Trắc nghiệm Reading tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 4 The Mass Media
Tiếng Anh 12 Unit 4: The Mass Media
Đề ôn tập tiếng Anh lớp 12 chương trình mới Unit 4 kỹ năng đọc có đáp án dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề trắc nghiệm tiếng Anh 12 mới theo từng Unit do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Đề kiểm tra tiếng Anh được biên tập bám sát nội dung bài học Unit 4 giúp các em học sinh lớp 12 củng cố kiến thức Từ vựng - Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh hiệu quả.
Bài 1. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Dạng bài Đọc đoạn văn tìm câu trả lời đúng yêu cầu các em học sinh lớp 12 đòi hỏi kỹ năng Đọc hiểu đoạn văn tiếng Anh một cách chính xác và đưa ra câu trả lời đúng. Thông thường trong câu hỏi, từ vựng trong câu hỏi và câu trả lời giống hoặc đồng nghĩa với từ ngữ xuất hiện trong đoạn văn.
Bài 1. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Researchers in the field of psychology have found that one of the best way to make an important decision, such as choosing a university to attend or business to invest in, involves the utilization of a decision worksheet. Psychologists who study optimization compare the actual decisions made by people to theretical ideal decisions to see how similar they are. Proponents of the worksheet procedure believe that it will yield optimal, that is, the best decisions. Although there are several variations on the exact format that worksheets cam take, they are all similar in their essential aspects.
Worksheets require defining the problem in a clear and concise way and then listing all possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that all possible solutions to the problem. Next, the pertinent considerations that will be affected by each decision are listed, and the relative importance of each consideration or consequence is determined. Each consideration is assigned a numerical value to reflect its relative importance. A decision is mathematically calculated by adding these values together. The alternative with the highest number of points emerges as the best decision.
Since most important problems are multifaceted, there are several alternatives to choose from, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. One of the benefits of a pencil and paper decision-making procedure is that it permits people to deal with more variables than their minds can generally comprehend and remember. On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once. A worksheet can be especially useful when the decision involves a large number of variables with complex relationships. A realistic example for many college students is the question "What will I do after graduation?" A graduate might seek a position that offers specialized training, pursue an advanced degree, or travel abroad for a year.
A decision-making worksheet begins with a succinct statement of the problem that will also help to narrow it. It is important to be clear about the distinction between long-range and immediate goals because long-range goals often involve a different decision than short-range ones. Focusing on long-range goals, a graduating student might revise the question above to "What will I do after graduation that will lead to a successful career?"
Question 1: According to decision-worksheet theory, an optimal decision is defined as one that
A. has the fewest variables to consider
B. uses the most decision worksheet
C. has the most points assigned to it
D. is agreed to by the greatest number of people
Question 2: Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A. Proponents (paragraph 1)
B. Optimal (paragraph 1)
C. Variables (paragraph 3)
D. Long-range goals (paragraph 4)
Question 3: The word "essential" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
Question 4: The author states that "On the average, people can keep about seven ideas in their minds at once" (paragraph 3) to explain that
A. people can learn to keep more than seven ideas in their minds with practice
B. most decisions involve seven steps.
C. human mental capacity has limitations.
D. some people have difficulty making minor as well as major decisions.
Question 5: The word "it" in paragraph 4 refers to
Question 6: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. A comparison of actual decisions and ideal decisions.
B. Research on how people make decisions.
C. A tool to assist in making complex decisions.
D. Differences between long-range and short-range decision making.
Question 7: Of the following steps, which occurs BEFORE the others in making a decision worksheet?
A. Listing the consequences of each solution.
B. Writing down all possible solutions.
C. Deciding which consequences are most important.
D. Calculating a numerical summary of each solution.
|1. C||2. B||3. B||4. B||5. B||6. C||7. A|
Bài 2. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
“When a snow leopard stalks its prey among the mountain walls, it moves softly, slowly,” explains Indian biologist Raghunandan Singh Chundawat, who has studied the animal for years. “If it knocks a stone loose, it will reach out a foot to stop it from falling and making noise.” One might be moving right now, perfectly silent, maybe close by. But where? And how many are left to see?
Best known for its spotted coat and long distinctive tail, the snow leopard is one of the world’s most secretive animals. These elusive cats can only be found high in the remote, mountainous regions of central Asia. For this reason, and because they hunt primarily at night, they are very rarely seen.
