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Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Đọc hiểu Tiếng Anh

Tài liệu ôn thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh chuyên đề Đọc hiểu nằm trong bộ đề ôn thi đề thi tiếng Anh vào lớp 10 do VnDoc.com sưu tầm và đăng tải. Tài liệu Tiếng Anh gồm các đoạn văn thuộc nhiều chủ đề khác nhau giúp các em học sinh lớp 9 rèn luyện kỹ năng làm bài đọc hiểu hiệu quả.

Xem thêm: Bộ đề thi tuyển sinh lớp 10 môn Anh năm 2023 - 2024

I. Bài tập đoạn văn tiếng Anh tuyển sinh lớp 10

ĐỀ 01

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

To do well at school, college or university you usually need to do well in exams. “All students hate exams” may be a generalization, but it is fairly true one. Certainly, all of the students I’ve known disliked doing exams, None of them thought that the exam system was fair; to do well in a exam you simply had to be able to predict the questions which would be asked, This was the case as regards tow students in my class at college. Both of them were exceptionally bright, but in the final year “exam” neither of them got an A grade. In fact, they both got Cs. The exam had tested us on questions which had come up the previous year. They had both assumed that the same questions wouldn’t come up again, and hadn’t prepared for them.

1) Students need to do well in exams __________.

a. In order to do well at school.

b. Because they need to do well at school.

c. So that to do well at school.

d. Therefore they have to do well at school.

2) The statement “ All students hate exams” is _________.

a. extremely true

b. completely true

c. quite true

d. very true

3) Which of the following sentences is not true?

a. All of the students the writer has known thought that the exam system was unfair.

b. To do well in an exam you simply had the ability to predict the questions which would be asked.

c. None of the students the writer has known disliked doing exams.

d. “ All students hate exams” is fairly true generalization.

4) Why did the two students in the writer’s class get C grades in the final exam?

a. Because the exam was very difficult.

b. Because they didn’t prepare for the questions that had come up the previous year.

c. Because they were dull students.

d. Because the questions weren’t in their lesson.

5) The writer’s main purpose of writing the passage is to _________________________.

a. describe the importance of exams.

b. discuss how exams effect on the students.

c. explain the equality in examinations.

d. criticize the exam system.

ĐỀ 02

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer

Every year people in many countries learn English. Some of them are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. Some learn at school. Others study by themselves. A few learn English just by hearing the language in film, on television, in the office or among their friends. Most people must work hard to learn English.

Why do these all people learn English? It is not difficult to answer this question.

Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work. Teenagers often learn English for their higher studies because some of their books are in English at the college or university. Other people learn English because they want to read newspapers or magazines in English.

1. According to the writer. English is learn by _____________.

a. young children

b. adults

c. teenagers

d. all are correct

2. Most people learn English by ____________.

a. themselves

b. hearing the language on television

c. working hard on the lesson

d. speaking English to their friends

3. Where do many boys and girls learn English?

a. at home

b. in the office

c. in evening class

d. at school

4. Teenagers learn English because ___________.

a. It’s useful for their higher studies

b. it’s one of their subjects.

c. They want to master it.

d. a and c are correct.

5. Why do many adults learn English?

a. Because they want to see movies in English.

b. Because they need it for their job.

c. Because they are forced to learn.

d. Because it’s not difficult to learn.

ĐỀ 03

Read the passage carefully then answer the questions

More than two hundreds years ago, the term “ environmental pollution” was quite strange to people. They lived healthy, drank pure water, and breathed fresh air. Nowadays, the situation is quite different. People all over the world are worried about things that are happening to the environment. Actually it is man that is destroying the surroundings with many kinds of wastes. Everybody knows that motorbikes and cars emit dangerous gases that cause poisonous air and cancer, but no one wants to travel on foot or by bicycle. Manufactures know that wastes from factories make water and soil polluted, but they do not want to spend a lot of their money on treating the wastes safely. Scattering rubbish is bad for our health, but no one wants to spend time burying it. Is it worth talking a lot about pollution?

