Các dạng đảo ngữ thường gặp trong tiếng Anh có bài tập và đáp án

71 73.165

Dạng đảo ngữ thường gặp trong tiếng Anh

Tài liệu Ngữ pháp chuyên đề Đảo ngữ - Inversion dưới đây nằm trong bộ đề ôn tập Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh cơ bản do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Tài liệu Tiếng Anh gồm nhiều lý thuyết về các dạng đảo ngữ thường gặp và nhiều bài tập viết lại câu Tiếng Anh có đáp án giúp bạn đọc nắm chắc phần kiến thức này. 

Tại sao lại gọi là ĐẢO NGỮ?

Bình thường câu khẳng định và phủ định sẽ có dạng:

S (+ Trợ động từ) + ADV + V

(Trạng từ có thể đứng cuối câu)

Vd: I will never forget them.

ĐẢO NGỮ là dạng mà TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ và TRẠNG TỪ bị ĐẢO LÊN ĐẦU CÂU TRƯỚC CHỦ NGỮ.

Ví dụ: - NEVER WILL I forget them.

* Lưu ý: Câu Hỏi cũng là 1 dạng Đảo Ngữ. (Are you tired? Where did she go?)

DẠNG 1: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI CÁC TRẠNG TỪ PHỦ ĐỊNH

Các Trạng từ phủ định hay dùng cho dạng này:

- never: không bao giờ

- hardly: hầu như không

- little: ít khi, hiếm khi

- rarely: hiếm khi

- seldom: hiếm khi

- scarcely: hiếm khi

- hardly ever: hầu như không bao giờ

* Công thức: TRẠNG TỪ PHỦ ĐỊNH + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S + V.

Vd: - Seldom do they eat meat (hiếm khi họ ăn thịt)

(*) CHÚ Ý: với HIỆN TẠI ĐƠN và QUÁ KHỨ ĐƠN khi đã mượn trợ động từ (DO, DOES, DID), Động từ chính của câu luôn là NGUYÊN THỂ.

Vd: - Little does she visit here. (ít khi cô ấy thăm nơi này)

DẠNG 2: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI CÁC CẤU TRÚC VỚI NO

Bao gồm:

- at no time: không bao giờ

- on no condition: không đủ khả năng, dù thế nào

- on no account: không thể nào, không ..... trong bất kỳ hoàn cảnh nào

- under/ in no circumstances: không bao giờ

- for no searson: không có lý do gì

- in no way: không thể nào, không thể

- no longer: không..........nữa

- nowhere: không ở nơi nào

(công thức giống Dạng 1) Vd:

- For no reason will we surrender

(chúng ta sẽ không đầu hàng vì bất kỳ lí do gì)

- No longer does he work here (ông ta không làm việc ở đây nữa)

DẠNG 3: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI SUCH VÀ SO

A. SO

* SO + ADJ + BE (chia) + S + THAT + S + V + O

* SO + ADV + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S + V + THAT + S + V + O (ít gặp)

Vd:

- So angry was the man that he beat all the woman. (người đàn ông quá tức giận đến nỗi hắn đánh mụ ta)

- So stupid are you that you will die. (Mày quá ngu đến nỗi mày sẽ chết)

- So quickly did she run that they couldn't catch them.

B. SUCH

SUCH + BE(chia) (+ A/AN) + N + THAT + S + V + O

Hoặc:

SUCH (+ A/AN) + N + BE + S + THAT + S + V + O

Vd: - Such is a beautiful girl that all boys love her (1 cô gái quá đẹp đến nỗi bọn con trai đều thích)

hoặc

- Such a beautiful girl is she that all boys love her.

DẠNG 4: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI: "HARDLY ..........WHEN........."

* HARDLY + HAD + S + VP2 + WHEN + S + V- quá khứ đơn.

(vừa mới .............. thì) Vd

- Hardly had she left home when it rained

(cô ta vừa ra ngoài thì trời mưa)

- Hardly had the chopper taken off when it exploded (máy bay trực thăng vừa cất cánh thì nó bị nổ)

DẠNG 5: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI CÁC CẤU TRÚC CÓ ONLY

* LOẠI 1:

- only once: chỉ 1 lần

- only later: chỉ sau đó

- only in this/ that way: chỉ bằng cách này/ cách đó

- only after + /v-ing/ n: chỉ sau khi

- only by v_ing/ n: chỉ bằng cách, bằng việc

- only with + n: chỉ với

- only then: chỉ sau đó

- only + giới từ + thời gian: chỉ vào lúc

.................................

