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Bài tập động từ khuyết thiếu lớp 11

Bài tập về động từ khuyết thiếu có đáp án

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Bài tập động từ khuyết thiếu lớp 11

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A. Phân biệt Must vs. Have to, Should vs. Ought to

I. Phân biệt Must với Have to

Must

Have to

- Diễn tả sự cần thiết hay bắt buộc mang tính chủ quan (do người nói quyết định)

Diễn tả ý bắt buộc mang tính khách quan (do luật lệ, quy tắc hay người khác quyết định)

Eg: I must finish the exercises. (Tôi phải hoàn thành bài tập.)

Eg: I have to finish the exercises.Tomorrow is the deadline. (Tôi phải hoàn thành bài tập. Ngày mai là hạn cuối)

II. Phân biệt Should và Ought to

Cả “should” và “ought to” được sử dụng khi hỏi và đưa ra lời khuyên hoặc gợi ý.

Should

Ought to

Dùng cho lời khuyến mang tính chủ quan, thể hiện quan điểm cá nhân của người nói

Dùng với những lời khuyên mang yếu tố khách quan, tức là có sự tác động của ngoại cảnh như luật lệ, bổn phận hay quy tắc

Eg: Jenny should go to bed early. (Jenny nên đi ngủ sớm.)

Eg: Emily ought to finish the report by 10 a.m. (Emily nên hoàn thành bản báo cáo trước 10 giờ sáng.)

B. Bài tập luyện tập động từ khuyết thiếu

Choose the correct modal verb to complete the sentences

1. In a library, students (may/ must) borrow up to six books.

2. In an exam, students (must/ mustn’t) answer all the questions.

3. To ride motorbike, students (must/ have to) be over 16 years old,

4. In a hotel, guests (must/ have to) use the exit only in an emergency.

5. In a park, you (must/ mustn’t) walk on the grass.

6. On a bus, you (must/ mustn’t) talk to the driver.

Xem đáp án

1. In a library, students may borrow up to six books.

2. In an exam, students must answer all the questions.

3. To ride motorbike, students have to be over 16 years old,

4. In a hotel, guests have to use the exit only in an emergency.

5. In a park, you mustn’t walk on the grass.

6. On a bus, you mustn’t talk to the driver.

Complete the sentences using the given words.

mustn’t

don’t have to

should

ought

shouldn’t

have to

ought not

must

1. You _____________ type your essay but if you want, you can do it.

2. You ________________ ask your teacher if you don't understand the lesson.

3. If you want to help your friend, you _________________ to do her homework. Instead, you should show her how to do it by herself.

4. She is an expert adviser; thus, I think you ________________ to ask her for some advice.

5. We __________________ show respect to our parents.

6. I ________________ go home too late. My parents are very strict.

7. I ___________________ finish homework before going to class. My teacher is rather strict.

8. I think you _________ _________ stay up late because it is not good for your health.

Xem đáp án

1. You ______ don't have to _______ type your essay but if you want, you can do it.

2. You ________ should ________ ask your teacher if you don't understand the lesson.

3. If you want to help your friend, you _________ ought not ________ to do her homework. Instead, you should show her how to do it by herself.

4. She is an expert adviser; thus, I think you _______ ought _________ to ask her for some advice.

5. We _________ must _________ show respect to our parents.

6. I ________ mustn't ________ go home too late. My parents are very strict.

7. I __________ have to _________ finish homework before going to class. My teacher is rather strict.

8. I think you _________ shouldn't _________ stay up late because it is not good for your health.

Fill in the blanks with affirmative or negative forms of "must or have to/ has to".

1. Tomorrow is Sunday. You__________get up very early.

2. This room is a mess. I really__________find time to clean it!

3. You__________wear a tie if you want to go to that restaurant. It's one of their rules!

4. I am broke. I__________borrow some money to buy a car.

5. You__________stop smoking. It is very harmful.

Xem đáp án

1. Tomorrow is Sunday. You_____don’t have to_____get up very early.

2. This room is a mess. I really____must______find time to clean it!

3. You_____have to_____wear a tie if you want to go to that restaurant. It's one of their rules!

4. I am broke. I_____have to_____borrow some money to buy a car.

5. You____must______stop smoking. It is very harmful.

Choose the best answer (A, B, C or D) to complete the following sentences.

