Bài tập đọc hiểu tiếng Anh

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BÀI TP V ĐC HIU - READING COMPREHENSION:
Exercise 1. Choose from A, B, C, or D the one that best answers each of the questions
in the following passage.
Several hundred million years ago, plants similar to modern ferns covered vast
stretches of the land. Some were as large as trees, with giant fronds bunched at the top
of trunks as straight as pillars. Others were the size of bushes and formed thickets of
undergrowth. Still others lived in the shade of giant club mosses and horsetails along
the edges of swampy lagoons where giant amphibians swam.
A great number of these plants were true ferns, reproducing themselves without
fruits or seeds. Others had only the appearance of ferns. Their leaves had organs of
sexual reproduction and produced seeds. Although their “flowers” did not have
corollas, these false ferns (today completely extinct) ushered in the era of flowering
plants. Traces of these floras of the earliest times have been preserved in the form of
fossils. Such traces are most commonly found in shale and sandstone rocks wedged
between coal beds.
Today only tropical forests bear living proof of the ancient greatness of ferns.
The species that grow there are no longer those of the Carboniferous period, but their
variety and vast numbers, and the great size of some, remind us of the time when ferns
ruled the plant kingdom.
1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Plant reproduction B. How to locate fossils
C. An ancient form of plant life D. Tropical plant life
2. The word “Others” refers to_________.
A. plants B. pillars C. trees D. fronds
3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a characteristic of the plants described
in the passage?
A. They once spread over large areas of land.
B. They varied greatly in size.
C. They coexisted with amphibians, mosses, and horsetails.
D. They clung to tree trunks and bushes for support.
4. The word “true” is closest in meaning to which of the following?
A. accurate B. genuine C. straight D. dependable
5. The author states that fossils of early plant life are usually found in rocks located
between deposits of_______.
A. coal B. shale C. sandstone D. corollas
Exercise 2. Choose from A, B, C, or D the one that best answers each of the questions
in the following passage.
This symptoms of hay fever include watery and itchy eyes and a runny,
congested nose. People suffering from hay fever may experience occasional wheezing
and repeated bouts of sneezing and may even lose their sense of smell. Some victims
of hay fever may also have stopped-up ears. About 30 percent of those who suffer
from hay fever may develop the symptoms associated with periodic asthma or a sinus
infection. The allergen-antibody theory does not fully explain allergic reactions
because the membranes and glands in eyes and ears are controlled by the independent
nervous system, which keeps these organs in balance. But the independent nervous
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system itself is part of the emotional- response center and may cause the feelings of
anger, fear, resentment, and lack of self-confidence in reaction to allergy-causing
substances.
The most common cause of hay fever is the pollen of ragweed, which blossoms
during the summer and autumn. When airborne pollen particles, as well mold, come
into contact with the victim’s membranes, they can cause allergic reactions that release
histamine and result in virtual blockage of air passages. To prevent hay fever or to
decrease the severity of its symptoms, contact with the ragweed pollen should be
reduced. Although some communities have attempted to eliminate the plants that
cause the reactions, elimination programs have not been successful because airborne
pollen can travel considerable distances. Antihistamine can help with short but severe
attacks. Over extended periods of time, however, patients are prescribed a series of
injections of the substance to which they are sensitive in order to increase immunity
and thus be relieved of the seasonal allergy.
(Resource: Toefl test strategies by Eli Hinkel,
Ph.D)
1. It can be inferred from the passage that the phrase hay fever refers to________.
A. fodder for cattle B. a seasonal discomfort
C. viral bacteria D. a lung disease
2. According to the passage, the symptoms of the allergy are predominantly________.
A. abdominal B. intestinal C. respiratory D.
chronic
3. What can be inferred from the first paragraph?
A. Hay fever may cause severe allergic reactions and even death.
B. The cause of allergic reactions has not been determined.
C. The nervous system balances allergic reactions.
D. People should not have an emotional response to allergic reactions.
4. According to the passage, patients suffering from hay fever may also
experience________.
A. hunger pains B. mood swings C. nervous blockages D. sensory
perceptions
5. The word resentment” is closest in meaning to________.
A. reprieve B. reprisal C. irritation D. grief
6. According to the passage, the irritants are transported by________.
A. wind B. food C. travelers D. air passages
7. The word blockage in the passage is closest in meaning to________.
A. obstruction B. bleeding C. enlargement D. dryness
8. According to the passage, to avoid incidents of hay fever, patients need to________.
A. avoid interactions with other patients B. avoid exposure to pollen
C. increase their self-confidence D. take doses of prescribed
medicine.
9. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a cause of allergies?
A. pollen B. mold C. flowers D. injections
10. A paragraph following this passage would most probably discuss________.
A. how the nervous system alerts patients.
B. how the immune system reacts to allergens.
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C. what other diseases can be relieved by vaccines.
D. What flowers are harmless to hay fever patients.
Exercise 3. Choose from A, B, C, or D the one that best answers each of the questions
in the following passage.
A pilot cannot fly by sight alone. In many conditions, such as flying at night
and landing in dense fog, a pilot must use radar, an alternative way of navigating.
Since human eyes are not very good at determining speeds of approaching objects,
radar can show a pilot how fast nearby planes are moving. The basic principle of radar
is exemplified by what happens when one shouts in a cave. The echo of the sounds
against the walls helps a person determine the size of the cave. With radar, however,
the waves are radio waves instead of sound waves. Radio waves travel at the speed of
light, about 300,000 kilometers in one second. A radar set sends out a short burst of
radio waves. Then it receives the echoes produced when the waves bounce off objects.
By determining the time it takes for the echoes to return to the radar set, a trained
technician can determine the distance between the radar set and other objects. The
word “radar”, in fact, gets its name from the term “radio detection and ranging”.
“Ranging” is the term for detection of the distance between an object and the radar set.
Besides being of critical importance to pilots, radar is essential for air traffic control,
tracking ships at sea, and for tracking weather systems and storms.
1. What is the main topic of this passage?
A. The nature of radar. B. History of radar.
C. Alternatives to radar. D. Types of ranging.
2. According to the passage, what can radar detect besides location of objects?
A. Shape B. Size C. Speed D. Weight
3. The word “exemplified” in the passage can be replaced by_________.
A. “specified” B. “resembled” C. “illustrated” D. “justified”
4. The word “shouts” in the passage most closely means_________.
A. “exclaims” B. “yells” C. “shoots” D. “whispers”
5. Which of the following words best describes the tone of this passage?
A. argumentative B. explanatory C. humorous
D. imaginative
6. According to the passage, the distance between a radar set and an object can be
determined by_________.
A. the time it takes for a burst of radio waves to produce echoes when the waves
bounce off the object
B. the term “ranging” used for detection of the distance between an object and
the radar set
C. the time it takes for the radio waves to produce echoes and bounce off the
object
D. the time it takes for the echoes produced by the radio waves to return to the
radar set
7. Which type of waves does radar use?
A. tidal B. sound C. heat D. radio
8. The word “tracking” in the passage most closely means_________.
A. sending B. searching for C. ranging D. repairing

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