Bài tập nâng cao tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 10 Ecotourism

Bài tập Unit 10 lớp 10 Ecotourism có đáp án

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Part I. PHONETICS

Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

1. A. culture B. public C. sustain D. butterfly

2. A. pollution B. coral C. problem D. ecology

3. A. discount B. observe C. safari D. scuba-diving

4. A. relax B. departure C. benefit D. interest

5. A. nature B. manage C. balance D. campfire

Đáp án

1. C2. A3. B4. D5. A

Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

6. A. suggest B. involve C. travel D. sustain

7. A. natural B. safari C. interest D. benefit

8. A. butterfly B. departure C. tradition D. protection

9. A. environment B. ecology C. sustainable D. beneficial

10. A. ecotourism B. relaxation C. preservation D. disappointed

Đáp án

6. C7. B8. A9. D10. A

Part II. VOCABULARY

Exercise 3. Mark the letter A. B. C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

11. You can see different kinds of rare animals in this park.

A. priceless B. half-cooked C. unlimited D. limited

12. If you book tickets early, you can get a discount.

A. award B. prize C. deduction D. bonus

13. A sustainable forest is a forest where trees that are cut are replanted and the wildlife is protected.

A. pre-tested B. preserved C. reserved D. protested

14. When you take part in an eco tour, you learn more about the cultural traditions of the local people and the natural habitat of some rare animals.

A. participate B. conduct C. enjoy D. depart

15. Cutting down trees or hunting wild animals may upset the ecological balance of an area.

A. strengthen B. motivate C. comfort D. disturb

16. Mass tourism may cause numerous problems.

A. bring in B. bring up C. bring about D. bring away

17. I am very much interested in learningmore about ecotourism and its benefits.

A. problems B. advantages C. dangers D. issues

18. Ecotourism means travel to areas of natural or ecological interest to observe wildlife and learn about the environment.

A. look at B. look up C. look into D. look down

19. Mass tourism has contributed to the destruction of the environment.

A. organization B. structure C. construction D. devastation

20. A lot of waste from hotels and vehicles is also discharged into the water and air.

A. discussed B. collected C. released D. treated

21. Tourists enjoy the beauty of wildlife without harmingit.

A. fostering B. damaging C. protecting D. preserving

22. To entertain tourists, we have to change our usual foods to suit their tastes or adaptdances and traditions to suit their needs.

A. satisfy B. enjoy C. attract D. persuade

23. Ecotourism can be beneficial to local people.

A. bad B. good C. different D. meaningless

24. To build hotels, people destroy forests.

A. re-plant B. grow C. wipe out D. protect

25. Ecotourism helps tourists learn how to protect the environment.

A. damage B. change C. adapt D.save

26. Some farmers in the Mekong Delta have attracted hundreds of foreign visitors to their ecological gardens.

A. appealed to B. refused C. rejected D. turned down

27. Our country's natural and cultural potential for ecotourism is well known.

A. possibility for failure B. possibility for victory

C. possibility for loss D. possibility for achievement

28. Eco tours in our country involve mainly travel to natural places.

A. primarily B. basically C. initially D. roughly

29. Their activities are not based on the ecotourism principles.

A. principals B. rules C. criteria D. points

30. If tourists throw rubbish or break tree branches, they are heavily fined.

A. advanced B. compensated C. penalized in moneyD. awarded in money

31. Some tourist areas have suffered from some environmental damage.

A. covered B. finished C. taken D. undergone

32. Ecotourism activities have had some negative impacts on the environment and peoplein the area.

A. influences B. factors C. criteria D. stimuli

33. The worst impact is the massiveloss of land.

A. minimal B. tiny C. heavy D. acceptable

34. Ecotourism needs to recruit better educated people, so it won't provide more jobs forthe local people.

A. reduce B. offer C. wipe out D. add

35. If tourists leave litter after the picnic, they may cause pollution.

A. drop B. depart C. escape D. disappear

36. Making a campfire requires cutting down trees for firewood.

A. demands B. fosters C. encourages D. prevents

37. Campfires may cause forest fires if they are unattended.

A. focused B. neglected C. looked after D. watched

38. Hunting animals may lead to their extinction.

A. reduction B. imprisonment C. death D. survival

39. Ecotourism is booming and tour operators say this helps nature.

A. decreasing B. declining C. falling D. flourishing

40. Ecotourism is making animals bolder and become less cautious about other animals.

A. careful B. careless C. reckless D. foolish

41. If animals become less careful about other animals, they are at risk of being attacked by their natural predators.

A. helped B. harmed C. protected D. saved

42. Ecotourism is a unique way for travelers to engage in sustainable tourism whilevacationing.

A. disconnect B. promise to marry C. join D. catch

Đáp án

11. D12. C13. B14. A15. D16. C
17. B18. A19. D20. C21. B22. A
23. B24. C25. D26. A27. D28. A
29. B30. C31. D32. A33. C34. B
35. A36. A37. B38. C39. D40. A
41. B42. C

Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

43. The United Nations has declared the celebration of the International Day ofEcotourism, to promote sustainable practices in this growing industry.

A. favour B. raise C. boost D. delay

44. In order for ecotourism to be categorized as successful, itmust involve local populations in the program.

A. exclude B. comprise C. engage D. relate

45. Venice has suggested imposing a tax on all visitors to help pay for restoration of theancient buildings.

A. introducing B. removing C. levying D. lessening

46. There are 1.6 billion tourists roaming the world, and the impact of tourism can be devastating.

A. disastrous B. nondestructive C. ruinous D. devastative

47. "Green" tourists or "eco-tourists" are upset by the effects of mass tourism.

A. tense B. troubled C. nervous D. relaxed

48. How many people can visit the Galapagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador without affecting the ecological balance?

