Ôn thi THPT Quốc gia năm 2019 môn Tiếng Anh số 29

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Đ LUYN THI THPT QUC GIA MÔN TING ANH
NĂM 2019 CÓ ĐÁP ÁN
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct
answer to each of the question.
Most young people and their families have some ups and downs during their teenage
years, but things usually improve by late adolescence as children become more mature. And
family relationships tend to stay strong right through.
For teenagers, parents and families are a source of care and emotional support.
Families give teenagers practical, financial and material help. And most teenagers still want
to spend time with their families, sharing ideas and having fun.
Adolescence can be a difficult time your child is going through rapid physical
changes as well as emotional ups and downs. Young people aren't always sure where they fit,
and they're still trying to work it out. Adolescence can also be a time when peer influences
and relationships can cause you and your child some stress.
During this time your family is still a secure emotional base where your child feels
loved and accepted, no matter what's going on in the rest of his life. Your family can build
and support your child's confidence, self-belief, optimism and identity.
When your family sets rules, boundaries and standards of behavior, you give your
child a sense of consistency and predictability. And believe it or not, your life experiences
and knowledge can be really useful to your child she just might not always want you to
know that!
Supportive and close family relationships protect your child from risky behavior like
alcohol and other drug use, and problems like depression. Your support and interest in what
your child is doing at school can boost his desire to do well academically too. Strong family
relationships can go a long way towards helping your child grow into a well-adjusted,
considerate and caring adult.
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(Adapted from:
http://raisingthildren.netauiarticles/farnilyjelationshipsteenagers.html)
1. According to the passage, when does the family relationship start to become stable?
A. When the children are small
B. When children become teenagers
C. When adolescents become adults
D. When the parents get old
2. For teenagers, families are ...................
A. just as important as when they were children
B. less important today than they were before
C. only practical if they can get material support
D. less emotionally important but more financially
3. According to the passage, there might be contradictions between children's
A. attitudes and behaviors C. actions and thoughts
B. words and body language D. moods and communication
4. What is NOT mentioned as a trouble-making factor during teenage years?
A. Family responsibilities C. Physical development
B. Emotional changes D. Social relationships
5. According to the passage, what might a teenager learn from his/her family?
A. Who he/she is B. Doubt of his/her ability
C. Career plans D. The power of love
6. Followings are the expected outcomes of strong family relationships, EXCEPT
A. avoiding drug B. getting wealthy
C. feeling positive D. studying well
7. What is the best title for the passage?
A. What does the family mean to teenagers?
B. How can parents help children in difficulty?
C. What should teenagers do to be happy?
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D. When do children really need the family?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct
answer to each of the questions.
You might be surprised to know that bicycles have existed for less than two hundred
years. Though the earliest comes from a sketch said to be from 1534 and attributed to Gian
Giacomo, there are several early but unverified claims for the invention of the modern
bicycle. No one is sure who invented this popular two-wheeled machine, but it was probably
either the German Karl von Drais, in 1817, or the American W K Clarkson, in 1819.
The early models didn't look much like the bicycles of today. The front wheel was
much bigger than the back one, and also there weren't any pedals riders had to move
themselves forward by pushing their feet against the ground. Pedals finally arrived in the
1840s, and in 1879 an Englishman named Henry Lawson had the idea of connecting them to
the back wheel with a chain. Gears, which made things much easier for those cycling uphill,
first appeared in the 1890s.
There are now approximately one billion bicycles in the world more than twice the
total number of cars and they are the main form of transport in some developing countries.
They have to compete with cars on the streets of all the world’s cities and two forms of
transport don’t always mix well. In London in 2005, for example, over 300 cyclists were
either killed or seriously injured in accidents involving cars. Even though bicycles are much
more environmentally friendly than cars, most governments don't do much to encourage
people to ride rather than drive. In China, which is famous for having a huge number of
bicycles (about 200 million), the authorities in the city of Shanghai even banned cycling for
a while in 2003.
Cycling is on the rise in the United Kingdom, and the number of annual journeys
made by bike in London has increased 50% over the last five years. Experts say there is a
mixture of reasons for this boom: concerns about the environment, the desire to keep fit, and
also the fact that cycling is often not only cheaper but also quicker than travelling by car.

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