=> CÁC CỤM NÀY + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S + V

Vd:

- Only by practising frequenly can you play footbell well.

(chỉ bằng việc tập luyện thường xuyên chú mới có thể chơi bóng đá giỏi)

* LOẠI 2:

- only when: chỉ khi

- only after: chỉ sau khi

- only if: chỉ nếu mà
..........................

=> CÁC CỤM NÀY + S1 + V1+ O1 + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S2 + V2

(CÁC CỤM NÀY + S1 + V1+ O1 + ĐẢO NGỮ)

Vd:

- Only when she left did he understand her love for him.

(chỉ khi cô ấy ra đi, anh ấy mới hiểu được tình yêu của cô ấy cho mình)

DẠNG 6: Đảo ngữ với: NOT ONLY...... BUT......ALSO.....

(không những..........mà còn)

* NOT ONLY + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S + V1 + BUT + S + ALSO + V2

(V1 sẽ nguyên thể nếu đó là Hiện tại đơn hoặc Qúa khứ đơn – V2 sẽ vẫn giữ nguyên dạng theo THÌ)

Vd:

- Not only did he steal the car but he also burnt the house. (Nó không chỉ ăn cắp xe hơi mà còn đốt nhà)

* CHÚ Ý: vị trí của vế BUT ALSO có thể khác một chút nhưng đây là dạng PHỔ BIẾN)

DẠNG 7: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI NOT UNTIL (TILL)

((mãi) cho đến khi/ chỉ khi........thì mới......)

* NOT UNTIL + THỜI GIAN/ S1 + V1 + TRỢ ĐỘNG TỪ + S2 + V2.

(NOT UNTIL + THỜI GIAN/ S + V + ĐẢO NGỮ)

Vd: - Not until I went to bed did i remember the task

((Mãi) Cho đến khi/ chỉ khi tao đi ngủ thì tao mới nhớ đến nhiệm vụ)

- Not until 11 p.m will he come back. (mãi đến lúc 11 giờ đêm nó mới về)

DẠNG 8: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI NO SOONER ......THAN......
(vừa mới.......thì.......)

Dạn này giống với dạng 4 "hardly.......when......": 1 vế QKHT và 1 vế QKĐ)

* NO SOONER + HAD + S + VP2 + THAN + S + V-quá khứ đơn.

Vd: - No sooner had he died than his sons fought for his property. (Lão vừa mới chết thì những thằng con trai lão tranh giành tài sản)

DẠNG 9: ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI CÁC TRẠNG TỪ CHỈ CHUYỂN ĐỘNG

- round and round: vòng quanh

- to and fro: đi đi lại lại

- up and down: lên lên xuống xuống

- away: rời xa

- off: rời xa

.............................. (còn nhiều nữa)

=> CÁC CỤM NÀY + ĐỘNG TỪ + S

Vd: - Round and round flies the bird (con chim bay vòng quanh)

- Away ran the thief (tên trộm chuồn mất)

* CHÚ Ý: nếu như CHỦ NGỮ là 7 ĐẠI TỪ NHÂN XƯNG (I, WE, YOU, THEY, HE, SHE, IT)

–cấu trúc sẽ là:

=> TRẠNG TỪ + S + V

Vd: - AWAY HE RAN

(nó chạy trốn)

DẠNG 10: ĐẢO NGỮ GIỚI TỪ CHỈ ĐỊA ĐIỂM

- here: ở đây

- there: ở đó

- Giới từ (in, on, at, from, to...) + đia điểm

=> CÁC CỤM NÀY + V + S.

Vd: - There came the guests. (những người khách đã đến đó)

- In the kitchen was a ghost (1 con ma ở trong bếp)

* CHÚ Ý: nếu như CHỦ NGỮ là 7 ĐẠI TỪ NHÂN XƯNG (I, WE, YOU, THEY, HE, SHE, IT)

– cấu trúc sẽ là:

GIỚI TỪ + ĐỊA ĐIỂM + S + V

Vd: - HERE WE ARE

(chúng tao ở đây)

DẠNG 11: ĐẢO NGỮ với CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN

(1) Câu điều kiện LOẠI 1:

* SHOULD + S + V-nguyên thể, S + WILL + V-nguyên thể

Vd: - Should she come late, he will beat her. (Nếu cô ấy đến muộn, hắn sẽ đánh cô ấy)

(nếu phủ định thì cho NOT sau chủ ngữ)

(2) Câu điều kiện LOẠI 2

* WERE + S + TO + V-nguyên thể, S + WOULD + V-nguyên thể

Vd: - Were I to quit the job, I wouldn't have enough money. (Nếu tôi bỏ việc, tôi sẽ không có đủ tiền)

(nếu phủ định thì cho NOT sau chủ ngữ)

- Nếu sau nó là Danh từ hoạc Tính từ thì có thể bỏ cụm TO V. Vd: Were I you, I would go home....

