Bài tập về câu điều kiện loại 1

Bài tập câu điều kiện loại 1 có đáp án

Bài tập về câu điều kiện loại 1 có đáp án là tài liệu ôn tập cực kỳ hữu ích dành cho các bạn còn gặp khó khăn trong việc phân biệt các loại câu điều kiện trong ngữ pháp tiếng Anh. Sau đây mời các bạn cùng luyện tập nhé!

Xem thêm: Lý thuyết và bài tập nâng cao câu điều kiện loại 1

I. Điền thông tin thực của nhiều kiểu người khác nhau vào trong câu với "if + Present Simple + Present Simple". Hãy dùng "you" làm chủ từ của cả hai vế câu.

1.Vegetarians don't eat meat.

If you're a vegetarian, _____________________________

2. People who live in a cold country don't like hot weather.

If you live ______________________________________

3. Teachers have to work very hard.

If you're a teacher, _______________________________

4. People who do a lot of exercise stay fit and healthy.

If you _________________________________________

5. Mechanics understand engines.

If you're a ______________________________________

6. People who read newspapers know what's happening in the world.

If you __________________________________________

II. Hoàn thành những câu sau với "if + Present Simple + will/won't", sử dụng những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ). Đôi khi bạn không cần thay đổi những từ trong ngoặc đơn.

If it rains (it/rain), we won't go (we/not/go) fishing.

1. If__________(the weather/be) beautiful tomorrow, ____________(we/drive) tothe beach.

2. If ___________ (she/send) the letter now, ____________ (they/receive) ittomorrow.

3. ____________ (Fred/be) angry if ___________ (Jack/arrive) late again.

4. ______________ (I/come) to your house if ________(I/have) enough time.

5. If ____________ (she/not/pass) this exam, ____________ (she/not/get) the job that she wants.

6. _______________ (you/learn) a lot if _____________ (you/take) this course.

7. If ____________ (I/get) a ticket, ________________(I/go) to the cinema.

8. ____________ (I/buy) that machine if _______________(it/not/cost) too much.

9. ____________ (you/run) very fast, ______________ (you/catch) the taxi.

10. __________(I/go) to the doctor's if ____________ (I/not/feel) better tomorrow.

11.______________ (they/win) this match, ___________ (they/be) the champions.

III. Hoàn thành những đoạn đối thoại sau với thì hiện tại đơn hoặc dạng "will/won't" của những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ). Đôi khi bạn không cần thay đổi từ trong ngoặc đơn.

A: We must be at the theatre at 7 o'clock.

-----> B: Well, if we take (we/take) a bus at six o'clock, we won't be (we/not/be) late.

1. A: I'd like a magazine.

B: Well, _________ (I/buy) one for you if _________(I/go) to the shop later.

2. A: Has Jack phoned yet?

B: No, and if ________ (he/not/phone) this afternoon, _________ (I/phone) him this evening.

3. A: Is Mary there, please?

B: No, but if ________ (you/want) to leave a message,_________ (I/give) it to her.

4. A: Is Tom going to pass his exam?

B: Well, ________ (he/fail) if ________ (he/not/study) harder.

5. A: Could I have some information about this year's concerts, please?

B: Yes, if _________ (you/fill in) this form, _________(I/send) it to you in the post

IV. Hoàn thành các câu sau đây theo điều kiện loại 1 của những từ trong ( ).

1) If we __________ (to send) an invitation, our friends __________ (to come) to our party.

2) He __________ (not/to understand) you if you __________ (to whisper).

3) They __________ (not/to survive) in the desert if they __________ (not/to take) extra water with them.

4) If you __________ (to press) CTRL + s, you __________ (to save) the file.

5) You __________ (to cross) the Channel if you __________ (to fly) from Paris to London.

6) Fred __________ (to answer) the phone if his wife __________ (to have) a bath.

7) If Claire __________ (to wear) this dress at the party, our guests __________ (not/to stay) any longer.

8) If I __________ (to touch) this snake, my girlfriend __________ (not/to scream).

9) She __________ (to forget) to pick you up if you __________ (not/to phone) her.

10) I __________ (to remember) you if you __________ (to give) me a photo.

V. Chia động từ trong ngoặc

1) If I _____ (study), I _____ (pass) the exams.

2) If the sun _____ (shine), we _____ (walk) to the town.

