Điền từ vào đoạn văn Tiếng Anh - Ôn thi vào 10

Ôn thi vào 10 năm 2021: Điền từ còn thiếu vào chỗ trống

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Điền từ vào đoạn văn Tiếng Anh

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Exercise 1:

The largest lake in the western United States is the Great Salt Lake, an island saltwater lake in northwestern Utah, just outside the state capital of Salt Lake City. Rivers and streams feed ____ (1) the Great Salt Lake, but none drain out of it; this has a major influence on both the salt content and the size of the lake.

Although the Great Salt Lake is fed by freshwater streams, it is ____ (2) saltier than the oceans of the world. The salt comes from the more than two million tons of minerals that ____ (3) into the lake each year from the rivers and creeks that feed it. Sodium and chloride- the components of salt- comprise the large majority of the lake’s mineral content.

The Great Salt Lake can vary tremendously from its ____ (4) size of 1,700 square miles, depending on long-term weather conditions. During periods of heavy rains, the size of the lake can swell tremendously from the huge amounts of water flowing into the lake from its feeder rivers and streams; in 1980 the lake even ____ (5) a size of 2,400 square miles. During periods of dry weather, the size of the lake decreases, sometimes drastically, due to evaporation.

1. A. in

B. into

C. from

D. for

2. A. actually

B. essentially

C. strictly

D. accurately

3. A. flood

B. stream

C. locate

D. flow

4. A. ordinary

B. normal

C. standard

D. typical

5. A. came

B. met

C. reached

D. obtained

Exercise 2:

It has long been suspected that lack of sleep can actually lead to illness, particularly in young people. Research involving students aged 14-19 over a three-week period now appears to confirm (1) ……... The teenagers wore devices that recorded the movements they made, without being (2)........ of them, that indicated they were asleep. The results were then compared to the number of illnesses that they had (3)......... from during the three weeks, in addition to the number of occasions on which they had been absent from school. What the study showed was that students who slept (4)........ than seven hours a night caught colds, flu and other relatively minor illnesses more often The problem is that as children enter their teens their natural sleeping patterns change, (5) ………. in them going to sleep later and therefore wanting to wake up later - but they still have to get up in the morning to go to school.

1. A. this

B. that

C. these

D. those

2. A. awake

B. aware

C. familiar

D. sensitive

3. A. caught

B. affected

C. suffered

D. experienced

4. A. more

B. smaller

C. longer

D. fewer

5. A. resulting

B. producing

C. finishing

D. forcing

Exercise 3:

Dear Helgar,
I would like to welcome you to our school. I know that being an (1)_________ student can be difficult, especially when you are so far away from your home. As you may have heard, the Thanksgiving holiday is (2)_________ I am aware that it isn't celebrated in Germany, but it's a very important holiday in the United States. It is an occasion when American families gather to spend time with one another and enjoy a variety of food. If you have nothing planned for that day, I would like to (3)_________ you to visit my home for Thanksgiving. My entire family is planning to be there, so you will get to hang out with us. My mother is considered (4)_________ cooks in the city, so you will get a great introduction to traditional American home cooking. I hope you can come as I am positive that you (5)_________ a wonderful time. Let me know if you are interested.

Sincerely,

Greg Foster

1. A. exchange

B. exchanges

C. exchanged

D. exchanging

2. A. improving

B. happening

C. approaching

D. passing

3. A. invite

B. require

C. let

D. insist

4. A. the better

B. one of the best

C. as good as

D. the best

5. A. have

B. are having

C. will have

D. have had

Exercise 4:

Most birds build nests in which they lay their eggs, but the emperor penguin has no need of them. This bird lives in Antarctica and must endure (1)..... weather than anywhere else in the world. In order to (2).... that its eggs are not harmed and that its chicks may hatch from them, the emperor penguin takes care of its eggs in a unique manner. An emperor penguin female lays a single egg. Once she lays the egg, the male penguin takes it and puts it (3).... There, the egg (4) …..by a layer of stomach fat that the penguin rests above the egg. Since emperor penguins lay their eggs right as winter begins in Antarctica, it is vital that the eggs remain protected from the elements. Therefore, for the next two months, the males incubate the eggs until the chicks finally hatch. During this entire (5)..... the males look after the eggs while hardly even moving.

