Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án + giải thích chi tiết (Đề 1)
Trắc nghiệm THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án
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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions.
Question 1: A. wicked B. watched C. stopped D. cooked
Question 2: A. head B. bread C. clean D. lead
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3: A. familiar B. impatient C. uncertain D. arrogant
Question 4: A. disappear B. arrangement C. opponent D. contractual
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 19: Such problems as haste and inexperience are a universal feature of youth.
A. marked B. separated C. shared D. hidden
Question 20: We have lived there for years and grown fond of the surroundings. That is why we do not want to leave.
A. loved the surroundings B. planted many trees in the surroundings
C. possessed by the surroundings D. haunted by the surroundings
Mark the letter A, B C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 21: He is a typical optimist, always looking on the bright side of everything.
A. pessimist B. introvert C. extrovert D. activist
Question 22: When I was going shopping yesterday, I accidentally met one of my old friends in high school.
A. by far B. by heart C. by chance D. on purpose
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks from 30 to 39.
The universal symbol of the Internet era communications, the @ sign used in e-mail addresses to signify the word 'at', is (23) a 500-year-old invention of Italian merchants, a Rome academic has revealed. Giorgio Stabile, a science professor at La Sapienza University, claims to have stumbled on the earliest known example of the symbol's use, as a(n) (24) of a measure of weight or volume. He says the sign represents an amphora, a measure of capacity based on the terracotta jars used to transport grain and liquid in the ancient Mediterranean world.
The professor unearthed toe ancient symbol in the course of research for a visual history of the 20th century, to be published by the Treccani Encyclopedia. The first (25) instance of its use, he says, occurred in a letter written by a Florentine merchant on May 4, 1536. He says the sign made its way along trade routes to northern Europe, where it came to represent 'at the price of', its contemporary accountancy meaning.
Professor Stabile believes that Italian banks may possess even earlier documents (26) the symbol lying forgotten in their archives. The oldest example could be of great value. It could be used (27) publicity purposes and to enhance the prestige of the institution that owned it, he says. The race is on between the mercantile world and the banking world to see who has the oldest documentation of @.
Question 23: A. actually B. truly C. essentially D. accurately
Question 24: A. proof B. sign C. evidence D. indication
Question 25: A. known B. knowing C. knowable D. knowledgeable
Question 26: A. taking B. carrying C. delivering D. bearing
Question 27: A. on B. for C. with D. by
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 40 to 49.
A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater lake, one of the world's largest and deepest, lies hidden there under four kilometers of ice. Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises Antarctica. The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice because its waters are warmed by geothermal heat from the earth's core. The thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from the frigid temperatures on the surface.
The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was conducting an aerial survey of the area. Radio waves from the survey equipment penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size. It was not until much more recently that data collected by satellite made scientists aware of the tremendous size of the lake; the satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake.
The discovery of such a huge freshwater lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and elevated ultraviolet light that have affected organisms in more exposed areas. The downside of the discovery, however, lies in the difficulty of conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated samples from the lake without actually exposing the lake to contamination. Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this.
Question 28: What is true of Lake Vostok?
A. It is completely frozen. B. It is a saltwater lake.
C. It is beneath a thick slab of ice. D. It is heated by the sun.
Question 29: All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT that it_____.
A. was conducted by air B. made use of radio waves
C. could not determine the lake's exact size D. was controlled by a satellite
Question 30: It can be inferred from the passage that the ice would not be flat if_____.
A. there were no lake underneath B. the lake were not so big
C. Antarctica were not so cold D. radio waves were not used
Question 31: The word "microbes" in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. Pieces of dust B. Tiny bubbles C. Tiny organisms D. Rays of light
Question 32: Lake Vostok is potentially important to scientists because it
A. can be studied using radio waves B. may contain uncontaminated microbes
C. may have elevated levels of ultraviolet light D. has already been contaminated
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 50 to 59.
Perhaps the most striking quality of satiric literature is its freshness and its originality of perspective. Satire itself, however, rarely offers original ideas. Instead, it presents the familiar in a new form. Satirists do not offer the world new philosophies. What they do is look at familiar conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish, harmful, or affected. Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked realization that many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false.
Don Quixote makes chivalry seem absurd; Brave New World ridicules the pretensions of science; A Modest Proposal dramatizes starvation by advocating cannibalism. None of these ideas is original. Chivalry was suspect before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of pure science before Aldous Huxley, and people were aware of famine before Swift.
It was not the originality of the idea that made these satires popular. It was the manner of expression, the satiric method, that made them interesting and entertaining. Satires are read because they are aesthetically satisfying works of art, not because they are morally wholesome or ethically instructive. They are stimulating and refreshing because with commonsense briskness they brush away illusions and secondhand opinions. With spontaneous irreverence, satire rearranges perspectives, scrambles familiar objects into incongruous juxtaposition, and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude.
Satire exists because there is need for it. It has lived because readers appreciate a refreshing stimulus, an irreverent reminder that they live in a world of platitudinous thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy. Satire serves to prod people into an awareness of truth, though rarely to any action on behalf of truth. Satire tends to remind people that much of what they see, hear, and read in popular media is sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true. Life resembles in only a slight degree the popular image of it.
Question 35: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Difficulties of writing satiric literature. B. Popular topics of satire.
C. New philosophies emerging from satiric literature. D. Reasons for the popularity of satire.
Question 36: Don Quixote, Brave New World, and A Modest Proposal are cited by the author as_____.
A. classic satiric works B. a typical approach to satire
C. best satirists of all times D. good critiques by satirists
Question 37: What satires fascinates readers is how_____.
A. ideas are expressed B. ideas are organized C. realistic they are D. plots are created
Question 38: Which of the following can be found in satiric literature?
A. Newly emerging philosophies. B. Odd combinations of objects and ideas.
C. Abstract discussion of morals and ethics. D. Wholesome characters who are unselfish.
Question 39: According to the passage, there is a need for satire because people need to be___.
A. informed about new scientific developments
B. exposed to original philosophies when they are formulated
C. reminded that popular ideas may often be inaccurate
D. told how they can be of service to their communities
Question 40: The word "refreshing" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to____.
A. popular B. revitalizing C. common D. awakening
Question 41: The word "sanctimonious" may be new to you. It most probably means "_______" in this context.
A. exaggerated B. good C. educational D. moderate
Question 42: The various purposes of satire include all of the following EXCEPT ____.
A. introducing readers to unfamiliar situations B. brushing away illusions
C. reminding readers of the truth D. exposing false values