Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 9 nâng cao Protecting the environment

Bài tập Unit 9 Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Protecting the environment

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Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 9 nâng cao Protecting the environment

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I/ Put the correct word for the sentences below

deforestation

preserve

greenhouse effect

fossil fuels

damage

depletion

pollute

global warming

1. The _________ occurs when the earth's atmosphere traps certain gases such as carbon dioxide as well as water vapour. This makes the earth's surface warmer.

2. ______________ is harm or injury that makes something less valuable or able to function.

3. To ______________ is to keep and protect something from damage, change or waste.

4. __________ are non-renewable energy sources such as coal, fuel oil and natural gas formed from dead plants and animals underground.

5. _______ is the gradual increase of temperature on the earth's surface due to greenhouse effect.

6. ____________ is the using up or reducing something like energy or resources.

7. To ____________ is to make air, water, or soil dirty or unclean.

8. _________ is the removal or cutting down of all trees in an area for urban use and farm lands.

II/ Choose the best answer A, B, C or D to complete the sentences

1. Yesterday, Laura ____ him to put some shelves up.

A. asked

B. is asking

C. ask

D. was asked

2. I wonder ____ the tickets are on sale yet.

A. what

B. when

C. where

D. whether

3. Mathew ____ Emma that her train was about to leave.

A. has reminded

B. has reminded that

C. reminded

D. reminded that

4. I told you ____ to switch off the computer, didn't I?

A. don't

B. not

C. not to

D. to not

5. Sarah was driving too fast, so I ____ to slow down.

A. asked her

B. asked

C. ask

D. have asked her

6. The campaign ____ things like water bottles and aluminum cans into new, useful objects like park benches, bikes, etc.

A. becomes

B. recycles

C. turns

D. comes

7. Individually wrapped candy or chocolate causes a lot of trash, ____ fruits and vegetables are healthier and mean less waste.

A. because

B. while

C. so

D. as

8. Air pollution is such a serious ____ that it has been a direct factor in the ____ of millions of people each year.

A. threat - death

B. threat - deaths

C. threaten - death

D. threaten - deaths

9. Sometimes it's better not to buy something new, and buy it ____ instead.

A. used

B. usable

C. use

D. useful

10. If wastes are thrown ____, they can cause pollution in water, land and air.

A. inappropriately

B. disappointingly

C. eco-friendly

D. favourably

III/ Change into the reported speech.

1. Mr Jones gave the people gloves and said to them: "Protect yourselves from germs."

___________________________________________

2. Nam said, "The environment is severely affected by pollution."

___________________________________________

3. Mai said, "The burning of fossil fuels leads to air pollution."

___________________________________________

4. Peter said, "Intensive insecticide and pesticide sprays in agriculture make the soil contaminated."

___________________________________________

5. "It's confusing because there are too many web pages about the environment" Nam said.

___________________________________________

6. “Gas emission from vehicles is the main cause of air pollution,” he said

___________________________________________

7. “I can make a speech about climate change without preparation”, Nam said

___________________________________________

8. “Will you finish your English exercises tomorrow?” the teacher said to Mike

___________________________________________

9. “Who is talking about natural disasters in the meeting today?” Linda asked

___________________________________________

10. “We release tons of rubbish into rivers and oceans every day,” she said

___________________________________________

IV/ Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the gap in the same line.

1. In banana plantations, flooding occurs partly because of deforestation and partly because of poorly ________ drainage systems. (CONSTRUCT)

2. African and Asian elephant numbers feel dramatically in the 19th and 20th centuries, ________ due to the ivory trade and habitat loss. (LARGE)

3. In areas with high concentrations of tourist activities and attractive natural attractions, waste ____________ is a serious problem. (DISPOSE)

4. Mining is an extractive industry, often with huge ________ and social impacts. (ENVIRONMENT)

5. Dealing with resource ___________ requires a broad range of strategies. (DEPLETE)

V/ Choose the correct answer to complete the sentence.

1. We need a _______ action plan for maintaining clean beaches and parks.

A. particular

B. detail

C. detailed

D. specific

2.  Good scientists always cooperate _______ each other no matter what their nationalities are.

A. in

B. as

C. for

D. with

3. We must take action _______ with the problem before it spreads to other areas.

A. to deal

B. dealing

C. to be dealt

D. being dealt

4.  An endangered species is a population of an organism which is _______ of becoming extinct.

A. at risk

B. at danger

C. in risk

D. in jeopardy

5.  Be careful when you speak _______ him; if you put too much pressure _______ him, he will make the wrong decision.

A. about - with

B. on - to

C. to - on

D. with - into

VI/ Use the correct form of the words in brackets to finish the sentences.

1. Air-conditioning systems have chlorofluorocarbon that is one of the well-known environmental _______. (pollute)

2. _______of hotels, recreation and other facilities often leads to increasing sewage pollution. (construct)

3. Waste water has polluted seas and lakes surrounding tourist __________, damaging the flora and fauna. (attract)

4. The Earth's natural resources should be consumed at a ________ level. (sustain)

5. Dealing with resource _________ requires a broad range of strategies. (deplete)

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