Bài tập từ đồng nghĩa, trái nghĩa trong tiếng Anh có đáp án
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- 100 cụm từ đồng nghĩa thi THPT Quốc Gia 2021 môn Anh
- 50 cụm từ trái nghĩa thi THPT Quốc Gia 2021 môn Anh
- Cách làm bài từ đồng nghĩa trái nghĩa tiếng Anh tốt nghiệp THPT 2021
A. Bài tập từ đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh có đáp án
I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 1: He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime.
A. complain B. exchange C. explain D. arrange
Câu 2: The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.
A. effects B. symptoms C. hints D. demonstrations
Câu 3: I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic.
A. reasonable B. acceptable C. pretty high D. wonderful
Câu 4: I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.
A. hopeless B. hopeful C. successful D. unsuccessful
Câu 5: Carpets from countries such as Persia and Afghanistan often fetch high prices in the United States.
A. Artifacts B. Pottery C. Rugs D. Textiles
Câu 6: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant hinkers to recognize their potential.
A. accidents B. misunderstandings C. incidentals D. misfortunes
Câu 7: The shopassistant was totally bewildered by the customer's behavior.
A. disgusted B. puzzled C. angry D. upset
Câu 8: He didn't bat an eyelid when he realized he failed the exam again.
A.wasn't happy B. didn't want to see C. didn't show surprise D. didn't care
Câu 9: RalphNader was the most prominent leader of theU.S consumer protection movement.
A. casual B. significant C. promiscuous D. aggressive
Câu 10: Tourists today flock to see the two falls that actually constitute Niagarafalls.
A. come without knowing what they will see B. come in large numbers
C. come out of boredom D. come by plane
Câu 11: Around 150 B.C. the Greek astronomer Hipparchus developed a system to classify stars according to brightness.
A. record B. shine C. categorize D. diversify
Câu 12: She is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students.
A. strict B. outspoken C. firm D. tactful
Câu 13: Roget's Thesaurus , a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas They express rather than by alphabetical order.
A. restricted B. aswellas C. unless D. insteadof
Câu 14: With the dawn of space exploration,the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique In the solar system was strengthened.
A. outcome B. continuation C. beginning D.expansion
Câu 15: Let's wait here for her; I'm sure she'll turn up before long.
A. arrive B. return C. enter D. visit
Câu 16: This tape stry has a very complicated pattern.
A. obsolete B. intricate C. ultimate D. appropriate
Câu 17: During the Great Depression, there were many wanderers who traveled on the railroads and camped along the tracks.
A. veterans B. tyros C. vagabonds D. zealots
Câu 18: We decided to pay for the furniture on the installment plan.
A. monthly payment B. cash and carry C. credit card D. piece by piece
Câu 19: The last week of classes is always very busy because students are taking examinations, making applications to the University, and extending their visas.
A. hectic B. eccentric C. fanatic D. prolific
Câu 20: The drought was finally over as the fall brought in some welcome rain.
A. heatware B. harvest C. summer D. aridity
Câu 21: When their rent increased from 200 to 400 a month, they protested against such a tremendous increase.
A. light B. huge C. tiring D. difficult
Câu 22: In1952,Akihito was officially proclaimed heir to the Japanese throne.
A. installed B. declared C. denounced D. advised
Câu 23: The augmentation in the population has created a fuel shortage.
A. increase B. necessity C. demand D. decrease
Câu 24: If we had taken his sage advice, we wouldn’t be in so much trouble now.
A. willing B. sturdy C. wise D. eager
Câu 25: A mediocre student who gets low grades will have trouble getting into an Ivy League college.
A. average B. lazy C. moronic D. diligent
Câu 26: The politician’s conviction for tax fraud jeopardized his future in public life.
A. rejuvenated B. penalized C. jettisoned D. endangered
Câu 27: This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.
A. situation B. attention C. place D. matter
Câu 28: He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.
A. politeness B. rudeness C. encouragement D. measurement
A. lễ phép B. thô lỗ C. khuyến khích D. đo lường
Câu 29: Parents interpret facial and vocal expressions as indicators of how a baby is feeling.
A. translate B. understand C. read D. comprehend
Câu 30: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.
A. disrespectful B. regardless C. considering D. in spite
Câu 31: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.
A. at stake B. at will C. at once D. at hand
Câu 32: Have you ever read about a famous general in Chinese history who was very incredulous?
A. unimaginable B. excellent C. incredible D. skeptical
Câu 33: The organization has the authority to manage and regulate new and existing free trade agreements, to supervise world trade practices and to settle trade disputes among member states.
A. prolong B. strengthen C. reconcile D. augment
Câu 34: With its various activities, the Camp has set up a stronger regional identity by raising youth’s awareness of Southeast Asia’s history and heritage.
A. heredity B. tradition C. endowment D. bequest
Câu 35: All the presentations and activities at the ASEAN Youth in January 2006 Camp echoed that theme named “Water and the Arts”.
