Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2015 trường THPT Chuyên Sơn Tây, Hà Nội (Lần 3)
Đề thi thử THPT Quốc gia môn Tiếng Anh năm 2015 có lời giải chi tiết
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SỞ GD&ĐT HÀ NỘI
TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN SƠN TÂY
ĐỀ CHÍNH THỨC
(Đề thi có 06 trang)
KỲ THI THỬ LẦN III CHUẨN BỊ CHO
KÌ THI THPT QUỐC GIA
Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH
Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút
Mã đề 132
I. PHẦN TRẮC NGHIỆM (64 Question; 8 điểm)
Choose one word whose stress pattern is different. Identify your answer by circling the corresponding letter.
Question 1: A. solidarity B. organize C. represent D. academic
Question 2: A. gorilla B. typical C. primary D. nursery
Question 3: A. successfully B. defensive C. curriculum D. calculation
Choose one word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the rest. Identify your answer by circling.
Question 4: A. explained B. disappointed C. Prepared D. followed
Question 5: A. escape B. especial C. island D. isolate
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined.
Question 6: Trudy felt ill at ease when she spoke in public for the first time.
A. felt uncomfortable and embarrassed B. felt difficult and lost confidence
C. felt challenged and inopportune D. felt nausea and dizzy
Question 7: The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the "Strategy 2010" document of the Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.
A. weak and unprotected B. poor and disabled
C. deaf and mute D. wealthy and famous
Question 8: To prepare for a job interview, you should jot down your qualifications, work experience as well as some important information about yourself.
A. your special qualities you have B. what you have earned through study
C. what you have experienced D. your own qualities in real life
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
Question 9: I find it hard to work at home because there are too many distractions.
A. attentions B. unawareness
C. unconcern D. carelessness
Question 10: In the first two decades of its existence, the cinema developed rapidly.
A. shortly B. sluggishly C. leisurely D. weakly
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction.
Question 11: Alike other forms of energy, natural gas may be used to heat homes, cook food, and even run automobiles.
A. may be used B. Alike C. run D. to heat
Question 12: Althoughfewer Americans work on farms today, they are too productive that the U.S is now the world's top food exporter.
A. Although B. fewer C. too D. top
Question 13: Owing to their superior skill, highly competitive athletes have been known to win contests and break records even when suffered from injuries, physical disorders, and infections.
A. have been known B. highly competitive
C. when suffered D. Owing to
Question 14: The Federal Trade Commission, establishing in 1914, steadily increased the extent and nature of its regulation of the advertising industry.
A. advertising B. nature C. establishing D. Steadily increased
Question 15: After analyzing the steep rise in profits according to your report, it was convinced that your analyses were correct.
A. the steep rise B. analyses were correct C. it was D. profits according to
Read the following passage and decide which answer best fits each gap. Write your answer in the numbered box.
Voluntary work is work that you do not get paid for and usually involves in doing things to help other people, especially the elderly or the sick. or working on (16)__________of a charity or similar organization. Most charitable organizations rely on unpaid volunteers, and thousands of Americans and British people give many hours of their time to doing some form of social work or organizing - fund raising events to support the work. Volunteering is especially popular in the US and the reasons this may be found in (17)__________American values such as the Protestant work ethic, the idea that work improves the person who does it, and the belief that people can change their (18)__________if they try hard enough.
In the US young people over 18 can take part in AmeriCorps, a government program that (19)__________them to work as volunteers for a period of time, with the (20)__________of help in paying for their education later. Older Americans who do not work may spend much of their free time volunteering.
In Britain a lot of voluntary work is directed towards supporting the country's social services.The WRVS and other organizations run a meals- on- wheels service in many parts of Britain, (21)__________hot food for old people who are (22)__________to cook for themselves. The nationwide Citizens Advice Bureau, which offers free advice to the public (23)__________a wide range of issues, is run (24)__________by volunteers, and the Blood Transfusion Service relies on voluntary blood donors to give blood for use in hospitals. Political parties use volunteers at election time, and Churches depend on volunteers to (25) _________ building clean.