(3) Câu điều kiện LOẠI 3

* HAD + S + VP2, S + WOULD HAVE + VP2

Vd: - HAD WE KNOWN your address, we would have visited you. (Nếu chúng tôi biết địa chỉ của ông, chúng tôi đã đến thăm ông rồi)

(nếu phủ định thì cho NOT sau chủ ngữ)

ĐẢO NGỮ VỚI MỘT SỐ DẠNG KHÁC

với Dạng 4: HARDLY HAD + S + V-p2 + WHEN + S + V-quá khứ đơn.

=> HARDLY có thể thay bằng dạng có BARELY hoặc SCARCELY BARELY/ SCARCELY HAD + S + V-p2 + WHEN + S + V-quá khứ đơn.

(vừa mới....thì.........)

Vd: - barely/ scarcely had we set off when it snowed. (Chúng tao vừa khởi hành thì trời đổ tuyết)

BÀI TẬP

Bài 1. Chuyển sang dạng Đảo Ngữ:

1. He is so gentle that he never scolds anyone.

=> So

2. He hardly bought a new bike wwhen he had an accident.

(1) => Hardly

(2) => No sooner

3. The thief ran away.

=> Away

4. I could drive a car only when I reached 30.

=> Only when

5. If he goes to school, he will have money.

=> Should

6. The man not only beat the child but also took all her money.

=> Not only

7. She will never accept his proposal.

=> At no time

8. Mr. Bean rarely showed his intelligence.

=> Rarely

9. I phone him as soon as I went home.

(1) => No sooner

(2) => Scarcely

10. If you had followed the advice, you would have succeeded.

=> Had

11. He dived into the sea.

=> Into

12. If he had money, he would travel.

=> Were

13. She is such a gentle girl that she speaks very softly.

=> Such

14. The girl lay on the bed.

=> On

15. It was not until she was 18 that she went abroad.

=> Not until

16. We can only improve our skills by training hard.

=> Only

17. They are here.

=> Here

18. He no longer drinks coffee.

=> No

19. He stood outside the door.

=> Outside

20. It was not until they were robbed of money that they became more careful.

=> Not until

Bài 2. Dùng NEVER viết lại câu với hình thức đảo ngữ

1. She had never been so happy before.

=> Never before…………………………………………

2. I have never heard such nonsense!

=> Never…………………………………………………...

3. I have never seen such a mess in my life.

=> Never in my life…………………………………

4. Our profits have never been higher than they are this year.

=> Never…………………………

5. The film had never before laid on such a sumptuous celebration.

=>Never……………………

6. I've never come across such a horrifying film.

=> Never………………………………………

7. I've never been so moved by a Shakespeare production.

=> Never……………………………

8. I have never seen anyone in my life drink as much as you.

=> Never…………………………

9. I'll never forget you.

=> Never ………………………………………………………………..

Bài 3. Dùng RARELY, SELDOM hoặc LITTLE viết lại câu với hình thức đảo ngữ

1. One rarely finds good service these days.

=>Rarely………………………………………………………

2. She has rarely travelled more than fifty miles from her village.

=> Rarely………………………………

3. Public borrowing has seldom been so high.

=> Seldom…………………………………………

4. They had seldom participated in such a fascinating ceremony.

=> Seldom…………………………

5. They little suspected that the musical was going to be a runaway success.

=> Little……………………………

6. The embassy staff little realized that Ted was a secret agent

=> Little…………………………………………

7. He has seldom seen anything stranger

=> Seldom……………………………………………

Bài 4. Rewrite these sentences, using inversion with NOT.

1. He is my friend as well as yours.

=> Not only…………………………………………………

2. He not only spent all his money but also borrowed some from me.

=> Not only………………………………………

3. Harry not only broke his leg but also injured his shoulder.

=> Not only………………………………………………

4. He is both intelligent and handsome.

=> Not only…………………………………………………………………….

5. She is impatient and dishonest.

=> Not only………………………………………………………

6. The bus not only crashed into a tree, but it also ran over a cat.

=> Not……………………………………………………………………………..

