Bài tập phân biệt Thì hiện tại hoàn thành và Thì quá khứ đơn

Phân biệt Thì hiện tại hoàn thành và Thì quá khứ đơn

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Hoàn thành các bài tập và các câu sau với thì hiện tại hoàn thành và quá khứ đơn

Bài tập 1:

1) The police....................two people early this morning. (arrest)

2) She............... Japan but now she...............back. (go - come)

3) Dan..................two tablets this year. (already/ buy)

4) How many games.................so far this season? (your team/ win)

5)................the CN Tower when you................in Toronto? (you/ visit - stay)

6)....................your homework yet? – Yes, I.................it an hour ago. (you/ do - finish)

7) There...................an accident in High Street, so we have to use King Street to get to your school. (to be)

8) I...............Peter since I...............last Tuesday. (not/ see - arrive)

9) Frank..................his bike last May. So he...................it for 4 months. (get - have)

10) I'm sorry, I..................earlier, but I..................a lot lately. (not/ write - work)

Đáp án

1 - arrested; 2 - went - has come; 3 - has already bought; 4 - has your team won; 5 - Did  you visit - stayed;

6 - Have you done - finished; 7 - has been; 8 - haven't seen - arrived; 9 - got - has had; 10 - haven't written -  have worked

Bài tập 2:

1) Peter............... football yesterday (play)

2) They................. the car. It looks new again. (clean)

3) Last year we.................. to Italy. (be)

4) John and Peggy...................... the book. Now they can watch the film. (read)

5) I................. my friend two days ago. (meet)

6) We never…………….... another country before. (visit)

7) She......................... a new car in 2011. (buy)

8) I'm sorry, but I........................... my homework. (forget)

9)............you.................. the game of chess? (win)

10) The girls........................ their lunch yet. (eat)

Đáp án

1 - played; 2 - have cleant; 3 - were; 4 - have read; 5 - met;

6 - have never visited; 7 - bought; 8 - have forgotten; 9 - Did you win; 10 - have eaten; 

Bài tập 3

1) I.................my keys, so I can't open that door. (lose)

2) Columbus........................in the New World in 1492. (arrive)

3) Nina..........................her leg. She is still in hospital. (break)

4) He............................here all his life. (live)

5) Colin........................for Brazil this morning. (leave)

6) Last winter Robin..........................with his father in the Alps for three days. (stay)

7) Ellen..........................with her left hand. (always/ write)

8) She...............................a language course in Paris last summer. (do)

9)......................anyone...........................yet? (phone)

10) I...............Paul today, but I.................him last Sunday. (see)

Đáp án

1 - have lost; 2 - arrived; 3 - has broken; 4 - has lived; 5 - left;

6 - stayed; 7 - has always written; 8 - did ; 9 - Has anyone phoned; 10 - haven't seen/saw;

Bài tập 4:

1) They..................all the new words. They needn't worry about the test. (learn)

2) Three people.................him in hospital last Friday. (visit)

3) Martin................for 50 miles on scenic routes three weeks ago. (cycle)

4) We........................chicken Tandoori before. (never/ try)

5)................you.......................a job yet? (find)

6) Emily and Molly..............each other for more than 10 years now. (know)

7) First he................to the announcement, then he..................to a café for a drink. (listen - go)

8) She…………........late four times this week. (be)

9) What's that lovely smell in here? - Jasmin.....................a yummy cake. (bake)

10) The Titanic..............an iceberg in 1912 and……........within an hour. (hit/ sink)

Đáp án

1 - have learnt; 2 - visited; 3 - cycled; 4 - have never tried; 5 - Have you found;

6 - have known; 7 - listened - went; 8 - has been; 9 - has baked; 10 - hit - sunk

Bài 5. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. Mother: I want to prepare dinner. (you/ wash) the dishes yet?