Question 16: A. behalf B. basic C. account D. ground
Question 17: A. basic B. primary C. top D. essential
Question 18: A. standard B. nature C. condition D. appearance
Question 19: A. commissions B. guides C. encourages D. engages
Question 20: A. function B. reply C. favour D. promise
Question 21: A. serving B. providing C. selling D. offering
Question 22: A. incapable B. unable C. enabled D. offering
Question 23: A. on B. with C. for D. through
Question 24: A. equally B. mainly C. substantially D. frequently
Question 25: A. stay B. keep C. help D. get
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Ethology is concerned with the study of adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its Evolutionary history. Ethological theory began to be applied to research on children in the1960's but has become even more influential today. The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin. Its modern foundations were laid by two European zoologists, Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen.
Watching the behaviors diverse animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz, and Tinbergen observed behavior patterns that promote survival. The most well-known of these is imprinting, the early following behavior of certain baby birds that ensures that the young will stay close to their mother and be fed and protected from danger. Imprinting takes place during an early, restricted time period of development. If the mother goose is not present during this time, but an object resembling her in important features is, young goslings may imprint on it instead . Observations of imprinting led to major concept that has been applied in child Development" the critical period . It refers to a limited times span during which the child is biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs the support of suitably stimulating environment. Many researchers have conducted studies to find out whether complex cognitive and social behaviors must be learned during restricted time periods. for example, if children are deprived of adequate food or physical and social stimulation during the early years of life, will their intelligence be permanently impaired? If language is not mastered during the preschool years, is the child's capacity to acquire it reduced?
Inspired by observations of imprinting, in 1969 the British psychoanalyst John Bowlby applied ethological theory to the understanding of the relationship between an infant and its parents. He argued that attachment behaviors of babies, such as smiling, babbling, grasping, and crying, are built-in social signals that encourage the parents to approach, care for, and interact with the baby. By keeping a parent near, these behaviors help ensure that the baby will be fed, protected from danger, and provided with the stimulation and affection necessary for healthy growth. The development of attachment in human infants is a lengthy process involving changes in psychological structures that lead to a deep affectional tie between parent and baby.
Question 26: What was Darwin's contribution to ethology?
A. Darwin was the first person to apply ethological theory to children.
B. Darwin's work provided the basis for ethology.
C. Darwin was the professor who taught Lorenz and Tinbergen.
D. Darwin improved on the original principles of ethology.
Question 27: The word "diverse" is closest in meaning to
A. small B. wild C. varied D. particular
Question 28: The word "ensures" is closest in meaning to
A. assumes B. guarantees C. proves D. teaches
Question 29: According to the passage, if a mother goose is not present during the time period when imprinting takes place, which of the following will most likely occur?
A. The mother will later imprint on the gosling.
B. The gosling may not find a mate when it matures.
C. The gosling will not imprint on any object.
D. The gosling may imprint on another object.
Question 30: The word "it" refers to
A. time B. object C. development D. goose
Question 31: The word "suitably" is closest in meaning to
A. moderately B. appropriately C. willingly D. emotionally
Question 32: The author mentions all of the following as attachment behaviors of human infants EXCEPT
A. smiling B. crying C. eating D. grasping
Question 33: According to the passage, attachment behaviors of infants are intended to
A. prepare the infant to cope with separation
B. provide the infant with a means of self-stimulation
C. allow the infant to become imprinted on objects that resemble the parent
D. get the physical, emotional and social needs of the infant met
Question 34: The phrase "affectional tie" is closest in meaning to
A. behavioral change B. psychological need
C. cognitive development D. emotional attachment
Question 35: It can be inferred from the passage that ethological theory assumes that
A. failure to imprint has no influence on intelligence
B. to learn about human behavior only human subjects should be studied
C. there are similarities between animal and human behavior
D. the notion of critical periods applies only to animals