7. She not only wrote the text but also selected the illustrations.

=> Not……………………………………………………………………………..

8. She is not only beautiful but also attractive.

=> Not……………………………………………………………………………..

9. He translated not only fast but also correctly.

=> Not……………………………………………………………………………..

10. They are not only good at mathematics but also at science.

=> Not……………………………………………………………………………..

11. She not only sings but also dances.

=> Not…………………………………………………………………

Bài 5. Rewrite each of the following sentences with the given words in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed above it.

1. He had hardly left the office when the telephone rang.

=> No sooner __________________________________________________ ___

2. I had only just put the phone down when the boss rang back.

=> Hardly __________________________________________________ _____

3. He didn’t finish his work until the bell rang.

=> Not until __________________________________________________ ____

4. We only began to see the symptoms of the disease after several months.

=> Only __________________________________________________ _______

5. A sleeping dog was lying under the table.

=> Under the table _________________________________________________

6. His brother had rarely been more excited.

=> Rarely____________________________________________ _____________

7. The facts were not all made public until later.

=> Only______________________________________________ ____________

8. If I had realized what would happen, I wouldn’t have accepted the job.

=> Had_______________________________________________ ____________

Bài 6. Rewrite each of the following sentences with the given words in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed above it.

1.He only thought about having a holiday abroad after he retired.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

2. I only realized how dangerous the situation had been when I got home.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

3. It wasn’t until last week that the Agriculture Minister admitted defeat.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

4. I understood Hamlet only after seeing it on the stage.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

5. They didn’t get round to business until they had finished eating.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

6. They had to wait for twelve hours before their flight left.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

7. I didn’t realize who he was until later.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

8. The door could not be opened without using force.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

9. I won’t agree until Tom’s apologized.

=> Only __________________________________________________________.

10.The only way you can become a good athlete is by training hard every day.
=> Only __________________________________________________________.

Bài 7. Rewrite these sentences, using inversion with SHOULD.

1. If the Government are forced into another election, it will be the favorite to win.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

2. If you want to make an appointment to see Dr Simons, she is free after 9. A.M

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

3. If you have further problems with your printer, contact your dealer for advice.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

4. If you decide to accept the post, you will be expected to start work on 1st April.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

5. If we hear any further news, we will be in touch immediately.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

6. If you wish to take advantage of the offer, kindly tick the box on your order form.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

7. If you change your mind, there will always be a job for you here.

=> Should__________________________________________________________.

Bài 8. Rewrite these sentences, using inversion with WERE OR HAD

1. If the salary were high, the job would be worth doing.

=> Were ___________________________________________________________.

2. Would you visit me if I were sent to prison?

=> Were ___________________________________________________________.

3. I didn’t see the signal, so I didn’t stop.

=> Had___________________________________________________________.

4. If I were rich, I could afford to buy an expensive car.

=> Were ___________________________________________________________.

5. If I were you, I would tell him the truth.

=> Were ___________________________________________________________.

6. If he weren’t busy right now, he could help them.

=> Were ___________________________________________________________.

7. If she had said sorry, he wouldn’t have been angry.

=> Had___________________________________________________________.

8. If the computer hadn’t broken down and I wouldn’t have had to stop my work.

=> Had___________________________________________________________.

9. If he hadn’t been angry, I would have said something.

=> Had___________________________________________________________.

10. If his friends hadn’t been late, they wouldn’t have missed the train.
=> Had___________________________________________________________.

Bài 9. Rewrite these sentences, using inversion with SO OR SUCH.

1. The weather is so beautiful that we decided to go to the beach.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

2. He is so strong that he can lift the box.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

3. He is such a lazy boy that no one likes him.

=> Such________________________________________________________________.

4. He ate so much food that he became ill.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.
5. It is such hot coffee that I can't drink it.

=> Such________________________________________________________________.

6. He bought so many books that he didn't know where to put them.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

7. She has such a soft voice that everyone likes her.

=> Such________________________________________________________________.

8. This book is so boring that I couldn’t finish it

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

9. He was such a fast speaker that we couldn’t understand him.

=> Such________________________________________________________________.

10. She was so tired that she fell asleep in the armchair.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

11. It was such a foggy day that we couldn’t see the road.

=> Such________________________________________________________________.

12. This tea is so good that I’ll have another cup.

=> So__________________________________________________________________.

Bài 10. I Rewrite each of the following sentences with the given words in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed above it.