1. A. harsher

B. The harshest

C. As harsh as

D. Much of the harshest

2. A. ensure

B. promise

C. recall

D. trust

3. A. On the top of its feet

B. With its feet at the top

C. By the top foot

D. At the foot of the top

4. A. protects

B. Is protecting

C. Is protected

D. Will protect

5. A. period

B. periods

C. periodical

D. periodically

Exercise 5:

Perfume Pagoda is a (1) ______ site as well as being a great sight-seeing spot in Viet Nam. It is (2) ______ in Huong Son Commune, My Duc District, Ha Noi. It is a vast complex of Buddhist temples and shrines, including Den Trinh (Presentation Shrine) and Thien Tru (Heaven Kitchen) Pagoda, in the limestone Huong Tich mountains. The centre of this complex is the Perfume Temple, also called Chua Trong (Inner Temple), located in Huong Tich Cavern. It is thought that the first temple was built on the current site of Thien Tru in the 15th century (3) ______ the reign of Le Thanh Tong. Over the years some of its structures which were in ruins have been restored or replaced.

Many Vietnamese works of literature, both old and modern, have (4) _____ Perfume Pagoda their focus. It has also provided backdrops for many famous paintings. Its beauty has been used as a theme of many famous songs and a topic of lyric poetry. Nowadays during its festival (from the middle of January to the middle of March on the lunar calendar), Perfume Pagoda (5) ______ large numbers of pilgrims from all over Viet Nam.

1. A. religious

B. religion

C. religiously

D. religiosity

2. A. situated

B. based

C. stayed

D. built

3. A. on

B. at

C. of

D. during

4. A. done

B. made

C. found

D. given

5. A. invites

B. prevents

C. attracts

D. gathers

Exercise 6:

These day, there are many students who do not attend physical schools, but instead, stay home, where they are home-schooled. While these student _____(1) study at their homes, they sometimes visit their local schools. One reason for this concerns athletics. In many American state , home-schooled are permitted to play on their local school’s athletic teams. This is good news for school because a lot of homeschoolers are ____ (2) athletes. The student who attend actual schools are mostly accepting of the homeschoolers. They usually have no problem with them and are often simply ____ (3) about what it is like not to go to school. So they tend to bombard the homeschoolers with numerous questions. The homeschoolers ____ (4) by mingling with the students at school. Some of them rarely spend time ____ (5), so it helps them to develop their social skills if they can hang out and play sports with other kids.

1. A. primarily

B. solely

C. relatively

D. cautiously

2. A. exception

B. exceptions

C. exceptional

D. exceptionally

3. A. upset

B. curious

C. worried

D. hostile

4. A. benefit

B. benefited

C. benefiting

D. Will have benefited

5. A. for individuals of their age

C. of the individuals who have aged

B. with other individuals at their age

D.by individuals that age

Exercise 7:

When you visit London, one of the first things you will see is Big Ben, the ______ (1) clock which can be heard all over the world on the BBC. If the Houses of Parliament hadn't burned down in 1834, the great clock would never have been erected. Big Ben takes its (2)______ from Sir Benjamin Hall who was responsible for the making of the clock when the new Houses of Parliament were being built. It is not only of immense size, (3)______is extremely accurate as well. Officials from Greenwich Observatory have the clock checked twice a day. On the BBC, you can hear the clock when it is actually striking because microphones (4)______ to the clock tower. Big Ben has rarely gone wrong .Once, however, it failed to give the correct time. A painter who had been working on the tower hung a pot of paint on one of the hands and slowed it (5)______.

1. A. famous

B. unknown

C. nice

D. beautiful

2. A. place

B. name

C. fame

D. time

3. A. but

B. however

C. and

D. so

4. A. connects

B. are connected

C. is connected

D. connect

5. A. down

B. up

C. with

D. time

Exercise 8:

In the Middle Ages the vast majority of European cities had walls around them. They (1) __________to defend the city, but they also kept out undesirable people, like those with contagious diseases.

Most of London's gates had been (2) __________by the end of the eighteenth century. However, by a stroke of luck, the last of them was preserved. This gate is, in actual fact, not called a gate at all; its name is Temple Bar, and it marked the (3) _________between the old City of London and Westminster. However, as the (4) _________of traffic through London increased, Temple Bar became an obstacle to its free flow. In 1878 it was decided to take it down, so its stone were numbered, dismantled and put in storage. A couple of years later a wealthy businessman bought the stones and re-erected them at his house in Hertfordshire.

In the 1970s the Temple Bar Trust was (5) _________with the intention of returning thegate to the City of London. Much of the money for this project was donations from the Temple Bar Trust. The stonework needed a lot of restoration, which was carried out by the Cathedral Works Organization. Today, Temple Bar stands next to St Paul's Cathedral.

