Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2018 môn tiếng Anh lần 1 trường THPT Chuyên Biên Hòa, Hà Nam có đáp án
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia 2018 môn tiếng Anh
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Read the following passage and write the letter A, B, C or D on the top of the first page to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In 1972. a century after the first national park in the United States was established at Yellowstone, legislation was passed to create the National Marine Sanctuaries Program. The intent of this legislation was to provide protection to selected coastal habitats similar to that existing for land areas designated as national parks. The designation of an areas a marine sanctuary indicates that it is a protected area, just as a national park is. People are permitted to visit and observe there, but living organisms and their environments may not be harmed or removed.
The National Marine Sanctuaries Program is administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, a branch of the United States Department of Commerce. Initially, 70 sites were proposed as candidates for sanctuary status. Two and a half decades later, only fifteen sanctuaries had been designated, with half of these established after 1978. They range in size from the very small (less than 1 square kilometer) Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary in American Samoa to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary in California, extending over 15,744 square kilometers.
The National Marine Sanctuaries Program is a crucial part of new management practices in which whole communities of species, and not just individual species, are offered some degree of protection from habitat degradation and overexploitation. Only in this way can a reasonable degree of marine species diversity be maintained in a setting that also maintains the natural interrelationships that exist among these species.
Several other types of marine protected areas exist in the United States and other countries. The National Estuarine Research Reserve System managed by the United States government, includes 23 designated and protected estuaries. Outside the United States, marine protected-area programs exist as marine parks, reserves and preserves.
Over 100 designated areas exist around the periphery of the Caribbean Sea. Others range from the well-known Australian Great Barrer Reef Marine Park to lesser-known parks in countries such as Thailand and Indonesia, where tourism is placing growing pressures on fragile coral reef systems. As state, national, and international agencies come to recognize the importance of conserving marine biodiversity, marine projected areas whether as sanctuaries,parks, or estuarine reserves, will play an increasingly important role in preserving that diversity.
Question 1: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Differences among marine parks, sanctuaries, and reserves
B. Various marine conservation programs
C. International agreements on coastal protection
D. Similarities between land and sea protected environments
Question 2: The word “administered” the passage is closest in meaning to ……
A. managed B. recognized C. opposed D. justified
Question 3: The passage mentions the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary in paragraph 2 as an example of a sanctuary that ….
A. is not well known
B. covers a large area
C. is smaller than the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary
D. was not originally proposed for sanctuary status
Question 4: According to the passage, when was the National Marine Sanctuaries Program established?
A. Before 1972
B. After 1987
C. One hundred years before national parks were established
D. One hundred years after Yellowstone National Park was established
Question 5: According to the passage, all of the following are achievements of the National Marine Sanctuaries Program EXCEPT …..
A. the discovery of several new marine organisms
B. the preservation of connections between individual marin especies
C. the protection of coastal habitats
D. the establishment of areas where the public can observe marine life
Question 6: The word “periphery” in the passage is closest in meaning to___________
A. depth B. landmass C. warm habitat D. outer edge
Question 7: The passage mentions which of the following as a threat to marine areas outside the United States?
A. Limitations infinancial support B. The use of marine species as food
C. Variability ofthe climate D. Increases in tourism
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks.
Question 8: He is sleeping in his mother’s house this week as he …..his house painted.
A. has B. is having C. had D. has had
Question 9: John and Karen persuaded me ….. the conference.
A. attending B. attended C. to attend D. to have attended
Question 10: I think it’s ….. to take a few more pictures.
A. enough light B. lightly enough C. light enough D. enough as light
Question 11: Flower oils are ….. of the ingredients used in making perfume.
A. among expensive B. among the most expensive
C. being most expensive D. expensive
Question 12: ….I heard the phone ring, I didn’t answer it.
A. because B. Only if C. Even though D. Provided that
Question 13: Ann has a lot of books, …… she has never read.
A. most of that B. most of these C. most of which D. which most of them
Question 14: My first school day was a ….. event in my life.
A. memory B. memorized C. memorial D. memorable
Question 15: If we didn’t …. any measures to protect whales, they would disappear forever.
A. use B. make C. take D. do
Question 16: People who take on a second job inevitably ….. themselves to greater stress.
A. offer B. subject C. field D. place
Question 17: One condition of this job is that you must be …… to work at weekends.
A. available B. capable C. acceptable D. accessible
Question 18: Could you lend me some money to ….. me over to the end of the month?
A. hand B. tide C. get D. make
Question 19: It is the …..of stupidity to go walking in the mountains in this weather.
A. height B. depth C. source D. matter
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to
complete each of the following exchanges.
Question 20: -“ Would you mind lending me you bike?” – “ ……”
A. Yes. Hereit is B. Not at all C. Great D. Yes, let’s
Question 21: Havy: “Thanks for your help, Judy.” Judy: “……..”
A. With allmy heart B. Never remind me C. It’s my pleasure D. Wish you
Đáp án Đề thi THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2018
Đối với kì thi THPT Quốc gia thì luyện đề là một trong những hoạt động cần thiết và không thể bỏ qua để các bạn có thể tập dượt và đánh giá được khả năng của mình. Bên cạnh đó việc ôn luyện lý thuyết và bài tập theo mảng cụ thể, ví dụ như câu điều kiện, word form, trọng âm, trắc nghiệm ngữ pháp tiếng Anh, trắc nghiệm ..cũng rất hữu ích giúp các bạn đạt điểm cao trong kì thi quan trọng này.