Snow leopards have been officially protected since 1975, but enforcing this law has proven difficult. Many continue to be killed for their fur and body parts, which are worth a fortune on the black market. In recent years, though, conflict with local herders has also led to a number of snow leopard deaths. This is because the big cats kill the herders’ animals, and drag the bodies away to eat high up in the mountains.
As a result of these pressures, the current snow leopard population is estimated at only 4,000 to 7,000, and some fear that the actual number may already have dropped below 3,500. The only way to reverse this trend and bring these cats back from near extinction, say conservationists, is to make them more valuable alive than dead.
Because farming is difficult in Central Asia’s cold, dry landscape, traditional cultures depend mostly on livestock (mainly sheep and goats) to survive in these mountainous regions. At night, when snow leopards hunt, herders’ animals are in danger of snow leopard attacks. Losing only a few animals can push a family into desperate poverty. “The wolf comes and kills, eats, and goes somewhere else,” said one herder, “but snow leopards are always around. They have killed one or two animals many time. Everybody wanted to finish this leopard.”
To address this problem, local religious leaders have called for an end to snow leopard killings, saying that these wild animals have the right to exist peacefully. They’ve also tried to convince people that the leopards are quite rare and thus it is important to protect them. Financial incentives are also helping to slow snow leopard killings. The organization Snow Leopard Conservancy–India has established Himalayan Homestays, a program that sends visitors to the region to herders’ houses. For a clean room and bed, meals with the family, and an introduction to their culture, visitors pay about ten U.S. dollars a night. Having guests once every two weeks through the tourist season provides the herders with enough income to replace the animals lost to snow leopards. In addition, Homestays helps herders build protective fences that keep out snow leopards. The organization also conducts environmental classes at village schools and trains Homestays members as nature guides, available for hire. In exchange, the herders agree not to kill snow leopards.
In Mongolia, a project called Snow Leopard Enterprises (SLE) helps herder communities earn extra money in exchange for their promise to protect the endangered cat. Women in Mongolian herder communities make a variety of products—yarn for making clothes, decorative floor rugs, and toys—using the wool from their herds. SLE buys these items from herding families and sells them abroad. Herders must agree to protect the snow leopards and to encourage neighbors to do the same.
The arrangement increases herders’ incomes by 10 to 15 percent and “elevates” the status of the women. If no one in the community kills the protected animals over the course of a year, the program members are rewarded with a 20 percent bonus in addition to the money they’ve already made. An independent review in 2006 found no snow leopard killings in areas where SLE operates. Today the organization continues to add more communities.
Projects like the Homestays program in India and SLE’s business in Mongolia are doing well, though they cover only a small part of the snow leopard’s homeland, they make the leopards more valuable to more people each year. If these programs continue to do well, the snow leopard may just have a figting chance.
Question 1: Which of these is NOT true about the Himalayan Homestays program?
A. The organization helps herders to build fences.
B. Herders provide accommodation to guests.
C. Some herders work as nature guides.
D. Visitors pay $10 a week to stay at a herder’s house.
Question 2: The purpose of the projects mentioned is
A. to persuade herders to live on eco-tourism not raising animals
B. to elevate the status of the women in the communities
C. to increase the population of snow leopards in wildlife reserves
D. to make local people have a sustainable life to protect snow leopards
Question 3: The phrase “this trend” in paragraph 4 refers to
A. the fall in the snow leopard population
B. the pressures caused by the black market
C. increasing conflict with the herders
D. the opinions of conservationists
Question 4: What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
A. Local herders are uncooperative in attempts to save snow leopards.
B. The snow leopard’s endangerment is due to in part to the black market.
C. Snow leopards are killed for their fur and body parts.
D. It is difficult to enforce the laws made to protect the snow leopard.
Question 5: The word “address” in in paragraph 6 can be replaced by
Question 6: Why is the Mongolian women's status in the community “elevated”?
A. They can encourage their neighbours.
B. They are saving money for the snow leopards.
C. They are earning money for the community.
D. They are living higher up in the mountain.
Question 7: According to conservationists, what is the best way to save the snow leopard?
A. Create a nature park where they can be free
B. Move herders away from where the snow leopard lives
C. Pass laws to punish people who kill snow leopards for their fur
D. Make people recognize the value of living snow leopards.
Question 8: The word “bodies” in paragraph 3 refers to _________.
A. the big cats
B. snow leopards
C. local herders
D. the herders’ animals
|1. D||2. D||3. A||4. D||5. A||6. C||7. D||8. D|
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