Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018 sở GD&ĐT Vĩnh Phúc có đáp án

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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi 04 trang)
KỲ KHẢO SÁT KIẾN THỨC THPT NĂM HỌC 2017-2018
MÔN: TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian giao đề
đề: 801
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete
each of the following exchanges.
Câu 1: Tung: “Your shoes are terrific, Tuan. The colour quite suits you.”
Tuan:
A. Really? B. Do you like them?
C. You must be kidding. My shirt is nice, isn’t it? D. I’m glad you like them.
Câu 2: Lan: “Would you say the Great Wall is among the seven man-made wonders of the world?”
Trang:
A. That’s the least I could do. B. Do you think so, too?
C. There’s no doubt about that. D. It was created by ancient Chinese people, wasn’t it?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 3 to 7.
Back in the 1960s and 1970s, the world was becoming more aware of the destructive effects of industry (3)
the environment and people were starting to think seriously about ways of protecting the
environment. One man who was particularly affected by this subject was Gerard Morgan-Grenville. As
Morgan-Grenville travelled round earning his living as a gardener, he noticed signs of the damage that was
being done to the countryside around him. It wasn't long before Morgan-Grenville decided that he had to do
something about this situation. He felt that if people could be shown a better way of living then maybe they
would be interested enough to try to protect their (4) environment.
Mr. Morgan-Grenville decided to set up a project (5) would prove what was happening to our
surroundings and what could be done about it. So, in 1975, Morgan-Grenville created the Centre for Alternative
Technology (CAT) in a village in Wales.
The main aim of CAT is to search for an ecologically better way of living by using technology which (6)
no harm to the environment. One of the most important things CAT did initially was to explore and
demonstrate a wide range of techniques and to point out which ones had the least destructive results on the
world around us. (7) _, CAT provides information and advice to people all over Britain and all over the
world. If more and more individuals are informed about how much damage our modern lifestyle is causing to
the planet, maybe more of them would be prepared to look for practical solutions to environmental problems.
Câu 3: A. for B. to C. with D. on
Câu 4: A. worthless B. valueless C. precious D. priceless
Câu 5: A. that B. he C. it D. this
Câu 6: A. gets B. makes C. plays D. does
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Câu 7: A. Therefore B. However C. Moreover D. Although
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from
the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Câu 8: A. volunteer B. trust C. fuss D. judge
Câu 9: A. houses B. services C. passages D. techniques
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 10: Since the death of Laura's father, her mother has become a breadwinner to support the family.
A. a person who bakes bread every morning B. a bakery-owner
C. a person who delivers bread to make money D. a person who goes out to work to earn money
Câu 11: Peter is the black sheep of the family, so he is never welcomed there.
A. a beloved member B. a bad and embarrassing member
C. the only child D. the eldest child
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in
each of the following questions.
Câu 12: Children are expected to make the right thing both at school and at home.
A. to make B. the C. are expected D. both
Câu 13: We will have a fund-raising dinner at Rex Hotel tonight.
A. at B. will have C. a D. fund-raising
Câu 14: It was on 12
th
April, 1961 when the first human, a Soviet cosmonaut, flew into space.
A. a Soviet cosmonaut B. when C. flew D. into space
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the
underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 15: His physical condition was not an impediment to his career as a violinist. He has won a lot of prizes.
A. difficulty B. barrier C. advantage D. disadvantage
Câu 16: Both universities speak highly of the programme of student exchange and hope to cooperate more in the
future.
A. express disapproval of B. voice opinions on
C. find favor with D. resolve a conflict over
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct
answer to each of the questions from 17 to 24.
The difference between the nuclear family and the extended family is that a nuclear family refers to a single
basic family unit of parents and their children, whereas the extended family refers to their relatives such as
grandparents, in-laws, aunts and uncles, etc. In many cultures, and particularly indigenous societies, the latter
is the most common basic form of social organization.
A nuclear family is limited, according to Kristy Jackson of Colorado State University, to one or two parents
(e.g. a father and mother) and their own child, or children, living together in a single house or other dwellings.
In anthropology, they only must be related in this fashion; there is no upper or lower limit on the number of
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children in a nuclear family.
The extended family is a much more nebulous term, but in essence refers to kin or relations not covered by
the above definition. In historical Europe and Asia as well as in Middle Eastern, African, and South American
Aboriginal cultures, extended family groups were typically the most basic unit of social organization. The term
can differ in specific cultural settings, but generally includes people related in age or by lineage.
Anthropologically, the term “extended family” refers to such a group living together in a household, often with
three generations living together (grandparents, parents, and children) and headed in patriarchal societies by the
eldest man or by some other chosen leadership figure. However, in common parlance, the term “extended
family” is often used by people simply to refer to their cousins, aunts, uncles, and so on, even though they are
not living together in a single group.
Historically, most people in the world have lived in extended family groupings rather than in nuclear families.
This was even true in Europe and in the early United States, where multiple generations often lived together for
economic reasons. During the 20
th
century, average income rose high enough that living apart as
nuclear families became a viable option for the vast majority of the American population. In contrast, many
indigenous societies and residents of developing countries continue to have multiple generations living in the
same household. The rise of the nuclear family in the modern West does not necessarily mean that family
arrangements have stabilized, either. The rapid growth in single-parent households, for instance, also represents
a substantial change in the traditional nuclear family. More couples are also choosing not to have children at all.
Câu 17: What is the passage mainly about?
A.
The dominance of nuclear families over extended ones
B.
The dominance of extended families over nuclear ones
C.
A distinction between nuclear families and extended ones
D.
The changes of family types over times
Câu 18: The word the latter in paragraph 1 refers to .
A. family unit B. relatives C. the nuclear family D. the extended family
Câu 19: Historically, extended families were the most basic unit of social organization in all of the following
places EXCEPT .
A. The Middle East B. Asia C. North America D. Europe
Câu 20: The word patriarchal in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _ .
A. ruled or controlled by men B. equal for both men and women
C. simple with no rules and laws D. modern with advanced facilities
Câu 21: According to the passage, single-parent households .
A. are not defined by anthropologists B. are the existing trend of family arrangement
C. are included in the term “nuclear family” D. are on the decrease
Câu 22: The word viable in paragraph 4 could be best replaced by .
A. impossible B. possible C. explainable D. fashionable
Câu 23: Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.
Since the 20
th
century, more and more American couples have lived in extended families because of the
financial burdens.
B.
Nuclear families are the most basic form of social organization all over the world.

Đề ôn thi THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh

Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018 sở GD&ĐT Vĩnh Phúc có đáp án do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải dưới đây sẽ là tài liệu hữu ích cho các bạn tự đánh giá năng lực kiến thức bản thân, qua đó chuẩn bị tốt nhất cho kì thi quan trọng sắp tới. Sau đây mời các bạn vào tham khảo.

Đối với kì thi THPT Quốc gia thì luyện đề là một trong những hoạt động cần thiết và không thể bỏ qua để các bạn có thể tập dượt và đánh giá được khả năng của mình. Bên cạnh đó việc ôn luyện lý thuyết và bài tập theo mảng cụ thể, ví dụ như câu điều kiện, word form, trọng âm, trắc nghiệm ngữ pháp tiếng Anh, trắc nghiệm ..cũng rất hữu ích giúp các bạn đạt điểm cao trong kì thi quan trọng này.

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