Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 9: Deserts có đáp án - Số 2
Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 9: Deserts có đáp án - Số 2
Khi luyện tập với Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Unit 9: Deserts có đáp án - Số 2 này, các em sẽ nhanh chóng nắm và ghi nhớ nội dung bài học như: từ vựng, các điểm ngữ pháp,... Chúng tôi tin đây sẽ là tư liệu hữu ích, hỗ trợ tích cực cho việc học của các em. Chúc các em ngày càng tiến bộ trong môn tiếng Anh.
Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
1. a. comprise b. sandy c. circle d. northern
2. a. Aborigines b. expedition c. kilometer d. scientific
3. a. corridor b. enormous c. mystery d. separate
4. a. remain b. hummock c. explore d. between
5. a. territory b. Australia c. geography d. society
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
6. The Simpson Desert is in ________ north of ________ Lake Eyre.
a. Ø/ Ø b. the/ the c. a/ the d. the/ Ø
7. Cold deserts can be covered in ________ snow or ice and frozen water is unavailable to plant life.
a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
8. In the northern part of the Simpson Desert, the dunes are separated by ________ of low, open shrubland.
a. streets b. ways c. corridors d. lines
9. San Francisco is built on 40 hills and some are very ________.
a. short b. steep c. plain d. stable
10. A ________ is a small raised area of ground, like a very small hill.
a. slope b. hummock c. dune d. shrub
11. We used to climb up the crest of the hill to get a good view of the surroundings.
a. top b. foot c. middle d. face
12. To ________ a desert is a danger activity which requires careful preparation for risks.
a. comprise b. circle c. remain d. explore
13. Scientific ________ help to explore some places and discover more and more remote parts of the world.
a. survey b. lead c. research d. expedition
14. The wind that blows in the desert comes ________ far away waters.
a. for b. with c. in d. from
15. Some sand dunes may be over 200 meters ________ height.
a. with b. at c. on d. in
16. If you look on a map you will see that there is a desert next ________ the Rocky Mountains in the United States.
a. of b. to c. with d. for
Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one.
31. Slippery as the roads were, they managed to complete the race.
a. The roads were so slippery that they could hardly complete the race.
b. The roads were slippery but they managed to complete the race.
c. The roads were slippery so they could hardly complete the race.
d. The roads were so slippery; therefore, they could hardly complete the race.
32. They decided to go for a picnic though it was very cold.
a. Because it was very cold, they decided to go for a picnic.
b. However cold it was, they decided to go for a picnic.
c. If it had been cold, they would not have gone for a picnic.
d. It was very cold so they decided to go for a picnic.
33. Both Peter and Mary enjoy scientific expedition.
a. It is not Peter, but Mary, that enjoys scientific expedition.
b. Peter enjoys scientific expedition. Therefore, does Mary.
c. However Peter enjoys scientific expedition and Mary does.
d. Peter enjoys scientific expedition, and so does Mary.
34. Because it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.
a. I stayed up all night to finish the novel, therefore, it was interesting.
b. Unless it were an interesting novel, I would stay up all night to finish it.
c. Though it was an interesting novel, I stayed up all night to finish it.
d. So interesting was the novel that I stayed up all night to finish it.
35. He cannot afford a new computer.
a. The new computer is so expensive that he cannot buy it.
b. Therefore, he would buy a new computer.
c. So, he would buy a new computer.
d. The new computer is so expensive but he can buy it
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Approximately one-third of the Earth's land surface is desert, arid land with meager rainfall that supports only sparse vegetation and a limited population of people and animals. Deserts have been portrayed as fascinating environments of adventure and exploration. These arid regions are called deserts because they are dry. They may be hot. They may be cold. They may be regions of sand or vast areas of rocks with occasional plants.
Deserts are natural laboratories in which to study the interactions of wind and sometimes water on the arid surfaces of planets. They contain valuable mineral deposits that were formed in the arid environment or that were exposed by erosion. Because deserts are dry, they are ideal places for human artifacts and fossils to be preserved. Deserts are also fragile environments. The misuse of these lands is a serious and growing problem in parts of our world.
There are many animals in the desert. Some are very large, like the kangaroo or the gazelle. Both are big and have to travel long distances for water at a spring, or an oasis. Another fairly large animal is the addax. The addax is a desert antelope. They live in the Sahara Desert. All addaxes are herbivores. There are less than 200 of them left because of hunting and tourists. Some animals crawl along. Examples of these are snakes and lizards. Snakes rarely drink water; they get their moisture from other prey that they eat. So do others, like the kangaroo rat. Lizards are commonly found in the desert. They stay out of the sun and move as little as possible. There are also other animals in the desert. The fennec lives in northern Africa in the Sahara Desert. They are a relative of the fox. They eat mice, small birds, lizards, and insects. When necessary, they will eat fruit. One more desert animal is the jerboa. The jerboa is a small, long distance jumper that lives in the desert. They are free drinking animals and they eat plants, seeds, and bugs.
36. Deserts ________.
a. are rare in the world b. are more arid more populous
c. are all hot all the time d. may be both hot and cold
37. The word They refers to ________.
a. deserts b. natural laboratories c. planets d. mineral deposits
38. Which is not true about deserts?
a. arid b. hot c. humid d. dry
39. According to the second paragraph, ________.
a. we should use desert land properly to avoid serious problems
b. we can exploit as much fossil as possible in deserts
c. there are no erosion in deserts
d. deserts are ideal places for growing land
40. The last paragraph expresses that ________.
a. none of animals can survive in deserts
b. hunting and tourists cause the decreasing of addaxes in the Sahara Desert.
c. snakes in deserts need more water than any other species
d. addaxes are the most populous species in deserts
Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Most traditional human life in deserts is nomadic. It (41) ______ in hot deserts on finding water, and on following infrequent rains to (42) ______ grazing for livestock. In cold deserts, it depends on finding good hunting and fishing grounds, on sheltering from blizzards and winter (43) ______, and on storing enough food for winter. Permanent settlement in both kinds of deserts requires permanent water, food sources and adequate shelter, or the technology and energy sources to (44) ______ it.
Many deserts are flat and featureless, lacking landmarks, or composed of repeating landforms such as sand (45) ______ or the jumbled ice-fields of glaciers. Advanced skills or devices are required to navigate through such landscapes and (46) _____ travelers may die when supplies run (47) ______ after becoming lost. In addition, sandstorms or blizzards may cause disorientation in severely-reduced visibility.
The (48) ______ represented by wild animals in deserts has featured in explorers' accounts but does not cause higher (49) ______ of death than in other environments such as rainforests or savanna woodland, and generally does not affect human distribution. Defense against polar bears may be advisable in some areas of the Arctic. Precautions against snakes and scorpions in choosing (50) ______ at which to camp in some hot deserts should be taken.
41. a. locates b. selects c. follows d. depends
42. a. earn b. demand c. obtain d. require
43. a. extremes b. poles c. tops d. heights
44. a. grow b. supply c. comfort d. bring
45. a. dunes b. piles c. valleys d. stores
46. a. inconsistent b. incapable c. inexperienced d. independent
47. a. of b. out c. in d. over
48. a. danger b. dangerous c. endanger d. endangered
49. a. level b. rate c. scale d. standard
50. a. sight b. lies c. sites d. seats