A. understood B. would understand C. had understood D. understands

2. It never stops raining here. I wish it ______ raining.

A. stopped B. would stop C. had stopped D. will stop

3. I miss my friends. I wish my friends ______ here right now.

A. were B. would be C. had been D. was

4. I should never have said that. I wish I ______ that.

A. didn't say B. wouldn't say C. hadn't said D. says

5. I speak terrible English. I wish I ______ English well.

A. spoke B. would speak C. had spoken D. speaks

6. I cannot sleep. The dog next door is making too much noise. I wish it ______ quiet.

A. kept B. would keep C. had kept D. will keep

7. This train is very slow. The earlier train was much faster. I wish I ____ the earlier train.

A. caught B. would catch C. had caught D. catches

8. I didn't see the TV programme but everybody said it was excellent. I wish I ___ it.

A. saw B. would see C. had seen D. seen

9. I went out in the rain and now I have a bad cold. I wish I ______ out.

A. didn't go B. wouldn't go C. hadn't gone D. went

10. This movie is terrible. I wish we ______ to see another one.

A. went B. would go C. had gone D. go

11. I wish I ____ more careful with my money in the future

A. would be B. should be C. could be D. had been

II. Tìm lỗi sai trong những câu dưới đây.

1. George now wishes he hasn’t broken his encouragement with Marian

A B C D

2. I sometimes wish that I will have another car.

A B C D

3. I wishes you had been at the meeting yesterday.

A B C D

4. I wish I didn’t say that to him yesterday.

A B C D

5. She wishes that we didn’t send her the candy yesterday because she’s on a diet.

A B C D

III. Chia dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

1. I wish I (see) ____________ her off at the airport yesterday.

2. Tom wishes he (have) _________ enough money to buy a new car now.

3. Mary wishes she (become) _________ an astronaut someday.

4. He wishes he (not/buy) ______________ that old car.

5. I wish I ………………. one twin sister like my friend Sally. (have)

6. My parents wish they …………………. to the beach this weekend. (go)

7. I’m fed up with the rain. I wish it …………………. (stop)

8. Jimmy wishes he ………………. old enough to drive a car. (be)

9. I wish I ……………………. go to the moon for a vacation. (can)

10. I wish you …………………………… all the time. (not complain)

11. He wished he …………………. harder during the examination. (work)

12. We wish it …………………… raining now. (not be)

13. She wishes he ………………… a lie with her. (not tell)

14. My father wishes I …………………. the entrance 10 next month. (pass)

15. She wishes her father …………… here to help her now. (be)

16. I wish you …………………. them my phone yesterday. (not give)

17. I wish they …………………… us when we were in the town. (visit)

18. He wishes someone ………………… him a work next month. (give)

19. If only I …………………… a trip to Hanoi next week. (take)

20. We wished we …………………… the teacher’s explanation yesterday. (understand)

21. He missed an exciting sport program. He wishes he …………………. it. (watch)

22. If only I ……………… more time to finish this work. (have)

23. I wish she …………………… to see me yesterday. (come)

24. I wish that someone …………………… able to marry her. (be)

IV. Viết lại câu sử dụng cấu trúc câu ước.

1. I’m really sorry I didn’t invite her to the party.

I really wish …………………………………………………..

2. I’m sorry I can’t help you do your homework.

I wish …………………………………………………..

3. She doesn’t like to work with him.

She wishes …………………………………………….

4. I haven’t got much money.

I wish …………………………………………………………….

5. She’d like to be far away from house.

I wish …………………………………………………

6. Francisco lives a long way away.

I wish ……………………………………………………

7. I have to practice the piano every day.

I wish ………………………………………………

8. I’m very bad at math.

I wish …………………………………………………………………..

9. Daniel doesn’t live in the center of town.

Daniel wishes …………………………………….

10. I don’t know how to repair the car.

I wish ……………………………………………………

11. It rains here every day.

I wish ………………………………………………………………

12. Nicholas is sorry he smashed up his car.

Nicholas wishes …………………………………

13. The snow won’t stop until tomorrow.

I wish …………………………………………………

14. I am not lying on a beach in the Caribbean.

I wish …………………………………………

15. I don’t have time to go around the city.

I wish ………………………………………………..

