Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 14 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS có đáp án (3)
Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 14 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Chỉ với thao tác download đơn giản trên VnDoc.com là các em đã có ngay Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 14 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS có đáp án (3). BST bao gồm nhiều bài tập hay, vừa giúp các em ôn tập, củng cố kiến thức lại bài học vừa tích lũy thêm cho mình kinh nghiệm, kỹ năng làm bài cần thiết.
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. a. disaster b. prisoner c. agency d. family
2. a. international b. federation c. society d. dedication
3. a. catastrophe b. emergency c. conventional d. vulnerable
4. a. suffering b. president c. protection d. conference
5. a. involve b. propose c. improve d. soldier
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
6. All payments to the ICRC are _______ and are received as donations.
a. volunteer b. voluntary c. voluntarily d. voluntariness
7. The Red Cross organizes and leads relief assistance missions after ______, such as natural disasters, man-made disasters, and epidemics.
a. emergent b. emergencies c. emergently d. emergence
8. One of the tasks of the Red Cross is also to support local _ care projects.
a. health b. healthy c. healthful d. healthily
9. The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized agency for _______ health.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
10. The International Red Cross started over 135 years, inspired by _______ Swiss businessman, Jean Henri Dunant.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
11. When was _______ United Nations established?
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
12. One of the core tasks of the Red Cross is to organize nursing and _____ for those who are wounded on the battlefield.
a. care b. attention c. victim d. catastrophe
13. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent _______ occurs once every four years.
a. Globe b. Society c. Conference d. Nations
14. The mission of the Red Cross is also to supervise the _______ of prisoners of war.
a. education b. encouragement c. treatment d. runaway
15. The total number of national Red Cross societies from all over the world has mounted to 186.
a. protected b. devoted c. increased d. aimed
16. Henri Davison, president of the American Red Cross war Committee proposed forming a federation of these National Societies.
a. took b. dedicated c. carried d. suggested
17. Fifty per cent of road accidents results in head injuries.
a. examines b. heals c. causes d. treats
18. Jean Henri Dunant was appalled by the almost complete lack of care for wounded soldiers.
a. dedicated b. shocked c. interested d. excited
19. The mission statement of the International Movement as formulated in the "Strategy 2010" document of the Federation is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity.
a. weak and unprotected b. wealthy and famous
c. poor and disabled d. deaf and mute
20. Did your son pass the university entrance examination?
a. make up b. get along c. go up d. get through
21. What may happen if John will not arrive in time?
a. go along b. count on c. keep away d. turn up
22. Johnny sometimes visits his grandparents in the countryside.
a. calls on b. keeps off c. takes in d. goes up
23. They decided to postpone their journey till the end of the month because of the epidemic.
a. take up b. turn round c. put off d. do with
Choose the best that can complete the following.
31. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) _______ that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
a. it is a specialized agency in the United Nations
b. as it is a specialized agency by the United Nations
c. is a specialized agency of the United Nations
d. a specialized agency of the United Nations
32. _______, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.
a. Serving both developed and developing countries
b. Although it serves both developed and developing countries
c. Served both developed and developing countries
d. As it was served both developed ,and developing countries
33. FAO helps developing countries to improve agriculture, forestry and fishery practices, _______.
a. as though it ensures good nutrition and food security for all
b. but it ensures good nutrition and food security for all
c. for ensuring good nutrition and food security for all
d. and ensure good nutrition and food security for all
34. FAO was founded on 16 October, 1945 in Quebec, Canada, _______.
a. In 1951 when its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy
b. Since its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy, in 1951
c. In 1951 its headquarters were moved to Rome, Italy
d. Its headquarters moved in 1951 to Rome; Italy
35. _______, which meets every two years to review the work carried out by the organization and approve a Program of Work and Budget for the next biennium.
a. Governed by the Conference of Member Nations, FAO
b. FAO is governed by the Conference of Member Nations
c. FAO, it is governed by the Conference of Member Nations
d. Because FAO governed by the Conference of Member Nations
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April, 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the agency inherited the mandate and resources of its predecessor, the Health Organization.