1. More than two hundred years ago _____________.

a. the environment was polluted as much as it is today.

b. people knew nothing about environmental pollution.

c. air was polluted badly

d. people was faced with pollution.

2. In former days, people ____________.

a. led a healthy life

b. lived in the polluted environment

c. were worried about pollution

d. drank contaminated water

3. Nowadays, many people are concerned about ___________.

a. the destruction of the poisonous air.

b. the polluted water

c. the wastes from the factories.

d. the pollution of the environment.

4. Everybody knows that cars emit dangerous gases ______________.

a. so they do not travel by car

b. so they prefer travelling by bicycle

c. but they still prefer traveling by car

d. and they enjoy traveling on foot.

5. Factory owners _____________.

a. know nothing about pollution

b. have no awareness of pollution

c. treat wastes from their factories safely

d. do not want to spend money on treating the wastes safely

6. It’s harmful for our health _______________.

a. if rubbish is pleaded over our sea

b. If we don’t scatter our rubbish

c. if we spend time on gathering rubbish

d. if rubbish is buried

ĐỀ 04

Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer Lớp 9

It is estimated that about 200 million people who use the Internet computer network around the world. The Internet allows people to work at home instead of traveling to work. The Internet allows businesses to communicate with customers and workers in many part of the world for the cost of a local telephone call. E.mail allows users to send documents, pictures and other data from one part of the world to another in at least 5 minutes. People can use the Internet to do shopping. This saves a lot of time. It is possible to use the Internet for education – students may connect with their teachers from home to send or receive e.mail or talk their problems through “ on line” rather than attend a class.

1. The Internet allows people ______________.

a. to stay at home and rest

b. not to work

c. to travel to work

d. to work at home

2. To a business, the Internet is ____________ to communicate with customers.

a. a cheap way

b. a very expensive way

c. an inconvenient way

d. a difficult way

3. E. mail can be use to send ________________.

a. documents

b. information

c. data

d. all are correct

4. It takes _______________ to do the shopping on the Internet.

a. a lot of time

b. a little time

c. less time

d. more time

5. To use the Internet for education is ________________.

a. impossible

b. possible

c. inconvenient

d. difficult

ĐỀ 05

Mark the letter a b c or d to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

The search of alternative resources of energy has resulted in different directions. Many communities are burning garbage and other biological waste products to produce electricity.

Experimental work is being done to make synthetic fuels from coal, or coal tars. But to date, that process has proved expensive. Some experts are trying to revive hydroelectric power which is derived from streams and rivers. Fifty years ago, hydroelectric power provided one third of the electricity used in the United States, but today it supplies only four percent. The oceans are another source of energy. Scientists are studying ways to change the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves into electricity.

1. What are many communities doing to produce electricity?

a. burning garbage and other biological waste products.

b. changing waste products into power

c. searching for alternative resources

2. Has the process of making synthetic fuels proved cheap or expensive?

a. It has proved cheap

b. It has proved expensive

c. It has not proved expensive

3. Where is hydroelectric power derived from?

a. rivers and ocean

b. lakes and streams

c. rivers and streams.

4. What percentage of the electricity used in the United States does hydroelectric power provide today?

a. 33%

b. 35 %

c. 4 %

5. What are scientists studying?

a. ways to have electricity from the energy of ocean.

b. ways to change the energy of ocean currents, tides, and waves into electricity.

c. a and b are correct.

ĐỀ 06

Read the passage carefully then choose the correct answer

Education is not an end, but a mean to an end. In other words, we do not educate children only for the purpose of education them; our purpose is to fit them for life. So it is very important to choose a suitable system of education which will really prepare children for life.

When we say that all of us must be educated to fit us for life, it means that we must be educated in such a way that, firstly, each of us can do whatever job is suited to his brain and ability, and, secondly, that we can realize that all jobs are necessary to society, and that it is very bad to be ashamed of one’s work, or to scorn someone else’s. Only such a type of education can be called valuable to society.