2. Daughter: I (wash) the dishes yesterday, but I (have/ not) the time yet to do it today.

3. Mother: (you/ do/ already) your homework?

4. Daughter: No, I (come/ just) home from school.

5. Mother: You (come) home from school two hours ago!

6. Daughter: Well, but my friend Lucy (call) when I (arrive) and I (finish/ just) the phone call.

7. Mother: (you/ see/ not) Lucy at school in the morning?

8. Daughter: Yes, but we (have/ not) time to talk then.

Đáp án

1 - have ever washed;

2 - washed - haven't had;

3 - Have you already done;

4 - have just come;

5 - came;

6 - has called - arrived - have just finished;

7 - Have you not seen;

8 -  didn't have;

Bài 6. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. A: I (cycle/ just) 50 km.

2. B: I (cycle) 100 km last week.

3. A: I (write) an essay yesterday.

4. B: I (write/ already) two essays this term.

5. A: I (ring/ just) my friend.

6. B: I (ring) my friend 10 minutes ago.

7. A: Two days ago, I (watch) a Madonna concert on TV.

8. B: I (see/ already) Madonna live in concert.

9. A: I (spend) my summer holiday in Australia last year.

10. B: I (be/ not) to Australia yet.

Đáp án:

1 - have just cycled;

2 - cycled;

3 - wrote;

4 - have already written;

5 - have just rung;

6 - rang;

7 - watched;

8 - have already seen;

9 - spent;

10 - haven't been;

Bài 7. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. A: (you/ be / ever) to London?

2. B: Yes, I (be) there three times.

3. A: When (be) the last time you (be) there?

4. B: Last summer. I (spend) two weeks in Brighton with my parents and we (go) to London one weekend.

5. (you/ like) it?

6. Oh yes. We really (have) a great time in London.

7. Lucky you! I (be/ never) to London.

Đáp án

1 - Have you ever been;

2 - have been;

3 - was - were;

4 - spent - went;

5 - Did you like;

6 - had;

7 - have never been;

Bài 8. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1. A: (you/ try/ ever) haggis?

2. B: Oh, yes!

3. A: How often (you/ eat) haggis yet?

4. B: Two times exactly.

5. A: When (you/ eat/ first) haggis?

6. B: That (be) in 2005. We (have) a Scottish festival in our town and they also (sell) traditional Scottish food. So I (buy) haggis.

7. A: (you/ like) it?

8. B: It (be/ not) too bad. And I (know/ not) anything about haggis then.

9. A: When (you/ find out)?

10. B: When I (be) in Scotland in 2007. I (go) to a restaurant and (order) haggis. Afterwards, the waiter (tell) me about haggis: it's the heart, liver and lungs of a sheep, boiled in the animal's stomach. Well, I (eat/ never) haggis again since then.

Đáp án:

1 - Have you ever tried;

3 - have you eaten;

5 - did you first eat;

6 - was - had - sold - bought;

7 - Did you like;

8 - wasn't -  didn't know;

9 - did you find out;

10 - was - went - ordered - told - have never eaten;

Bài 8. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple)

1.A: (you / play / already) the new computer game?

2. B: No, not yet. I only (buy) it yesterday and I (have / not) the time yet.

3. A: (you / go) to the cinema last night?

4. B: Yes. I (be) there with Sue and Louis. (you / be) to the cinema recently?

5. A: I last (go) to the cinema two weeks ago.

6. B: So you (see / not) the new action film yet.

7. A: No, unfortunately not. (you / enjoy) it?

8. B: Oh, I really (love) it. But Sue (like / not) it - too much action!

9. A: But why (you / take) her with you? She (tell) me last week that she (hate) action films.

10. B: I think she has an eye on Louis. She (try) to flirt with him all the time. So he (can / concentrate / not) on the film.

Đáp án

1. A: Have you already played the new computer game?

2. B: No, not yet. I only bought it yesterday and I have not had the time yet.

3. A: Did you go to the cinema last night?

4. B: Yes. I was there with Sue and Louis. Have you been to the cinema recently?

5. A: I last went to the cinema two weeks ago.

6. B: So you have not seen the new action film yet.

7. A: No, unfortunately not. Did you enjoy it?

8. B: Oh, I really loved it. But Sue did not like it - too much action!

9. A: But why did you take her with you? She told me last week that she hated action films.

10. B: I think she has an eye on Louis. She tried to flirt with him all the time. So he could not concentrate on the film.

