Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Chuyên Lương Thế Vinh, Đồng Nai có đáp án (lần 2)
Trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh THPT Quốc gia 2017
Hiểu được gánh nặng của các bạn thí sinh trong kỳ thi TN PTQG & ĐHCĐ, VnDoc. com giới thiệu Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia năm 2017 môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Chuyên Lương Thế Vinh, Đồng Nai (lần 2). Hãy thử sức với các đề thi này để làm quen với các dạng đề và cấu trúc trong đề thi THPT quốc gia để tự tin hơn trong kỳ thi tới.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 8.
Fossils are the remains and traces (such as footprints or other marks) of ancient plant and animal life that are more than 10,000 years old. They range in size from microscopic structures to dinosaur skeletons and complete bodies of enormous animals. Skeletons of extinct species of human are also considered fossils.
An environment favorable to the growth and later preservation of organisms is required for the occurrence of fossils. Two conditions are almost always present: (1) The possession of hard parts, either internal or external, such as bones, teeth, scales, shells, and wood; these parts remain after the rest of the organism has decayed. Organisms that lack hard parts, such as worms and jelly fish, have left a meager geologic record. (2) Quick burial of the dead organism, so that protection is afforded against weathering, bacterial action, and scavengers.
Nature provides many situations in which the remains of animals and plants are protected against destruction. Of these, marine sediment is by far the most important environment for the preservation of fossils, owing to the incredible richness of marine life. The beds of former lakes are also prolific sources of fossils. The rapidly accumulating sediments in the channels, floodplains, and deltas of streams bury fresh-water organisms, along with land plants and animals that fall into the water. The beautifully preserved fossil fish from the Green River soil shale of Wyoming in the western United States lived in a vast shallow lake.
The frigid ground in the far north acts as a remarkable preservative for animal fossils. Woolly mammoths, a long-haired rhinoceros, and other mammals have been periodically exposed in the icy land of Siberia, the hair and red flesh still frozen in cold storage.
Volcanoes often provide environments favorable to fossil preservation. Extensive falls of volcanic ash and coarser particles overwhelm and bury all forms of life, from flying insects to great trees.
Caves have preserved the bones of many animals that died in them and were subsequently buried under a blanket of clay or a cover of dripstone. Predatory animals and early humans alike sought shelter in caves and brought food to them to eat, leaving bones that paleontologists have discovered.
Câu 1: The passage primarily discusses which of the following?
A. What is learned from studying fossils
B. How fossils are discovered
C. Types of fossils found in different climates
D. Conditions favorable to the preservation of fossils
Câu 2: The word "traces" in bold is closest in meaning to
A. imprints B. structures C. importance D. skeletons
Câu 3: All of the following facts about fossils are referred to by the author (paragraph 1) EXCEPT the fact that they can be
A. microscopically small B. skeletons of human ancestors
C. complete animal bodies D. fragile
Câu 4: The fossil fish from the Green River (paragraph 3) were probably preserved because they were
A. protected by oil B. covered by sediment C. in a deep lake D. buried slowly
Câu 5: The word "exposed" in bold is closest in meaning to
A. located B. preserved C. uncovered D. photographed
Câu 6: Which of the following is LEAST likely to be found as a fossil, assuming that all are buried rapidly?
A. a human ancestor B. a worm C. a woolly mammoth D. a dinosaur
Câu 7: The word "them" in bold refers to
A. bones B. predatory animals C. caves D. early humans
Câu 8: Which of the following is true of the environments in which fossils are found?
A. There are few environments in which fossils are protected.
B. Environments that favor fossilization support large populations of animals.
C. Very different environments can favor fossilization.
D. Environments that favor fossilization have similar climates.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges
Câu 9: A: "This dish is really nice, Jolly. "
B: "______. It's called yakitori, and it's made with chicken livers. "
A. I'm glad you like it. B. It's my pleasure. C. I couldn't agree less. D. I guess you're right.
Câu 10: Mrs Brown: "You're late again, Joe. " Joe: "______. "
A. Never mind. I stayed up too late last night. B. It's OK. Thanks for telling me.
C. That's alright. It's my fault anyway. D. I'm so sorry. The traffic was terrible.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 23: Most deserts are enormous sandy areas.
A. mysterious B. shallow C. narrow D. immense
Câu 24: The increasing accumulation of garbage in oceans is due to a number of factors.