1. Education is a mean _____________.

a. to reach one’s goals

b. to earn lots of money

c. to make up one’s personality

2. According to the writer, the purpose of education is ___________.

a. simply to provide knowledge for children.

b. to fit children for life

c. to prepare anything which is suitable for children

3. Each of us must be educated to do ______________.

a. whatever job that is well-paid

b. whatever job that is suitable

c. whatever job that is professional

4. All jobs are necessary ________________.

a. to the employees

b. to us

c. to society

5. It is very bad ______________.

a. to look down on someone else’s work

b. to feel ashamed of someone else’s work

c. to think one’s work as a means to earn money

6. Only a type of education ____________ can be called valuable to society.

a. that helps people to get good jobs

b. that trains people to do whatever they want

c. that fit people for life

ĐỀ 07

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 5.

New York is called “the Big Apple”. Maybe it is not exactly like an apple, it’s certainly very big. There are too many people, that’s the problem. The streets are always full of cars and trucks; you can never find a place to park.

Travelling around is never easy in the city. If you have enough money, you can take a taxi. New York cabs are yellow. They look all the same. But the drivers are very different. Some were born and raised in New York, but many are newcomers to the United States.

A few drive slowly, but most go very fast. Cab driving is a difficult job. It can be dangerous, too. Thieves often try to steal the drivers’ money. Drivers sometimes get hurt.

If you don’t want to take a taxi, you can go by bus or you can take the subway. The subway is quick and it’s cheap, but some of its parts are old and dirty. Lights don’t always work and there are often fires on the track. On some subway lines, there are new, clean and silver trains. But you can’t see the color of the old trains easily. There is too much dirt and too much graffiti, inside and outside.

1. What is the problem in New York?

A. It looked like an apple B. It has too many apples. C. It is too long D. It is too crowded.

2. What does “a cab” mean?

A. truck B. a plane C. a taxi D. a bus

3. Cab drivers in New York _____.

A. can be dangerous B. look the same C. can be attacked by thieves D. were all born in New York

4. The word “subway” can be replaced by ____.

A. platform B. light bulb C. underground D. station

5. Subways in New York ________.

A. have no lights B. are clothes C. are quick but dirty D. often cause fire

ĐỀ 08

Read the letter, then answer the questions below.

Dear Mai,

I’m very pleased that we’re going to be pen pals. I’ll tell you a little about myself, and you can do the same when you write to me.

I live in an area of London called Maida Vale. It’s quite near the centre, but there are parks nearby where I often take my dog, Mickey, for a walk. I live with my parents and my younger brother, Paul. My father works for the post office and my mother has a part-time job as a nurse. I go to the local comprehensive school, where I have a lot of friends. I like most subjects, but not all of them! In the evening I sometimes visit friends or stay at home and listen to music, and at the weekends I like going swimming or horse-riding. At the moment I’m working very hard because I have exams soon, so I’m spending a lot of time in the library.

I’m looking forward to hearing from you.

Write soon!

Best wishes, Mary

1. What is Mai’s pen pal’s name?

………………………………………………………

2. Where does she live?

……………………..…………………………………………

3. Who does she live with?

……..…………………………………………………………

4. What are her hobbies?

………………….………………………….…………………

5. Why does she have to work very hard now?

……………………………………………

ĐỀ 09

I often hear or read about “natural disaster”- the eruption of Mount St Helen, a volcano the state of Washington: Hurricane Andrew in Florida; the floods in the American Midwest; terrible earthquakes all over the world; huge fires; and so on. But I’ll never forget my first personal experience with the strangeness of nature – “the London Killer Fog” of 1952. It began on Thursday, December 4th when a high –pressure system (warm air) cover southern England. With the freezing-cold air below, heavy fog formed. Pollution from factories, cars, and coal stoves mixed with the fog. The humidity was terribly high, there was no breeze at all. Traffic (cars, trains, and boats) stopped. People couldn’t see, and some walked onto the railroad tracks or into the river. It was hard to breathe, and many people got sick. Finally on Tuesday, December 9th, the wind came and the fog went away. But after that, even more people got sick, many of them died.