16. My friend cannot stay with me longer.

I wish ………………………………………………

17. I don’t know many English words.

I wish …………………………………………………….

18. She doesn’t send me her recent photos.

She wishes …………………………………………..

19. It won’t be fine tomorrow.

I wish ……………………………………………………………

20. My students don’t speak English fluently.

My students wish ………………………………

21. My students write lessons slowly.

My students wish ………………………………………

22. The exercises are long.

I wish ………………………………………………………………

23. The film is boring.

I wish …………………………………………………………………….

ĐÁP ÁN

I. Chọn đáp án đúng.

1 - A; 2 - A; 3 - A; 4 - C; 5 - A; 6 - A;

7 - C; 8 - C; 9 - C; 10 - C; 11 - A;

II. Tìm lỗi sai trong những câu dưới đây.

1 - B - he hadn't;

2 - C - would have;

3 - A - wish

4 - A - hadn't said;

5 - A - hadn't sent;

III. Chia dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.

1. I wish I (see) _______had seen_____ her off at the airport yesterday.

2. Tom wishes he (have) __had_______ enough money to buy a new car now.

3. Mary wishes she (become) ____became_____ an astronaut someday.

4. He wishes he (not/buy) ______hadn't bought________ that old car.

5. I wish I ………had………. one twin sister like my friend Sally. (have)

6. My parents wish they …………would go………. to the beach this weekend. (go)

7. I’m fed up with the rain. I wish it …………stopped………. (stop)

8. Jimmy wishes he ………were………. old enough to drive a car. (be)

9. I wish I …………could…………. go to the moon for a vacation. (can)

10. I wish you ……………didn't complain……………… all the time. (not complain)

11. He wished he …………worked………. harder during the examination. (work)

12. We wish it …………weren't………… raining now. (not be)

13. She wishes he ………didn't tell………… a lie with her. (not tell)

14. My father wishes I ………would pass…………. the entrance 10 next month. (pass)

15. She wishes her father ………were…… here to help her now. (be)

16. I wish you ………hadn't given…………. them my phone yesterday. (not give)

17. I wish they …………had visited………… us when we were in the town. (visit)

18. He wishes someone …………would give……… him a work next month. (give)

19. If only I ………would take…………… a trip to Hanoi next week. (take)

20. We wished we ………had understood…………… the teacher’s explanation yesterday. (understand)

21. He missed an exciting sport program. He wishes he ………had watched…………. it. (watch)

22. If only I ……had………… more time to finish this work. (have)

23. I wish she ……………had come……… to see me yesterday. (come)

24. I wish that someone ……………were……… able to marry her. (be)

IV. Viết lại câu sử dụng cấu trúc câu ước.

1 - I really wish …………I had invited her to the party……………..

2 - I wish ………I could help you do your homework…………..

3 - She wishes ……she didn't have to work with him………….

4 - I wish ……I had got much money……………….

5 - I wish …………she would live far away from house………

6 -  wish........ fransico didn't live a long way away

7 - I wish ………I didn't have to practise the piano every day…………

8 - I wish ……I were good at math…………………………..

9 - Daniel wishes ………he lived in the center of town…….

10 - I wish ………I knew how to repair the car…………………

11 - I wish ………it rained every day………………

12 - Nicholas wishes ………he hadnn't smashed up his car…………

13 - I wish ………the snow would stop until tomorrow…………

14 - I wish ……… I were lying on a beach in the Caribbean………

15 - I wish ……I had time to go around the city………..

16 - I wish …………my friend could stay with me longer…………

17 - I wish …I knew many English words………….

18 - She wishes ………she could send me her recent photos.………..

19 - I wish ………… it would be fine tomorrow......

20 - My students wish ……they could speak English fluently………

21 - My students wish …………they could write lesson fast………………

22 - I wish ……the exercise weren't long/ were short………

23 - I wish ………………the film were interesting/ weren't boring……………………

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