Bộ đề thi giữa học kì 2 lớp 12 môn tiếng Anh trường THPT A Kim Bảng, Hà Nam năm học 2017-2018
Đề thi giữa học kì 2 môn Tiếng Anh lớp 12
Bạn đang gặp khó khăn trước kì thi học kì 2 và bạn không biết làm sao để đạt được điểm số như mong muốn. Hãy tham khảo Bộ đề thi giữa học kì 2 lớp 12 môn tiếng Anh trường THPT A Kim Bảng, Hà Nam năm học 2017-2018 sẽ giúp các bạn nhận ra các dạng bài tập khác nhau và cách giải của nó. Chúc các bạn làm thi tốt.
Mã đề 140
I. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Long before they can actually speak, babies pay special attention to the speech they hear around them. Within the first month of their lives, babies' responses to the sound of the human voice will be different from their responses to other sorts of auditory stimuli. They will stop crying when they hear a person talking, but not if they hear a bell or the sound of a rattle. At first, the sounds that an infant notices might be only those words that receive the heaviest emphasis and that often occur at the ends of utterances. By the time they are six or seven weeks old, babies can detect the difference between syllables pronounced with rising and falling inflections. Very soon, these differences in adult stress and intonation can influence babies' emotional states and behavior. Long before they develop actual language comprehension, babies can sense when an adult is playful or angry, attempting to initiate or terminate new behavior, and so on, merely on the basis of cues such as the rate, volume, and melody of adult speech.
Adults make it as easy as they can for babies to pick up a language by exaggerating such cues. One researcher observed babies and their mothers in six diverse cultures and found that, in all six languages, the mothers used simplified syntax, short utterances and nonsense sounds, and transformed certain sounds into baby talk. Other investigators have noted that when mothers talk to babies who are only a few months old, they exaggerate the pitch, loudness, and intensity of their words. They also exaggerate their facial expressions, hold vowels longer, and emphasize certain words.
More significant for language development than their response to general intonation is observation that tiny babies can make relatively fine distinctions between speech sounds. In other words, babies enter the world with the ability to make precisely those perceptual discriminations that are necessary if they are to acquire aural language.
Babies obviously derive pleasure from sound input, too: even as young as nine months they will listen to songs or stories, although the words themselves are beyond their understanding. For babies, language is a sensory-motor delight rather than the route to prosaic meaning that it often is for adults.
Câu 1. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. The differences between a baby's and an adult's ability to comprehend language
B. How babies perceive and respond to the human voice in their earliest stages of language development
C. How babies differentiate between the sound of the human voice and other sounds
D. There sponse of babies to sounds other than the human voice
Câu 2. Which of the following can be inferred about the findings described in paragraph 2?
A. The mothers observed by the researchers were consciously teaching their babies to speak
B. Babies ignore facial expressions in comprehendingaural language
C. Babies who are exposed to more than one language can speak earlier than babies exposed to a single language
D. Mothers from different cultures speak to their babies in similarways
Câu 3. According to the author, why do babies listen to songs and stories, even though they cannot understand them?
A. They understand the rhythm
B. They can remember them easily
C. They focus on the meaning of their parents' word
D. They enjoy the sound
Câu 4. What point does the author make to illustrate that babies are born with the ability to acquire language?
A. Babies are more sensitive to sounds than are adults
B. Babies notice even minor differences between speech sounds
C. Babies begin to understand words in songs
D. Babies exaggerate their own sounds and expressions
Câu 5. Why does the author mention a bell and a rattle in paragraph 1?
A. To explain how babies distinguish between different nonhuman sounds
B. To giveexamples of typical toys that babies do not like
C. To giveexamples of sounds that will cause a baby to cry
D. To contrast thereactions of babies to human and nonhuman sounds
Câu 6. The passage mentions all of the followings as the ways adults modify their speech when talking to babies EXCEPT…..
A. speakingmore loudly than normal B. using meaningless sounds
C. givingall words equal emphasis D. speaking with shorter sentences
Câu 7. The word "They" in paragraph 2 refers to ….
A. babies B. mothers C. investigators D. words
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 8. In this writing test, candidates will not be penalized for minor mechanical mistakes
A. discouraged B. punished C. rewarded D. motivated
Câu 9. Henry has found a temporary job in factory
A. satisfactory B. permanent C. eternal D. genuine
III. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Câu 10. It was not until (A) the end of prehistoric (B) times that (C) the first wheeled vehicles appearing.(D)
Câu 11. Though formally (A) close friends, they have now been estranged (B) from each other (C) due to some regrettable misunderstandings.(D)
Câu 12. The (A) speed of sound varies (B) according to air temperature, altitude, (C) and another (D) factors.
IV. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
In the West, cartoons are used chiefly to make people laugh. The important feature of all these cartoons is the joke and the element of surprise which is contained. Even though it is very funny, a good cartoon is always based on close observation of a particular feature of life and usually has a serious purpose.
Cartoons in the West have been associated with political and social matters for many years. In wartime, for example, they proved to be an excellent way of spreading propaganda. Nowadays cartoons are often used to make short, sharp comments on politics and governments as well as on a variety of social matters. In this way, the modern cartoon has become a very powerful force in influencing people in Europe and the United States.
Unlike most American and European cartoons, however, many Chinese cartoon drawings in the past have also attempted to educate people, especially those who could not read and write. Such cartoons about the lives and sayings of great men in China have proved extremely useful in bringing education to illiterate and semi-literate people throughout China. Confucius, Mencius and Laozi have all appeared in very interesting stories presented in the form of cartoons. The cartoons themselves have thus served to illustrate the teachings of the Chinese sages in a very attractive way.
In this sense, many Chinese cartoons are different from Western cartoons in so far as they do not depend chiefly on telling jokes. Often, there is nothing to laugh at when you see Chinese cartoons. This is not their primary aim. In addition to commenting on serious political and social matters, Chinese cartoons have aimed at spreading the traditional Chinese thoughts and culture as widely as possible among the people.
Today, however, Chinese cartoons have an added part to play in spreading knowledge. They offer a very attractive and useful way of reaching people throughout the world, regardless of the particular country in which they live. Thus, through cartoons, the thoughts and teachings of the old Chinese philosophers and sages can now reach people who live in such countries as Britain, France, America, Japan, Malaysia or Australia and who are unfamiliar with the Chinese culture.
Until recently, the transfer of knowledge and culture has been overwhelmingly from the West to the East and not vice versa. By means of cartoons, however, publishing companies in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore are now having success in correcting this imbalance between the East and the West.
Cartoons can overcome language barriers in all foreign countries. The vast increase in the popularity of these cartoons serves to illustrate the truth of Confucius's famous saying "One picture is worth a thousand words."
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