Đề thi Olympic môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 trường THPT Nguyễn Trãi, Thái Bình năm học 2017 - 2018 có đáp án
Đề thi Olympic môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10
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SECTION A: 8 points
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from
A pilot cannot fly by sight alone. In many conditions, such as flying at night and landing in dense fog, a pilot must use radar, an alternative way of navigating. Since human eyes are not very good at determining speeds of approaching objects, radar can show a pilot how fast nearby planes are moving. The basic principle of radar is exemplified by what happens when one shouts in a cave. The echo of the sounds against the walls helps a person determine the size of the cave. With radar, however, the waves are radio waves instead of sound waves. Radio waves travel at the speed of light, about 300,000 kilometres in one second. A radar set sends out a short burst of radio waves. Then it receives the echoes produced when the waves bounce off objects. By determining the tune it takes for the echoes to return to the radar set, a trained technician can determine the distance between the radar set and other objects. The word “radar” in fact gets its name from the term “radio detection and ranging”. “Ranging” is the term for detection of the distance between an object and the radar set. Besides being of critical importance to pilots radar is essential for air traffic control tracking ships at sea, and for tracking weather systems and storms.
Question 1: What is the mam topic of this passage?
A. Alternatives to radar B. The nature of radar C. History of radar D. Types of ranging
Question 2: According to the passage, what can radar detect besides location of objects?
A. shape B. size C. speed D. weight
Question 3: The word “exemplified" in the passage can be replaced by ______.
A. “illustrated’ B. “specified” C. “resembled” D. “justified”
Question 4: The word "shouts” in the passage most closely means ______.
A. “shoots” B. ‘"whispers” C. “exclaims” D". “yells”
Question 5: Which of the following words best describes the tone of this passage?
A. humorous B. argumentative C. explanatory D. imaginative
Question 6: According to the passage, the distance between a radar set and an object can be determined by______.
A. the term “ranging" used for detection of the distance between an object and the radar set
B. the time it takes for the radio waves to produce echoes and bounce off the object
C. the tune it takes for a burst of radio waves to produce echoes when the waves bounce off the object
D. the time it takes for the echoes produced by the radio waves to return to the radar set
Question 7: Which type of waves does radar use?
A. radio B. sound C. tidal D. heat
Question 8: The word “tracking” in the passage most closely means______.
A. sending B. ranging C. repairing D. searching for
Question 9: Which of the following would most likely be the topic of the next paragraph?
A. A history of flying. B. Other uses of radar.
C. The technology used by pilots. D. Uses of some technology.
Question 10: What might be inferred about radar?
A. It was developed from a study of sound waves. C. It gave birth to the invention of the airplane.
B. It takes the place of a radio. D. It has improved navigational safety.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Question 11: The rate of snow accumulation in the formation area are critical to the pace of glacial movement.
A. to the B. movement C. are D. accumulation
Question 12: More murders are reported in December in the United States than for any other month.
A. are reported B. for C. More D. the
Question 13: Although Emily Dickinson publishes only three of her verses before she died, today there are more than one thousand of her poems printed in many important collections.
A. publishes B. there are C. in D. thousand of
Question 14: Humans who lived thousands years ago, long before alphabets were devised, they used pictures to record events and to communicate ideas.
A. ago B. who C. they D. to communicate
Question 15: More companies returned to the task of development new kinds of antibiotics, and as this book is being prepared, a number are undergoing clinical trials.
A. development B. a C. to D. kinds of
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Question 16: The girl’s distant and haughty behavior made people forget just how talented she was.
A. kind B. genuine C. arrogant D. elegant
Question 17: Paul always gets nervous whenever he has to give a presentation.
A. anxious B. fearful C. impressed D. supportive
Question 18: Many families struggle to make ends meet in this difficult situation.
A. earn just enough money to be able to buy the things you need
B. earn more money to be able to buy the things you need
C. ask others for some money
D. give money to others
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions
Question 19: A. blanket B. many C. matter D. fanpage
Question 20: A. create B. creature C. creative D. creation
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 21: Some students don’t know how to do the exercise ______ by the teacher yesterday.
A. is giving B. who given C. which given D. given
Question 22: Finally we found a flat which is rather small but it ______ our needs perfectly.
A. supplies B. settles C. meets D. fills
Question 23: All of us should be aware of that internet is very useful for us but it also has lots of disadvantages so while ______the web be alert!
A. surf B. surfed C. surfing D. to surf
Question 24: The teacher made up a difficult question, but at last, Tom came ______ a good answer.
A. up for B. up with C. up to D. up against
Question 25: ______ disabled children cannot enjoy toys designed for nondisabled youngsters is the subject of the report.
A. Those B. Because C. What D. That
Question 26: You should have ______ your research paper again before you handed it in.
A. gone over B. gone down with C. gone under D. gone with
Question 27: It is 6.50 am. The guard ______ the school gate in 10 minutes as usual.
A. has closed B. closes C. will close D. will be closing
Question 28: ______ your help, I wouldn’t have passed all the difficulties.
A. According to B. In stead of C. Because of D. But for
Question 29: I must say that you are the only friend ______ all my secrets.
A. shared B. to share C. sharing D. to be shared
Question 30: When we arrived at the meeting place, the others ______.
A. left B. are leaving C. have left D. had left
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