Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Thuận Thành số 2, Bắc Ninh
Đề thi tốt nghiệp THPT 2020 môn Anh có đáp án
Nằm trong bộ đề ôn thi THPT Quốc Gia 2020 môn Anh, Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh trường THPT Thuận Thành số 2, Bắc Ninh có đáp án gồm 80 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh giúp các bạn học sinh ôn thi THPT Quốc gia phần trắc nghiệm hiệu quả. Đề thi có đáp án, mời các bạn tham khảo.
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Read the following passage and choose the best option to complete the blank or answer the question
The green building movement is changing the way buildings are constructed. This movement started in the 1970s, as people began to see that modern life was destroying the environment we all share. Natural resources were being destroyed, energy and water consumption was rising, and so was pollution of all kinds. This environmental destruction has continued, and one important factor has been the way that buildings are constructed. In fact, energy use in buildings represents about 32 percent of all energy use in the United States. In the early years, green builders were a small minority, and their goals of reducing the environmental impact of buildings were considered unrealistic. Now, however, the green building movement is growing, as builders have been able to take advantage of new technology and as the costs of this technology have gone down. Environmental building methods are now practical enough to save money for builders and for building owners, even as they reduce damage to the environment.
First, green builders try to make use of recycled materials as much as possible. In fact, vast amounts of materials such as steel, cement, and wood are used in construction. Now there are companies that specialize in gathering old materials, processing them, and selling them to builders for new buildings. States and cities are encouraging these companies, as the reuse of materials also means less waste in dumps. For larger builders or individual homeowners, it is possible to find everything from steel and cement to doors, windows, sinks, tubs, brick, and hardware.
Another way that builders can reduce environmental impact is to reduce the energy requirements of a building. This can be done in several ways. One is to provide an alternative, nonpolluting source of energy. The first alternative energy source to be developed was solar power. With solar panels-wide, flat sheets of special material-it is possible to produce electricity from the rays of the sun. Builders can install solar panels on the roofs of buildings and connect them to cooling or lighting systems. Once the panels are installed, they provide energy at no cost and with no pollution. Another, nonpolluting solution for reducing energy use is a technology known as geothermal heating. To obtain geothermal heat, builders place special pipes below ground, where temperatures remain constant all year. In the winter, the earth's natural heat can be collected in these pipes, and then transferred into the building's heating system. In the summer, heat in the building can be collected and sent to the pipes underground.
Question 1: According to the passage, all of the following leads to environmental destruction EXCEPT......
A. the increasing number of buildings.
B. the increase of water consumption.
C. the increase of energy consumption.
D. the destruction of natural resources.
Question 2: The way buildings are constructed in America also contributes to...............
A. water pollution
B. air pollution
C. the use of water
D. environmental destruction
Question 3: The early years, it was believed that the use of green buildings to reduce environmental destruction was............
Question 4: One of the reasons why green buildings were not popular is that............
A. they took too much time to build.
B. they were inconvenient.
C. they were costly to build.
D. they looked too boring.
Question 5: The phrase "green building" in the passage can also be understood as..............
A. environment-friendly buildings
B. buildings with tree inside.
C. buildings with open stairs.
D. buildings painted green.
Question 6: The phrase "green builders" in the first line of the second paragraph refers to those who..........
A. build green buildings.
B. work in green buildings.
C. use green materials.
D. put trees in buildings.
Question 7: According to the passage, all of the following can be made from recycle materials EXCEPT......
Question 8: The author mentioned all of the following as ways to reduce environmental destruction EXCEPT........
A. providing alternative energies.
B. using geothermal heating.
C. using recycled materials to construct buildings.
D. having more green plants in buildings.
Question 9: Solar panels are NOT used to...........
A. light the house
B. cool the house
C. warm the house
D. transfer electricity to the sun rays.
Question 10: Geothermal heating technology is........