3) If he _____ (have) a temperature, he _____ (see) the doctor.

4) If my friends _____ (come), I _____ (be) very happy.

5) If she _____ (earn) a lot of money, she _____ (fly) to New York.

6) If we _____ ( travel) to London, we _____ (visit) the museums.

7) If you _____ (wear) sandals in the mountains, you _____ (slip) on the rocks.

8) If Rita _____ (forget) her homework, the teacher _____ (give) her a low mark.

9) If they _____ (go) to the disco, they _____ (listen) to loud music.

10) If you _____ (wait) a minute, I _____ (ask) my parents.

VI. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed to make the sentence correct.

1. If(A) someone came(B) into the store, smile (C) and say, “May (D) I help you?”

2. If(A) you do not understand(B) what were written (C) in the book, you could ask (D) Mr. Pike.

3. If(A) there isn’t(B) enough food (C), we couldn’t continue (D) our journey.

4. If(A) anyone will phone(B), tell (C) them I’ll be (D) back at 11:00.

5. I will come(A) to meet Mr. Pike and tell him about(B) your problems if (C) you didn’t solve (D) them.

VII. Put the verb in the brackets in the correct form:

Example: If it (rain) ____rains____, we (not go) ___will not go _____to the cinema.

1. If the weather (be) ___________nice tomorrow, we (drive) ____________to our farm.

2. If we (send) ________________this message now, they (receive) ____________ it in time.

3. He (be) __________________ angry if you (come) __________________late again.

4. If I (have) __________________enough time, I (do) __________________this homework.

5. I (take) ________________a photo of this beach if I (have) ______________a camera.

6. You (be) __________________punished if you (fail) __________________the exam.

7. If it (rain) __________________this weekend, we (stay) __________________at home.

8. She (do) __________________it if she (promise) __________________you.

9. What______ you (do) ____________if you (not have) __________________money?

10. The kitchen (look) __________________ better if we (have) __________________red curtains.

11. If I (not do) __________________ my homework now, I (not be able to) __________________ go out later.

12. Charlie (eat) __________________ your chips if you (not finish) __________________ them.

13. I (be) __________________ in my office if she (need) __________________ anything.

14. If Kate (go) __________________ to America, I (miss) __________________ her.

15. If my brother (not get)__________________ a ticket, he (not be able to) __________________ go to the match.

16. If Mike (come) __________________ late, his girldfriend (be) __________________ annoyed.

17. The climate (change) __________________ if more trees (die)__________________.

18. Tom (come) __________________ to the party if you (invite) __________________ him.

VIII. Begin the sentences below with unless. Make any necessary changes.

1. If they don’t practise a lot, they will lose the game.

Unless ___________________________________________________.

2. I’ll miss the train if I don’t go now.

_________________________________________________________.

3. If she doesn’t answer the phone, leave her a message.

_________________________________________________________.

4. If you don’t pay the bill, I’ll call the police.

_________________________________________________________.

5. If he doesn’t work hard, he won’t pass the examination.

_________________________________________________________.

IX. Circle the correct answer

1. If the weather is fine, we (goes/ will go) camping tomorrow.

2. My parents will give me a gift if I (will pass/ pass) the final exam.

3. If you are polite to others, they (will be/ are nice to you).

4. Unless James (studies/ will study) hard, he will fail the exam.

5. My parents won’t allow me to go out if I (don’t finish/ won’t finish) my homework.

6. If the cable TV (doesn’t/ won’t) work, we will rent a DVD.

7. If you don’t want to stay at home, you (go/ can go) with me to the supermarket.

8. If you (will be/ are) a good listener, you will gain many friends.

9. James won’t attend the meeting if he (won’t/doesn’t) want to.

10. You can’t have this job unless you (have/will have) long working experience.

X. Combine the sentences using conditional sentence type 1 and the words given.

1. Factories dump waste into rivers. A lot of fish die.

__________________________________________

2. People use plastic bags, Oceans are full of plastic garbage.

__________________________________________

3. I don't walk to school. I don't save a lot of money.

__________________________________________

4. People build too many houses. Land for farming decreases.

__________________________________________

5. The Earth becomes hotter. The polar ice cap melts.

__________________________________________

6. The polar ice cap melts. Sea level rises.

__________________________________________

7. We don't use recycled products. We don't help the environment.

__________________________________________

8. We breathe polluted air. We suffer from lung diseases.

__________________________________________

9. People don't often cycle. There is much air pollution.

__________________________________________

10. You don't write on both sides. You waste your paper.

__________________________________________

ĐÁP ÁN

I. Điền thông tin thực của nhiều kiểu người khác nhau vào trong câu với “if + Present Simple + Present Simple”. Hãy dùng “you” làm chủ từ của cả hai vế câu.

