Bài tập nâng cao Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 9 Protecting The Environment

Bài tập tiếng Anh 10 unit 9 Protecting the environment có đáp án

Bài tập Tiếng Anh Unit 9 lớp 10 Protecting the environment có đáp án dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề ôn tập nâng cao môn Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Global Success theo từng Unit năm học 2022 - 2023 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Bài tập Tiếng Anh 10 unit 9 Protecting the environment nâng cao được biên tập bám sát chương trình học giúp học sinh lớp 10 nắm chắc kiến thức đã học.

A. PHONETICS

1. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others.

1. A. allergy B. announcement C. evidence D. principle

2. A. composer B. invention C. position D. submarine

3. A. employment B. violence C. pesticide D. influence

4. A. property B. solution C. advantage D. pollutant

5. A. chemical B. erosion C. charity D. neighbourhood

6. A. disposal B. depletion C. volunteer D. assignment

B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR

1. Fill in each blank in the passage with the correct word from the box.

Forest - loss - threats - ecosystems - clearing

Habitats - use - farms - fauna - demand

Agriculture is a major land (1)………………… Around 50% of the world’s habitable land has already been converted into farming land. Agricultural (2)…………………… provide important (3)……………… for many wild plant and animal species. This is especially the case for traditional farming areas that cultivate diverse species.

However, rising (4)…………………… for food and other agricultural products has seen large – scale (5)…………….. of natural habitats to make room for farming.

Recent examples include the conversion of lowland (6)……………….. in Indonesia into oil palm plantations, and of large areas of the Amazon rainforest and Brazilian savanna to soybean and cattle (7)………………

This ongoing habitat (8)………………………… threatens entire ecosystems as well as many species. Expanding oil palm plantations in Indonesia and Malaysia, for example, pose the most significant (9)…………….. to endangered (10)…………… including Asian elephants, Sumatran rhinoceros, and tigers.

2. Use the correct form of the words in brackets to finish the sentences.

1. Air –conditioning systems have chlorofluorocarbon that is one of the well – known environmental……………….( pollute)

2. ……………..of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to increasing sewage pollution ( construct)

3. Waste water has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist…………….damaging the flora and fauna. ( attract).

4. The Earth’s natural resources should be consumed at a………………level. (sustain)

5. Dealing with resource…………….requires a broad range of strategies. (deplete)

6. Experts predict that the world’s rain forests could completely disappear in 100 years at the current rate of ……… (deforest)

7. Mining is an extractive industry, often with huge……………and social impacts. (environment)

8. In the 1990’s, public……………..of Protecting the environment began to develop.(aware)

9. A great ………………..would be to start planting small gardens on the roofs of the buildings in the cities. (solve)

10. With approximately 4 billion trees being cut down………..to satisfy the world’s need for paper alone, preserving the…………of forests continues to be animportant ……………… (annual – deplete – prior)

III. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word.

Protecting Biodiversity

Protecting biodiversity is now very essential since biodiversity is crucial for reducing climate pollution. If we don’t protect biodiversity, the effects could be as harmful as the effects of global (1)………… itself. This is especially true with tropical (2)…………….. they are critical to fighting climate change and (3)……………… to more species than any other ecosystem type. In other words, protecting biodiversity is essential for our well – being, and biodiversity helps to (4)……………. the nature. Biodiversity is an important part of sustainable development. As we know, sustainable development is considered as a major target for industry as well as planning system. However, the only (5)……………. to achieve this target is to protect biodiversity. Tiny plants that grow also absorb large (6)…………. of carbon dioxide. That is why protecting biodiversity is essential.

In fact, biodiversity protection is very much important since biodiversity is a fundamental component of (7)………. on Earth. It creates complex (8)…………… that could never be reproduced by humans. The (9)…………………of that biodiversity is immeasurable, and thus must be protected. Finally, we both want and need biodiversity. We continue harming the natural environment without realizing the impact. We should be aware (10)…………. protecting biodiversity.

IV. Change the following sentences in direct speech to reported speech.

1. Nam’s father said to him, “ Think about packing before you buy products”

………………………………………………………………………...

2. Mr Tuan said to his students, “ Turn off lights and other electrical devices when you don’t need them”.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Mai said to Anna, “ Don’t buy any products made from wildlife skins.”

………………………………………………………………………..

4. Mai said to Nick, “ Don’t buy wood products from rainforest countries unless you know they come from eco-friendly suppliers."

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

5. Mary said to Kevin. “ Join an organization or an Internet group that is working to protect rainforests or wildlife.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

6. Mai’s mother said to her, “ When you finish unpacking your groceries, save the bags and use them to collect your rubbish.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

7. Anna said that, “Comics, newspapers and magazines can become wrapping paper.”

………………………………………………………………………..

8. Nam said that, “ Pesticides can cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment because they are designed to skill or affect living organisms.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

9. The scientist said that, “ Trees and vegetation give us the oxygen that we breathe while they also help to absorb carbon dioxide which is released into the air.”

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Kevin said that, “ Plastics do not break down very easily which create a landfill problem.”

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

C. READING

I. Read the passage carefully, and do the tasks that follow.

Birds and Their Nests

Birds differ in their behavior just as much as their physical traits. They even use very different methods to build their nests. Some bird nests have the art of architecture beyond our imagination. Birds build their nests in many different places and environments. Some live on high branches, some live in bushes and some of them even nest on the ground. Birds use their nests mainly to hatch their eggs and raise their offspring.

Because of the destruction of trees, plants, bushes, ect., these birds are losing their habitats and breeding grounds. There is a great lack of optional breeding areas for birds. Proper breeding areas for birds are decreasing at an alarming rate. Nowadays, it is hard for birds to find even the space to build nests.