A. collecting B. dumping C. throwing D. building up
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions
Câu 25: The house had burnt down before the fire brigade arrived.
A. The fire brigade arrived, but they failed to put the fire out.
B. The fire brigade didn't arrive until the house had burnt down.
C. The house would have burnt down unless the fire brigade had arrived on time.
D. The fire brigade were quite late, but they still tried to stop the house from burning down.
Câu 26: City centers are more dangerous than they were 20 years ago.
A. City centers aren't as safe as they used to be 20 years ago.
B. It has been 20 years since I was last in a city center as dangerous as this one.
C. In the last 20 years, city centers have become the most dangerous parts of cities.
D. 20 years ago, I wasn't aware that city centers were dangerous places.
Câu 27: The girls were last seen just before the summer holiday.
A. Nobody has seen the girls since the summer holiday started.
B. The girls have not been seen since they went on holiday last summer.
C. The last time we saw the girls was when we were on holiday in summer.
D. After the summer holiday was over, the girls disappeared.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 28 to 32.
Oxford University is a(n) 28 of over 35 colleges, varying in date of foundation from medieval to more recent times. The colleges also vary in wealth, in character and in architecture.
Some 29 imposing buildings and grounds, others are almost modest in their scale. Most colleges are well- known for their former students - Oxford is the place 30 characters as diverse as Margaret Thatcher, Mrs. Gandhi, Michael Palin and Evelyn Waugh were educated. Most visitors will want to see a college and one or more of the University buildings, such as the Bodleian Library or the Ashmolean Museum.
The University has supported the 31 of The Oxford Story Exhibition, in Broad Street -now recognized as the best short 32 to Oxford University. Here, during an entertaining ride through recreated scenes and events, Magnus Magnusson offers an informed view of Oxford's past and present. Special materials for children and foreign language books are also available.
Câu 28: A. web B. hostel C. association D. whole
Câu 29: A. live B. exist C. occupy D. stay
Câu 30: A. that B. where C. when D. which
Câu 31: A. investment B. expectation C. discovery D. creation
Câu 32: A. history B. beginning C. past D. introduction
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
As computers have become powerful tools for the rapid and economic production of pictures, computer graphics has emerged as one of the most rapidly growing fields in computer science. It is used routinely in such diverse areas as business, industry, art, government, education, research, training, and medicine.
One of the initial uses of computer graphics, and ultimately its greatest use, has been as an aid to design, generally referred to as computer-aided design (CAD). One of its greatest advantages is that designers can see how an object will look after construction and make changes freely and much more quickly than with hand drafting. For three-dimensional rendering of machine parts, engineers now rely heavily on CAD. Automobile, spacecraft, aerospace, and ship designers use CAD techniques to design vehicles and test their performance. Building designs are also created with computer graphics systems. Architects can design a building layout, create a three- dimensional model, and even go for a simulated "walk" through the rooms or around the outside of the building.
Business graphics is another rapidly growing area of computer graphics, where it is used to create graphs, charts, and cost models to summarize financial, statistical, mathematical, scientific, and economic data. As an educational aid, computer graphics can be used to create weather maps and cartographic materials. Computer art also has creative and commercial art applications, where it is used in advertising, publishing, and film productions, particularly for computer animation, which is achieved by a sequential process.
Câu 36: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Computers as the architects of the future B. The rapidly growing field of computer science
C. Computer graphics applications D. Routine use of computers
Câu 37: The word "It" in bold refers to
A. fields B. computer science C. computers D. computer graphics
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Câu 43: My friend who taught me how to dance is an accomplished theatre performer.
A. unqualified B. unskilled C. ill-educated D. well-known
Câu 44: The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed.
A. included B. sprinted C. prevented D. eliminated
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Câu 45: The roads were very slippery. They managed to complete the race.
A. Slippery as the roads were, they managed to complete the race.
B. The roads were so slippery that they could hardly complete the race.
C. Slippery as the roads were, they failed to complete the race.
D. The roads were so slippery; therefore, they could hardly complete the race.
Câu 46: Peter drove carelessly. He had an accident yesterday.
A. Unless Peter had driven more carefully, he would not have had an accident yesterday.
B. If Peter drove more carefully, he would never have an accident.
C. Had Peter driven more carefully, he wouldn't have had an accident yesterday.
D. If I were Peter, I would drive more carefully.