1. Which natural disaster isn’t mentioned in the text?

A. a volcanic eruption B. a flood

C. a hurricane D. a tornado

2. What is his unforgettable person experience?

A. the London killer B. the heavy fog in London

C. the strangeness of nature D. a high-pressure system

3. What didn’t happen during the time of the “London Killer Fog”?

A. pollution B. humidity

C. heavy rain D. heavy fog

4. The traffic stopped because of ……….

A. The rain B. the windy weather

C. the humid weather D. the heavy fog

ĐỀ 10

Pollution is the process of making air, water, soil etc dangerously dirty and not suitable for people to use. For example:

* Air pollution is where there are gases in the air that is harmful, these gases come from object or buildings like harmful smoke from factories, vehicles, automobiles. (cars, trucks, planes, boats) and many more.

* Light pollution is unwanted light, such as the light of cities, street lights, and others makes it hard to see the stars.

* Noise pollution is unwanted noise, such as the sound of cars in a city, loud boats/ship, airplanes, and trains.

* Water pollution is where there are things in the water that are harmful such as crude oil spilled from a shipwrecked tanker, smoke, poison, air pollution, and a lot other things that are not human/plant/animal remains.

1. Air pollution comes from harmful………………from factories, vehicles, etc.

A. trees B. parks C. smoke D. liquid

2. All of the following things cause light pollution except……………

A. traffic light B. light of cities

C. street lights D. light of the moon

3. Noise pollution is ……………sound of cars, trains, planes, etc.

A. unwanted B. small C. interesting D. useful

4. Which of the following sentences is Not true?

E. Air pollution comes from harmful gases.

B. Light of the stars causes light pollution

C. Sound from a loud ship cause pollution

D. Water pollution can come from the land.

II. Đáp án bài tập đọc hiểu đoạn văn tiếng Anh vào 10

ĐỀ 01

Read the passage and choose the correct answer.

1 - a; 2 - c; 3 - c; 4 - b; 5 - d;

ĐỀ 02

Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer

1 - d; 2 - c; 3 - d; 4 - a; 5 - b;

ĐỀ 03

Read the passage carefully then answer the questions

1 - b; 2 - a; 3 - d; 4 - c; 5 - d; 6 - b;

ĐỀ 04

Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answer Lớp 9

1 - d; 2 - a; 3 - d; 4 - c; 5 - b;

ĐỀ 05

Mark the letter a b c or d to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions

1 - a; 2 - b; 3 - c; 4 - c; 5 - b;

ĐỀ 06

Read the passage carefully then choose the correct answer

1 - c; 2 - c; 3 - c; 4 - c; 5 - b; 6 - c;

ĐỀ 07

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 1 to 5.

1 - D; 2 - C; 3 - C; 4 - C; 5 - C;

ĐỀ 08

Read the letter, then answer the questions below.

1. Her name is Mary.

2. She lives in an area of London called Maida Vale.

3. She lives with her parents and her younger brother , Paul.

4. Her hobbies are swimming and horse-riding.

5. Because she is going to have exams./ Because she has exams soon

ĐỀ 09

1 - D; 2 - B; 3 - C; 4 - D;

ĐỀ 10

1 - C; 2 - D; 3 - A; 4 - B

Mời bạn đọc tải trọn bộ đề ôn tập tại đây: Ôn thi vào lớp 10 chuyên đề Đọc hiểu Tiếng Anh có đáp án. Ngoài ra, VnDoc.com đã đăng tải rất nhiều tài liệu luyện thi vào lớp 10 các môn khác nhau. Mời thầy cô, quý phụ huynh và các em học sinh tham khảo, download phục vụ việc học tập và giảng dạy.

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