Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT lần 2 môn tiếng Anh trường THPT Chuyên Đại học Sư Phạm Hà Nội

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Đ THI TH THPTQG MÔN TING ANH
NĂM 2020 ĐÁP ÁN
Read the following passage anh mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 7.
Under certain circumstances, the human body must cope with gases at greater-than-normal
atmospheric pressure. For example, gas pressures increase rapidly during a drive made with
scuba gear because the breathing equipment allows divers to stay underwater longer and dive
deeper. The pressure exerted on the human body increases by 1 atmosphere for every 10 meters
of depth on seater, so thay at 39 meters in seawater a diver is exposed to pressure of about 4
atmosphere. The pressure of the gases being breathed must equal the external pressure applied
to the body, otherwise breathing is very difficult. Therefore all of the gases in the air breathed
by a scuba diver at 40 meter are present at five times their usual pressure. Nitrogen, which
composes 80 percent of the air we breathe, usually causes a balmy feeling of well-being at this
pressure. At a depth of 5 atmosphere, nitrogen causes symptoms resembling alcohol
intoxication, known as nitrogen narcosis. Nitrogen narcosis apparently results from a direct
effect on the brain of the large amounts of nitrogen dissolved in the blood. Deep dives are less
dangerous if helium is substituted for nitrogen, because under these pressures helium does not
exert a similar narcotic effect.
As a scuba diver descends, the pressure of nitrogen on the lungs increases. Nitrogen then
diffuses from the lungs to the blood, and from the blood to body tissues. The reverse occurs
when the diver surfaces, the nitrogen pressure in the lungs falls and the nitrogen diffuses from
the tissues into the blood, and from the blood into the lungs. If the return to the surface is too
rapid, nitrogen in the tissues and blood cannot diffuse out rapidly enough and nitrogen bubbles
are formed. They can cause severe pains, particularly around the joints.
Another complication may result if the breath is held during ascent. During ascent from a depth
Thư viện Đề thi - Trắc nghiệm - Tài liệu học tập Miễn phí
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of 10 meters, the volume of air in the lungs will double because the air pressure at the surface is
only half of what it was at 10 meters. This change in volume may cause the lungs to distend ang
even rupture. This the rise of the exhaled air bubbles, and must exhale during ascent.
Question 1: The word exert”in bold on paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to .
A.
permit B. cause C. need D. change
Question 2: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A.
The equipment divers use
B.
How to prepare for a deep dive
C.
The symptoms of nitrogen bubbles in the bloodstream
D.
The effect of pressure on gases in the human body.
Question 3: The word “they”in bold on paragraph 2 refers to .
A. joints B. pains C. tissues D. bubbles
Question 4: What happens to nitrogen in body tissues if a diver ascends too quickly?
A. It is reabsorbed by the lungs B. It goes directly to the brain
C. It forms bubbles D. It has a narcotic effect
Question 5: It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following presents the
greatest danger to a diver?
A. Nitrogen diffusion B. An air embolism C. Nitrogen bubbles D. Pressurized
helium
Question 6: The word “rupture in bold in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to .
A. shrink B. burst C. hurt D. stop
Question 7: What should a diver do when ascending?
A. Breathe helium B. Relax completely C. Breathe faster D. Rise
slowly
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Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the
other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 8: A. government
B. interview
C. reference
D. understand
Question 9: A. equipment
B. scholarship
C. develop
D. discourage
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 10: An employer must be very careful in dealing with subordinates and documenting
their files in order to avoid complaints.
A. bosses B. coordinators C. outside help D. employees
Question 11: It’s incomprehensible to a non-addict that an illicit drug can control the life of a
young abuser.
A. readable B. favorable C. imperative D. understandable
Mark letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in
meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 12: I should have finished my work last night but I was exhausted.
A.
Last night I was exhausted but I tried to finish my work.
B.
My work was finished last night but I was exhausted.
C.
I did finished my work last night thought I was exhausted.
D.
I was exhausted so I didnt finish my work yesterday as planned.
Question 13: The boss was annoyed that his secretary came to work late.
A.
The secretary came to work late, which annoyed the boss.
B.
The secretary came to work late causing annoyed.
C.
That the secretary came to work late annoys the boss.
D.
The boss disapproved of his secretarys coming to work late.

Đề thi thử tốt nghiệp THPT Quốc Gia môn Anh có đáp án

Đề thi THPT Quốc Gia môn Anh 2020 trường THPT Chuyên Đại học Sư phạm Hà Nội lần 2 có đáp án trên đây nằm trong bộ đề thi THPT Quốc Gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2020 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Đề tiếng Anh THPT Quốc Gia có đáp án có cấu trúc giống với cấu trúc đề thi minh họa lần 2 năm 2020 môn tiếng Anh của bộ Giáo dục và Đào tạo giúp các em ôn tập những kiến thức trọng tâm hiệu quả.

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