Trắc nghiệm đọc hiểu tiếng Anh lớp 12
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Humans have struggled against weeds since the beginning of agriculture. The global need for weed control has been answered mainly by the chemical industry. Its herbicides are effective and sometimes necessary, but some pose serious problems, particularly if misused. Toxic compounds threaten animals and public health when they are present in food plant, ground water, and drinking water. They also harm workers who apply them.
In recent years the chemical industry has introduced several herbicides that are more ecologically sound. Yet new chemicals alone cannot solve the world's weed problems. Therefore, scientists are exploring the innate weed-killing powers of living organisms, primarily insects and microorganisms.
The biological agents now in use are harmless to humans, environmentally friendly, and offer the benefit of specificity. They can be chosen for their ability to attack selected targets and leave crops and other plants untouched. In contrast, some of the most effective chemicals kill almost all the plants they come in contact with, sparing only those that are naturally resistant to those that have been genetically modified for resistance. Furthermore, a number of biological agents can be administered only once, after that no added applications are needed. Chemicals, typically, must be used several times per growing season.
1. What is the passage primarily about?
A. The importance of the chemical industry.
B. The dangers of toxic chemicals.
C. Advantages of biological agents over chemical ones.
D. A suggestion to ban the use of all herbicides.
2. According to the passage, the use of chemical agents .................
A. has become more dangerous in recent years.
B. is occasionally required.
C. is perfectly safe.
D. should be increased.
3. According to the passage, biological agents usually consist of .................
A. insects and micro organisms. B. food plants.
C. various types of mammals. D. weeds.
4. Which of the following is NOT given as an advantage of using biological agents over chemical herbicides?
A. They are less likely to destroy desirable plants.
B. They are safer for workers.
C. They are more easily available.
D. They do not have to be used as often.
5. The word 'toxic' in line 5 means ................
A. useful B. useless
C. poisonous D. harmless
Most of us are interested in one kind of sport or another, even if we don't go in for it actively. Lots of people take up a particular sport at an early age, for example tennis, skiing, or ice-skating. If they get up to a suitably high standard, they may go in for local competitions or even championships. But special training is hard work and most young people don't keep it up. Many of them opt out when they come up against tough competition.
To become a professional in any sport, you have to go through with a strict training schedule. And it's not easy! It means doing without some of life's little pleasures, too. For example, to build up your physical strength you may have to stick to a special diet and give up some of your favorite foods. Smoking and alcohol are out, and to keep fit you have to work out regularly every day.
Sometimes it all pays off, but the road to success is long and there are no guarantees. No wonder that countless young talents decide to settle for a regular job instead, and, as far as professional sport is concerned, for looking on as spectators.
1. The term of "go in for" in line 1 means ......
A. give up B. participate in
C. begin D. like
2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE about special training?
A. It is not easy work.
B. It hardly works.
C. Most young people try to work out regularly.
D. Most young people strictly follows a special diet
3. To become professional in any sports, your strict training schedule would probably involve .................
A. enjoying all life's pleasures.
B. eating all kinds of foods.
C. sticking to a special diet.
D. smoking and drinking alcohol.
4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
A. Few people take up a particular sport at an early age.
B. The road to success in sports is long but there are guarantees.
C. All of the people who play some sports can go in for local competitions or even championships.
D. There are many young talents who decide to settle for a regular job.
READING 3 – CLOZE TEST
In the home a dad is very important. He is the (1) ______ who provides us with money to feed and clothe ourselves. He can decorate your bedroom, mend your radio, make cages for your pets, repair a puncture in your bicycle tyre and help you with maths homework. A dad can be very useful for (2) ______ you in the car to and from parties, music and dancing lessons.
A dad is the person whom you ask for pocket money. He is the one who (3) ______ about the time you spend talking on the phone, as he has to pay for the bills. Dad is someone who will support you in a(n) (4) ______ , if he believes you to be right. He is someone who reads your school (5) ______ and treats if it is good. A dad likes to come into a nice happy home evening, and settle back in his chair with a newspaper.
1. A. man B. someone C. person D. anyone
2. A. bringing B. taking C. picking D. carrying
3. A. explains B. shouts C. complains D. groans
4. A. talk B. discussion C. disagreement D. argument
5. A. report B. result. C. record D. review
READING 4 – CLOZE TEST
If you want to (1) ______ your best in an exam, you should be relaxed and so one of the best things to do is to take regular breaks even if they are only for few minutes. During revision time, you (2) ______ take some time off to go for a walk or play your favorite sport. It is a mistake to take up all physical activity. Exercise can help you to relax. You should (3) ______ at least twenty minutes doing something different every day. Parents don't like it when their teenage children spend hours on the phone, but, in fact, (4) ______ to a friend is very good for you; parents think that children are (5) ______ time and money; but research says talking to friends gives you a chance to relax, and this will make the time you spend studying more effective.
1. A. make B. do C. go D. write
2. A. shall B. will C. should D. have
3. A. spend B. waste C. use D. relax
4. A. saying B. telling C. communicating D. chatting
5. A. wasting B. losing C. spending D. missing
READING 5 – CLOZE TEST
Like any other universities, the Open University can give you a degree. However, you don't have to (1) ______ working to study. It can also open up a whole variety of interest. If you have never studied before, you will enjoy the special, new pleasure of (2) _______ your knowledge. You will make friends of all kinds. You may also find that your qualification provides new career opportunities.
You don't actually (3) ______ to the Open University for lectures, but study at home, using television, radio and computer software. You can (4) ______ one class a month if you wish at an Open University centre. Of course, there are exams to take, as in any university. If you (5) ______ like to know more, all you have to do is to complete the form below. It could be the start of a wonderful new period in your life.
1. A. stop B. end C. break D. leave
2. A. growing B. changing C. adding D. increasing
3. A. join B. enter C. arrive D. go
4. A. give B. attend C. learn D. study
5. A. did B. will C. would D. can
READING 6 – CLOZE TEST
Another side effect of the human population explosion will be the conversion of more land to food production or cities. This habitat (1) ______ will cause progressive extinction of many more species. Globally, 45 species of birds and 40 species of mammals went (2) ______ between 1650 and 1969, more have disappeared since then, and many more are in endangered species list. It has been estimated that half of all the species on Earth reside in the Amazon rain forest, (3) ______ most of them in Brazil. Brazil's plans to colonize and cut down the rain forests and similar changes in Congo and Indonesia may very well (4) ______a major episode of extinction. Recent efforts to estimate the projected rate of extinction suggest (5) ______ half of all the species of mammals and birds will become extinct within the next 200 to 300 years.
1. A. variety B. extinction C. endanger D. destruction
2. A. exhausted B. exhaust C. extinction D extinct
3. A. as with B. with C. as to D. as for
4. A. influence B. result from C. lead to D. cause to
5. A. that B. this C. those D. these