Bài tập Word Form - Ôn thi vào 10

Ôn thi vào 10 năm 2020: Tổng hợp Word Form trong Tiếng Anh

Bài tập Word Form - Ôn thi vào 10 nằm trong bộ đề thi vào lớp 10 môn Tiếng Anh do VnDoc.com biên soạn và đăng tải. Tài liệu tổng hợp Word Form trong Tiếng Anh gồm bài tập nâng cao có đáp án, bám sát chương trình và đề thi giúp học sinh lớp 9 nắm chắc kiến thức phần lý thuyết trước đó hiệu quả.

Mời các bạn tham gia vào nhóm Tài liệu học tập lớp 10 để tham khảo thêm nhiều tài liệu hay: Tài liệu học tập lớp 10

Bài tập Word Form - Ôn thi vào 10

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1. Phân loại

  Hình thức Vị trí Ví dụ

Noun

(danh từ)

1.V+ion

ance

ment

or/er(chỉ người)

ex:educate->education

perform->performence

2.adj+ness

Ex:happy->happiness

1. đứng trước động từ làm chủ ngữ

2. đứng sau động từ làm tân ngữ

3. đứng sau: a/ an/ the/ of/ many/ much/ a lot of

4. đứng sau tính từ sỡ hữu: my, his, her, our, their

5.đứng sau tính từ

1. Many visitors come to Da Lat every year.

2. I can see your happiness in your eyes

Tính từ

Noun+ful

al

ous

able

ly

y

less(mang nghĩa phủ định)

Ex:beauty->beautiful

1.đứng trước danh từ

2.đứng sau các động từ, seem, be (am, is, are, was, were), get, become, feel, look, keep….

1. It is a beautiful day

2.You look fashionable in this dress.

Trạng từ

Adj+ ly

Ex: Careful ->carefully

Chú ý:

Good-well

Fast-fast

Hard-hard

Early-early

1.đứng sau động từ thường

2.đứng ngay sau tân ngữ của động từ thường (cuối câu)

3. đứng trước động từ chính

4. đứng trước tính từ

1. I live happily on my farm.

2. I did my test carefully.

3. It was completely destroyed.

4. It’s extremely cold

2.Thành lập danh từ chỉ người:

V – ee

V– eer

Train/ trainee:người được h.luyện)

Engine- engineer: kỹ sư

refer/ referee (trọng tài) Employ/employee (công nhân)
V– ant

Assist/ assistant: người phụ tá

apply / applicant: người nộp đơn

contest/ contestant: thí sinh

attend/ attendant: người tham dự

participate /participant:

người tham gia

- man Doorman: người gác cổng Guardsman: lính cận vệ Business/ businessman: thương gia
Others

Music/ musician: nhạc công

Beg/ beggar: kẻ ăn xin

Library/ librarian: quản thủ thư

Surgery/surgeon: nhà phẩuthuật

Invent/inventor

Collect/collector

3. Thành lập danh từ:

V - al Arrive/ arrival: sự tới nơi Remove/ removal: việc di chuyển approve/ approval: sự tán thành
V- ance

Appear/ appearance: sự x.hiện

Guide/ guidance: sự hướng dẫn

Assist/ assistance: s ự giúp đỡ

Perform/ performance: sự thực hiện

allow/ allowance: sự cho phép

attend/ attendance: sự có mặt

V- ence Differ/ difference: sự khác nhau

Refer/ reference: sự tham khảo

Prefer/ preference: sự thích

Depend/ dependence: sự phụ thuộc

Confide/ confidence: sự tự tin

Adj-ity

Able/ ability: khả năng

Pure/ purity: sự tinh khiết

Solid/ solidity: sự vững chắc

Electric/ electricity: điện

Possible/ possibility: sự có thể

Similar/ similarity: sự tương tự

Popular/ popularity: tính phổ biến

Real/ reality: thực tế

N – hood Child/ childhood Neighbor/ neighbourhood  

4. Thành lập tính từ:

N – ic Science/ scientific: khoa học Emphasis/ Emphatic: nhấn mạnh History/ Historic: lịch sử
N – ous

