Ten Keys For Writing Essays
Ten Keys For Writing Essays
Ten Keys For Writing Essays là tài liệu hướng dẫn kỹ năng viết bài luận tiếng Anh gồm 10 lời khuyên giúp các bạn học tập và rèn luyện kĩ năng viết tốt hơn, áp dụng các kì thi quan trọng như thi đại học, TOEFL, IELTS. Mời các bạn tham khảo.
Luyện kỹ năng viết tiếng anh
Key 1: Budget your time carefully.
You have only a half hour in which to complete your work. You should use your time more or less as shown below:
- Reading and thinking about the topic 2-3 minutes
- Planning and taking notes 2-3 minutes
- Writing the essay 20 minutes
- Checking the essay 3-5 minutes
Key 2: Read the question carefully.
You must write on the topic exactly as it is given, so be sure that you understand it. If you write about another topic, you won’t receive a score at all. If you don’t completely address the topic, you will receive a lower score.
Key 3: Brainstorm.
Before you begin to write, spend a minute or two “brainstorming”. Think about the topic and the best way to approach it. Remember: There is no “correct” answer for the writing section question. You can choose to support any position as long as you can adequately support your choice. Jot down any ideas you have while you’re brainstorming.
Specific examples are given to make the thesis statement seem stronger and more believable to the reader. The conclusion evaluates and summarizes the material that is in the body. It provides the reader with a sense of closure – the feeling that the essay is really finished, not that the writer simply ran out of time.
Key 4: Plan your essay before you write.
You don’t have to write out a formal outline with Roman numerals, capital letters, and so on. However, you should make some notes. By following your notes, you can organize your essay before you write, leaving you free to concentrate on the task of writing.
When making notes, don’t worry about writing complete, grammatical sentences; use abbreviations if possible. The point of taking notes is to simply get your ideas down on paper as quickly as possible.
Key 5: Be sure your handwriting is as clear and legible as possible.
Handwriting that is hard to read may unconsciously prejudice the readers who are grading your essay. Be sure your handwriting is not too small or too large. The exact plan of organization you use depends on the type of topic you are given. The following patterns could be used for the two main types of topic commonly given. Of course, these are not the only patterns that could be used in writing essays, but they are effective plans for organizing your ideas.
Key 6: Follow a clear, logical organization.
All essays should consist of three basic parts: an introductory paragraphs, a body that consists of two or three paragraph. You need to include all of these elements in your essay. The introduction states the main idea of the essay in one sentence called the thesis statement and may provide some background about that idea. The body develops the main idea brought up in the introduction.
TOPIC TYPE A: CONTRAST/ OPINION
|Introduction||Paragraph 1: Present the two sides of the issue; give a brief amount of background information.|
|Body||Paragraph 2: Discuss the negative side of the issue; give examples. |
Paragraph 3: Discuss the positive side of the issue; give examples.
|Conclusion:||Paragraph 4: Express your own opinion about the issue; give specific reasons for your decision|
TOPIC B: EXPLAIN THE IMPORTTANCE OF A DEVELOPMENT, INVENTION OR PHENOMENON.
|Introduction||Paragraph 1: Explain what development you have chosen to write about and why|
|Body||Paragraph 2: Discuss one aspect pf why this development is important; give examples. |
Paragraph 3: Discuss another aspect of why this development is important; give examples.
|Conclusion:||Paragraph 4: Summarize the points made in Paragraphs 2 and 3.|
Key 7: Use concrete examples and specific reasons.
Whenever you make a general statement, you should support it with specific examples. Don’t just say, “Computers are important to modern business.” Give specific examples of how computers can benefit businesses. If you state an opinion, give reasons. Don’t just say, “I believe television is harmful to children.” Explain exactly why you think television hurts children.
Key 8: Use signal words to indicate transitions.
Signal words can be used to join paragraph and sentence to sentence. These words make your essay clearer and easier to follow. Some of these expressions and their meanings are given below.
Expressions Used to List Points, Examples, or reasons