A. using underground pipes to collect geothermal heat.
B. collecting pipes from below ground.
C. using underground pipes to control underground temperature.
D. using up the heating energy.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 13. . It is very discourteous to intrude during someone's conversation
A. find fault
C. be in the way
D. leave quickly
Question 14. In the early days of baseball, the game was played by young men of means and social position
A. with skill
B. with equipment
C. with money
D. with ambition
Question 15. Many doctors are still general practitioners, but the tendency is toward specialization in medicine
Read the following passage and choose A, B ,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions
Leeches are small wormlike creatures that live in water and suck the blood of animals and humans. In the past, though, leeches were commonly used in medicine to drain blood from people. Then advances in science led to other kinds of treatments, and leeches disappeared from the sick room. Now, however, they are making a comeback. Leeches are being used after operations for the reattachment of body parts, in the prevention of pain from arthritis, and in the treatment of heart disease. The use of leeches in medicine goes back at least 2,500 years. Doctors used them to treat the sick in ancient. Egypt, India, Persia, and Greece. It was believed in those days that taking blood from patients helped to bring their bodies back into balance. This belief and the practice of draining blood with leeches continued through the ages, reaching a high point in early nineteenth century France. At that time, Parisian hospitals required as many as 6 million leeches a year for their patients.
By the middle of the nineteenth century, however, the practice of draining blood from patients was becoming less popular. With a better understanding of diseases and of the human body, doctors realized that taking blood from the patients (with or without leeches) was not always helpful and leeches made no real difference in many cases. By the twentieth century, doctors had completely abandoned the use of leeches to drain blood. But in 1985 Dr. Joseph Upton, a surgeon in Boston, Massachusetts, discovered a new use for them. Faced with a young patient whose ear had been bitten off by a dog, Upton successfully reattached the ear in a twelve-hour operation. However, within three days, the ear had turned black because blood could not move through it properly. During the operation, it had been fairly easy for Upton to reattach the arteries that brought blood to his patient's ear, since artery walls are thick and easy to see. However, since the veins that carry blood away from the ear are much smaller and hard to find, Upton had not been able to reattach enough of them. If something wasn't done quickly, the ear would not survive.
Luckily, Dr. Upton remembered an article he had read about research into the properties of leeches. Through the results of the research were still uncertain, Upton decided to take a chance. He bought some leeches from a laboratory and placed them on the boy's ear and they began to feed. The boy felt no pain because the mouths of leeches contain a natural painkiller. As the leeches sucked some of the extra blood out of the boy's ear, they added a special chemical to the blood so it would not harden and form clots and it would flow more easily. Within a few minutes, the boy's ear began to lose the terrible black color. The leeches had soon eaten enough and fell off. Several days later, after applying more leeches, the boy's ear was entirely pink and healthy. Other doctors then began to experiment with the use of leeches in the reattachment of other body parts, and finally, in 2004, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved the use of medicinal leeches in reconstructive surgery.
Question 16: All of the following is True about leeches EXCEPT that ______.
A. they look like worms.
B. they are fed on blood.
C. they are used to drain blood.
D. they are used to prevent infection.
Question 17: The use of leeches to drain blood was most popular _______.
A. 25,000 years ago
B. in early 19th century
C. in late 19th century
D. in 20th century
Question 18: When Upton tried to reattach the ear for the patient, _______.
A. the patient's blood stopped running
B. he couldn't attach enough veins
C. the arteries were too small to attach
D. the patient ran out of blood
Question 19: The use of leeches was reduced and then abandoned _____.
A. they couldn't drain blood
B. because not many of them were available
C. they made no difference
D. when people understood more about the human body
Question 20: The best title of the passage is _______.
A. leeches in medical treatment
B. leeches in traditional medicine
C. the use of leeches in human life
D. the effect of leeches on human life
Question 21. When leeches had sucked enough blood, ______.
A. the boy fainted
B. they let go off the ear
C. the doctor put more leeches on
D. the boy's ear became healthy
Question 22: The phrase "the sick room" in line 3 of the first paragraph means _______.
B. dirty places
C. surgery rooms
Question 23: The boy didn't feel painful when leeches sucked on the blood from his ear because _______.
A. the boy was unconcious
B. Upton put some natural painkillers around the leeches
C. the leeches had natural substances that relieve pain
D. Upton let him take some painkillers before that
Question 24: After Upton, ________.
A. leeches are abandoned
B. body surgeries are popular
C. more surgeons used leeches in reconstructive operations
D. the free use of leeches in medical treatment is approved
Question 25: When the leeches sucked the extra blood from the boy's ear, ________.
A. they formed blood
B. the boy turned white
C. they enabled blood to run easily
D. they softened the ear
Còn tiếp ....
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