1. If you’re a vegetarian, you won’t eat meat.

2. If you live in a cold country, you won’t like hot weather.

3. If you’re a teacher, you will have to work very hard.

4. If you do a lot of exercise, you will stay fit and healthy.

5. If you’re a mechanic, you will understand engines.

6. If you read newspapers, you will know what’s happening in the world.

II. Hoàn thành những câu sau với “if + Present Simple + will/won't”, sử dụng những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ). Đôi khi bạn không cần thay đổi những từ trong ngoặc đơn.

1. the weather is - we will drive

7. I get - I will go

2. she sends - they will receive

8. I will buy - it doesn’t cost

3. Fred will be - Jack arrives

9. You run - you will catch

4. I will come - I have

10. I will go - I don’t feel

5. she doesn’t pass - she won’t get

11. They win - they will be

6. You will learn - you take

III. Hoàn thành những đoạn đối thoại sau với thì hiện tại đơn hoặc dạng “will/won't” của những từ trong ngoặc đơn ( ). Đôi khi bạn không cần thay đổi từ trong ngoặc đơn.

1. A: I'd like a magazine.

B: Well, ____I will buy_____ (I/buy) one for you if ____I go_____(I/go) to the shop later.

2. A: Has Jack phoned yet?

B: No, and if ____he doesn’t phone____ (he/not/phone) this afternoon, _____I will phone____ (I/phone) him this evening.

3. A: Is Mary there, please?

B: No, but if _____you want ___ (you/want) to leave a message,____I will give_____ (I/give) it to her.

4. A: Is Tom going to pass his exam?

B: Well, ___he will fail_____ (he/fail) if ____he doesn’t study____ (he/not/study) harder.

5. A: Could I have some information about this year's concerts, please?

B: Yes, if _____you fill in ____ (you/fill in) this form, ___I will send______(I/send) it to you in the post.

IV. Hoàn thành các câu sau đây theo điều kiện loại 1 của những từ trong ( ).

1) If we ____send______ (to send) an invitation, our friends ___will come_______ (to come) to our party.

2) He _____won’t understand_____ (not/to understand) you if you ____whisper______ (to whisper).

3) They ______won’t survive ___ (not/to survive) in the desert if they _____don’t take_____ (not/to take) extra water with them.

4) If you ______press ____ (to press) CTRL + s, you ____will save______ (to save) the file.

5) You ______will cross____ (to cross) the Channel if you _____fly_____ (to fly) from Paris to London.

6) Fred ______will answer____ (to answer) the phone if his wife ____has______ (to have) a bath.

7) If Claire _____wears_____ (to wear) this dress at the party, our guests ___don’t stay_______ (not/to stay) any longer.

8) If I _____touch_____ (to touch) this snake, my girlfriend ____won’t scream______ (not/to scream).

9) She _______will forget ___ (to forget) to pick you up if you ___don’t phone_______ (not/to phone) her.

10) I ________will remember__ (to remember) you if you _____will give_____ (to give) me a photo.

V. Chia động từ trong ngoặc

1) If I __study___ (study), I ___will pass__ (pass) the exams.

2) If the sun __shines___ (shine), we __will walk___ (walk) to the town.

3) If he ___has__ (have) a temperature, he __will see___ (see) the doctor.

4) If my friends ___come__ (come), I ___will be__ (be) very happy.

5) If she __earns___ (earn) a lot of money, she _will fly____ (fly) to New York.

6) If we __travel___ ( travel) to London, we ___will visit__ (visit) the museums.

7) If you ___wear__ (wear) sandals in the mountains, you ___will slip__ (slip) on the rocks.

8) If Rita ___forgets__ (forget) her homework, the teacher ___will give__ (give) her a low mark.

9) If they ___go__ (go) to the disco, they ___will listen__ (listen) to loud music.

10) If you __wait___ (wait) a minute, I ___will ask__ (ask) my parents.