1. My grandparents live in the suburb. Therefore, whenever we visit them, we__________a bus.

A. must take

B. should take

C. have to be taken

D. have to take

2. You__________eat plenty of fruit or vegetables every day because they are good for your health.

A. oughtn't to

B. mustn't

C. don't have to

D. should

3. You__________use your mobile phone in the exam.

A. oughtn't to

B. mustn't

C. don't have to

D. shouldn't

4. I think you__________do exercise regularly in order to keep in shape.

A. must

B. should

C. ought to

D. Both B and C are correct

5. The children__________spend too much time watching TV.

A. mustn't

B. ought to not

C. shouldn't

D. Both B and c are correct

Xem đáp án

1. D

2. D

3. B

4. D

5. C

Rewrite the following sentences

1. His doctor told him that he should eat more fruits and vegetables. (OUGHT)

His doctor told him that he _____________________________ more fruits and vegetables.

2. Ring! Ring! That may be Tina-she said she’d call at 4. (MIGHT)

Ring! Ring! That ________________________ Tina - she said she’d call at 4.

1. I studied 20 hours for the math test - the teacher was absent again. (NEEDN’T)

I _________________________________ studied 20 hours for the math test because the teacher was absent again.

2. Smoking is not allowed in restaurants, schools, and offices. (MUSTN’T)

___________________________________ in restaurants, schools, and offices.

3. It isn’t neccesary to bring all your books to school every do. (HAVE)

You _________________________________ bring all your books to school every day.

Xem đáp án

1. His doctor told him that he ought to eat more fruits and vegetables.

2. Ring! Ring! That might be Tina - she said she’d call at 4.

3. I needn’t have studied 20 hours for the math test because the teacher was absent.

4. You mustn’t smoke in restaurants, schools, and offices.

5. You don’t have to bring all your books to schools every do.

Find and correct mistakes in following sentences.

1. I am going to New York next month, so I will must to buy a guidebook.

_____________________________________________

2. You always should carry plenty of loose change.

_____________________________________________

3. Students who come to the class late ought to clean the floor. That’s the rule in my class.

_____________________________________________

4. You don't have to smoke inside but you can smoke outside.

_____________________________________________

5. I should leave now because I have a meeting.

_____________________________________________

Xem đáp án

1. I am going to New York next month, so I will have to buy a guidebook.

2. You should always carry plenty of loose change.

3. Students who come to the class late have to clean the floor. That’s the rule in my class.

4. You mustn’t smoke inside but you can smoke outside.

5. I have leave now because I have a meeting

Rewrite each sentence so that the new sentence has a similar meaning to the original one, using modals

1. Parents find it unnecessary to satisfy all their children’s needs.

Parents don’t ____________________________________

2. Swearing every time you need to emphasize something is not a good idea.

You ____________________________________________

3. In the UK, you are not allowed to buy or drink alcohol in pubs or shops if you are under 18.

In the UK, you ____________________________________

4. If I were you, I would spend more time talking with children

You _____________________________________________

5. John doesn’t get permission to use that computer.

John _____________________________________________

6. It was quite unnecessary for you to carry all those parcels home yourself.

You _____________________________________________

7. I’m sure it wasn’t Mrs. Mai you saw because she is in Boston.

It can’t ___________________________________________

8. Maybe John’s working this weekend.

John _____________________________________________

9. I didn’t apologize. That was wrong of me.

I should __________________________________________

10. It wasn’t necessary for me to go out after all.

I needn’t __________________________________________

Xem đáp án

1. Parents don’t have to satisfy all their children’s needs.

2. You shouldn’t/ ought to swear everytime you need to emphasize something.

3. In the UK, you mustn’t enagage in any illegal religious activities.

4. You should/ ought to spend more time talking with children.

5. John mustn’t get permission to use that computer.

6. You needn’t have carried all those parcels home yourself.

7. It can’t have been Mrs. Mai you saw because she is in Boston.

8. John may work this weekend

9. I should have apologized. That was wrong of me.

10. I needn’t have gone out after all.

Trên đây là Bài tập động từ khuyết thiếu lớp 11 đầy đủ nhất, hy vọng đây là tài liệu học tập hữu ích dành cho quý phụ huynh, thầy cô và các em học sinh.

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