Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án + giải thích chi tiết (Đề 14)
Trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc gia năm 2017
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án + giải thích chi tiết (Đề 14) sẽ giúp các bạn trong quá trình học tập, củng cố, nâng cao kiến thức của mình trước khi bước vào kì thi THPT sắp tới. Để nắm vững nội dung chi tiết mời các bạn cùng tham khảo tài liệu.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following question.
Question 1: I gave the waiter a $50 note and waited for my_____.
A. change B. supply C. cash D. cost
Question 2: People can become very __________ when they are stuck in traffic for a long time.
A. nervous B. bad-tempered C. stressful D. pressed
Question 3: I believe that judges should be independent _________ the government.
A. to B. from C. with D. on
Question 4: The MP asked _________ the prime minister was aware of the growing social problem.
A. that B. him C. if D. What
Question 5: Although David was ________________ household chores.
A. Exhaustion B. exhausted C. exhausting D. exhaustive
Question 6: I think there's a picture of the hotel ________ the first page.
A. on B. at C. in D. to
Question 7: I'm saving all my pocket money __________ to buy a new PlayStation.
A. out B. down C. up D. away
Question 8: We usually do go __________ by train, even though the car is a lot quicker.
A. travel B. journey C. trip D. voyage
Question 9: Dogs make very _______ pets. They'll always stay by your side.
A. mental B. private C. loyal D. digital
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the question from 41 to 50
The principle of use and disuse states that those parts of organisms' bodies that are used grown larger Those parts that are not tend to wither away. It is an observed fact that when you excercise particular muscles they grow. Those that are never used dimish. By examining a man's body, we can tell which muscles he uses and. which he doesn't, we may even be able to guess his profession or his reaction. Enthusiasts of the "body- building"cult make use of the principle of use and disuse to "build" their bodies, almost like a piece of sculpture into whatever unnatural shape is demanded by fashion in this peculiar minority culture. Muscles are not the only parts of the body that respond to use in this kind of way. Walk barefoot and you acquire harder skin on your soles. It is easy to tell a farmer from a bank teller by looking at their hands alone. The farmer's hands are horny, hardenedby long exposure to rough work. The teller's hands are relatively soft.
The principle of use and disuse enables animals to become better at the job of surviving in their world progressively better during their lifetime as a result of living in that world. Humans, through direct exposure to sunlight, or lack of It, develop a skin color which equips them better to survive in the particular local conditions
Too much sunlight is dangerous. Enthusiastic sunbathers with very fair skins are susceptible to skin cancer. Too little sunlight, on the other hand, leads to vitamin-D deficiency and rickets. The brown pigment melanin which is synthesized under the influence of sunlight, makes a screen to protect the underlying tissues from the harmful effects of further sunlight. If a suntanned person moves to a less sunny climate, the melanin disappears and the body is able to benefit from what little sun there is. This can be represented as an instance of the principle of use and disuse: skin goes brown when it is "used", and fades to white when it is not.
Question 18: What does the pasage mainly discuss?
A. How the principles of use and disuse change people's concepts of themselves.
B. The changes that occur according to the principle of use and disuse
C. The way in which people change themselves to conform to fashion.
D. The effects of the sun on the principle of use and disuse.
Question 19: The phrase "wither away" in bold is closest in meaning to
A. split B. rot C. perish D. shrink
Question 20: The word "Those" in bold refers to
A. organisms B. bodies C. parts D. muscles
Question 21: According to the passage, men who body build.
A. appear like sculptures B. change their appearance
C. belong to strange cults D. are very fashionable
Question 22: From the passage, it can be inferred that author views body building.
A. with enthusiasm B. as an artistic from
C. with scientific interest D. of doubtful benefic
Question 23: It can be inferred from the passage that the principle of use and dissure enables organisms to
A. change their existence B. automatically benefit
C. survive in any condition D. improve their lifetime
Question 24: The author suggests that melanin
A. is necessary for the production of vitamin-D B. is beneficial in sunless climates
C. helps protect fair-skinned people D. is a synthetic product
Question 25: In the second paragraph, the author mentions suntanning as an example of
A. humans improving their local condition B. humans surviving in adverse conditions
C. humans using the priciple of use and disuse D. humans running the risk of skin cancer
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following question.