Bài 9. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple)

1. I (just / finish) my homework.

2. Mary (already / write) five letters.

3. Tom (move) to this town in 1994.

4. My friend (be) in Canada two years ago.

5. I (not / be) to Canada so far.

6. But I (already / travel) to London a couple of times.

7. Last week, Mary and Paul (go) to the cinema.

8. I can't take any pictures because I (not / buy) a new film yet.

9. (they / spend) their holiday in New Zealand last summer?

10. (you / ever / see) a whale?

Đáp án

1.I have just finished my homework.

2. Mary has already written five letters.

3. Tom moved to this town in 1994.

4. My friend was in Canada two years ago.

5. I have not been to Canada so far.

6. But I have already travelled to London a couple of times.

7. Last week, Mary and Paul went to the cinema.

8. I can't take any pictures because I have not bought a new film yet.

9. Did they spend their holiday in New Zealand last summer?

10. Have you ever seen a whale?

Bài 10. Change the verb into the correct form of the past simple or present perfect

1) Last night I (lose)___________ my keys - I had to call my flatmate to let me in.

2) I (lose)___________  my keys - can you help me look for them?

3) I (visit)___________  Paris three times.

4) Last year I (visit)___________  Paris.

5) I (know)___________  my great grandmother for a few years - she died when I was eight.

6) I (know) ___________ Julie for three years - we still meet once a month.

7) I (play) ___________ Hockey since I was a child - I'm pretty good!

8) She (play) ___________ hockey at school but she didn't like it.

9) Sorry, I (miss) ___________ the bus - I'm going to be late.

10) I (miss)___________  the bus and then I (miss) ___________ the aeroplane as well!

11) Last month I (go)___________  to Scotland.

12) I'm sorry, John isn't here now. He (go)___________  to the shops.

13) We (finish)___________  this room last week.

14) I (finish)___________  my exams finally - I'm so happy!

15) Yesterday, I (see)___________  all of my friends. It was great.

16) I (see) ___________ Julie three times this week.

17) She (live)___________  in London since 1994.

18) She (live) ___________ in London when she was a child.

19) I (drink)___________ three cups of coffee today.

20) I (drink)___________  three cups of coffee yesterday.

Đáp án

1 - lost; 2 -  've lost; 3 - 've visited; 4 - visited; 5 - knew;

6 - 've known; 7 -  've played; 8 - played; 9 -  've missed; 10 - missed - missed;

11 - went; 12 - has gone; 13 - finished; 14 - 've finished; 15 - saw;

16 - have seen; 17 - has lived; 18 - lived; 19 - have drunk; 20 - drank;

Exercise 11

1. -(you/ go) _______________ to the doctor yesterday?

- No, I (not/be) _______________ to the doctor for ages.

2. - How long (you/ live) _______________ in this town?

- I (move) _______________ here five years ago

3. - Are they still at the cinema?

- No, they (just/ come) _______________ home.

4. - When (be) _______________ your nameday?

- Three days ago. My friend (make) _______________ me a surprise party and they (give) _______________ me lots of gifts

5. They (not/ buy) _______________ a house yet.

6. I (see) _______________ that man before. He (talk) _______________ to me a few years ago and he (ask) _______________ me about my family

Xem đáp án

1. - (you/ go) _____Did you go__________ to the doctor yesterday?

- No, I (not/be) _____wasn’t__________ to the doctor for ages.

2. - How long (you/ live) ____did you live___________ in this town?

- I (move) ____moved___________ here five years ago

3. - Are they still at the cinema?

- No, they (just/ come) _____have just come__________ home.

4. - When (be) _______was________ your nameday?

- Three days ago. My friend (make) ________made_______ me a surprise party and they (give) _______gave________ me lots of gifts

5. They (not/ buy) ____haven’t bought___________ a house yet.

6. I (see) ______saw_________ that man before. He (talk) _____talked__________ to me a few years ago and he (ask) ______asked_________ me about my family

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