Some birds build nests on naturally formed tree hollows on ancient trees. But unfortunately, there are very less old trees left in our country except rural areas. Ducks are going towards extinction because they build their nest on old trees using the hollows, and we have almost no such trees. We know that birds play an invaluable and irreplaceable role in nature.

We should not destroy or harm any bird’s nest. We can teach our children to observe birds and nests and how they take care of their eggs. If we can encourage our children like this, it will be a great start to their education. We need to let people know how to keep enough open space around their homes where birds will feel safe. This is not just for the birds; it will help us too. We will gain more in the long run if we preserve the forests for our leisure and for animals and birds.

Task 1: Match a word in column B, writing the answer in each blank.

AB
1. Traits (n)
2. Offspring(n)
3. Optional (adj)
4. Hollows (n)
5. Invaluable(adj)
A. The best possible
B. Empty space in something
C. Particular characteristics
D. Extremely useful
E. The young of an animal

Task2: Read the passage again, and answer the questions below.

6. Where do birds build their nests?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

7. What do birds build their nests for?

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

8. What is the effect of deforestation on birds?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

9. What can we teach our children in order to protect birds?

…………………………………………………………………………………………

10. What can people do to preserve birds?

……………………………………………………………………………………………

Còn tiếp ...

ĐÁP ÁN

A. PHONETICS

1. Choose the word which has a different stress pattern from the others.

1 - B; 2 - D; 3 - A; 4 - A; 5 - B; 6 - C;

B. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR

1. Fill in each blank in the passage with the correct word from the box.

Agriculture is a major land (1)……use…………… Around 50% of the world’s habitable land has already been converted into farming land. Agricultural (2)………ecosystems…………… provide important (3)…………habitats…… for many wild plant and animal species. This is especially the case for traditional farming areas that cultivate diverse species.

However, rising (4)……………demand……… for food and other agricultural products has seen large – scale (5)………loss…….. of natural habitats to make room for farming.

Recent examples include the conversion of lowland (6)………forest……….. in Indonesia into oil palm plantations, and of large areas of the Amazon rainforest and Brazilian savanna to soybean and cattle (7)……farms…………

This ongoing habitat (8)…………clearing……………… threatens entire ecosystems as well as many species. Expanding oil palm plantations in Indonesia and Malaysia, for example, pose the most significant (9)………threats…….. to endangered (10)……fauna……… including Asian elephants, Sumatran rhinoceros, and tigers.

2. Use the correct form of the words in brackets to finish the sentences.

1. Air –conditioning systems have chlorofluorocarbon that is one of the well – known environmental……pollution…….( pollute)

2. ……Construction……..of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to increasing sewage pollution ( construct)

3. Waste water has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist……attraction…….damaging the flora and fauna. ( attract).

4. The Earth’s natural resources should be consumed at a………sustainable………level. (sustain)

5. Dealing with resource……depleting…….requires a broad range of strategies. (deplete)

6. Experts predict that the world’s rain forests could completely disappear in 100 years at the current rate of ……deforestation… (deforest)

7. Mining is an extractive industry, often with huge………environmental……and social impacts. (environment)

8. In the 1990’s, public……awareness………..of Protecting the environment began to develop.(aware)

9. A great ………solution……..would be to start planting small gardens on the roofs of the buildings in the cities. (solve)

10. With approximately 4 billion trees being cut down……annually …..to satisfy the world’s need for paper alone, preserving the………depletion…of forests continues to be an important ………priority……… (annual – deplete – prior)

III. Fill in each blank with ONE suitable word.

1 - warming; 2 - forest; 3 - home; 4 - balance; 5 - way/ solution;

6 - amount; 7 - life; 8 - ecosystems; 9 - value; 10 - of

IV. Change the following sentences in direct speech to reported speech.

1. Nam’s father said to him, “ Think about packing before you buy products”

……Nam's father told him to think about packing before he bought products.……...

2. Mr Tuan said to his students, “ Turn off lights and other electrical devices when you don’t need them”.

…Mr Tuan told his students to turn off  lights and other electrical devices when they didn’t need them……

3. Mai said to Anna, “ Don’t buy any products made from wildlife skins.”

…Mai told Anna not to buy any products made from wildlife skins……..

4. Mai said to Nick, “ Don’t buy wood products from rainforest countries unless you know they come from eco-friendly suppliers."

……Mai told Nick not to buy wood products from rainforest countries unless he knew they come from eco-friendly suppliers.………

5. Mary said to Kevin. “ Join an organization or an Internet group that is working to protect rainforests or wildlife.”

………Mary told Kevin to join an organization or an Internet group that was working to protect rainforests or wildlife…………

6. Mai’s mother said to her, “ When you finish unpacking your groceries, save the bags and use them to collect your rubbish.”

………Mai's mother told her that when she finished unpacking her groceries, save the bags and use them to collect her rubbish. ………

7. Anna said that, “Comics, newspapers and magazines can become wrapping paper.”

……Anna told that Comics, newspapers and magazines could become wrapping paper…………..

8. Nam said that, “ Pesticides can cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment because they are designed to skill or affect living organisms.”

……Nam told that Pesticides could cause harm to humans, animals, or the environment because they were designed to skill or affect living organisms………

9. The scientist said that, “ Trees and vegetation give us the oxygen that we breathe while they also help to absorb carbon dioxide which is released into the air.”

……The scientist told that Trees and vegetation gave us the oxygen that we breathed while they also helped to absorb carbon dioxide which was released into the air………

10. Kevin said that, “ Plastics do not break down very easily which create a landfill problem.”

……Kevin told that Plastics didn't break down very easily which created a landfill problem.……..

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