Question 28: A. furnish B. reason C. promise D. tonight
Question 29: A. habitable B. infamously C. geneticist D. communist
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
THE HISTORY OF WRITING
The development of writing (30) ________ a huge difference to the world and might see it as the beginning of the media. Pieces of pottery with marks on that are probably numbers have been discovered in China that date from around 4000 BC. Hieroglyphics and other forms of "picture writing" developed in the (31) ________ around Mesopotamia (mordem-day Iraq), where the ancent Sumerian civilization was based, from around 3300 BC onwards. However, the first (32) ________ alphabet was used by the Phoenicians around 1050BC. Their alphabet had 22 letters and it is estimated that it lasted for 1000 years. The first two signs were called "aleph" and "beth", which in Greek became "alpha" and "beta"* which gave us the modem word "alphabet" The modem European alphabet is based on the Greek and (33) to other European countries under the Romans. A number of changes took place as time passed. The Romans added the letter G, and the letter J and V were unknown to people in Shakespear's time.
If we (34) ________ the history of punctuation, we also find some interesting facts. The Romans used to write quaesto at the end of a sentence in order to show that it was a Question, they started to write Qo in place of the whole word, and then put the Q above the 0. In the end, that became the question mark "?"
Question 30: A. did B. had C. made D. took
Question 31: A. distance B. area C. length D. earth
Question 32: A. true B. accurate C. exact D. precise
Question 33: A. spread B. appeared C. was D. occuưed
Question 34: A. look into B. bring on C. make off D. hold up
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks.
Basic to any understanding of Canada in the 20 years after the Second World War is the country's impressive population growth. For every three Canadians in 1945, there were over five in 1966. In September 1966 Canada's population passed the 20 million mark. Most of this surging growth came from natural increase. The depression of the 1930s and the war had held back marriages, and the catching-up process began after 1945. The baby boom continued through the decade of the 1950s, producing a population increase of nearly fifteen percent in the five years from 1951 to 1956 This rate of increase had been exceeded only once before in Canada's history, in the decade before 1911 when the prairies were being settled. Undoubtedly, the good economic conditions of the
1950s supported a growth in the population, but the expansion also derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families. In 1957 the Canadian birth rate stood at 28 per thousand, one of the highest in the worlk
After the peak year of 1957, the birth rate in Canada began to decline. It continued falling until in 1966 it stood at the lowest level in 25 years. Partly this decline reflected the low level of births during the depression and the war, but it was also caused by changes in Canadian society. Young people were staying at school longer more women were working; young married couples were buying automobiles or houses before starting families; rising living standards were cutting down the size of families It appeared that Canada was once more falling in step with the trend toward smaller families that had occurred all through the Western world since the time of the Industrial Revolution.
Although the growth in Canada's population had slowed down by 1966 (the increase in the first half of the 1960s was only nine percent) another large population wave was coming over the horizon. It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957.
Question 35. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Educational changes in Canadian society B. Canada during the Second World War
c. Population trends in postwar Canada D. Standards of living in Canada
Question 36: The word "five" in bold refers to
A. Canadians B. years C. decades D. marriages
Question 37: The word "surging" in bold is closest in meaning to
A. new B. extra C. accelerating D. surprising
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 44: Their writings were celebratory in nature, and they were uncritical in their selection and use of sources.
A. related to parties B. religious C. serious D. disregard
Question 45: There are three crucial points in his argument.
A. unimportant B. special C. diverse D. complex
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 46: The hotel is not spacious. The hotel is not comfortable.
A. The hotel is neither spacious nor comfortable
B. The hotel is neither spacious or comfortable
C. The hotel is both spacious and comfortable
D. The hotel is not spacious but comfortable.
Question 47: The man was shot in the bank robbery. The doctors are operating on him.
A. The man was shot in bank robbery where the doctors are operating on him
B. The man whom the doctors are operating on him shot in the bank robbery.
C. The man was whom the doctors are operating on him shot in the bank robbery.
D. The doctors are operating on the man who was shot in the bank robbery.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 48: Nobody at all came to the meeting
A. There was almost nobody at the meeting B. Not a single person came to the meeting
C. Not many people came to the meeting D. Only a few people came to the meeting
Question 49: Twice as many men as women are insurance agents.
A. More men than women have insurance.
B. Women are twice as likely as men to have sold insurance,
C. Insurance is twice as difficult to sell to women as to men.
D. Male insurance agents outnumber female agents.
Question 50: We couldn't have managed our business successfully without my father's money.
A. We could have managed our business successfully with my father's money.
B. If we could manage our business successfully, my father would give us his money.
C. If we couldn't have managed our business successfully, we would have had my father's money.
D. Hadn't it been for my father's money, We couldn't have managed our business successfully