A. reflected B. mentioned C. illustrated D. remembered
Câu 36: As a government official, Benjamin Franklin often traveled abroad.
A. widely B. secretly C. alone D. overseas
Câu 37: American poet James Merrily received critical acclaim for his work entitled Jim's Book.
A. advice B. disapproval C. praise D. attention
Câu 38: The lost hikers stayed alive by eating wild berries and drinking spring water.
A. connived B. survived C. surprised D. revived
Câu 39: During the earthquake, a lot of buildings collapsed, which killed thousands of people.
A. went off accidentally B. fell down unexpectedly
C. exploded suddenly D. erupted violently
Câu 40: My mom is always bad-tempered when I leave my room untidy.
A. feeling embarrassed B. talking too much
C. very happy and satisfied D. easily annoyed or irritated
Câu 41: Smoking has been banned in public places in some countries.
A. made illegal B. limited C. restricted D. given way
Câu 42: Sometimes when I hear the news, I feel very miserable.
A. confused B. frightened C. upset D. disappointed
Câu 43: A woman had a narrow escape when the car came round the corner.
A. was hurt B. was nearly hurt C. ran away D. bumped into the car
Câu 44: The rocket steepened its ascent.
A. descent B. decent C. decant D. dissent
Câu 45: The plane landed safely.
A. touched down B. took off C. Both A and B D. Neither A nor B
Câu 46: There was nothing they could do but leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down.
A. except B. instead of C. than D. unless
Câu 47: The boy was brought up with a family in the countryside.
A. reared B. bred C. raised D. grown
Câu 48: Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
A. leave B. stop C. sell D. hide
Câu 49: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.10
A. disrespectful B. regardless C. considering D. in spite
Câu 50: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.
A. at stake B. at will C. at once D. at hand
B. Bài tập Từ trái nghĩa trong tiếng Anh có đáp án
II: Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Câu 1: Because Jack defaulted on his loan, the bank took him to court.
A. failed to pay
B. paid in full
C. had a bad personality
D. was paid much money
Câu 2: His career in the illicit drug trade ended with the police raid this morning .
Câu 3: The government is not prepared to tolerate this situation any longer.
A. look down on
B. put up with
C. take away from
D. give on to
Câu4: I clearly remember talking to him in a chance meeting last summer.
Câu5:The International Organizations are going to be in a temporary way in the country.
Câu6:The US troops are using much more sophisticated weapons in the Far East.
C. simple and easy to use
D.difficult to operate
Câu7:In remote communities, it's important to replenish stocks before the winter sets in.
Câu8:There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned.
Câu 9: She had a cozy little apartment in Boston.
Câu 10: He was so insubordinate that he lost his job within a week.
Câu 11: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
Câu12: Fruit and vegetables grew in abundance on the island. The islanders even exported the surplus.
A. large quantity
B. small quantity
Câu 13: During the five- decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects.
A. holding at
B. holding back
C. holding to
D. holding by
Câu 14: The distinction between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
Câu 15: A chronic lack of sleep may make us irritable and reduces our motivation to work.
Câu 16: Population growth rates vary among regions and even among countries within the same region.
B. stay unchanged
C. remain unstable
Câu 17: Unless the two signatures are identical, the bank won’t honor the check.
Câu 18: Strongly advocating health foods, Jane doesn’t eat any chocolate.
Câu 19: It was apparent from her face that she was really upset.
Câu 20: My cousin tends to look on the bright side in any circumstance.
A. be optimistic
B. be pessimistic
C. be confident
D. be smart
Câu 21: There has been no discernible improvement in the noise levels since lorries were banned.
Câu 22: He decided not to buy the fake watch and wait until he had more money.
Câu 23: Her father likes the head cabbage rare.
Câu 24: There are several different kinds of faults in reading which are usually more exaggerated with foreign learners.
Câu 25: Whatever the activity level, all types of hobbies can require high levels of expertise.
Câu 26: We offer a speedy and secure service of transferring money in less than 24 hours.
Câu 27: There is growing concern about the way man has destroyed the environment.
Câu 28: Solar energy is not only plentiful but also infinite.
A. without limit
Câu 29: His replies were inconsistent with his previous testimony.
Câu 30: We are now a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours.
A. an active society
B. an inactive society
C. a physical society
D. a working society
Đối với kì thi THPT Quốc gia thì luyện đề là một trong những hoạt động cần thiết và không thể bỏ qua để các bạn có thể tập dượt và đánh giá được khả năng của mình. Bên cạnh đó việc ôn luyện lý thuyết và bài tập theo mảng cụ thể, ví dụ như câu điều kiện, word form, trọng âm, trắc nghiệm ngữ pháp tiếng Anh, trắc nghiệm ..cũng rất hữu ích giúp các bạn đạt điểm cao trong kì thi quan trọng này.