A. keeping intact B. influencing C. troubling D. causing disturbance

49. It may become necessary for the United Nations to work out internationalagreements and strict environmental controls on the tourist industry.

A. tight B. loose C. exact D. accurate

50. Researchers believe tourists disrupt animals in their natural habitat.

A. disturb B. confuse C. organize D. mix up

Đáp án

43. D44. A45.B46. B47. D48. A49. B50. C

Part III. GRAMMAR

Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

51. If businesses want to protect the environment, they will aid the local community and educating travelers.

52. Nowadays, many of ustried to live in a way that will damage the environment as little as possible.

53. Ecotourism must benefits the local people and involve the local community.

54. Ecotourism must be sustainable, that is make a profit without destroy natural resources.

55. Ecotourism must provide an experiences that tourists want to pay for.

56. In a true ecotourism project, a nature reserve allows a small number of tourists to visiting its rare animals and uses the money that is generated to continue with important.

57. The local people have jobs in the nature reserve as guides and wardens and also has a voice in how the project develops.

58. Tourists stay in local houses with local people, not in special built hotels.

59. Tourists experiencethe local culture and do not take precious energy and water away from the locally population.

60. Tourists travel by foot, by boat, bicycle or elephant so that there is no pollution.

61. Ecotourism brings tourists a specially experience that they will remember all of their lives.

62. This type of tourism can only involve small number of people so it can be expensive.

63. Tourists can apply to the principles of ecotourism wherever they go for their holiday.

64. Tourists should learn about the place that they going to visit.

65. Have respect for local culture by wearing clothes that will not offend local people and ask them for permission before you take a photograph.

66. Remember the phrase "Leave nothing behind you except footprints and taking nothing away except photographs”.

Đáp án

51. educating travelers52. tried to53. benefits
54. without55. an experiences56. to visiting its rare animals
57. and also has58. special built59. the locally population
60. travel by foot61. a specially experience62. small number of people
63. can apply to64. going to visit65. and ask them for permission
66. and taking

Exercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the
 following questions.

67. If you buy souvenirs made from endangered animals or plants, you ____ contribute to making them become extinct.

A. would

B. might

C. could

D. are

68. You ____ help the local people if you buy local products whenever possible and pay a
fair price for what you buy.

A. could

B. would

C. wouldn’t

D. will

69. If you want to help, remember ____ or use other non-polluting forms of transport
whenever you can.

A. to walk

B. walk

C. walking

D. walked

70. Eco-tourists should be flexible and keep a sense of humour when ____ things wrong.

A. went

B. goes

C. go

D. going

71. Don't be afraid ____ the holiday company about what they do that is 'eco'.

A. about asking

B. to asking

C. asking

D. to ask

72. “Eco" is very fashionable today and a lot of holidays that ____ as ecotourism are not
much better than traditional tourism.

A. advertise

B. are advertised

C. are advertising

D. advertising

73. The damage to local communities, customs and crafts that results ____ the arrival of
huge groups of tourists.

A. to

B. from

C. in

D. for

74. The travel industry should work with local councils and government agencies to agree ____ realistic standards for planning and development in tourist areas.

A. upon

B. with

C. at

D. for

75. It may become necessary for the United Nations to work ____ international agreements
and strict environmental controls on the tourist industry.

A. against

B. on

C. with

D. out

76. Ecotourism is defined as responsible travel ____ natural areas that conserves the
environment and sustains the well-being of local people.

A. about

B. in

C. to

D. for

77. Ecotourism is a booming business ____ many tour operators cite as being helpful to
nature.

A. who

B. that C. whose

D. where

78. Every year, millions of people descend ____ protected and pristine natural areas to
observe rare species.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. to

79. A number of reports have cast doubt ____ the value of ecotourism.

A. with

B. about

C. in

D. on

80. It's hard to deny that humanity has played a pretty big role in changing nature ____ the
worse.

A. with

B. to

C. for

D. at

81. There will be some unforeseen consequences to the environment if we ____ ecotourism
projects properly.

A. didn't manage

B. don't manage

C. couldn't manage

D. wouldn't manage

82. If tourists win the trust of animals, they ____ put wild creatures in danger by
encouraging them to relax with their natural predators.

A. will

B. would

C. could

D. had

83. Ecotourism may become popular as people look for ways to get really close ____ exotic
wildlife while keeping a clear conscience.

A. at

B. in

C. to

D. with

84. Gorillas and penguins are among the species most susceptible ____ ecotourism because
they have a strong tendency to relax in the presence of humans.

A. to

B. in

C. by

D. with

85. As animals ____ to feeling comfortable with humans, they may become bolder.

A. will get used

B. get used

C. got used

D. could get used

86. Professor Blumstein says that ecotourism is

similar ____ domesticating or urbanizing the
animals.

A. with

B. as

C. to

D. like

87. Animals' regular interactions with people may lead ____ a kind of taming.

A. up

B. in

C. for

D. to

88. Domesticated animals are less responsive ____ stimulated predatory attacks.

A. to

B. with

C. on

D. at

89. Animals will take more time to flee from danger if they ____ in cities and are bolder.

A. will

B. live

C. would live

D. could live

90. Ecotourism in distant and remote spots around the planet is getting more popular ____
tourists and tour guides.

A. to

B. on

C. with

D. between

Đáp án

67 - B; 68 - D; 69 - A; 70 - C; 71 - D;

72 - B; 73 - B; 74 - A; 75 - D; 76 - C;

77 - B; 78 - A; 79 - D; 80 - C; 81 - B;

82 - A; 83 - C; 84 - A; 85 - B; 86 - C;

87 - D; 88 - A; 89 - B; 90 - C;

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