VI. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed to make the sentence correct.

1. B (came => comes)

2. D (could ask => can ask)

3. D (couldn’t continue => can’t continue)

4. B (will phone => phones)

5. D (didn’t solve => don’t solve)

VII. Put the verb in the brackets in the correct form:

Example: If it (rain) ____rains____, we (not go) ___will not go _____to the cinema.

1. If the weather (be) ______is_____nice tomorrow, we (drive) _____will drive_______to our farm.

2. If we (send) ________send________this message now, they (receive) ______will receive______ it in time.

3. He (be) ___________will be_______ angry if you (come) _____come_____________late again.

4. If I (have) _______have___________enough time, I (do) _______will do___________this homework.

5. I (take) _______will take_________a photo of this beach if I (have) ______have________a camera.

6. You (be) _________will be_________punished if you (fail) ________fail_________the exam.

7. If it (rain) _________rain_________this weekend, we (stay) _____will stay______at home.

8. She (do) _____will do_____it if she (promise) ________promise______you.

9. What___will__ you (do) __do_____if you (not have) _____don't have_____money?

10. The kitchen (look) ____will look______ better if we (have) _____have_____red curtains.

11. If I (not do) ___________don’t do_______ my homework now, I (not be able to) __________won’t be able to________ go out later.

12. Charlie (eat) __________will eat________ your chips if you (not finish) ________don’t finish__________ them.

13. I (be) ___will be_______________ in my office if she (need) ___________needs_______ anything.

14. If Kate (go) ______goes____________ to America, I (miss) __________will miss________ her.

15. If my brother (not get) ______doesn’t get____________ a ticket, he (not be able to) ________won’t be able to__________ go to the match.

16. If Mike (come) ________comes__________ late, his girldfriend (be) _______will be___________ annoyed.

17. The climate (change) ________will change__________ if more trees (die)________die__________.

18. Tom (come) ________will come__________ to the party if you (invite) ________invite__________ him.

VIII. Begin the sentenes below with unless. Make any necessary changes.

1. Unless they practise a lot, they will lose the game.

2. I’ll miss the train unless I go now.

3. Unless she answers the phone, leave her a message.

4. Unless you pay the bill, I’ll call the police.

5. Unless he works hard, he won’t pass the examination.

IX. Circle the correct answer

1. If the weather is fine, we (goes/ will go) camping tomorrow.

2. My parents will give me a gift if I (will pass/ pass) the final exam.

3. If you are polite to others, they (will be/are nice to you).

4. Unless James (studies/ will study) hard, he will fail the exam.

5. My parents won’t allow me to go out if I (don’t finish/ won’t finish) my homework.

6. If the cable TV (doesn’t/ won’t) work, we will rent a DVD.

7. If you don’t want to stay at home, you (go/ can go) with me to the supermarket.

8. If you (will be/ are) a good listener, you will gain many friends.

9. James won’t attend the meeting if he (won’t/doesn’t) want to.

10. You can’t have this job unless you (have/will have) long working experience.

X. Combine the sentences using conditional sentence type 1 and the words given.

1. Factories dump waste into rivers. A lot of fish die.

___________ If Factories don’t dump waste into rivers, A lot of fish won’t die.___________

2. People use plastic bags, Oceans are full of plastic garbage.

___________If People use plastic bags. Oceans won’t be full of plastic garbage.___________

3. I don't walk to school. I don't save a lot of money.

___________ I will save a lot of money if I walk to school.___________

4. People build too many houses. Land for farming decreases.

___________ Land for farming won’t decreases if People don’t build too many houses_______

5. The Earth becomes hotter. The polar ice cap melts.

___________If The earth doesn’t become hotter. The polar ice cap won’t melt.___________

6. The polar ice cap melts. Sea level rises.

___________If The polar ice cap don’t melt , Sea level won’t rise.___________

7. We don't use recycled products. We don't help the environment.

___________We will help the environment if we use recycled products.___________

8. We breathe polluted air. We suffer from lung diseases.

___________If we don’t breathe polluted air, We won’t suffer from lung diseases.___________

9. People don't often cycle. There is much air pollution.

___________There won’t be much air pollution if people often cycle.___________

10. You don't write on both sides. You waste your paper.

___________You won’t waste your paper if you write on both sides.___________

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