Fame/ famous: nỗi tiếng

Danger/ dangerous: nguy hiểm

Poison/ poisonous: độc hại

miracle/ miraculous: huyền diệu

Marvel/ marvelous: tuyệt vời

Nerve/ nervous: căng thẳng

Religion/ religious: tín ngưỡng

Variety/ various: đa dạng

Mystery/ mysterious: bí ẩn

N - able

V - able

Reason/ reasonable: hợp lý

Admire/ admirable: đáng phục

Fashion/ fashionable: hợp thời

comfort/ comfortable: tiện lợi

Horror/ horrible: kinh khủng

Value/ Valuable: có giá trị

N – ish Child/ childish: như trẻ con Self/ selfish: ích kỷ Fool/ foolish: ngu xuẩn
V – tive

Product/ productive: năng suất

Protect/ protective: bảo vệ

Decorate/ decorative: để trang trí

Collect/ collective: tập thể

Concentrate/ Concentrative: tập trung
N – ful Care/careful Beauty/beautiful Use/useful

5. Bài tập nâng cao luyện tập cấu tạo từ

Supply the correct form of the words in capital letters

Exercise 1:

1. If you have any _________ about the TV set you bought, take it back to the store (COMPLAIN)

2. It was very _____ of you to interrupt your teacher when he was speaking (POLITE)

3. He was very _______ of the work he had done (PRIDE)

4. During his ________ his family lived in the country (CHILD)

5. John’s _______ made it hard for him to speak in public (SHY)

6. Scientists estimate that the world ______ will double in ten years’ time (POPULATE)

7. My favorite form of ______ is playing the guitar (ENTERTAIN)

8. Peter’s _______ as director came as no surprise (APPOINT)

9. We can see some strange ______ on his face (EXPRESS)

10. You must be _______ when you open that door (CARE)

Exercise 2:

A study into children's television viewing habits reveals that children whose parent have a high level of (1) ________ (EDUCATE) tend to watch less television than children from less educated family (2) _______ (BACK). The report also suggests that high rate of TV watching among children in poorer (3) ________ (SUBURB) areas and in the provinces , compared to those living in large urban centre , is often due to (4) ______ (POOR) and a lack of other kinds of (5) _____ (ENTERTAINMENT) in the area. Disco, cinema, theatre and sports (6) ______ (ACTIVE) offer children in urban centre a wider range of pastimes, which leads to far (7) ______ (FEW) hours being spent in front of the box. (8) ________ (COMERCE), comedies and adventure films are children’s ______ (FAVOR) programmes, while twenty per cent of children said they preferred (10) ______ (VOLENCE) films and thrillers.

Exercise 3:

1. _____ claim that the virus among seals was caused by pollution (ENVIRONMENT)

2. Jame received a lot of _______ from her teacher and friends (COURAGE)

3. Using electricity is an ____ way of cooking. Gas is much cheaper (ECONOMY)

4. The twins are so alike that it is difficult to _______ one from the other (DISTINCT)

5. Thousands of people were made ______ by the earthquake in Indonesia (HOME)

6. The ______ of the building has shocked everyone (DESTROY)

7. Mary always listens _____ to what the teacher explains (ATTEND)

8. The new leisure center doesn’t quite come up to my _____ (EXPECT)

9. I think it is very ______ of him to expect us to work overtime every night this week (REASON)

10. Thousands of people are living in ______ after the earthquake. (MISERABLE)

Exercise 4:

1. The thing I hate about John is his ________ (RELIABLE)

2. The thief replaced the diamond with a ______ stone (WORTH)

3. Although both ______ were good, we decided on the one with more experience (APPLY)

4. He is thinking of taking early ______ next year (RETIRE)

5. His boss accused him being over _______ (AMBITION)

6. Thousands of people have been made _______ by the war (HOME)

7. The keys were locked inside the car. _________, a side window was open (LUCK)

8. Due to the driver’s ______, we missed the train (STUBBORN)

9. There was the longest queue _______ in front of the box office (IMAGINE)

10. I’m just a beginner in _______ with Huong (COMPARE)

Exercise 5:

1. Harry asked for a ______ and the cashier gave him one (RECEIVE)

2. No one knows the exact _____ of the water here (DEEP)

3. You have to have a lot of _______ to go fishing (PATIENT)

4. _______ is a serious matter, and you have to think about it (MARRY)