1. He spent all his money. He even borrowed some from me.

=> Not only_______________________________________________________

2. He had hardly left the office when the telephone rang.

=> No sooner _____________________________________________________

3. I had only just put the phone down when the boss rang back.

=> Hardly _______________________________________________________

4. He didn’t finish his work until the bell rang.

=> Not until ______________________________________________________

5. We only began to see the symptoms of the disease after several months.

=> Only _________________________________________________________

6. I have never seen anyone in my life drink as much as you.

=> Never ________________________________________________________

7. A sleeping dog was lying under the table.

=> Under the table _________________________________________________

8. His brother had rarely been more excited.

=> Rarely_________________________________________________________

9. The facts were not all made public until later.

=> Only__________________________________________________________

10. If I had realized what would happen, I wouldn’t have accepted the job.

=> Had___________________________________________________________

11. The response to our appeal was so great that we has to take on more staff.

=> Such__________________________________________________________

12. Harry broke his leg, and also injured his shoulder.

=> Not only ______________________________________________________

13. The police didn’t at all suspect that the judge was the murderer.

=> Little _________________________________________________________

14. If you do happen to see Helen, could you ask her to call me?

=> Should________________________________________________________

15. The bus driver cannot be blamed for the accident in any way.

=> In ___________________________________________________________

16. The snowfall was so heavy that all the trains had to be cancelled.

=> So ___________________________________________________________

17. If the government raised interest rates. They would lose the election.

=> Were__________________________________________________________

18. As soon as I got into the bath, someone knocked at the door.

=> No sooner _____________________________________________________

19. There was so much uncertainty that the financial markets remained closed.

=> Such__________________________________________________________

20. It’s not common for there to be so much rain in March.

=> Seldom________________________________________________________

21. You won’t allowed in until your identify has been checked.

=> Only__________________________________________________________

22. Just after the play started there was a power failure.

=> Hardly________________________________________________________

23. The Prime Minister has hardly ever made a speech as inept as this.

=> Rarely_________________________________________________________

24. We had only just arrived home when the police called.

=> Scarcely_______________________________________________________.

25. Press photographers are banned from taking photographs backstage.

=> On no_________________________________________________________.

26. The way so much money has been spent to so little purpose must be a record.

=> Never before___________________________________________________.

27. The judge was taken ill just after the trial proceedings began.

=> Barely________________________________________________________.

28. She seldom misses a lecture.

=> Seldom_______________________________________________________.

29. As soon as we had come home, it started to rain

=> No sooner_____________________________________________________.
30. As soon as we had turned on the TV, the electricity went out.

=> Hardly _______________________________________________________.

31. I have never been embarrassed like that!

=> Never _______________________________________________________.

32. She had never experienced this exhilarating emotion in her life.

=> Never _______________________________________________________.

33. He has seldom seen anything stranger

=> Seldom_______________________________________________________.

34. I have seldom seen him looking so miserable.

=> Seldom_______________________________________________________.

35. As soon as I had got out of the bed, the phone rang.

=> Scarcely _______________________________________________________.

36. As soon as he had finished dinner, she walked in the door.

=> No sooner _____________________________________________________.

37. I only understood the problem then.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.

38. We will be only able to accomplish this great task by working hard.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.
39. You can only pass this exam by studying hard.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.
40. You can only understand it when you grow up.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.

41. I can only forgive you if you tell me the truth.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.

42. I only realized that I'd seen it before after the film started.

=> Only _________________________________________________________.

43. The situation was so strange that I couldn’t sleep.

=> So ___________________________________________________________.

44. The test is so difficult that students need three months to prepare.

=> So ___________________________________________________________.

45. The exercise is so easy that every students can do it easily.

=> So ___________________________________________________________.

46. He not only studies well, but also he sings well.

=> Not only ______________________________________________________.

47. If you meet her, please call me!

=> Should _______________________________________________________.

48. If you had obeyed orders this disaster would not have happened

=> Had___ _______________________________________________________.

Đáp án có trong file tải: Các dạng đảo ngữ thường gặp trong tiếng Anh (có bài tập + đáp án). Mời bạn đọc tham khảo thêm nhiều tài liệu ôn tập Tiếng Anh cơ bản như: Tài liệu luyện kỹ năng Tiếng Anh cơ bản, Ôn tập Ngữ pháp Tiếng Anh, Luyện thi Tiếng Anh trực tuyến,... được cập nhật liên tục trên VnDoc.com.

Đánh giá bài viết
71 73.165
Thi THPT Quốc Gia Xem thêm