1. A. supposedB. servedC. expectedD. meant
2. A. devotedB. demolishedC. declaredD. decreased
3. A. divisionB. partC. lineD. boundary
4. A. amountB. quantityC. bulkD. number
5. A. set outB. set upC. set offD. set back

Exercise 9:

People enjoy living in large cities. But cities have problems. One problem is that they frequently grow very rapidly. Transportation (1) _______ complicated. There are a lot of cars, buses and bicycles. As a result, people are trying to improve the big cities, and they are also planning for new cities. Plan A is a large city (2) _______ smaller cities around it. There is an open land with trees, fields, and lakes between the large city and smaller cities. Each small city is (3) _______. It has offices, schools, hospitals, and places of entertainment. In Plan B the cities are (4) _______by a road. In Plan c, the cities are in rings around the central city and all of them are connected to each other. The goal of all these plans is to limit the (5) _______of the large city.

1. A. becomes

B. returns

C. happens

D. develops

2. A. in

B. for

C. with

D. at

3. A. entire

B. finished

C. total

D. complete

4. Ạ. chain

B. connected

C. attached

D. fastened

5. A. progress

B. growth

C. movement

D. improvement

Exercise 10:

Do you feel depressed? Do you and your brothers or sisters seem to argue all the time and you don't understand why? Does your brother or sister (1) ______ you or is everything around you not what it should be?

Statistics show that there are times in every family (2) ______ things just get out of control. It's nobody's fault, but it's everybody's responsibility. At times like that. Family Helpine can help. We care about families and we want to help you (3) ______ your family work again. Our counsellors deal with people just like you all the time. We are not always (4) _______, but we do help many families to live together again in peace.

Our assistants help you to stop accusing each other of causing the problem. You all want to find a (5)_____, and sometimes talking to someone outside the family can make a difference. So if you need us, call 2222-3489. We are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

1. A. encourageB. exciteC. accuseD. annoy
2. A. whenB. whereC. whichD. while
3. A. letB. assistC. makeD. allow
4. A. valuableB. successfulC. availableD. logical
5. A. solutionB. methodC. conclusionD. result

Exercise 11:

Rivers are one of the world’s most important natural resources. Many cities are on large rivers and (1) _______ every country has at least one river that plays an important part in the lives of its people.

Besides transportation, rivers (2)______ food, water for crops, water to drink, and opportunities for recreation for people who live along their banks. And in order to get water for crops, engineers sometimes build a dam (3) _______ a river and let the water become a lake behind the dam. Then people can use water not only to irrigate but also to make electricity for homes and industries.

However, the water often becomes (4) ________ when cities on river banks grow in size and the number of industries increases. We are learning that it is necessary to keep river clean if we want to enjoy the (5) ________ of the natural resources.

1. A. many

B.a lot

C. plenty of

D. almost

2. A. provide

B.support

C. assist

D. create

3. A. over

B.across

C. among

D. under

4. A. crowded

B.overloaded

C. polluted

D. excited

5. A. interests

B.benefits

C. tips

D. receipts

Exercise 12:

If Vietnam’s first automaker, Vinfast, is serious about contending in the global auto market, it’s initial car designs don’t indicate that it is very serious about making a splash with design.

The company intends to show two vehicles at next month’s Paris Motor Show, a sedan and crossover. Both vehicles were designed by Italian design house Pininfarina, which worked with VinFast.

“The strong distinguishable design, enhanced by elegant lines and refined details, gives our cars several distinctive _____ (1),” said David Lyon, VinFast’s design director in a statement. “First and foremost, these emanate around the V ____ (2) in the grille which references the country of Vietnam, _____ (3) the Vingroup and VinFast brands. In conjunction with Pininfarina, we have carefully sculptured each body line to express the natural beauty of Vietnam and the warm-hearted and dynamic _____ (4) of its people through a modern and world-class design language.”

These vehicles could be from just about any carmaker in the world. The only thing _____ (5) about them is that they come from Vietnam. It will be interesting to see and hear how VinFast thinks it will position the brand and designs relative to more established and reliable competition

1. A. spotlights

B. High points

C. highlights

D. peaks

2. A. trademarks

B. brand

C. icon

D. logo

3. A. as long as

B. moreover

C. as well as

D. thus

4. A. characteristics

B. elements

C. symbols

D. representatives

5. A. odd

B. strange

C. curious

D. unique

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  • Nhi
    Nhi

    đáp án ở chỗ nào ạ??

    Thích Phản hồi 08:50 11/07
    Thi vào lớp 10 môn tiếng Anh Xem thêm