Bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 10 Unit 2: School Talks có đáp án

Bài tập Tiếng Anh 10 Unit 2: School Talks có đáp án

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Xem hướng dẫn học Unit 2 tiếng Anh lớp 10 tại:

Soạn Unit 2 lớp 10 School Talks hệ 7 năm

I. Read the passage and put a tick (V) in the right column

Meeting and Greeting Customs

There are many different greeting customs around the world. Here are some.

Chile: People usually shake hands when they meet for the first time. When two women first meet, they sometimes give one kiss on the cheek. (They actually “kiss the air”). Women also greet both male and female friends with a kiss. Chilean men give their friends warm hugs or sometimes kiss women on the cheek.

Finland: Finns greet each other with a firm handshake. Hugs and kisses are only for close friends and family.

The Philippines: The everyday greeting for friends is a handshake for both men and women. Men sometimes pat each other on back.

Korea: Men bow slightly and shake hands to greet each other. Women do not usually shake hands. To address someone with his or her full name, the family name comes first, then the first name.

The United States: People shake hands when they are first introduced. Friends and family members often hug or kiss on the cheek when they see each other. In these situations, men often kiss women but not other men.

 

Chile

Finland

The Philippines

Korea

The US

1. People shake hands every time they meet.

 

 

 

 

 

2. Women do not shake hands.

 

 

 

 

 

3. Women kiss at the first meeting.

 

 

 

 

 

4. Men hug or pat each other on the back.

 

 

 

 

 

5. Women kiss male friends.

 

 

 

 

 

6. The family name comes first.

 

 

 

 

 

II. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct form 

1. The ice was thick enough for us (walk) _______________ on.

2. Last year, we had an opportunity (play) _______________ for the school team.

3. He has the capability of (do) _____________ this job well.

4. Hunger and poverty are worldwide problems to which solutions (must/ find) _______________.

5. People who fear flying avoid (travel) _______________ by plane.

6. We were just about (leave) _______________ when Jerry arrived.

7. He had three tries at (mend) _______________ the lock and gave up.

8. She was watched (eat) _______________ the sandwich.

9. We are considering (go) _______________ for a holiday.

10. He fancies (hear) _______________ footsteps behind him.

11. It took me three hours (finish) ________________ our test.

12. They are thinking of (import) ________________ flowers from Viet Nam.

13. He is practising (throw) ________________ the ball into the net.

14. The goalkeeper just missed (stop) ________________ the ball.

15. This bread is too stale (eat) _________________.

III. Read the passage and then complete the summary below it 

Conversation Turns

Probably the most widely recognised conversational convention is that people take turns speaking. But how do people know when it is their turn? Some rules must be present, otherwise conversations would be continually breaking down into a disorganised jumble of interruptions and simultaneous talk.

Turn-taking cues are usually quite subtle. People do not simply stop talking when they are ready to yield the floor. They usually signal in advance that they are about to conclude. The clues may be semantic (“So anyway,…” or “Last but not least,…”); but more commonly the speech itself can be modified to show that a turn is about end − typically, by lowering its pitch, loudness, or speed.

Body movements and patterns of eye contact are especially important. While speaking, we look at and away from our listener in about equal proportions; but as we approach the end of a turn, we look at the listener more steadily.

Listeners are not passive in all of this. Here too there are several ways of signaling that someone wants to speak next. One way is through an observable increase in body tension − by learning forward or producing an audible intake of breath. A less subtle approach is simple to interrupt − a strategy that may be tolerated, if the purpose is to clarify what the speaker is saying, but that more usually leads to social disapproval.

SUMMARY

Turn-taking is a way of organising (1) _________________ so that people do not (2) _________________ each other or (3) __________________ at the same time. Some ways of signaling when you are about to stop talking are using specific (4) _________________, changing (5) _________________, loudness or speed, and looking more (6) __________________ at the listeners. Listeners may show they want to talk by (7) _________________ up, leaning forward or simply (8) _________________ which people disapprove of unless it is done for clarification.

IV. Choose the suitable words or phrases to complete the sentences

1. I am very thankful to you ________ me feel happy tonight.

A. to make

B. making

C. about making

D. for making

2. It’s time for us ________, Charles.

A. to go

B. going

C. go

D. of going

3. Everybody fails ________ him change his mind.

A. to make

B. making

C. about making

D. that doesn’t make

4. She prides ________ the first prize in that competition.

A. to win

B. winning

C. on winning

D. of winning

5. It is very kind of you ________ so.

A. say

B. to say

C. saying

D. that saying

6. Who was awarded a Nobel Prize for _________ the atomic weight of Radium?

A. to determine

B. determining

C. determineing

D. determined

7. I really hate ________ at by other people.

A. staring

B. to stare

C. stareing

D. being stared

8. We have a lot of difficulties ________ an accommodation in this town.

A. to find

B. finding

C. on finding

D. found

9. He promises to make an effort ________ well.

A. to study

B. studying

C. studiing

D. of studying

10. Ann always pays attention ________ to the teacher.

A. to listen

B. listening

C. listenning

D. to listening

11. Everyone in my family is aware of ________ energy, especially electricity.

A. to save

B. saving

C. saveing

D. save

12. The dentist reminded me _________ my teeth at least twice a day.

A. to brush

B. brushing

C. about brushing

D. brushed

13. The recent changes in the Earth’s climate are beginning _________ scientists.

A. to be worried

B. worrying

C. being worrying

D. to make worry

14. Her favorite hobby is ________. She spends most of her free time in the garden.

A. gardening

B. gardenning

C. to garden

D. for gardenning

15. He didn’t come home although his mother was sick. He should ________ her.

A. visit

B. to visit

C. visited

D. have visited

V. Fill in each blank with the correct form of the verb in the box

grow; join; swim; disappear; wear;

do; talk; act; survive; live;

SAVE THE EARTH

We are slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are too dirty ___________ in. There is so much smoke in the air that is is unhealthy ___________ in many of the world’s cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air so that traffic policemen have ___________ oxygen masks.