5. Tom sent in his ______ for the job the next day (APPLY)

6. Đáp án bài tập nâng cao luyện tập cấu tạo từ

Supply the correct form of the words in capital letters

Exercise 1:

1. If you have any __complaint(s)_______ about the TV set you bought, take it back to the store (COMPLAIN)

2. It was very _impolite____ of you to interrupt your teacher when he was speaking (POLITE)

3. He was very __proud_____ of the work he had done (PRIDE)

4. During his __childhood______ his family lived in the country (CHILD)

5. John’s __shyness_____ made it hard for him to speak in public (SHY)

6. Scientists estimate that the world __population____ will double in ten years’ time (POPULATE)

7. My favorite form of _entertainment_____ is playing the guitar (ENTERTAIN)

8. Peter’s ___appointment____ as director came as no surprise (APPOINT)

9. We can see some strange ___expressions___ on his face (EXPRESS)

10. You must be __careful_____ when you open that door (CARE)

Exercise 2:

A study into children's television viewing habits reveals that children whose parent have a high level of (1) __education______ (EDUCATE) tend to watch less television than children from less educated family (2) _backgrounds______ (BACK). The report also suggests that high rate of TV watching among children in poorer (3) _suburban_______ (SUBURB) areas and in the provinces , compared to those living in large urban centre , is often due to (4) __poverty____ (POOR) and a lack of other kinds of (5) _entertainment____ (ENTERTAIN) in the area. Disco, cinema, theatre and sports (6) _activities_____ (ACTIVE) offer children in urban centre a wider range of pastimes, which leads to far (7) __fewer____ (FEW) hours being spent in front of the box. (8) ___commercials_____ (COMERCE), comedies and adventure films are children’s __favorite____ (FAVOR) programmes, while twenty per cent of children said they preferred (10) __violent____ (VOLENCE) films and thrillers.

Exercise 3:

1. _Environmentalists____ claim that the virus among seals was caused by pollution (ENVIRONMENT)

2. Jame received a lot of _encouragement______ from her teacher and friends (COURAGE)

3. Using electricity is an _uneconomic___ way of cooking. Gas is much cheaper (ECONOMY)

4. The twins are so alike that it is difficult to __distinguish_____ one from the other (DISTINCT)

5. Thousands of people were made __homeless____ by the earthquake in Indonesia (HOME)

6. The _destruction_____ of the building has shocked everyone (DESTROY)

7. Mary always listens __attentively___ to what the teacher explains (ATTEND)

8. The new leisure center doesn’t quite come up to my __expectations___ (EXPECT)

9. I think it is very __unreasonable____ of him to expect us to work overtime every night this week (REASON)

10. Thousands of people are living in __misery____ after the earthquake. (MISERABLE)

Exercise 4:

1. The thing I hate about John is his ___unreliability_____ (RELIABLE)

2. The thief replaced the diamond with a _worthless_____ stone (WORTH)

3. Although both __applicants____ were good, we decided on the one with more experience (APPLY)

4. He is thinking of taking early __retirement____ next year (RETIRE)

5. His boss accused him being over __ambitioned_____ (AMBITION)

6. Thousands of people have been made __homeless_____ by the war (HOME)

7. The keys were locked inside the car. ____Luckily_____, a side window was open (LUCK)

8. Due to the driver’s _stubbornness_____, we missed the train (STUBBORN)

9. There was the longest queue __imaginable_____ in front of the box office (IMAGINE)

10. I’m just a beginner in __comparison_____ with Huong (COMPARE)

Exercise 5:

1. Harry asked for a ___receipt___ and the cashier gave him one (RECEIVE)

2. No one knows the exact _depth____ of the water here (DEEP)

3. You have to have a lot of ___patience____ to go fishing (PATIENT)

4. __Marriage_____ is a serious matter, and you have to think about it (MARRY)

5. Tom sent in his __application____ for the job the next day (APPLY)

Trên đây là toàn bộ nội dung bài tập và đáp án của Bài tập Word Form - Ôn thi vào 10. Mời bạn đọc tham khảo thêm nhiều tài liệu ôn thi vào 10 hay như Collocation là gì và bài tập về Collocation - Ôn thi vào 10, Chuyên đề từ trái nghĩa trong Tiếng Anh - Ôn thi vào 10 ... được cập nhật liên tục trên VnDoc.com.

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