Bài tập tự luận tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 6 Global Warming

Bài tập Unit 6 lớp 11 Global Warming có đáp án

Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 6: Global Warming có đáp án nằm trong bộ đề Ôn tập Tiếng Anh lớp 11 theo từng Unit năm học 2022 - 2023 mới nhất trên VnDoc.com. Bài tập tiếng Anh 11 Unit 6 Global Warming có đáp án được biên tập bám sát chương trình học tại Nhà trường giúp học sinh lớp 11 củng cố kiến thức đã học về Từ vựng, cấu trúc câu Tiếng Anh hiệu quả.

I. Use the words / phrases from the box to complete the sentences.

greenhouse gases heat-related catastrophic vehicle emissions

diversity ecological balance capture

Example: The government must take measures to cut vehicle emissions.

1. The effects of climate change on humans and nature are ______

2. We need to preserve the ______ of wildlife because each species has an important role to play.

3. The increase in the earth's temperature can cause ______ illnesses which can be dangerous to people.

4. Carbon dioxide is one of the primary ______ that cause global warming.

5. Planting trees can contribute to reducing global warming as trees ______ and absorb CO2 in the air.

6. Climate change may lead to the extinction of many species and upset the ______

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1. Catastrophic

2. Diversity

3. heat-related

4. greenhouse gases

5. Capture

6. ecological balance

II. Combine the following sentences by completing the second sentences and using perfect gerunds.

1. It was said that the company had dumped hundreds of tons of waste into the river. But it denied that.

The company ____________________________________________________

2. These big companies had invested in wind and solar energy. The government praised them for that.

The government ____________________________________________

3. The mining industry in this region has discharged most of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. It is responsible for that.

The mining industry in this region is ____________________________

4. The melting of polar ice has made the number of polar bears much smaller. Local people blame it for that.

Local people blame ______________________________

5. The local businesses haven’t developed clean technologies in recent years. The public criticizes them for that.

The public criticizes ______________________________________________________

6. The world’s largest IT companies have powered their operations with 100 percent renewable energy. We admire them for that.

We admire __________________________________________________________

7. Greenpeace had supplied all public school districts with 100 percent renewable energy. Local communities in North Carolina thanked the organization for that.

Local communities in North Carolina ____________________________________

8. Salinity of water had caused significant damage to the crops and livestock in Ben Tre. Local people in Ben Tre blamed it for that damage.

Local people in Ben Tre ____________________________________________

9. Mary installed a wind turbine to provide energy for all lights and air-conditioners in the home. She remembers that.

Mary remembers _____________________________________

10. The burning of fossil fuels and other human activities has increased average global temperatures by 0.8 degree centigrade over the past 100 years. Scientists accuse it for that.

Scientists accuse ____________________________________________________

11. They have been unprepared for sudden floods last year. They remember that.

They remember

12. The US government had provided insufficient supplies for the flood victims. Local communities in New Orleans criticized the US government for that.

Local communities in New Orleans

13. Deforestation and overflowing dams have caused worse floods and storms in recent years. Local people in Quang Tri Province blame them for that.

Local people in Quang Tri Province

14. The US government caused various diseases and birth defects in Viet Nam with Agent Orange. But the US government denies that.

The US government denies

15. It was said that he had pumped salty water into the fields illegally. And he admitted that.

He admitted ___________________________________________________________

Xem đáp án

1. The company denied having dumped hundreds of tons of waste into the river.

2. The government praised these big companies for having invested in wind and solar energy.

3. The mining industry in this region is responsible for having discharged most of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

4. Local people blame the melting of polar ice for having made the number of polar bears much smaller.

5. The public criticizes the local businesses for not having developed clean technologies in recent years

6. We admire the world’s largest IT companies for having powered their operations with 100 percent renewable energy.

7. Local communities in North Carolina thanked Greenpeace for having supplied all public school districts with 100 percent renewable energy.