We have cut down so many trees that there is now vast areas of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot ____________ enough to eat. In certain countries in Asia there is too little rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly ____________. For instance, tigers are rare in India because we have killed too many for them ____________. However, it isn’t enough simply ____________ about the problem. We must _____________ now before it is too late ____________ anything about it. ____________ us now. Save the Earth. This is too important to ignore.

VI. Choose the suitable Wh-word to complete each sentence

1. __________ is this? - This is my book.

2. __________ didn’t Mai go to the zoo with her friends? - Because of her sickness.

3. __________ looked after our children when we were away? - Nam.

4. __________ is bigger, Tokyo or Ha Noi? - Tokyo.

5. With __________ are you going? - Well, a friend of mine.

6. __________ does he speak? - English and French.

7. __________ are these apples? - Ten pence each.

8. I don’t know __________ to go or not.

9. __________ does your girlfriend look like? - She is very charming.

10. __________ students does your school have? - Over 1,000 students.

ĐÁP ÁN

I.

 

Chile

Finland

The Philippines

Korea

The US

1. People shake hands every time they meet.

 

 

V

 

 

2. Women do not shake hands.

 

 

 

V

 

3. Women kiss at the first meeting.

V

 

 

 

 

4. Men hug or pat each other on the back.

 

 

V

 

 

5. Women kiss male friends.

V

 

 

 

 

6. The family name comes first.

 

 

 

V

 

II.

1. The ice was thick enough for us to walk on.

2. Last year, we had an opportunity to play for the school team.

* to have an opportunity/ a chance to do sth: có cơ hội làm gì

3. He has the capability of doing this job well.

* to have the capability of doing sth: có khả năng làm gì

4. Hunger and poverty are worldwide problems to which solutions must be found.

5. People who fear flying avoid traveling/ travelling by plane.

6. We were just about to leave when Jerry arrived.

* to be about to do sth = to plan to do sth = to be going to do sth: dự định làm gì

7. He had three tries at mending the lock and gave up.

8. She was watched to eat/ eating the sandwich.

* to watch sb do/ doing sth (Active): xem ai làm gì

* sb be watched to do/ doing sth (Passive): ai bị người khác xem làm việc gì đó

9. We are considering going for a holiday.

* to consider doing sth: cân nhắc làm gì

* to consider to do sth: được cho là làm gì

10. He fancies hearing footsteps behind him.

* to fancy doing sth: thích làm gì/ tưởng tượng ra làm gì

11. It took me three hours to finish our test.

* It take (takes, took…) sb time to do sth: ai đó mất bao nhiêu thời gian để làm gì

= to spend time doing sth: tiêu tốn thời gian làm gì

12. They are thinking of importing flowers from Viet Nam.

13. He is practising throwing the ball into the net.

* to practice doing sth: luyện tập làm gì

14. The goalkeeper just missed stopping the ball.

* to miss doing sth: trượt, chệch khỏi

15. This bread is too stale to eat.

III.

Turn-taking is a way of organising (1) conversation so that people do not (2) interrupt each other or (3) talk at the same time. Some ways of signaling when you are about to stop talking are using specific (4) phrases, changing (5) pitch, loudness or speed, and looking more (6) steadily at the listeners. Listeners may show they want to talk by (7) tensing up, leaning forward or simply (8) interrupting which people disapprove of unless it is done for clarification.

IV.

1. D. for making

* to be thankful to sb for doing sth: cảm ơn ai về việc gì

2. A. to go

* It is time for sb to do sth = It is time sb did sth: đến lúc ai đó làm gì

3. A. to make

* to fail to do sth: thất bại làm việc gì

4. C. on winning

* to pride on doing sth: tự hào về việc gì

5. B. to say

6. B. determining

7. D. being stared

8. B. finding

9. A. to study

* to make an effort to do sth: nỗ lực làm gì

10. D. to listening

* to pay attention to doing sth = to concentrate on doing sth: tập trung làm gì

11. B. saving

* to be aware of doing sth: có ý thức về việc gì

12. A. to brush

* remind sb to do sth: nhắc ai làm gì

* remind sb of sb/ sth: gợi nhắc ai về ai đó/ vật gì đó

13. B. worrying

14. A. gardening

15. D. have visited

* should do sth: nên làm việc gì đó ở hiện tại

* should have done sth: nên làm việc gì đó ở quá khứ

V.

We are slowly destroying the earth. The seas and rivers are too dirty to swim in. There is so much smoke in the air that is is unhealthy to live in many of the world’s cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars pollute the air so that traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks.

We have cut down so many trees that there is a now vast area of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot grow enough to eat. In certain countries in Asia there is too little rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly disappearing. For instance, tigers are rare in India because we have killed too many for them to survive. However, it isn’t enough simply to talk about the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it. Join us now. Save the Earth. This is too important to ignore.

VI.

1. Whose book is this? - This is my book.

2. Why didn’t Mai go to the zoo with her friends? - Because of her sickness.

3. Who looked after our children when we were away? - Nam.

4. Which city is bigger, Tokyo or Ha Noi? - Tokyo.

5. With whom are you going? - Well, a friend of mine.

6. What language does he speak? - English and French.

7. How much are these apples? - Ten pence each.

8. I don’t know whether to go or not.

9. What does your girlfriend look like? - She is very charming.

10. How many students does your school have? - Over 1,000 students.

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