Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn tiếng Anh năm 2019 có đáp án - Số đề 012

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thi gm: 05 trang)
S 012
Thi gian làm bài: 60 phút, không k thi gian phát
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct word or phrase that best first each of the numbered blanks from 01
to 05.
Nowadays people are more aware that wildlife all over the world is in
(01)________. Many species of animals are threatened, and could easily become
(02)________ if we do not make an effort to protect them. In some cases, animals are
hunted for their fur or for other valuable parts of their bodies. Some birds, such as parrots,
are caught (03)________ and sold as pets. For many animals and birds the problem is that
their habitat - the place where they live - is disappearing. More land is used for farms, for
houses or industry, and there are fewer open spaces than there once were. Farmers use
powerful chemicals to help them to grow better crops, but these chemicals pollute the
environment and (4)________ wildlife. The most successful animals on earth - human
beings - will soon be the only ones (5)________, unless we can solve this problem.
Question 01:
A. threat
B. problem
C. danger
D. vanishing
Question 02:
B. vanished
C. extinct
D. empty
Question 03:
A. for life
B. alive
C. lively
D. for living
Question 04:
A. spoil
B. wound
C. wrong
D. harm
Question 05:
A. left
B. over
C. staying
D. survive
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from
the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 06: A. confidence B. dependence C. reference D. conference
Question 07: A. comedian B. military C. authentic D. eventual
Read the following pasage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to
indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
As heart disease continues to be the number-one killer in the United States,
researchers have become increasingly interested in identifying the potential risk factors
that trigger heart attacks. High-fat diets and "life in the fast lane" have long been known to
contribute to the high incidence of heart failure. But according to new studies, the list of
risk factors may be significantly longer and quite surprising.
Heart failure, for example, appears to have seasonal and temporal patterns. A higher
percentage of heart attacks occur in cold weather, and more people experience heart failure
on Monday than on any other day of the week. In addition, people are more susceptible to
heart attacks in the first few hours after waking. Cardiologists first observed this morning
phenomenon in the mid-1980, and have since discovered a number of possible causes. An
early-morning rise in blood pressure, heart rate, and concentration of heart stimulating
hormones, plus a reduction of blood flow to the heart, may all contribute to the higher
incidence of heart attacks between the hours of 8:00 A.M. and 10:00 A.M.
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In other studies, both birthdays and bachelorhood have been implicated as risk
factors. Statistics reveal that heart attack rates increase significantly for both females and
males in the few days immediately preceding and following their birthdays. And
unmarried men are more at risk for heart attacks than their married counterparts. Though
stress is thought to be linked in some way to all of the aforementioned risk factors, intense
research continues in the hope of further comprehending why and how heart failure is
triggered .
Question 08. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Risk factors in heart attacks B. Seasonal and temporal pattern of heart
C. Cardiology in the 1980s D. Diet and stress as factors in heart
Question 09. The word triggeras used in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to
which of the following?
A. involve B. affect C. cause D. encounter
Question 10. What do the second and the third paragraphs of the passage mainly discuss?
A. The link between heart attacks and marriage B. Unusual risk factors in heart
C. Age and gender factors in heart attacks D. Myths about lifestyles and heart
Question 11. The phrase “susceptible to” in the second paragraph could best be replaced
A. aware of B. affected by C. accustomed to D. prone to
Question 12. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT a possible cause of
any heart attacks?
A. Decreased blood flow to the heart B. Increased blood pressure
C. Lower heart rate D. Increase in hormones
Question 13. Which of the following is NOT cited as a possible risk factor?
A. Having a birthday B. Getting married
C. Eating fatty foods D. Being under stress
Question 14. Which of the following does the passage infer?
A. We now fully understand how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
B. We recently began to study how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
C. We have not identified many risk factors associated with heart attacks.
D. We do not fully understand how risk factors trigger heart attacks.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each
of the following questions.
Question 14: James is always good________ as he’s so easy-going.
A. companion B. associate C. company D. partner
Question 15: You should________ documents displaying personal information before you
throw them away.
A. shred B. slice C. rip D. tear
Question 16: Milan is________ for fashion and shopping.
A. prominent B. renowned C. notorious D.
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Question 17: My friend lives in a (n)________ warehouse in a very fashionable part of
A. transformed B. altered C. changed D. converted
Question 18: Ecology is the study of our________ environment.
A. physical B. ordinary C. normal D. natural
Question 19: There’s an art________ on at the gallery in town that we really shouldn’t
A. exhibition B. showing C. presentation D. screening
Question 20: The sales are________ this Monday; I hope I can find that skirt I had my eye
A. opening B. returning C. establishing D. starting
Question 21: In England, it is________ to use a mobile phone when driving.
A. illegal B. lawless C. criminal D. banned
Question 22: Before you enter your card details, make sure it’s a________ website.
A. strong B. secure C. positive D. reassured
Question 23: You should take regular breaks when using computers so that you
don’t________ your eyes.
A. injure B. hurt C. exert D. strain
Question 24: When you travel on the metro, you must be very________ about
A. sceptical B. alert C. cautious D. suspicious
Question 25: My little brother is so fashion________!
A. considerate B. aware C. thoughtful D. conscious
Question 26: Known worldwide by its panda logo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is
dedicated to protecting________ world's wildlife and the rich biological diversity that we
all need to survive.
A. a B. an C. the D. Ø
Question 27: I don’t think he will ever get________ the shock of his father's death.
A. over B. through C. by D. off
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in
meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 28: The local government tried to play down the seriousness of the disaster.
A. soften B. diminish C. eliminate D. alleviate
Question 29: He took a vow to abstain from smoking.
A. quit B. involve in C. oppose to D. ban
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest
in meaning to each of the following questions.
Question 30: I'd prefer Ben to teach me to how to ski.
A. I fancy skiing with Ben as my teacher.
B. How to ski with Ben as my teacher is my favourite.
C. I'd like better to be taught to ski by Ben.
D. I'd rather Ben taught me how to ski.
Question 31: Getting tickets to the festival was a nice gesture.
A. The festival was so good to make a gesture with the tickets.

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