Bài tập từ đồng nghĩa, trái nghĩa trong tiếng Anh có đáp án

Bài tập từ đồng nghĩa - trái nghĩa

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I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Câu 1: He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of crime.

A. complain B. exchange C. explain D. arrange

Câu 2: The teacher gave some suggestions on what could come out for the examination.

A. effects B. symptoms C. hints D. demonstrations

Câu 3: I’ll take the new job whose salary is fantastic.

A. reasonable B. acceptable C. pretty high D. wonderful

Câu 4: I could see the finish line and thought I was home and dry.

A. hopeless B. hopeful C. successful D. unsuccessful

Câu 5: Carpets from countries such as Persia and Afghanistan often fetch high prices in the United States.

A. Artifacts B. Pottery C. Rugs D. Textiles

Câu 6: Though many scientific breakthroughs have resulted from mishaps it has taken brilliant hinkers to recognize their potential.

A. accidents B. misunderstandings C. incidentals D. misfortunes

Câu 7: The shopassistant was totally bewildered by the customer's behavior.

A. disgusted B. puzzled C. angry D. upset

Câu 8: He didn't bat an eyelid when he realized he failed the exam again.

A.wasn't happy B. didn't want to see C. didn't show surprise D. didn't care

Câu 9: RalphNader was the most prominent leader of theU.S consumer protection movement.

A. casual B. significant C. promiscuous D. aggressive

Câu 10: Tourists today flock to see the two falls that actually constitute Niagarafalls.

A. come without knowing what they will see B. come in large numbers

C. come out of boredom D. come by plane

Câu 11: Around 150 B.C. the Greek astronomer Hipparchus developed a system to classify stars according to brightness.

A. record B. shine C. categorize D. diversify

Câu 12: She is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students.

A. strict B. outspoken C. firm D. tactful

Câu 13: Roget's Thesaurus , a collection of English words and phrases, was originally arranged by the ideas They express rather than by alphabetical order.

A. restricted B. aswellas C. unless D. insteadof

Câu 14: With the dawn of space exploration,the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique In the solar system was strengthened.

A. outcome B. continuation C. beginning D.expansion

Câu 15: Let's wait here for her; I'm sure she'll turn up before long.

A. arrive B. return C. enter D. visit

Câu 16: This tape stry has a very complicated pattern.

A. obsolete B. intricate C. ultimate D. appropriate

Câu 17: During the Great Depression, there were many wanderers who traveled on the railroads and camped along the tracks.

A. veterans B. tyros C. vagabonds D. zealots

Câu 18: We decided to pay for the furniture on the installment plan.

A. monthly payment B. cash and carry C. credit card D. piece by piece

Câu 19: The last week of classes is always very busy because students are taking examinations, making applications to the University, and extending their visas.

A. hectic B. eccentric C. fanatic D. prolific

Câu 20: The drought was finally over as the fall brought in some welcome rain.

A. heatware B. harvest C. summer D. aridity

Câu 21: When their rent increased from 200 to 400 a month, they protested against such a tremendous increase.

A. light B. huge C. tiring D. difficult

Câu 22: In1952,Akihito was officially proclaimed heir to the Japanese throne.

A. installed B. declared C. denounced D. advised

Câu 23: The augmentation in the population has created a fuel shortage.

A. increase B. necessity C. demand D. decrease

Câu 24: If we had taken his sage advice, we wouldn’t be in so much trouble now.

A. willing B. sturdy C. wise D. eager

Câu 25: A mediocre student who gets low grades will have trouble getting into an Ivy League college.

A. average B. lazy C. moronic D. diligent

Câu 26: The politician’s conviction for tax fraud jeopardized his future in public life.

A. rejuvenated B. penalized C. jettisoned D. endangered

Câu 27: This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.

A. situation B. attention C. place D. matter

Câu 28: He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.

A. politeness B. rudeness C. encouragement D. measurement

A. lễ phép B. thô lỗ C. khuyến khích D. đo lường

Câu 29: Parents interpret facial and vocal expressions as indicators of how a baby is feeling.

A. translate B. understand C. read D. comprehend

Câu 30: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.

A. disrespectful B. regardless C. considering D. in spite

Câu 31: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.

A. at stake B. at will C. at once D. at hand

Câu 32: Have you ever read about a famous general in Chinese history who was very incredulous?

A. unimaginable B. excellent C. incredible D. skeptical

Câu 33: The organization has the authority to manage and regulate new and existing free trade agreements, to supervise world trade practices and to settle trade disputes among member states.

A. prolong B. strengthen C. reconcile D. augment

Câu 34: With its various activities, the Camp has set up a stronger regional identity by raising youth’s awareness of Southeast Asia’s history and heritage.

A. heredity B. tradition C. endowment D. bequest

Câu 35: All the presentations and activities at the ASEAN Youth in January 2006 Camp echoed that theme named “Water and the Arts”.

A. reflected B. mentioned C. illustrated D. remembered

Câu 36: As a government official, Benjamin Franklin often traveled abroad.

A. widely B. secretly C. alone D. overseas

Câu 37: American poet James Merrily received critical acclaim for his work entitled Jim's Book.

A. advice B. disapproval C. praise D. attention

Câu 38: The lost hikers stayed alive by eating wild berries and drinking spring water.

A. connived B. survived C. surprised D. revived

Câu 39: During the earthquake, a lot of buildings collapsed, which killed thousands of people.

A. went off accidentally B. fell down unexpectedly

C. exploded suddenly D. erupted violently

Câu 40: My mom is always bad-tempered when I leave my room untidy.

A. feeling embarrassed B. talking too much

C. very happy and satisfied D. easily annoyed or irritated

Câu 41: Smoking has been banned in public places in some countries.

A. made illegal B. limited C. restricted D. given way

Câu 42: Sometimes when I hear the news, I feel very miserable.

A. confused B. frightened C. upset D. disappointed

Câu 43: A woman had a narrow escape when the car came round the corner.

A. was hurt B. was nearly hurt C. ran away D. bumped into the car

Câu 44: The rocket steepened its ascent.

A. descent B. decent C. decant D. dissent

Câu 45: The plane landed safely.

A. touched down B. took off C. Both A and B D. Neither A nor B

Câu 46: There was nothing they could do but leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down.

A. except B. instead of C. than D. unless

Câu 47: The boy was brought up with a family in the countryside.

A. reared B. bred C. raised D. grown

Câu 48: Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.

A. leave B. stop C. sell D. hide

Câu 49: The law applies to everyone irrespective of race, creed, or colour.10

A. disrespectful B. regardless C. considering D. in spite

Câu 50: His patents completely believe in him. He can do things at random.

A. at stake B. at will C. at once D. at hand


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