8. Local people in Ben Tre blamed salinity of water for having caused significant damage to the crops and livestock.

9. Maiy remembers having installed a wind turbine to provide energy for all lights and air- conditioners in the home.

10. Scientists accuse the burning of fossil fuels and other human activities for having increased average global temperatures by 0.8 degree centigrade over the past 100 years.

11. They remember having been unprepared for sudden floods last year.

12. Local communities in New Orleans criticized the US government for having provided insufficient supplies for the flood victims.

13. Local people in Quang Tri Province blame deforestation and overflowing dams for having caused worse floods and storms in recent years.

14. The US government denies having caused various diseases and birth defects in Viet Nam with Agent Orange.

15. He admitted having pumped salty water into the fields illegally.

III. Rewrite the sentences, using perfect participles.

1. After I watched the documentary about wildlife, I made a donation to an environmental society.

2. After I ate my evening meal, I decided to go for a walk.

3. Because I had spent the whole day cleaning up my room, I needed to take a shower and have a rest.

4. Since the authorities had managed water resources irresponsibly, they had to deal with water shortages in the region.

5. After we had read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change oi daily consumption habits.

6. Because the farmers had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they turned to bio-fertilisers.

7. After I finished all my homework, I watched my favourite film on TV.

Xem đáp án

1. Having watched the documentary about wildlife, I made a donation to an environmental society.

2. Having eaten my evening meal, I decided to go for a walk.

3. Having spent the whole day cleaning up my room, I needed to take a shower and have a rest.

4. Having managed water resources irresponsibly, the authorities had to deal with water shortages in the region.

5. Having read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change our daily consumption habits.

6. Having been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, the farmers turned to bio-fertilisers.

7. Having finished all my homework, I watched my favourite film on TV.

IV. Combine the sentences, using perfect gerunds.

1. He risked his own life to rescue the little boy. He was really admired for that.

2. She raised $20,000 for wildlife protection. She was praised for that.

3. I have advised you on how to cut down your energy use. I remember that.

4. Some scientists have not reported the effects of climate change.

5. They are accused of that. They have acted irresponsibly towards the environment. They were criticised for that.

6. The factory has dumped a huge amount of rubbish into the river. It was fined for that.

7. He didn't keep his promise. He apologised for that.

Xem đáp án

1. He was really admired for having risked his own life to rescue the little boy.

2. She was praised for having raised $20,000 for wildlife protection.

3. I remember having advised you on how to cut down your energy use.

4. Some scientists are accused of not having reported the effects of climate change.

5. They were criticised for having acted irresponsibly towards the environment.

6. The factory was fined for having dumped a huge amount of rubbish into the river.

7. He apologised for not having kept his promise.

V. Write sentences, using the words and phrases given. Change the word forms or add some words, if necessary.

1. global warming / increase / earth's average surface temperature / due to / warming effects / greenhouse gases /.

2. main cause / global warming / burning of fossi fuels natural gas, oil, and coal /.

3. even slight increases / levels / carbon dioxide atmosphere / can / cause significant / rise / temperature /.

4. there / connection / between / recent droughts and / climate change /.

5. farming / contribute / more than 30 percent / total greenhouse gas emissions /.

6. overuse / chemical fertilisers serious threat / environment /.

7. warming / earth's atmosphere cause ' sea-level rise /.

8. many animal species / in / danger of extinction / due to / loss / habitat / and / inability / adapt / climate change/.

9. global warming / may lead extreme weather events /, / include / heat waves / floods / powerful storms / which / affect / people's lives /.

10. every one / us / can / help / protect and sustain / our environment / changing / consumption habits /.

Xem đáp án

1. Global warming is the increase in the earth's average surface temperature due to the warming effects of greenhouse gases.

2. The main cause of global warming is the burning of fossil fuels, such as natural gas, oil, and coal.

3. Even slight increases in the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can cause a significant rise in temperature.

