10 lỗi ngữ pháp thường gặp trong bài thi IELTS và cách khắc phục
10 lỗi ngữ pháp thường gặp
10 lỗi ngữ pháp thường gặp trong bài thi IELTS và cách khắc phục là bài tổng hợp 10 lỗi ngữ pháp mà các bạn thường gặp nhất trong bài viết Writing khi làm bài thi IELTS. Đây là tài liệu tham khảo hữu ích dành cho các bạn nghiên cứu, học tập không chỉ trong các bài thi IELTS mà có thể sẽ có ích với các bạn trong các bài thi khác.
25% of your marks in the writing and speaking tests come from using appropriate grammar structures that are error free. Unfortunately, when learning a new language people often make frequent grammar mistakes. In fact, if more than 50% of your sentences have any errors in them, you will not get more than band 6 for grammatical range and accuracy. In other words, to score 7 or higher, you should try to make more than half of your sentences completely error free.
After marking thousands of IELTS tests I have noticed that the same errors are made again and again. Below are the top 10 mistakes and some advice on how to avoid them.
Most people make all or some of these mistakes in their writing and speaking tests. A good thing to do is show some of your practice tests to a teacher or native speaker and establish your common errors. When you are aware of your common grammar errors you can easily fix them with practice and raise your score.
1. Use of the word ‘the’
We use the:
- When there is only one of something in a particular area: the government, the police, the bridge, the river, the hospital
- When there is only one in the entire world: the internet, the environment, the ozone layer, the atmosphere
- With cardinal numbers: the first, the second, the third
- With superlatives: the worst, the shortest, the lowest, the most beautiful, the least impressive
- With places where the name refers to a group of islands or states: the USA, the UK, the Maldives, the Middle East, the United Arab Emirates
- Before nouns which describe general things: exercise is good for the body, the motorbike is the most common form of transport in Asia, the role of the teacher has changed in recent years
- Before abstract nouns used to describe a situation, process, quality or a change:over the years the development of the town accelerated, the frequency of violent crime decreased over the period, the improvement in living standards
We don’t use the:
- To talk generally we drop the word ‘the’ and use the plural: dogs don’t like cats, people with dyslexia have reading problems, Japanese cars are very reliable, German products are very high quality.
- With a single place or country: Ireland, China, Vietnam, Europe, South America
2. Countable and Uncountable Nouns
Some nouns in English are uncountable and will therefore always be in the singular form and never plural. Some common nouns that students often get wrong in the IELTS test are:
If a noun is uncountable you cannot use:
- a plural verb: There were many traffic in the city.
- a number: three advice, four food
- a few, a couple, many, a number of: a number of literature, a few research
- a/an: a happiness, an entertainment
3. Noun Verb Agreement
The verb must agree with the noun. If you use a plural noun, you must use a plural verb and vice versa.
There is some dogs outside.
There is some food in the kitchen.
Here are some homework for you.
There are some eggs in the kitchen