The WHO's constitution, states that its objective is "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. " Its major task is to combat diseases, especially key infectious diseases, and to promote the general health of the people of the world. The WHO also sponsors programs to prevent and treat serious epidemics such as SARS, malaria, and AIDS. The WHO supports the development and distribution of safe and effective vaccines, pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs. After over 2 decades of fighting smallpox, the WHO declared in 1980 that the disease had been eradicated - the first disease in history to be eliminated by human effort.
The WHO is nearing success in developing vaccines against malaria and aims to eradicate polio within the next few years. The organization has already endorsed the world's first official HIV/AIDS Tool kit for Zimbabwe making it an international standard. In addition to its work in eradicating disease, the WHO also carries out various health-related campaigns, for example, to boost the consumption of fruits and vegetables worldwide and to discourage tobacco use.
Experts met at the WHO headquarters in Geneva in February, 2007, and reported that their work on pandemic influenza vaccine development had achieved encouraging progress. More than 40 clinic trials have been completed or are ongoing. Most have focused on healthy adults. Some companies, after completing safety analyses in adults, have initiated clinical trials in the elderly and in children. All vaccines so far appear to be safe arid well-tolerated in all age groups tested.
36. The World Health Organization (WHO) _______.
a. works on international public health
b. has no relation to the United Nations
c. only takes care of Swiss people
d. has no predecessor
37. Which is not mentioned in the second paragraph 'as the tasks of the World Health Organization?
a. to promote the general health of everyone in the world
b. to support pharmaceutical diagnostics, and drugs
c. To combat diseases
d. To supply food for patients.
38. According to the text, which disease has been eradicated?
a. Malaria b. AIDS c. SARS d. Smallpox
39. According to the third paragraph, the World Health Organization ______.
a. has not developed vaccines against malaria yet
b. is trying to eradicate polio
c. is not concerned about polio
d. also carries out various health-related campaigns
40. Influenza vaccine _______.
a. has only been used for adults
b. cannot be used for children
c. has appeared to be safe in all age groups tested
d. causes bad effects on children and elderly people
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Under the global "health for all" strategy, WHO (the World Health Organization) and its members have placed special emphasis (41) _____ the developing countries. Nevertheless, the benefits of WHO's international health work are benefited by all countries, including the most developed ones. For example, all nations have benefited from their contributions to the WHO programs that led to the global (42) _____ of smallpox and to better and cheaper ways of controlling tuberculosis.
(43) _____ is a key word in WHO's programs. The organization believes that immunization, (44) _____ prevents the six major diseases of childhood-diphtheria, measles, poliomyelitis, tetanus, tuberculosis, and whooping cough-should be (45) _____ to all children who need it. WHO is leading a worldwide campaign to provide effective immunization for all children in (46) _____ with UNICEF. Provision of safe drinking water for all is one of the objectives of the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1980 and (47) _____ by WHO. WHO is also active in international efforts to combat the diarrheal diseases, killers of infants and young children. The widespread introduction of oral rehydration salts, together with improved drinking water supply and sanitation will greatly reduce childhood mortality from diarrhea.
WHO's program for primary health (48) _____ comprises eight essential elements:
1. education concerning prevalent health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them;
2. promotion of food supply and proper nutrition;
3. maintenance of (49) _____ adequate supply of safe water and basic sanitation;
4. provision of maternal and child health care, including family planning;
5. immunization against the major (50) _____ diseases;
6. prevention and control of locally endemic diseases;
7. appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; and
8. provision of essential drugs.
These eight elements were defined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata, which emerged from the International Conference, on Primary Health Care in 1978.
41. a. on b. in c. for d. with
42. a. campaign b. spread c. eradication d. epidemic