4. There is a connection between the recent droughts and climate change.

5. Farming contributes more than 30 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions.

6. The overuse of chemical fertilisers is a serious threat to the environment.

7. The warming of the earth's atmosphere causes sea-level rise.

8. Many animal species are in danger of extinction due to the loss of their habitat and inability to adapt to climate change.

9. Global warming may lead to extreme weather events, including heat waves, floods, and powerful storms, which could affect people's lives.

10. Every one of us can help to protect and sustain our environment by changing our consumption habits.

VI. A group of students is discussing what they should do to help to reduce their community's carbon footprint. Put the lines in their conversation in the correct order.

(a) Lan Well, what do you think we should do to help to reduce our community's carbon footprint?

(b) Mai I agree. And I think we should also try to use less paper.

(c) Minh In my opinion, we should start cutting down our energy use. If we use LED light bulbs or turi

off electronic devices when they are not in use, we can save a large amount of electricity.

(d) Lan Uh-huh. These things are very easy to do. What do you think, Mai?

(e) Mai This can help to save trees and forests since most paper products are made from wood. Do you agree with me, Lan?

(f) Minh Use less paper? What makes you think so?

(g) Lan Well, I don't think that will help much. I believe that we should start a reuse-and-recycle

campaign. Then we can help to reduce waste and pollution, and conserve natural resources

Xem đáp án
1. a 2. c 3. d 4. B 5. f 6.e 7.g

VII. Rewrite the sentences beginning with an appropriate participle (present, past or perfect).

1. When she saw the dog coming towards her, she quickly crossed the road.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

2. As I don't have a credit card, I found it difficult to book an airline ticket over the phone.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Because I was walking quickly, I soon caught up with her.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

4. I was eager to catch the bus in good time because I had been told off the day before for arriving late.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

5. She didn't know where the theater was, so she asked for directions at the hotel reception.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

6. As she was a nurse, she knew what to do after the accident.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

7. He had spent his childhood in Oslo so he knew the city well.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

8. We has spent nearly all our money so we couldn't afford to stay at a hotel.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

9. As we didn't want to offend him, we said nothing about his paintings.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

10. Although it had been hunted close to extinction, the rhino is once again common in this area.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

Xem đáp án

1. Seeing the dog coming towards her, she quickly crossed the road.

2. Not having a credit card, I found it difficult to book…

3. Walking quickly, I soon caught up with her.

4. Having been told off the day before for arriving late, I was eager to catch the bus in good time.

5. Not knowing where the theater was, she asked for directions at the hotel reception.

6. Being a nurse, she knew what to do after the accident.

7. Having spent his childhood in Oslo, he knew the city well.

8. Having spent nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay at a hotel.

9. Not wanting to offend him, we said nothing about his paintings.

10. Having been hunted close to extinction, the rhino is once again common in this area.

VIII. Write the following sentences in Reported Speech.

1) “It was really kind of you to help me.” Mary said to you.

Mary thanked me........................................................................................

2) “I’ll drive you to the airport.” John said to Linda..

John insisted................................................................................................

3) “You have passed the final exams. Congratulations!” Jim said to you

Jim congratulated me..................................................................................

4) “It was nice of you to invite me to the dinner. Thank you”, Miss White said to Peter.

Miss White thanked.....................................................................................

5) “Don’t play with the matches!” I said to Jack.

I warned.......................................................................................................

6) “I’m sorry I didn’t phone you earlier”, Margaret said to you.

Margaret apologized...................................................................................

7) “I have always wanted to be a pilot”, Paul said to you.

Paul has always dreamed of.......................................................................

8) “You didn’t do what I said”, the mother said to her son.

The mother accused.....................................................................................

Xem đáp án

1) Mary thanked me for helping her.

2) John insisted on driving her to the airport.

3) Jim congratulated me on passing the final exams.

4) Miss White thanked Peter for inviting her to the dinner.

5) I warned Jack against playing with matches.

6) Margaret apologized for not phoning me earlier.

7) Paul has always dreamed of being a pilot.

8) The mother accused her son of not doing what she had said.

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